Vaippu Sthalam

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The Vaippu Sthalam [1] also Called Tevara Vaippu Sthalam are places in South India that were mentioned casually in the songs in Tevaram, hymns composed in praise of Lord Shiva during 7th-8th century.[2]

The Paadal Petra Sthalam by comparison are 275[3] temples that are revered in the verses of Saiva Nayanars in the 6th-9th century CE and are amongst the greatest Shiva temples of the continent.

The Divya Desams by comparison are the 108 Vishnu temples glorified in the poems of the contemporary Vaishnava Alvars of Tamil Nadu, India.

The 3 foremost Nayanars with Manickavasagar - collectively called the Nalvars: (from left) Campantar, Appar, Cuntarar, Manikkavacakar.
Lord Shiva
Verses (Paasuram) Poet
1, 2, 3. Tirukadaikkappu Sambandar (Jnanasambandhar)
4, 5, 6. Tevaram Appar
7. Tirupaatu Sundarar
8. Tiruvasakam and Tirukkovaiyar Manikkavacakar
9. Tiruvisaippa & Tiruppallaandu Various poets
10. Tirumandhiram Tirumoolar
11. Prabandham Various poets
12. Periya Puranam Sekkizhar

Thevaram[edit]

Thevaram (Tamil: தேவாரம்) refers to the collection of verses sung on the primary god of the Shaivite sect of Hindu religion, Lord Shiva by tree Tamil poets (known as Saiva Kuruvars) - Thirugnana Sambanthar (aka Campantar), Tirunavukkarasar (aka Appar) and Sundaramoorthy Nayanar (aka Sundarar). The former two lived in the 7th century AD while the latter around 8th century AD. All songs in Tevaram are believed to be in sets of 10 songs (called pathikam in Tamil).

List of Vaippu Sthalam[edit]

The list of the Vaippu Sthalam is found in each verse of Tevaram that may be part of verses glorifying other temples (Paadal Petra Sthalam)[4][5][6][7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] .[13]

