Camberwell and Peckham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Camberwell and Peckham
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Camberwell and Peckham in Greater London.
CountyGreater London
Population125,226 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate78,605 (December 2010)[2]
Current constituency
Created1997
Member of parliamentHarriet Harman (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromPeckham
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyLondon
Peckham
Harriet Harman, Labour MP for Camberwell and Peckham

Camberwell and Peckham is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 1997 creation by Harriet Harman of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

Situated in South London, is the seat of Camberwell and Peckham. The seat is primarily in the London Borough of Southwark. The constituency and the former Peckham constituency, has been controlled by Labour since 1945. Harriet Harman, the former Acting Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition, has represented the constituency since 1983. The Camberwell and Peckham constituency is very ethnically diverse, and has the highest proportion of Afro-Caribbean residents – 37.4%, of all the constituencies in England and Wales, according to ONS 2011 Census figures.

With 50.6% of all residential properties being social housing, it also has the highest proportion of social housing of any parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom. More than three in 10 residents are a single parents.

The area is also socially diverse with fine Georgian houses in parts of Camberwell, while Nunhead to the east has experienced considerable regeneration in recent years. King's College Hospital, one of London's largest teaching hospitals, and the Maudsley Hospital are major employers in the constituency.

One in seven residents are employed in human health and social work. At the 2001 general election, Labour held the seat with a 69.6% share of the vote, rising to 77.8% in 2017.

At least two conservation area groupings exist containing pockets of upmarket housing stock, principally Camberwell Grove and Camberwell Green.[3] The housing stock has expanded in the early-21st century due to major increases in Central London property prices, which has led to new private sector funded housing initiatives.

As such rents across the private rented sector have multiplied, affecting its long-term communities who have entrenched high reliance overall on the rented sector, pushing residents away by eviction or further away from owning their own homes near to their communities.[4]

Boundaries[edit]

1997–2010: The London Borough of Southwark wards of Barset, Brunswick, Consort, Faraday, Friary, Liddle, St Giles, The Lane, and Waverley.

2010–present: The London Borough of Southwark wards of Brunswick Park, Camberwell Green, Faraday, Livesey, Nunhead, Peckham, Peckham Rye, South Camberwell, and The Lane.

The constituency incorporates the areas of Camberwell, Peckham and Nunhead in the London Borough of Southwark, together with parts of its other districts of Walworth, East Dulwich, South Bermondsey and Rotherhithe.

Political history[edit]

The constituency was created in 1997. All results since 1997 have been strong Labour Party majorities of 36.8% of the vote or greater. As the predecessor seats were Labour (in this instance the length of party tenure can be dated to 1936) and council wards tend to have strong majorities for the party (local opposition is weak), the seat has the three main hallmarks of a safe seat.

