Visa requirements for Indian citizens

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The front cover of a contemporary Indian passport

Visa requirements for Indian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of India. As of 22 July 2018, Indian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 59 countries and territories, (tied with passports from Uzbekistan) and ranking the Indian passport 78th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Recent changes[edit]

The requirement for a visa was removed by Indonesia and Ukraine in July 2017, Qatar in August 2017,[2] Serbia in September 2017,[3] Tunisia in October 2017. Visa free status was granted to parts of the Russian Far East: Primorye and the rest of Khabarovsk, Sakhalin, Chukotka and Kamchatka regions in 2018.[4]

Australia started offering an online, e600 visitor visa to Indian passport bearers in July 2017.[5] Kyrgyzstan followed suit with online visitor visas in September 2017, Armenia in November 2017,[6][7] both Vietnam[8] and Uzbekistan in July 2018.[9]

Indians already in possession of a valid UK, US, Canada or Schengen visa became eligible to apply for a visa on arrival for Oman in October 2017.[10] Armenia in November 2017,[6]

All Indian passport bearers became eligible for a visa on arrival for Gabon in October 2017,[11] Rwanda in January 2018, Zimbabwe,[12] Angola[13] and Jordan in February 2018,[14] the Bahamas (but only with a valid Schengen, UK, US or Canadian visa) on 24 April 2018[15] and Iran on 22 July 2018.[16]

Eligible Indian travellers can now participate in the Global Entry program for expedited entry into the United States.[17]