Place (Sthalam) Poet and Verse Location
Akkicharam/Agniswarar Temple, Kanjanur Appar 6-71-8 Thanjavur district
Agaththiccuram/Agastheeswaram Agastheeswarar Temple Appar 6-71-8 Kanyakumari
Annavasal Appar 6-71-7
Adi Annamalai Appar 4-63-1 & 4
Athangudi Sambandar 2-39-10
Athamayanamalai Appar 6-71-9
Athi Sambandar 2-39-2
Athiccuram/Sivasailam Temple Appar 6-71-8
Amudhanur Sundarar 7-12-1
Ayaniccuram/Kailasanathar Temple, Brahmadesam Appar 6-71-6
Arananallur Appar 6-7-7
Arichandhiram/Chandramoulisvarar Temple, Arichandrapuram Appar 6-51-10
Avalpoondurai/Pushpavanesvarar Temple, Avalpoondurai Appar 6-71-11
Alappur/Masilamaninathar temple, Tharangambadi Appar 6-51-3, 6-70-4, 6-71-4; Sundarar 7-47-4
Arappalli/Arapaleeswarar temple, Kolli Malai Sambandar 2-39-4; Appar 5-34-1, 6-70-1 & 6-71-1
Atakeccuram/Atakeccuram Nagabilam Temple, Tiruvarur Appar 6-71-8
Alandhurai/Vadathirthesvarar Temple, Andanallur -
Aziyur/Gangalanathasamy Temple, Aziyur Appar 6-70-7; Sundarar 7-12-7
Arai Sambandar 2-39-5
Araimerrali/Kailasanathar Temple, Tirumetrazhigai Sundarar 7-35-1
Anpatti /perur/Perur Pateeswarar Temple Sambandar 2-39-1; Appar 6-7-10, 6-51-8, 6-70-2; Sundarar 7-47-4, 7-90-10
Iccaiyur Sundarar 7-31-4
Idavai Appar 6-70-3
Idaikkulam Appar 6-71-10
Idaithanam Appar 6-7-8
Idaippalli Sambandar 2-39-4
Irappatticcuram/Seshapurisvarar Temple, Irappatticcuram Appar 6-25-10
Irumpudhal/Trilokanathar Temple, Irumpudhalai Appar 6-51-6
Ilangkoil Appar 6-71-5
Ilamar Appar 6-70-4
Ilaiyankudi/Rajendracholiswarar Temple, Ilaiyankudi Sundarar 7-39-1
Iraikkadu Sundarar 7-47-3
Iraiyanceri/Mummudinathar Temple, Iraiyanceri Appar 6-70-4
Iraiyanur Sundarar 7-31-5
Icanur Sundarar 7-31-8
Unnir Appar 6-7-7
Udhayamalai Appar 6-71-9
Uruthirakodi Appar 6-70-8
Urraththur Appar 6-70-10, 6-71-4
En^galur Sundarar 7-31-6
Endhaiyur Sundarar 7-31-1
Eccililamar Appar 6-70-4
Ennur Sundarar 7-12-6
Ezhumur Appar 6-70-5
Eakampathu Apparr 6-70-4
Emakutamalai Appar 6-7-8, 6-71-9
Eman^allur Appar 6-70-4
Emapperur Appar 6-70-3
Eyiccuram Appar 6-7-8
Eaar Appar 6-51-6, 6-70-3
Ezur Appar 6-70-5
Eranur Sundarar 7-31-9
Oretakam Appar 6-7-10
Kaccippalathali Appar 6-70-4
Kaccimayanam Appar 6-97-10
Kacciyur Sundarar 7-31-4
Kaccaiyur Sundarar 7-31-4
Kanjaru Appar 6-70-8
Kadangalur Sundarar 7-31-3
Kadampai ilangkoil/Uthrapathisvarar Temple, Keelakadambur Appar 6-70-5
