Voiced palatal affricate

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Voiced palatal affricate
ɟ͡ʝ
ɟ͜ʝ
ɟʝ
IPA number 108 (139)
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɟ​͡​ʝ
Unicode (hex) U+025F U+0361 U+029D
X-SAMPA J\_j\
Sound

The voiced palatal affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨ɟ͡ʝ⟩ and ⟨ɟ͜ʝ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is J\_j\. The tie bar is sometimes omitted, yielding ⟨ɟʝ⟩ in the IPA and J\j\ in X-SAMPA. This is potentially problematic in case of at least some affricates, because there are languages that contrast certain affricates with stop-fricative sequences. Polish words czysta ('clean (f.)', pronounced with an affricate /t͡ʂ/) and trzysta ('three hundred', pronounced with a sequence /tʂ/) are an example of a minimal pair based on such a contrast.

This sound is the non-sibilant equivalent of the voiced alveolo-palatal affricate.

It occurs in such languages as Hungarian and Skolt Sami, among others. The voiced palatal affricate is quite rare; it is mostly absent from Europe as a phoneme (it occurs as an allophone in most Spanish dialects), with the aforementioned Uralic languages and Albanian being exceptions. It usually occurs with its voiceless counterpart, the voiceless palatal affricate.

Features[edit]

Features of the voiced palatal affricate:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Albanian Various Tosk dialects[1] gjë [ɟ͡ʝə] 'thing'
Asturian[2] uveyya [uβeɟ͡ʝa] 'sheep'
Hungarian gyár [ɟ͡ʝaːr] 'factory' See Hungarian phonology
Norwegian Central dialects[3] leggja [leɟ͡ja] 'lay' See Norwegian phonology
Western dialects[3]
Skolt Sami vuõˊlǧǧem [vʲuɘlɟ͡ʝːɛm] 'I leave'
Spanish Castilian[4] yate [ˈɟ͡jate̞] 'yacht' Occurs only in the onset. See Spanish phonology

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 33 (2): 255–259, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001373 
  • Menéndez García, Manuel (1965), El Cuarto de los Valles (Un habla del occidente astur) (in Spanish), IDEA, pp. 147–148 
  • Skjekkeland, Martin (1997), Dei norske dialektane: Tradisjonelle særdrag i jamføring med skriftmåla (in Norwegian), Høyskoleforlaget (Norwegian Academic Press)