France abolished airport transit visas (ATA) for Indian nationals after 23 July 2018.[18]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for holders of regular Indian passports
  India
  Visa free
  Freedom of movement
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic/Pre Arrival Authorisation or eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes
 Afghanistan Visa required[19]
 Albania Visa required[20]
  • Visa free for a maximum stay of 90 days within 180 days for valid visa holders or residents of the Schengen Area member states, the UK and US.
 Algeria Visa required[21]
 Andorra Visa required[22]
  • Andorra has no visa regime, but is only accessible through France and Spain.
 Angola eVisa[23][24] 30 days
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[28]
  • Visa free for a maximum stay of 30 days for valid visa holders or residents of Canada, the Schengen Area member states, UK and US.
 Argentina Visa required[29]
  • Visa free of charge for Indian and Moroccan passport holders[30]
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[31] 120 days
 Australia Visa required[32]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[33]
 Austria Visa required[34]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[35] 30 days[36]
 Bahamas Visa required[37]
  • Visa on arrival for all Indian nationals who have valid Schengen, UK, US, and Canadian visas.[15]
 Bahrain eVisa[38] 90 days
 Bangladesh Visa required[40]
 Barbados Visa required[41]
 Belarus Visa required[42]
  • National visa may be substituted with a Schengen visa or a national visa of country of EU, and if arriving and departing via Minsk International Airport.[43]
 Belgium Visa required[44]
 Belize Visa required[45]
  • Permanent residents and holders of multiple entry visa of the US may obtain a visa on arrival. Holders of a valid visa issued by a Schengen Member state are visa exempt for a maximum stay of 90 days.
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[46][47] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa not required[48][49] 14 days
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[50] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[51]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid multiple-entry visa issued by an EU or Schengen Area member state, or USA
 Botswana Visa required[52]
 Brazil Visa required[53]
 Brunei Visa required[54]
 Bulgaria Visa required[55]
  • National visa may be substituted with a C visa issued by Croatia, Cyprus, Romania or a Schengen Area member state
 Burkina Faso Visa required[56]
 Burundi Visa required[57]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[58] 30 days
  • Fee of USD 30 applicable[59]
 Cameroon Visa required[60]
 Canada Visa required[61]
  • National visa may be substituted with a US permanent resident card;[62] Travelers with a US permanent resident card arriving by air require an Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA).[63]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[64] 30 days
 Central African Republic Visa required[65]
 Chad Visa required[66]
 Chile Visa required[67]
 China Visa required[68]
 Colombia Visa required[69]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid C or D visa issued by a Schengen Area member state or a valid visa (with 180 days left) issued by the US (except for C1 transit visas).[69][70]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[71] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[72]
  • Visa not required if presenting a V.I.P invitation letter
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[73]
  • visa on arrival if a letter (visa volant) issued by the Ministry of Interior and Security is presented
 Costa Rica Visa required[74]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by the US or with a multiple-entry visa issued by Canada.
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[75] 3 months
 Croatia Visa required[76]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Area member state
 Cuba Visa required[77]
  • Eligible to travel to Cuba with a tourist card if they also hold a valid visa or a residence permit issued by Canada, the United States or an EU member state.
 Cyprus Visa required[78]
  • National visa may be substituted with a double or multiple entry C visa issued by Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania or a Schengen Area member state.
 Czech Republic Visa required[79]
 Denmark Visa required[80]
 Djibouti eVisa[81] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[83] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa required[84]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by Canada, US or any EU member state.
 Ecuador Visa not required[85] 90 days
 Egypt Visa required[86]
  • If travelling as a part of an organized tourist group that consists of at least 10 persons and holding both onward and return flight tickets, booked accommodation and a signed Letter of Guarantee (LG) from an Egyptian travel agency, a visa on arrival in Egypt can be obtained[87]
  • Air transit passengers with a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country within 48 hours do not need visas; however, this exemption does not apply when transiting through Alexandria (HBE)
 El Salvador Visa not required[88][89] 90 days
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[90]
 Eritrea Visa required[91]
 Estonia Visa required[92]
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[93] 30 days
 Fiji Visa not required[94] 4 months
 Finland Visa required[95]
 France Visa required[96]
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[97] 1 month
 Gambia Visa required[99]
  • Visa not required if Passengers traveling as tourists on a charter flight
 Georgia eVisa[100] 30 days
  • 30 days within 120 days
 Germany Visa required[101]
 Ghana Visa required[102]
 Greece Visa required[103]
 Grenada Visa not required[104] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa required[105]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by Canada, the US or a Schengen Area member state.
 Guinea Visa required[106]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[107] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[108]
  • Visa on arrival if holding a letter of invitation from sponsor or host
 Haiti Visa not required[109] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[110]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by Canada, the US or a Schengen Area member state.
 Hungary Visa required[111]
 Iceland Visa required[112]
 Indonesia Visa not required[113] 30 days
  • 30 days for tourism purposes.
 Iran Visa on arrival[114][115] 30 days
 Iraq Visa required[116]
 Ireland Visa required[117]
  • National visa may be substituted with a UK C visa holders until October 2021. Entry permitted only if first point of entry to the Common Travel Area is in the UK.[118] May transit without a visa.[119]
 Israel Visa required[120]
 Italy Visa required[121]
 Jamaica Visa not required 6 Months
 Japan Visa required[122]
 Jordan Visa on arrival[123] 30 days
 Kazakhstan Visa required[124] Visa not required if transiting with Air Astana (KC) at Almaty (ALA) or Astana (TSE) for a maximum stay of 72 hours (till December 31 2018 only). [125] [126]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[127] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[128]
 North Korea Visa required[129]
 South Korea Visa required[130]
  • Visa free transit (up to 30 days) provided holding a valid US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand Visa, and arriving from or departing to those countries. [131]
 Kuwait Visa required[132]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa[133]
 Laos Visa on arrival[134] 30 days
  • Conditions apply.
  • Available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 1] and at 13 border crossings[Note 2] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[135]
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa required[136]
 Lebanon Visa required[137]
 Lesotho eVisa[138][139] 30 days
 Liberia Visa required[140]
 Libya Visa required[141]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[142]
 Lithuania Visa required[143]
 Luxembourg Visa required[144]