Kadaiyakkudi Appar 6-71-3
Kannai Appar 6-70-6
Kandamadhanamalai Appar 6-71-9
Kanjanur or Vada-Kanjanur Agniswarar Temple, Kanjanur Sundarar 7-12-8
Karapuram Appar 6-7-7
Karukarkural Sundarar 7-47-5
Karundthittaikkudi Appar 6-71-3
Karuppur Sundarar 7-98-3
Karumari Appar 6-7-11
Kazhunirkkunram Appar 6-13-4
Kazhumaram Sundarar
Kalandhai Sundarar 7-39-6
Kattur Sambandar 2-39-7; Sundarar 7-47-1
Kampili Appar 6-70-2
Kamarasavalli Appar
Karikkarai Sundarar 7-31-3
Kavam Sundarar 7-31-4
Kalingam Appar 6-7-5
Kinar Sambandar
Kizhaiyam Sundarar 7-12-5
Killikudi Sundarar 7-12-7
Kizhaiyil Sundarar 7-12-7
Kizhaivazhi Sundarar 7-12-5
Kukkudechuram Appar 6-71-8
Kukaiyur Appar
Kundaiyur Sundarar 7-20-1
Gunavayil Sambandar 2-39-7; Appar 6-71-7
Kuthangudi Sambandar 2-39-10
Kumari Appar 6-70-9
Kumarikongu Appar 6-70-9
Kuyilalandurai Appar 6-71-11
Kurakkuthali Sundarar 7-47-2
Kurukkethiram Sundarar 7-78-6
Kurundhangudi Sambandar 2-39-10
Kunriyur Sambandar 2-39-1; Appar 6-70-5
Kunraiyur Sundarar 7-39-1
Kundalur Appar 6-70-9
Kurur Sambandar 2-39-1
Kuzaiyur Appar 6-70-9
Kuranur Sundarar 7-32-9
Kaimmai Sundarar 7-12-5
Konganam Appar 6-70-5
Kodungkolur Appar 6-70-5
Kondal Appar 6-51-9; Sundarar 7-12-2
Kollimalai Appar 5-34-1
Kozhunal Sundarar 7-47-1
Kottukka Appar 6-7-5
Kottukkadu Appar 6-70-2
Kothittai Appar 6-70-3, 6-71-2; Sundarar 7-3-1
Kovanthapuththur Appar 6-71-3
Sadaimudi Appar 6-70-3
Salaikkudi Appar 6-70-3
Siddhavadam Appar 4-2-3
Sindhaiyur Sundarar 7-31-1
Sivappalli Appar 6-71-1
Sirappalli Sambandar 2-39-4
Surrumur Sundarar 7-31-2
Sulamangai Appar 6-70-10
Sengunrur Appar 6-70-5
Senthil Appar 6-23-4
Sempangudi Appar 6-7-3
Serrur Appar 6-71-4
Saiyamalai Appar 6-71-10
Somesam Appar 6-70-10
Gnazalvayil Appar 6-71-7
Gnazarkoyil Appar 6-71-5
Thakkalur Appar 6-2-1, 6-70-3; Sundarar 7-12-1
Thakattur Sundarar 7-12-1
Thakadur Sundarar 7-12-1
Thangalur Sundarar 7-31-6
Thanjakkai Sundarar 7-12-9
Thanjai Appar 6-70-8; Sundarar 7-12-9
Thanjai thalikkulam Appar 6-51-8, 6-71-10
Thantankurai Sundarar 7-12-2
Thantandthottam Sundarar 7-12-2
Thavathurai Appar 6-71-11
Thavappalli Appar 6-71-1
Thalikkulam Appar 6-71-10
Thalicchathangudi Appar 6-25-10
Thazhaiyur Sundarar 7-12-1
Thingalur Appar 6-25-3; Sundarar 7-31-6
Thinticcharam Appar 6-7-8, 6-70-9
Thiripurandagam Appar 6-7-5

