Shenzhen North station

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Shenzhenbei
深圳北
China Railway High-speed
Shenzhen Metro
Shenzhen North Railway Station in construction.jpg
Other names Shenzhen North
Location Longhua District, Shenzhen, Guangdong
China
Coordinates 22°36′43″N 114°1′26″E / 22.61194°N 114.02389°E / 22.61194; 114.02389Coordinates: 22°36′43″N 114°1′26″E / 22.61194°N 114.02389°E / 22.61194; 114.02389
Operated by Guangzhou Railway Group
SZMC (Shenzhen Metro Group)
MTR Corporation (Shenzhen)
Line(s)
Platforms

CRH 20 (9 island platforms, 2 side platforms)

Shenzhen Metro 4 (2 island platforms, 2 side platforms)
Other information
Station code 65860 (TMIS)
History
Opened 16 June 2011
Previous names New Shenzhen (Shenzhen Xin)
Key dates
CRH opened 26 December 2011
Traffic
Passengers (Shenzhen Metro) 72,076 daily (2015)
(Ranked 2nd of 118)[1]
Services
Preceding station   Shenzhen Metro   Following station
toward Qinghu
Line 4
toward Qianhaiwan
Line 5
toward Huangbeiling

Shenzhen North station (Chinese: 深圳北站; pinyin: Shēnzhèn Běi Zhàn; Jyutping: sam1 zan3 bak1 zaam6) is one of the four large intercity railway stations of Shenzhen, located in Longhua, Bao'an District.[2] It has 11 platforms and 20 lines. It is an interchange station between the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link, the Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway, future Shenzhen–Zhanjiang high-speed railway[3] and the Shenzhen Metro Lines 4, 5 and 6.[4][5][6][7] Construction started in 2007 and was completed in June 2011.[8][9] The Line 4 platforms opened on 16 June 2011, Line 5 platforms opened on 28 June 2011, and CRH platforms opened on 26 December 2011. In the future it will also serve Shenzhen Metro Line 6, which is currently under construction.

High speed trains run from Shenzhen North train station to Beijing West railway station, Xiamen and Guangzhou.[10]

History[edit]

Planning and design[edit]

Since 1980, Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, the established Shenzhen railway station has been the main railway terminal locally. But with the increasing frequency of trains, the original station has insufficient space to use. It is located in the city center and close to the border can not be expanded. So in the late 1990s it was proposed for the construction of a second railway terminal in Shenzhen. Prior to the completion of a second terminal, in the interim many long-distance trains in Shenzhen were able to use the temporary Shenzhen West railway station, (now permanent).

November 2003, the Shenzhen Municipal Government completed a new planning study that suggested that a new station to serve the Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway, Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link and the Xiamen–Shenzhen Railway would be located in Longhua District, Shenzhen in order to be central to all of Shenzhen.

July–October 2005, the Shenzhen Municipal Government and the Ministry of Railways jointly launched the " National Railway Passenger Station in Shenzhen Comprehensive Plan International Advisory ", inviting four foreign and three domestic design companies to submit their ideas to the Railway Survey and Design Institute. All submitting a preliminary plan for Shenzhen North Station as an integrated hub in the planning. August 2006, the two sides jointly signed a memorandum to construct the station. June 2007, the Ministry of Railways launched a project feasibility study & preliminary designs, which were completed in November 2007. Differences between the Shenzhen authorities and the Ministry of Railways caused for a changing of views on the relationship between railway stations and urban transport, causing a delay in the coordination of planning. The final plans were only unveiled in 2008.[11]

Renamed[edit]

Numerous names were mooted for new project, with some being used in early announcements and planning documents, such as the New Station in Shenzhen, Shenzhen New railway station, Longhua railway station and others.[12] December 23, 2008, the Shenzhen Municipal Planning Bureau issued a public notice, the new Shenzhen station was officially named "Shenzhen North station". Another station on the Guangzhou-Shenzhen Railway, formerly known as freight Shenzhen North Station & marshalling yard, was renamed Sun Gang station to avoid confusion.

Metro station[edit]

Shenzhen Metro Line 4 was opened and put into operation on 16 June 2011. At this time the Line 5 was also opened several days later on 22 June 2011, allowing for the Shenzhen North East Square to be officially opened. For up to six months before the high-speed railway was completed, the Shenzhen North Station subway and bus shuttle transfer hall functioned.

