Dagenham and Rainham (UK Parliament constituency)
|Dagenham and Rainham|
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||70,187 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Jon Cruddas (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Dagenham, Hornchurch, Barking|
Members of Parliament
|Electoral wards||Local authority|
|(North to south) Whalebone, Chadwell Heath[n 3], Heath, Eastbrook, Village, River||London Borough of Barking and Dagenham|
|Elm Park, Rainham and Wennington, South Hornchurch||London Borough of Havering|
The constituency may retain significant pockets of poverty indicated by a high ranking in the Index of Multiple Deprivation compiled in the year 2000 however average incomes were in four large wards close to the national average. The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham saw the most rapid decrease in people of White British ethnicity in the 10 years to the 2011 census, of 31.4 percentage points. However the same dataset shows that 58.3% of people are white in the seat, which is similar to the Greater London average. An established area of settlement for British people of Asian ethnicity with 15.9% of this background, the neighbouring London Borough of Newham has a much higher proportion of residents with Asian heritage, 43.5%.
Before 1945 the Dagenham area was part of the Romford constituency. The MP for the latter seat since 1935, Labour's John Parker, continued to represent Dagenham until 1983. Parker was the last serving MP to have been elected before the Second World War, and with 48 years in Parliament, was the longest-serving Labour MP in history, a record he held until December 2017. The seat was first contested in the 2010 general election which resulted from the Boundary Commission's report that recommended merging the majority of the former constituencies of Dagenham and Hornchurch and added to existing electoral wards a small part of River ward was also transferred from Barking.
In 2010 Labour's Jon Cruddas took the seat gaining a marginal 5.9% win, facing a strong nominal (ward-by-ward) Lab–Con swing measured against the previous forerunner seats and candidates. BNP candidate Michael Barnbrook came third with 11.2% of the vote, his party's second-best showing in the election. In 2015, Cruddas, incumbent won an 11.6% majority; the runner-up party changed to being UKIP closely followed by the Conservative candidate.
In 2019, Cruddas' majority was cut to just 293 votes, the lowest Labour majority in Dagenham ever, which has been represented by Labour MPs since 1945.
Elections in the 2010s
|Brexit Party||Tom Bewick||2,887||6.6||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Sam Fisk||1,182||2.7||1.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Jonathan Fryer||465||1.0||0.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Denise Capstick||717||1.7||6.9|
|English Democrat||Kim Gandy||71||0.2||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Joseph Bourke||3,806||8.6|
|Labour win (new seat)|
- * Served as MP for Dagenham in the 2005–2010 Parliament
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- cf. Chadwell in neighbouring London Borough of Redbridge
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 1)
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
- "Forest Heath (East of England) was the only local authority to see an increase in White British between 2001 and 2011 (by 0.8 percentage points). The proportion of White British decreased in the remaining local authorities in England and Wales, with the largest decrease in Barking and Dagenham at 31.4 percentage points." 2011 Census statistics
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- [dead link]
- "2015 general elections". Archived from the original on 2015-01-08. Retrieved 2015-02-25.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Gordon Kennedy. "Just Vote Them Out". Archived from the original on 2010-05-12. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "Dagenham and Rainham". Christian Party. Archived from the original on 20 April 2010. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)