Thirukkulam

Appar 6-71-10
Thirucchirrambalam Sundarar 7-12-4
Thiruthalaiyur Appar
Thirunarkunram Sambandar 2-39-9
Thiruppulivanam Appar
Thirumalai Sundarar 7-12-7
Thiruvankudi Sambandar 2-39-10
Thiruvadhiraiyanpattinam Sundarar 7-31-6
Thiruvamur Appar
Thiruvetty Appar 6-7-7
Thudaiyur Appar 6-71-4
Thuvaiyur Appar 6-71-4
Thellaru Appar 6-71-10
Thenkalakkudi Appar 6-71-3
Thenkodi Sambandar 2-39-1

Thenpanaiyur

Sundarar 7-12-8
Thennur Sundarar 7-12-6
Thengur Sundarar 7-12-4, 7-47-6
Thesanur Sundarar 7-31-8
Therur Appar 6-25-3
Thevanur Sundarar 7-12-6
Thevicchuram Appar 6-7-5
Theranur Sundarar 7-31-9
Thenur Sambandar 1-61-9; Appar 6-41-9
Thozhur Appar 6-70-5, 6-71-4
Nangalur Sundarar 7-31-6
Nandikecchuram Appar 6-71-8
Nampanur Sundarar 7-12-3
Nallakkudi Appar 6-71-1
Nallathur Appar
Nallarrur Appar 6-71-4
Nagalecchuram Appar 6-71-8
Nangur Sundarar 7-1-24, 7-47-6
Nalanur Sundarar 7-12-3
Nalaru Appar 6-71-10
Nalur Sundarar 7-31-6
Narranam Sundarar 7-38-4
Niyamanallur Appar 6-70-5
Niyamam Appar 6-13-4
Niraikkadu Sundarar 7-47-3
Niraiyanur Sundarar 7-31-5
Ninravur Sundarar 7-39-11
Nilamalai Appar 6-71-9
Neduvayil Sambandar 2-39-9; Appar 6-71-7
Neithalvayil Appar 6-71-7
Nerkunram Campantar 2-39-9
Panjakkai Appar 6-70-8
Pandaiyur Sundarar 7-31-1
Parappalli Appar 6-71-1
Paramanur Sundarar 7-12-10
Pavvanthiri Appar 6-7-6
Pazhaiyaru Sambandar 2-39-5; Appar 6-13-1
Pannur Sundarar 7-12-6
Pangur Sundarar 7-12-4
Pasanur Sundarar 7-31-8
Pattur Sundarar 7-47-1
Parur Sundarar 7-47-4
Paynalam Sundarar 7-12-6
Nasanur Sundarar 7-31-8
Pavanasam Appar 6-7-6
Parkulam Appar 6-13-1
Pidavur Appar 6-7-6, 6-70-2
Pirampil Appar 6-70-6
Piraiyanur Appar
Pudukkudi Appar 6-71-3
Purichandiram Appar 6-51-10
Purisai nattup purisai Sundarar 7-12-6
Pulivalam Appar 6-51-11, 6-70-11
Puvanam Appar 6-51-11
Purkudi Appar 6-71-3
Pungur Sundarar 7-12-4
Pundurai Sambandar 3-92-8; Appar 6-7-11
Puziyur Sambandar 2-39-8
Perundurai Appar 6-70-2, 6-71-11
Perumur Appar 6-31-5
Peravur Appar 6-70-2, 6-71-4
Peranur Appar 6-31-9, Sundarar 7-31-9
Podhiyinmalai Sambandar 1-50-10, 1-79-1; Appar 6-70-8
Poikai Appar 6-70-11
Poikai nallur Appar 6-70-11
Poruppalli Appar 6-71-1
Ponnur nattup ponnur Sundarar 7-12-6
Porrur Sambandar 2-39-8
Makkiccharam Appar 6-71-8
Makanur Appar; Sundarar
Mahameru Appar 6-71-9
Mahenthiramalai Appar 6-71-9
Manarkal Appar 6-25-10
Manikkoyil Appar 6-71-5
Manimutham Appar 6-7-6
Mathangudi Sambandar 2-39-10
Mandaram Appar 6-70-6
Maraiyanur Sundarar 7-31-5
Mahalam Appar 6-7-11, 6-51-7; Sundarar 7-47-5
Mahaleccuram Appar 6-71-8
Makudi Appar 6-71-3
Mattur Sambandar 2-39-7; Sundarar 7-47-1
Manikudi Appar 6-71-3
Mathanam Appar 6-70-8
Manadhi Appar 6-7-4
Mavur Appar 6-7-12
Maranpadi Sambandar 2-39-3
Manirupam Appar 6-7-12
Mizhalainattu mizhalai Sundarar 7-12-5
Miraikkadu Sundarar 7-47-3
Muthalvanur Sundarar 7-12-3
Mundaiyur Sundarar 7-31-1
Muzhaiyur Appar 6-41-9, 6-70-1
Mulanur Sundarar 7-12-3
Muthur Sundarar 7-47-9
Muvalur Appar 5-65-8
Vadakanjsanur Sundarar 7-12-8
Vadaperur Sundarar 7-31-4
Vidaivaikkudi Appar 6-71-3
Varandai Sambandar 1-61-3
Varignsai Sundarar 7-39-7
Vazhuvur Appar 6-70-1, 6-71-2
Valavi Appar 6-13-1
Valaikulam Appar 6-50-8, 6-71-10
Vathavur Sambandar 2-39-7
Varanasi Sambandar 2-39-7; Appar 6-70-6
Vidangalur Sundarar 7-31-3
Viratapuram Appar 6-70-6
Vivicchuram Appar 6-70-8
Vilathur Sundarar 7-12-8
Vilathotti Appar 6-70-6
Vindamamalai Appar 6-71-9
Vekulicchuram Appar 6-7-11
Venni nattu mizalai Sundarar 7-12-5
Vellaru Sundarar 7-38-4
Verriyur Sambandar 2-39-6; Appar 6-70-8; Sundarar 7-12-3
Vengur Appar 6-70-7; Sundarar 7-47-6
Vetham Appar 6-71-9
Vethicchuram Appar 6-70-8
Velanur Sundarar 7-12-3
Velarnattu velur Sundarar 7-12-8

References[edit]

  1. ^ ta:வைப்புத் தலங்கள்
  2. ^ International review for the history of religions, Volumes 15-17. International Association for the History of Religions, CatchWord (Online service)
  3. ^ "A comprehensive description of the 275 Shivastalams glorified by the Tevaram hymns". templenet.com. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
  4. ^ http://www.projectmadurai.org/pm_etexts/pdf/pm0157.pdf. Project Madurai
  5. ^ http://www.projectmadurai.org/pm_etexts/pdf/pm0182.pdf. Project Madurai
  6. ^ http://www.projectmadurai.org/pm_etexts/pdf/pm0181.pdf. Project Madurai
  7. ^ http://www.projectmadurai.org/pm_etexts/pdf/pm0179.pdf. Project Madurai
  8. ^ http://www.projectmadurai.org/pm_etexts/pdf/pm0186.pdf. Project Madurai
  9. ^ http://www.projectmadurai.org/pm_etexts/pdf/pm0188.pdf. Project Madurai
  10. ^ http://www.projectmadurai.org/pm_etexts/pdf/pm0192.pdf. Project Madurai
  11. ^ http://www.projectmadurai.org/pm_etexts/pdf/pm0196.pdf. Project Madurai
  12. ^ http://www.projectmadurai.org/pm_etexts/pdf/pm0207.pdf. Project Madurai
  13. ^ http://www.projectmadurai.org/pm_etexts/pdf/pm0211.pdf. Project Madurai