Names of places in Finland in Finnish and in Swedish

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Two names for the same city on a Finnish road sign.

Finland has two official languages, Finnish and Swedish. Many places in the country have different names in Finnish and Swedish, both being official endonyms.

Regions[edit]

English name
(often the same
as the Finnish
name)
Finnish name Swedish name
Central Finland Keski-Suomi Mellersta Finland
Central Ostrobothnia Keski-Pohjanmaa Mellersta Österbotten
Kainuu Kainuu Kajanaland
Kymenlaakso Kymenlaakso Kymmenedalen
Lapland Lappi Lappland
North Karelia Pohjois-Karjala Norra Karelen
North Ostrobothnia Pohjois-Pohjanmaa Norra Österbotten
Pohjois-Savo Pohjois-Savo Norra Savolax
Ostrobothnia Pohjanmaa Österbotten
Päijät-Häme Päijät-Häme Päijänne-Tavastland
Pirkanmaa Pirkanmaa Birkaland
Satakunta Satakunta Satakunta
South Karelia Etelä-Karjala Södra Karelen
South Ostrobothnia Etelä-Pohjanmaa Södra Österbotten
Etelä-Savo Etelä-Savo Södra Savolax
Southwest Finland Varsinais-Suomi Egentliga Finland
Kanta-Häme Kanta-Häme Egentliga Tavastland
Uusimaa Uusimaa Nyland
Åland Islands[1] Ahvenanmaa Åland

Municipalities[edit]

Some Finnish municipalities with endonyms in both Finnish and Swedish, the majority language of the municipality stands first:

Districts in cities and towns[edit]

Helsinki[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Do note status as only autonomous region: Åland will officially only accept Swedish language (especially important official business or business with officials may go unnoticed or even straight to trashcan if sent in Finnish). In any other region you can deal in Finnish or Swedish whichever you prefer.