 Macedonia Visa required[145]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid double or multi entry C visa issued by a British, Canadian or U.S. visa or Schengen Area member state for max stay of 15 days. Need onward tickets.
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[146] 30 days
 Malawi Visa required[147]
 Malaysia eVisa/eNTRI[148] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is also issued if arriving from Thailand, Singapore or Indonesia and holding a valid visa for any of those countries.[149]
 Maldives Visa not required[150] 90 days
 Mali Visa required[151]
 Malta Visa required[152]
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[153] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[154] 30 days
 Mauritius Visa not required[155][156] 90 days
 Mexico Visa required[157]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa or permanent residence documents issued by the US, Canada, Japan, UK or Schengen Area member state to enter Mexico for tourism, transit, or business purposes.
 Micronesia Visa not required[158] 30 days
 Moldova Visa required[159]
  • Indian nationals holding a visa issued by a Schengen Area member state, UK or Ireland may obtain a Moldovan visa online.
 Monaco Visa required[160]
 Mongolia Visa required[161]
 Montenegro Visa required[159]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Area member state, UK, Ireland or the US visa.
 Morocco Visa required[162]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[163] 30 days[164]
 Myanmar eVisa[165] 28 days
 Namibia Visa required[166]
 Nauru Visa required[167]
   Nepal Freedom of movement[168]
 Netherlands Visa required[169]
 New Zealand Visa required[170]
  • National visa may be substituted with an Australian permanent residence documents.[171]
 Nicaragua Visa required[172]
  • Nationals of India with a normal passport and a valid visa issued by Canada, the USA or a Schengen Member State can obtain a visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 30 days. Fee $10.
 Niger Visa required[173]
 Nigeria Visa required[174]
 Norway Visa required[175]
 Oman Visa required[176]
  • National visa may be substituted with a GCC visa of certain categories (managers, sales executives, etc.) when a visitor visa on arrival can be granted if the visitor is coming directly from a GCC country via air or land. All passengers from India, who reside in or hold an entry visa to one of the following countries (USA, Canada, Australia, UK and Schengen states) are allowed to obtain non-sponsored electronic tourist visa to enter Oman.[177]
 Pakistan Visa required[178]
 Palau Visa on arrival[179] 30 days
 Panama Visa required[180]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid multiple entry visa issued by US (including Green Card Holders,[181]) UK, Canada, Australia or a Schengen visa,[182] which has been used at least once to enter those countries, and with at least one year validity remaining at the time of entry into Panama.[clarification needed][183]
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[184]
 Paraguay Visa required[185]
 Peru Visa required[186]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid US, Canada, Australia, Schengen Area or UK visa or permanent resident permit may be granted visa-free entry for a maximum of 180 days. The visa must be valid for a minimum of 6 months from the arrival date.[187]
 Philippines Visa required[188]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid US, Japanese, Australian, Canadian, Schengen, Singapore or UK visa or permanent resident permit whose holders may be granted visa-free entry for an initial stay not exceeding 14 days.[189]
 Poland Visa required[190]
 Portugal Visa required[191]
 Qatar eVisa / Visa on arrival[192] 30 days
 Romania Visa required[193]
  • National visa may be substituted with a double or multiple entry C visa issued by a Schengen Area member state valid for the period of intended stay.
 Russia Visa required[194]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[196] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[197] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[198] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[199] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[200] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[201]
  • Same rules as for Italy. No border control but accessible only via Italy.
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[202]
  • National visa may be substituted with a US or a Schengen member state visa for stays up to 15 days.
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[203]
 Senegal Visa not required[204] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[205] 30 days
  • 30 days within one year.
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[206] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[207]
 Singapore eVisa[208]
  • May obtain online eVisa through eligible authorized travel agencies or through local sponsors (Singapore citizen or Permanent Residents).[209]
  • Indian nationals with valid visa from countries such as UK, USA, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Germany and Switzerland who are in transit to or from any third country by air may be conditionally eligible for 96-hours Visa Free Transit Facility (VFTF).[210]
 Slovakia Visa required[211]
 Slovenia Visa required[212]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[213]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[214] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[215]
 South Sudan Visa required[216]
 Spain Visa required[217]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[218] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[219]
 Suriname Tourist Card on arrival[220] 90 days
 Swaziland Visa required[221]
 Sweden Visa required[222]
  Switzerland Visa required[223]
 Syria Visa required[224]
 Tajikistan eVisa[225]
  • eVisa holders can enter through all border points.[226]
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[227] 3 months
 Thailand Visa on arrival[228] 15 days
  • Visa fee of 2000 THB is payable upon entry.
  • Visa must be obtained at first point of entry.[229]
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[230] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[231] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[232]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[233] 90 days
 Tunisia Visa not required[234] 90 days
 Turkey Visa required[235]
  • Conditional eVisa issued for the period of 30 days to holders of a valid visa or residence permit issues by one of the Schengen member countries, US, UK, or Ireland.[236]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[237]
  • Letter of invitation issued by a company registered in Turkmenistan and approved by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs can obtain a visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 10 days. They can apply to extend their stay for an additional 10 days.
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[238] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[239] 3 months
 Ukraine Visa on arrival[240] 15 days
 United Arab Emirates Visa required
  • If have visa issued by the USA or green card which is valid for a minimum of 6 months can obtain a visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 14 days. They can apply to extend their stay for an additional 14 days.
 United Kingdom Visa required[243]
  • Visa not required if holding a biometric Irish visa endorsed with "BC BIVS" and with a valid Irish entry stamp. Other exemptions apply for Visa-free Direct Airside Transit.[244]
 United States Visa required[245]
 Uruguay Visa required[246]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[247][248] 30 days
  • 5-day visa free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[249]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[250] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa required[251]
  • Schengen Visa Required. Entry can be made from Italy exclusively
 Venezuela Visa required[252]
 Vietnam eVisa[253] 30 days.
 Yemen Visa required[254]
 Zambia eVisa[255] 30 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[256] 3 months
  • 30 days for visits on business, 3 months for tourists

