Visa requirements for Romanian citizens

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Visa requirements for Romanian citizens are the administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other territories affecting citizens of Romania. As of 13 April 2021, Romanian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 174 countries and territories, ranking the Romanian passport 16th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Romanian citizens using normal passports (click the image to enlarge) :
  Romania
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required / ESTA / eTA / eVisitor
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[1]
 Albania Visa not required[2] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[3]
 Andorra Visa not required[4]
 Angola eVisa[5][6] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[7]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[8]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[9] 3 months
 Argentina Visa not required[10] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[11] 180 days
 Australia eVisitor[12] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted.
  • The Romanian government officially considers that Australia maintains a visa regime towards its citizens since most are granted an eVisitor only manually after delays, and around 25% are denied.[13] This claim was dismissed by the European Commission.[14]
 Austria Visa not required[15]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[16] 30 days[17]
 Bahamas Visa not required[18] 3 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[19] 14 days
  • Online visa available.[20]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[21] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[22] 3 months
 Belarus Visa not required[23] 30 days
 Belgium Visa not required[24]
 Belize Visa not required[25] 1 month
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[26][27] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[28]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[29] Airport only
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[30] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • Romanian identity card valid
 Botswana Visa not required[31] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[32] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Brunei Visa not required[33] 90 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[34]
  • Freedom of movement
  • Romanian identity card valid
 Burkina Faso Visa required[35]
 Burundi Visa required[36][37]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[38] 30 days
  • Online visa available.[39]
 Cameroon Visa required[40]
 Canada Visa not required[41] 6 months
  • eTA required if arriving by air.[42][43]
  • Electronic passport required for visa-free travel.[44]
  • Non-electronic passports only eligible for visa-free travel with an expired Canadian visitor visa or a valid United States non-immigrant visa, with an eTA issued before 1 December 2017.[45]
 Cape Verde Visa not required[46] 30 days
  • Must register online at least five days prior to arrival.[47]
 Central African Republic Visa required[48]
 Chad Visa required[49]
 Chile Visa not required[50] 90 days
 China Visa required[51]
  • Visa not required for holders of normal Romanian passports endorsed "for public affairs".
 Colombia Visa not required[54] 180 days
  • 90 days – extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[55]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[56]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[57]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[58] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[59] 3 months
 Croatia Visa not required[60]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[61]
 Cyprus Visa not required[62]
 Czech Republic Visa not required[63]
 Denmark Visa not required[64]
 Djibouti eVisa[65] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[66] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[67] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[68] 90 days
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[69][70] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[71] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[72]
 Eritrea Visa required[73]
 Estonia Visa not required[74]
 Eswatini Visa required[75]
 Ethiopia eVisa[76] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[77] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[78]
 France Visa not required[79]
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[80] 90 days
 Gambia Visa not required[82] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[83] 1 year
  • Romanian identity card valid
 Germany Visa not required[84]
 Ghana Visa required[85]
 Greece Visa not required[86]
 Grenada Visa not required[87] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[88] 90 days
 Guinea eVisa[89] 90 days
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[90] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[91]
 Haiti Visa not required[92] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[93] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[94]
 Iceland Visa not required[95]
 India e-Visa[96] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][97]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[98] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[99] 30 days[100]
 Iraq Visa required[101]
 Ireland Visa not required[102]
 Israel Visa not required[103] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[104]
 Jamaica Visa on arrival[105]
 Japan Visa not required[106] 90 days
 Jordan Free visa on arrival[107]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[109] 30 days[110]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[111] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[112] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 North Korea Visa required[113]
 South Korea Visa not required[114] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[115] 3 months
  • Online visa available (eVisa).
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa / Visa on arrival[116] 1 month
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[118][119] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[120] Visa on arrival facility will be gradually phased out at various border crossings starting January 2020.[121]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points — Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[122]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[123] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non-refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho eVisa[124][125]
 Liberia Visa required[126]
 Libya Visa required[127]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[128]
 Lithuania Visa not required[129]
 Luxembourg Visa not required[130]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[131] 90 days
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[132][133] 90 days
 Malaysia Visa not required[134] 90 days[135]
 Maldives Visa on arrival[136] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[137]
 Malta Visa not required[138]
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[139] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[140]
 Mauritius Visa not required[141] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[142] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[143] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Moldova Visa not required[144] 90 days
 Monaco Visa not required[147]
  • Romanian identity card valid
 Mongolia Visa on arrival[148] 30 days
  • Tourists who are coming from European countries where there is no Mongolian diplomatic presence are eligible to acquire on-arrival visa at the airport in Ulaanbaatar or Mongolian border points.[149]
 Montenegro Visa not required[150] 90 days
  • Romanian identity card valid for 30 days
 Morocco Visa not required[151] 3 months
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[152] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[153] 28 days
 Namibia Visa on arrival[154] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[155]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[156] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[157]
 New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority[158] 3 months
  • International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be paid upon requesting an Electronic Travel Authority.[159]
  • Holders of an Australian Permanent Resident Visa or Resident Return Visa may be granted a New Zealand Resident Visa on arrival permitting indefinite stay (pursuant to the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement), subject to meeting character requirements and obtaining an Electronic Travel Authority prior to departure.[160] Such travellers are not required to pay the International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy.[159]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[161] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[162]
 Nigeria Visa required[163]
 North Macedonia Visa not required[164] 90 days
  • Romanian identity card valid
 Norway Visa not required[165]
 Oman eVisa[166] 30 days
 Pakistan Online Visa[167]
  • Online Visa eligible.[168]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to acquire a visa on arrival for business purposes.[169]
 Palau Visa not required[170] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Panama Visa not required[171] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[172] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa not required[173] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[174] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period[175]
 Philippines Visa not required[176] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[177]
 Portugal Visa not required[178]
 Qatar Visa not required[179] 90 days
 Russia eVisa[180] 16 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive and departure via 29 checkpoints[181]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[182] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[183] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[184] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[185] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Samoa Visa not required[186] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 San Marino Visa not required[187]
  • Romanian identity card valid
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[188] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia eVisa / Visa on arrival[189][190] 90 days
 Senegal Visa not required[191] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[192] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • Romanian identity card valid
 Seychelles Visa not required[193] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[194]
 Singapore Visa not required[195] 90 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[196]
 Slovenia Visa not required[197]
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[198] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Somalia Visa on arrival[199]
 South Africa Visa required[200]
 South Sudan Electronic Visa[201]
  • Obtainable online[202]
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel[203]
 Spain Visa not required[204]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[205] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[206]
 Suriname eVisa[207]
 Sweden Visa not required[208]
  Switzerland Visa not required[209]
 Syria Visa required[210]
 Tajikistan Visa on arrival[211] 45 days
 Tanzania Visa not required[213]
 Thailand Visa on arrival[214] 15 days
 Timor-Leste Visa not required[215] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Togo Visa not required[216]
  • Information from the Togo Embassy in the United Kingdom that is not found in the IATA database which states that visa can be acquired on arrival.[217]
 Tonga Visa not required[218] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[219] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Tunisia Visa not required[220] 3 months
 Turkey Visa not required[221] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[222]
 Tuvalu Visa not required[223] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[224]
 Ukraine Visa not required[226] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[227] 90 days
 United Kingdom Visa not required[230] 6 months
 United States Visa required[232]
 Uruguay Visa not required[233] 90 days
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[234] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required[235] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
  Vatican City Visa not required[236]
  • Romanian identity card valid
 Venezuela Visa not required[237] 90 days
 Vietnam eVisa[238] 30 days[239]
 Yemen Visa required[240]
 Zambia Visa not required[241] 90 days
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival[242] 3 months
  • 30 days for visits on business, 3 months for tourists