Its MP to date is Harriet Harman, the former Deputy Leader of the party and former Shadow Culture Secretary, who had been the MP for the preceding constituency of Peckham since a by-election in 1982.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1997 Harriet Harman Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Camberwell and Peckham[6][7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harriet Harman 44,665 77.8 +14.5
Conservative Ben Spencer 7,349 12.8 −0.4
Liberal Democrat Michael Bukola 3,413 5.9 +0.9
Green Eleanor Margolies 1,627 2.8 −7.2
Christian Peoples Ray Towey 227 0.4 +0.4
Workers Revolutionary Sellu Aminata 131 0.2 +0.0
Majority 37,316 65.0 +14.9
Turnout 57,412 67.1 +4.8
Registered electors 85,613
Labour hold Swing +7.45
General Election 2015: Camberwell and Peckham[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harriet Harman 32,614 63.3 +4.1
Conservative Naomi Newstead 6,790 13.2 +0.1
Green Amelia Womack 5,187 10.1 +7.1
Liberal Democrat Yahaya Kiyingi 2,580 5.0 −17.4
UKIP David Kurten 2,413 4.7 N/A
All People's Party Prem Goyal 829 1.6 N/A
National Health Action Rebecca Fox 466 0.9 N/A
TUSC Nick Wrack 292 0.6 N/A
CISTA Alex Robertson 197 0.4 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Joshua Ogunleye 107 0.2 −0.3
Whig Felicity Anscomb 86 0.2 N/A
Majority 25,824 50.1 +11.3
Turnout 51,561 62.3 +3.0
Registered electors 82,746
Labour hold Swing +2.0
General Election 2010: Camberwell and Peckham[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harriet Harman 27,619 59.2 −4.1
Liberal Democrat Columba Blango 10,432 22.4 +1.9
Conservative Andrew Stranack 6,080 13.0 +3.1
Green Jenny Jones 1,361 2.9 −1.7
English Democrat Yohara Munilla 435 0.9 +0.9
Workers Revolutionary Joshua Ogunleye 211 0.5 +0.2
Socialist Labour Margaret M. Sharkey 184 0.4 −0.1
Independent Decima Francis 93 0.2 N/A
Independent Steven Robbins 87 0.2 N/A
Independent Patricia Knox 82 0.2 N/A
Alliance for Workers' Liberty Jill Mountford 75 0.2 N/A
Majority 17,187 36.8 −9.7
Turnout 46,659 59.3 +7.3
Registered electors 78,627
Labour hold Swing −3.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Camberwell and Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harriet Harman 18,933 65.3 −4.3
Liberal Democrat Richard J. Porter 5,450 18.8 +5.5
Conservative Jessica Lee 2,841 9.8 −1.1
Green Paul M. Ingram 1,172 4.0 +0.8
UKIP Derek Penhallow 350 1.2 +1.2
Socialist Labour Margaret M. Sharkey 132 0.5 –0.2
Workers Revolutionary Sanjay M. Kulkarni 113 0.4 +0.1
Majority 13,483 46.5 −9.8
Turnout 28,991 52.0 +5.2
Registered electors 57,079
Labour hold Swing −4.9
General Election 2001: Camberwell and Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harriet Harman 17,473 69.6 +0.3
Liberal Democrat Donnachadh McCarthy 3,350 13.3 +2.1
Conservative Jonathan Morgan 2,740 10.9 −0.7
Green Störm Poorun 805 3.2 N/A
Socialist Alliance John Mulrenan 478 1.9 N/A
Socialist Labour Robert Adams 188 0.7 −1.7
Workers Revolutionary Frank Sweeney 70 0.3 −0.1
Majority 14,123 56.3 −1.7
Turnout 25,104 46.8 −8.5
Registered electors 53,687
Labour hold Swing −1.0

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Camberwell and Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harriet Harman 19,734 69.3 N/A
Conservative Kim Humphreys 3,283 11.9 N/A
Liberal Democrat Nigel P. Williams 3,198 11.2 N/A
Referendum Nicholas A. China 692 2.4 N/A
Socialist Labour Angela M. Ruddock 685 2.4 N/A
Liberal Gerry A. Williams 443 1.6 N/A
Socialist Alternative Joan Barker 233 0.8 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Christopher Eames 106 0.4 N/A
Majority 16,451 58.0 N/A
Turnout 28,374 55.3 N/A
Registered electors 51,313
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

References

  1. ^ "Camberwell and Peckham: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. ^ Conservation Area Appraisals Southwark Council. Retrieved 2017-01-22.
  4. ^ Poverty and wealth across Britain 1968 to 2005 Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine. Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 16 July 2007.
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
  6. ^ "Camberwell & Peckham parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
  7. ^ "Camberwell & Peckham general election results 2017". BBC News.
  8. ^ http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  11. ^ Election of a Member of Parliament - Camberwell and Peckham Constituency Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine. London Borough of Southwark, 20 April 2010

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Witney
Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition
11 May – 25 September 2010
Succeeded by
Doncaster North
Preceded by
Doncaster North
Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition
8 May – 12 September 2015
Succeeded by
Islington North

Coordinates: 51°28′30″N 0°04′12″W / 51.475°N 0.070°W / 51.475; -0.070