The opening of the high-speed rail station (2011-12)[edit]

The high-speed rail section of the Shenzhen North railway station had repeatedly delayed the opening time. It changed from before the November 2010 Guangzhou Asian Games to December 28 and then changed to 8 August 2011 and again postponed to 26 December 2011. Influenced by the 2011 Wenzhou high-speed train rear-end accident, coupled with the Chinese government beginning to reflect on the construction of all high-speed rail, this caused a slow down in high-speed rail construction and other issues. On December 26, 2011 morning, the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link's Guangzhou-Shenzhen section, opening ceremony was held in Shenzhen North Station, with the Minister of Railways Sheng Guangzu, the Guangdong Provincial Party Secretary Wang Yang, the former governor of Guangdong Province Huang Hua Hua and acting governor of Guangdong Zhu Xiaodan, who attended the ceremony. The first train G6126 left at 10:40am and in 28 minutes arrived at Guangzhou South railway station.[13]

Initial opening services were from Shenzhen North Station to Guangzhou South Station. Passengers wanting to travel between Wuhan and Guangzhou high-speed railway stations, had to transfer at Guangzhou South railway station. From 1 April 2012, the frequency of trains to Shenzhen North Station increased to 20 pairs, mostly to Wuhan railway station and Changsha South railway station.

Station structure[edit]

Shenzhen North station is located in Shenzhen Bao'an District Longhua 9.3 km (5.8 mi) from the downtown area of Shenzhen. Its site is located in the geometric center of Shenzhen and population centers, with more favorable conditions for the development.[14]

The whole site is divided into three parts: the high-speed rail station house, East Plaza and West Plaza. The total land area extends about 650,000 square meters, with a construction area of about 400,000 square meters.[15] Among them, the high-speed railway was in a north-south direction, with the station building located on the top of the tracks ; the East Square is dominated by public transport interchange; West Plaza has most of the private car parking and long distance bus terminal.

Line 4 of the Shenzhen Metro located in Shenzhen North Station's East Square in an elevated station, running substantially parallel with the high-speed rail station under the large shared roof. The Pingnan Railway runs from east to west under the entire station but has no platforms and no services stop on this line. Line 5 of the Shenzhen Metro also runs east-west under the station complex. A substantial internal road network was developed to reduce the effect of taxi and bus traffic on the local road network.[15]

Site layout[edit]

Elevation West Square Plaza High speed rail station East Square Plaza
106m     Line 4, Shenzhen Metro platforms 5F
100m   Commercial area Line 4, Shenzhen Metro station hall 4F
90m High speed rail East Square platform Local Bus (Arrival) 3F
Coach Station Waiting room, ticket office Taxi (Arrival)
84m Taxi Parking High speed rail platforms Transfer hall Local Bus (Departure) 2F
Private Vehicle Parking Taxi (Departure)
78m Private Vehicle Parking High speed rail arrivals hall Transfer hall Local Bus (Departure) 1F
Taxi (Departure)
Private Vehicle Parking
68m   Pinghu–Nanshan Railway No platform access   Line 5, Shenzhen Metro B1F
62.5m   Xinqu Blvd  

Platform layout[edit]

CRH[edit]

CRH station concourse
Exit passageway
G
Concourse
Lobby Level High speed rail ticket office, ticket vending machines, ticket gates and waiting areas
restaurants, toilets
2F

Platforms

Futian/HK Direction Guangzhou South Direction→
Side Platform
1Platform Trains
2 Platform Trains
Island platform
3Platform Trains
4 Platform Trains
Island platform
5Platform Trains
6 Platform Trains
Island platform
7Platform Trains
8 Platform Cross Border Trains to/from Hong Kong
Island platform
9 Platform Cross Border Trains to/from Hong Kong
10 Platform Cross Border Trains to/from Hong Kong
Island platform
11 Platform Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL to West Kowloon
12 Platform Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL to Guangzhou South
Island platform
13 Platform Cross Border Trains to/from Hong Kong
14 Platform Cross Border Long Distance Trains to/from mainland Chinese cities
Island platform
15 Platform Cross Border Long Distance Trains to/from mainland Chinese cities
16Platform Trains
Island platform
17Platform Trains
18 Platform Trains
Island platform
19Platform Trains
20 Platform Trains
Side Platform

Shenzhen Metro[edit]

