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Template:IPA pulmonic consonants

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IPA: Pulmonic consonants
Place Labial Coronal Dorsal Laryngeal
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ̊ ɳ ɲ̊ ɲ ŋ̊ ŋ ɴ
Stop p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʡ ʔ
Sibilant affricate ts dz t̠ʃ d̠ʒ ʈʂ ɖʐ
Non-sibilant affricate p̪f b̪v t̪θ d̪ð tɹ̝̊ dɹ̝ t̠ɹ̠̊˔ d̠ɹ̠˔ ɟʝ kx ɡɣ ʡʢ ʔh
Sibilant fricative s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ɕ ʑ
Non-sibilant fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Approximant ʋ̥ ʋ ɹ̥ ɹ ɻ̊ ɻ j ɰ̊ ɰ ʔ̞
Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆
Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ ʢ
Lateral affricate ʈɭ̊˔ cʎ̝̊ kʟ̝̊ ɡʟ̝
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ ɭ̊˔ ɭ˔ ʎ̝̊ ʎ̝ ʟ̝̊ ʟ̝
Lateral approximant l ɭ̊ ɭ ʎ̥ ʎ ʟ̥ ʟ ʟ̠
Lateral tap/flap ɺ ɭ̆ ʎ̆ ʟ̆

Symbols to the right in a cell are voiced, to the left are voiceless. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

Customized usage

  • {{IPA pulmonic consonants|audio=yes}} – shows audio samples (view)
  • {{IPA pulmonic consonants|style=margin: auto;}} – appears centered
  • {{IPA pulmonic consonants|caption=}} – hides the main frame (or enter a preferred caption after =)
  • {{IPA pulmonic consonants|notes=no}} – hides the footnotes
  • {{IPA pulmonic consonants|affricates=no}} – hides the affricates
  • {{IPA pulmonic consonants|class=mw-collapsible}} – appears collapsible
  • {{IPA pulmonic consonants|class=mw-collapsible mw-collapsed}} – appears collapsed

When editing this template, make sure it works not just by itself but also in {{IPA navigation}} and with the options above.