Dagenham and Rainham (UK Parliament constituency)
|Dagenham and Rainham|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Dagenham and Rainham in Greater London.
|Electorate||70,187 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Jon Cruddas (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Dagenham, Hornchurch, Barking|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
|Electoral wards||Local authority|
|Chadwell Heath[n 3], Eastbrook, Heath, River, Village, Whalebone||London Borough of Barking and Dagenham|
|Elm Park, Rainham and Wennington, South Hornchurch||London Borough of Havering|
Before 1945 the Dagenham area was part of the Romford constituency. The MP for the latter seat since 1935, Labour's John Parker, continued to represent Dagenham until 1983. Parker was the last serving MP to have been elected before the Second World War, and with 48 years in Parliament, remains the longest-serving Labour MP in history. The seat was first contested in the 2010 general election which resulted from the Boundary Commission's report that recommended merging the majority of the former constituencies of Dagenham and Hornchurch and added to existing electoral wards a small part of River ward was also transferred from Barking.
In 2010 Labour's Jon Cruddas took the seat gaining a marginal 5.9% win, facing a strong nominal (ward-by-ward) Lab–Con swing measured against the previous forerunner seats and candidates. BNP candidate Michael Barnbrook came third with 11.2% of the vote, his party's second-best showing in the election. In 2015, Cruddas, incumbent won a 11.6% majority; the runner-up party changed to being UKIP closely followed by the Conservative candidate.
The constituency may retain significant pockets of poverty indicated by a high ranking in the Index of Multiple Deprivation compiled in the year 2000 however average incomes were in four large wards close to the national average. The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham saw the most rapid decrease in people of White British ethnicity in the 10 years to the 2011 census, of 31.4 percentage points. However the same dataset shows that 58.3% of people are white in the seat, which is similar to the Greater London average. An established area of settlement for British people of Asian ethnicity with 15.9% of this background, the neighbouring London Borough of Newham has a much higher proportion of residents with Asian heritage, 43.5%.
Members of Parliament
|Liberal Democrat||Denise Capstick||717||1.7||-6.9|
|English Democrat||Kim Gandy||71||0.2||+0.2|
The English Democrat candidate Kim Gandy was previously announced as standing in Castle Point.
|Liberal Democrat||Joseph Bourke||3,806||8.6||-0.4|
|Labour gain, as new|
- * Served as MP for Dagenham in the 2005–2010 Parliament
- The seat was contested for the first time in 2010, so percentage changes are based on notional results of the 2005 election.
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- cf. Chadwell in neighbouring London Borough of Redbridge
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 Census River, Eastbrook, Whalebone and Heath wards
- "Forest Heath (East of England) was the only local authority to see an increase in White British between 2001 and 2011 (by 0.8 percentage points). The proportion of White British decreased in the remaining local authorities in England and Wales, with the largest decrease in Barking and Dagenham at 31.4 percentage points." 2011 Census statistics
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-08. Retrieved 2015-02-25.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Gordon Kennedy. "Just Vote Them Out". Archived from the original on 2010-05-12. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "Dagenham and Rainham". Christian Party. Retrieved 8 April 2010.