Names of places in Finland in Finnish and in Swedish

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Two names for the same city on a Finnish road sign.

Finland has two official languages, Finnish and Swedish. Many places in the country have different names in Finnish and Swedish, both being official endonyms.


English name
(often the same
as the Finnish
Finnish name Swedish name
Central Finland Keski-Suomi Mellersta Finland
Central Ostrobothnia Keski-Pohjanmaa Mellersta Österbotten
Kainuu Kainuu Kajanaland
Kymenlaakso Kymenlaakso Kymmenedalen
Lapland Lappi Lappland
North Karelia Pohjois-Karjala Norra Karelen
Northern Ostrobothnia Pohjois-Pohjanmaa Norra Österbotten
Northern Savonia Pohjois-Savo Norra Savolax
Ostrobothnia Pohjanmaa Österbotten
Päijänne Tavastia Päijät-Häme Päijänne-Tavastland
Pirkanmaa Pirkanmaa Birkaland
Satakunta Satakunta Satakunta
South Karelia Etelä-Karjala Södra Karelen
Southern Ostrobothnia Etelä-Pohjanmaa Södra Österbotten
Southern Savonia Etelä-Savo Södra Savolax
Southwest Finland Varsinais-Suomi Egentliga Finland
Tavastia Proper Kanta-Häme Egentliga Tavastland
Uusimaa Uusimaa Nyland
Åland Islands Ahvenanmaa Åland


Some Finnish municipalities with endonyms in both Finnish and Swedish, the majority language of the municipality stands first:

Districts in cities and towns[edit]


See also[edit]