Line 4 platforms
Line 5 platform
5F
Platforms
Platform      Line 6 towards Science Museum (Meilingguan) (under construction)
Island platform
Platform      Line 6 towards Songgang (Hongshan) → (under construction)
Platform 2      Line 4 towards Futian Checkpoint (Baishilong)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Platform 1      Line 4 towards Qinghu (Hongshan)
4F Concourse Lobby of Line 4 Customer Service, Shops, Vending machines, ATMs
Transfer Passage between Line 4 and Line 5
3F West Square Plaza Shenzhen North railway station Waiting room, ticket office, Exits
2F Shenzhen North railway station Platforms
G Pedestrian road High Speed Rail Arrivals Hall
B1F
Concourse
Pedestrian road Park, Pedestrian business street, parking, Lobby of Line 5
Transfer Passage between Line 4 and Line 5
B2F
Platforms
- Pinghu–Nanshan Railway (no stop)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Platform 1      Line 5 towards Qianhaiwan (Changlingpi)
Platform 2      Line 5 towards Huangbeiling (Minzhi)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
- Pinghu–Nanshan Railway (no stop)

Intercity services[edit]

As of October 2012, Shenzhen North station is the terminal for numerous G-series trains on the Shenzhen-Guangzhou-Wuhan-Zhengzhou high-speed line. One of these trains continues on to Xi'an.[16] Commencing on December 26, 2012, trains now operate between Shenzhen North and Beijing West, making it the longest high speed rail journey possible in the world.[17]

All other Shenzhen's trains are served elsewhere. Less expensive D-series trains to Guangzhou, as well as various "conventional" trains to destinations throughout China leave from Shenzhen railway station; there is also a much less busy Shenzhen West railway station. Shenzhen East railway station opened in December 2012 to handle regional services and connected to Shenzhen North on the soon to be completed Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway.

Vienna Hotels has its corporate headquarters in the Vienna International Hotel located at the station.[18]

Interior of Shenzhen North railway station, 2012
Business class passengers can rest in this area within the vast waiting hall.
Looking across the waterfall feature on the east square.
Looking across the extensive platforms of Shenzhen North railway station. The train in clear view is a longer 16 car train, 8 car high speed trains are hidden under the main station building.
Looking at Shenzhen North railway station from the vast west square. Long distance coach stations are located to the left and right of this picture.

Exits[edit]

Exit Destination
Exit A Liuxian Boulevard, Minzhi Huachang, Colourful Inn & Colourful Star Hotel
Exit B Shangtang Road, Meilong Road, Railway Bridge
Exit C Yulong Road, Shenzhen North Railway Station
Exit D Xinqü Boulevard, St. Moritz, Xiyuan Villa, Long-distance Bus Station

References[edit]

  1. ^ "数说交通|深圳客流量TOP10地铁站----中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院". www.siat.cas.cn. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
  2. ^ "Railways station guide - Shenzhen". China Highlights. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  3. ^ http://www.sz2011.org/Universiade/news/shenzhen/8519.shtml
  4. ^ New Shenzhen (Longhua) Station
  5. ^ New railway station to be built by 2011
  6. ^ Guangzhou-Shenzhen-HK express rail link to start construction
  7. ^ Better late than never
  8. ^ Shenzhen New Railway Station to Be Built, Shortens Trip to Guangzhou
  9. ^ Flickr photo of Shenzhen N Sta under construction
  10. ^ "Xiamen-Shenzhen High Speed Railway opens to traffic". China Daily. 28 December 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  11. ^ 孙永海.新深圳站客运枢纽工程前期工作实践[J].城市交通,2008,6(3):67-71.
  12. ^ 深圳政府在线:关于我市“新深圳站”命名的通告,2007年7月24日
  13. ^ 广州深圳升级为半小时城市圈。南方都市报,2011-12-27
  14. ^ 宗传苓,谭国威,张晓春.基于城市发展战略的深圳高铁枢纽规划研究——以深圳北站和福田站为例[J].规划师,2011,27(10);23-29.
  15. ^ a b 徐成永,王敏远.深圳北站综合枢纽在“高铁链接城市”中的探索[J].都市快轨交通,2011,24(1);18-22.
  16. ^ Shenzhen North schedule (in Chinese)
  17. ^ http://english.sz.gov.cn/ln/201212/t20121221_2091407.htm
  18. ^ "联系方式" (Archive). Vienna Hotels. Retrieved on November 9, 2014. "总部地址:深圳市龙华新区深圳北站西广场B1b栋维也纳国际酒店二层"

See also[edit]