Dependent, disputed or unrecognized territories[edit]

Unrecognized or partially recognized countries[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Abkhazia Visa required[243]
 Artsakh Visa not required[244] Travellers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[245]
 Kosovo Visa not required[246] 90 days
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[247]
 Palestine Visa not required[248] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[249]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[250][251]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[252][253] 3-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.
Valid multiple visa of Russia is required.
 Taiwan Visa not required[254][255] 90 days
 Transnistria Visa not required[256] Registration required after 24h.[257][258]

Dependent and autonomous territories[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
China
 Hong Kong Visa not required[259] 90 days
 Macau Visa not required[260] 90 days
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa not required
 Greenland Visa not required
France
 Clipperton Island Special permit required[261]
 French Guiana Visa not required[262]
 French Polynesia Visa not required[263]
France French West Indies
Guadeloupe Visa not required
Martinique
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Martin
 Mayotte Visa not required[264]
 New Caledonia Visa not required[265]
 Réunion Visa not required[266]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[267]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[268]
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa not required[269] 90 days
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands
 Bonaire Visa not required[270]
 Sint Eustatius
 Saba
 Curaçao Visa not required[271] 3 months
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[272] 3 months
New Zealand
 Cook Islands Visa not required[273] 31 days
 Niue Visa not required[274] 30 days
 Tokelau Permit required[275]
Norway
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[276] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[277]
Norway Svalbard Visa not required Unlimited period under Svalbard Treaty.[278]
United Kingdom
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa not required[279]
 Anguilla Visa not required[280][281] 3 months
 Bermuda Visa not required[282]
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required[283]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[284] 6 months
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[285]
 Falkland Islands Visa not required[286]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[287]
 Montserrat Visa not required[288] 6 months
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee US$35 or tax of US$5 if not going ashore.[289][290][291]
United Kingdom Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[292]
 Ascension Island eVisa[293][294]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[295]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[296][297]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[298]
United States
 American Samoa Entry permit required[299]
 Guam Visa required[300]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[301]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[302]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[303]
Antarctica and adjacent islands
Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[304][305][306][307][308][309][310][311][312][313][314][315]

