The Turkish diaspora (Turkish: Türk diasporası or Turkish: Türk gurbetçiler) refers to "Turks" who have emigrated from their homeland. Thus, the term may refer to citizens of Turkey living abroad (which includes ethnic Turks and other ethnic minorities) or ethnic Turks from traditional areas of Turkish settlement (such as Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia and Romania) who are living abroad.
Due to the large numbers of Turkish citizens and Turkish minorities who have emigrated from their traditional homeland, the figures below do not necessarily show a true indication of the total Turkish population. For example, although official data shows that there are 52,893 Turkish citizens in the United Kingdom, the Home Affairs Committee states that there are now 500,000 British Turks made up of 300,000 Turkish Cypriots, 150,000 Turkish nationals, and smaller groups of Bulgarian Turks and Romanian Turks.
Turkish citizens living abroad
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These figures only include citizens of Turkey. Thus, official numbers do not include individuals who have become naturalised citizens of their host country nor does it include their children who are born in the host country and obtain the host citizenship. For example, although there are 1,658,083 Turkish citizens in Germany, academic estimates suggest that there are now about 3 million people of Turkish origin living in Germany.
Diaspora of Turks from traditional areas of settlement
Algerian Turks diaspora
There are many Algerian Turks who have emigrated to other countries and hence make up part of Algeria's diaspora, for example, there is a noticeable Algerian community of Turkish descent living in England. Many Algerians attend the Suleymaniye Mosque which is owned by the British-Turkish community. France, Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada, and Spain are also top receiving countries of Algerian citizens.
Bulgarian Turks diaspora
|Turkey||1,160,614 have emigrated between 1879-1992||not including descendants|
Cypriot Turks diaspora
|Country||TRNC Ministry of Foreign Affairs
|Other estimates||Further information|
|United Kingdom||200,000||300,000-400,000||British Cypriots
20000 mostly in Prizren, Prishtina, Vushtria.
Macedonian Turks diaspora
Meskhetian Turks diaspora
Greek Turks diaspora
Between 300,000 and 400,000 Turks have left Greece's region of Western Thrace since 1923, most of which emigrated to Turkey. 25,000 to 40,000 Western Thrace Turks have emigrated to Western Europe, about 80% are living in Germany. Western Thrace Turks have also emigrated to the Netherlands, the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Austria and Italy.
- Home Affairs Committee (2011). "Implications for the Justice and Home Affairs area of the accession of Turkey to the European Union" (PDF). The Stationery Office. p. Ev 34.
- Çalışma ve Sosyal Güvenlik Bakanlığı. "YURTDIŞINDAKİ VATANDAŞLARIMIZLA İLGİLİ SAYISAL BİLGİLER (31.12.2009 tarihi itibarıyla)". Retrieved 2011-09-27.
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- The Holy See has a population of 1000 and grants 557 of them citizenship.
- Communities and Local Government (2009), The Algerian Muslim Community in England: Understanding Muslim Ethnic Communities (PDF), pp. 34–53, ISBN 978-1-4098-1169-5
- Communities and Local Government (2009), The Algerian Muslim Community in England: Understanding Muslim Ethnic Communities (PDF), p. 22, ISBN 978-1-4098-1169-5
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- Laschet, Armin (17 September 2011). "İngiltere'deki Türkler". Hurriyet. Retrieved 2011-09-27.
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- Kibris Gazetesi. "Avustralya'daki Kıbrıslı Türkler ve Temsilcilik..". Retrieved 2011-05-31.
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- Aydıngün, Ayşegül; Harding, Çiğdem Balım; Hoover, Matthew; Kuznetsov, Igor; Swerdlow, Steve (2006). "Meskhetian Turks: An Introduction to their History, Culture, and Resettelment Experiences" (PDF). Center for Applied Linguistics: 13
- Aydıngün, Ayşegül; Harding, Çiğdem Balım; Hoover, Matthew; Kuznetsov, Igor; Swerdlow, Steve (2006). "Meskhetian Turks: An Introduction to their History, Culture, and Resettelment Experiences" (PDF). Center for Applied Linguistics: 14
- The Seattle Times (2006-03-07). "Refugees' road leads to Tukwila". Retrieved 2010-11-16.
- Whitman, Lois (1990). Destroying ethnic identity: the Turks of Greece. Human Rights Watch. p. 2. ISBN 0-929692-70-5
- Hirschon, Renée (2003). Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange Between Greece and Turkey. Berghahn Books. p. 107. ISBN 1-57181-562-7
- Şentürk, Cem (2008). "Batı Trakya Türklerinin Avrupa´ya Göçleri, Bulundukları Ülkelerdeki Yaşam Koşulları ve Kimlik Algılamaları" (PDF). The Journal of International Social Research. 1 (2): 420
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