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

Holders of various categories of official Romanian passports have additional visa-free access to the following countries:

  •  Algeria: diplomatic or service passports
  •  Azerbaijan: diplomatic or service passports
  •  Belarus: diplomatic or service passports
  •  People's Republic of China: diplomatic or service passports
  •  Ghana: diplomatic, official or service passports
  •  India: diplomatic passports
  •  Iran: diplomatic passports
  •  Kazakhstan: diplomatic or service passports
  •  Mongolia: diplomatic or official passports
  •  Pakistan: diplomatic or official passports
  •  Russia: diplomatic and service passports
  •  South Africa: diplomatic, official or service passports
  •  Tajikistan: diplomatic or service passports
  •  Thailand: diplomatic or official passports
  •  Turkmenistan: diplomatic or service passports
  •  Uzbekistan: diplomatic, official or service passports
  •  Vietnam: (diplomatic or service passports)

Holders of diplomatic or service passports of any country have visa-free access to Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

A Romanian identity card is valid for travel to most of the European countries

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[316] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Togo, require all incoming passengers older than nine months to one year[317] to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[318]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently or has transited for 12 hours in those countries: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[319][320]

An increasing number of countries have been imposing additional COVID-19 related health restrictions such as quarantine measures and testing requirements. Many countries increasingly consider the vaccination status of travellers with regard to quarantine requirements or when deciding to allow them entry at all.[321] This is justified by research that shows that the efficacy of the Pfizer vaccine lasts for six months or so.[322]

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[323] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[324] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru.[325] Philippines,[326] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[327]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[328] and South Africa.

Other countries, such as Japan,[329] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[330] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

A very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a passport valid on arrival.

Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[331][332] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[333]

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[334] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[335]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[336] Lebanon,[337] Libya,[338] Syria,[339] and Yemen[340] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[citation needed]

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[341]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan,[342][343][344] Armenian citizens and other foreign nationals of Armenian descent are likely to encounter difficulties when attempting to enter the Republic of Azerbaijan.[345][346][347]

Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[347] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[348] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[349] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[350]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[351][352] Argentina,[353] Brunei, Cambodia,[354] China,[355] Ethiopia,[356] Ghana, Guinea,[357] India, Japan,[358][359] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[360] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[361] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[362] Singapore, South Korea,[363] Taiwan, Thailand,[364] Uganda[365] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by domestic legislation),[366][367][368] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[369]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[370] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[371][372] The United States Department of Homeland Security has announced plans to greatly increase the biometric data it collects at US borders.[373] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at three land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[374][375]


Statistics[edit]

Foreign travel by Romanians[edit]

These were the numbers of Romanian visitors to various countries in 2014:

Foreign travel statistics
Destination Number of visitors
 Austria[376] 264,704
 Belgium[377] 41,630
 Bulgaria[378] 1,439,853
 Croatia[379] 63,000
 Cyprus[380] 18,161
 Greece[381] 543,360
 Hungary[note 1][382] 230,436
 Macedonia[383] 7,142
 Moldova[384] 22,624
 Montenegro[385] 16,112
 New Zealand[386] 1,188
 Poland[387] 38,112
 Russia[388] 30,886
 Serbia[389] 36,959
 Seychelles[note 2][390] 942
 Slovakia[391] 22,756
 Slovenia[392] 25,730
 Turkey[393] 426,585
 Ukraine[394] 584,774
 United Kingdom[395] 471,411
 United States[396] 71,923
  1. ^ Counting only visitors staying overnight in official accommodation.
  2. ^ Data for 2015

Right to consular protection in non-EU countries[edit]

Diplomatic missions of Romania

When in a non-EU country where there is no Romanian embassy, Romanian citizens as EU citizens have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.

See also List of diplomatic missions of Romania.

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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  2. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
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  11. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
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  26. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
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  33. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
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  64. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
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  78. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  79. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
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  81. ^ "Gabon e-Visa". evisa.dgdi.ga.
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  86. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
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  94. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  95. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  96. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  97. ^ e-Visa
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  102. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  103. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  104. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
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  106. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  109. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  119. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  126. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  127. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  128. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  129. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  130. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
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  134. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  142. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  148. ^ Mongolian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, "www.consul.mn"
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  178. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
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  270. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
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  286. ^ Immigration Ordinance 1999, Falkland Islands Government, 31 July 2017.
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Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)