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Indian citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognised countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[257]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students).
There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[258][259]
Belarus Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park Visa not required 3 days;[260] must first obtain an electronic pass[261]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[262]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[263][264]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[265] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa required[266]
 Gibraltar Visa required[267] UK Visa/ Schengen Residence Permit covers entry
 Guernsey Visa required[268] UK Visa covers entry
 Isle of Man Visa required[269] UK Visa covers entry
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required[267] Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[270] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[271]
 Jersey Visa required[272] UK Visa covers entry
 Kosovo Visa required[273] Schengen zone visa or residence permit valid for 15 days. Serbia will not recognize the entry if coming from Kosovo without entering it first via Serbia. No Visa needed, if a holder of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan.[274]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa required[275][276] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[277]
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[278][279]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorisation.[280]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[281][282]
 Svalbard Visa not required No one requires a visa to enter Svalbard but it's practically impossible to board a flight/ferry to Svalbard without entering Norway. Hence double entry Schengen visa would be required to go and come back from Svalbard to mainland Norway[283]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration mandatory after 24 hours.[284][285]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[286]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[287]
 Ascension Island Entry Permit required Entry Permit must be obtained minimum 28 days in advance (3 months for 20/30 pounds sterling, single/double entry).[288]
 Saint Helena eVisa[289][290]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[291]
Western Sahara Undefined visa regime Undefined visa regime in the Sahrawi administered areas. Moroccan visa required in Moroccan administered areas
France Réunion Visa not required 15 days but only if trip arranged through approved travel agencies[292]
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[293][294]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometres outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[295]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Hong Kong Electronic Travel Authorization 14 days entry on each visit. ETA is Valid for 6 Months or Till the expiry of passport.[296][297]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[298]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[299]
 Macau Visa not required 30 days[300]
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Evisa The same Evisa for Malaysia is used to enter these states for tourism purposes.
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[301]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[302] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[303]
South Korea Jeju Island Visa not required 30 days Visa free entry for Indian citizens provided arriving directly at Jeju Island.
Vietnam Phu Quoc Island Visa not required
 Taiwan Visa required[304] 30 day online travel authority is available to the citizens of India with permanent residency or valid visa of Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Schengen Convention countries, United Kingdom or United States.
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[305][306][307]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[308][309][310]
United Nations Korean Demilitarised Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden. Also, a small fee is charged on a case by case basis.[311]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa required[312] Visa required, except for Holders of a visa issued by the United Kingdom.
 Aruba Visa required[313] Visa not required if holding a valid multiple-entry visa issued by Canada or USA.
 Bermuda Visa required[314] Visa required, except for a maximum stay of 3 months for holders of a multiple-entry visa issued by Canada, USA or the United Kingdom, valid for at least 45 days beyond the period of intended stay in Bermuda.
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa required[315] Visa not required if holding a valid multiple-entry visa issued by Canada or USA.
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[316] 30 days
 Cayman Islands Visa required[317] Visa not required if permanent resident of US, Canada, or UK, and are arriving from and departing to that country.
 Curacao Visa required[318] Visa not required if holding a valid multiple-entry visa issued by Canada or USA.
France French Guiana Visa required[319]
France French West Indies Visa required[320] French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.
 Greenland Visa required[266]
 Montserrat Visa not required 6 months[321][322]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[323] Visa not required if holding a valid multiple-entry visa issued by USA.
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa required
 Sint Maarten Visa required[324] Visa not required if holding a valid multiple-entry visa issued by Canada or USA.
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[325]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[326]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[327]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[328]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[329]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[330]
 French Polynesia Visa required[331]
 Guam Visa required[332]
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days[333]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[334][335][336]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[337][338][339][340][341][342][343]
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[344]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa required[345]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[346][347]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory,
Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[348][349][350][351][352][353][354][355][356][357][358][359]

Reciprocity[edit]

The Indian Government has not drafted any laws to mandate reciprocity in visa agreements with other countries. While a very small number of bilateral agreements have concluded with reciprocity for visa arrangements, a large number of visa relationships continue to be highly skewed to one side or the other.

In 2015, Iran revoked visa-on-arrival for Indian citizens after it was included as one of the eight countries in India's Prior Reference Category, which would be excluded from India's visa liberalisation plans for foreign tourists.[360] The other countries on the list at the time were Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Nigeria and Sudan.[360]

Full reciprocity[edit]

India has, by default, achieved full reciprocity in visa free or e-Visa privileges with following countries:

Partial reciprocity[edit]

India has achieved partial reciprocity with following countries, where Indian Immigration rules afford the citizens of the following countries slightly lesser visa privileges than what the following countries provide for Indian Citizens:

Country Visa Requirement for Indian Nationals to visit the country Visa Requirement to visit India
 Bolivia Visa on arrival for 90 days, charged at La Paz airport. Prior visa is free of cost at Bolivian embassy. e-Visa for 60 days
 Cambodia Visa on arrival for 30 days e-Visa for 60 days
 Djibouti Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Dominica Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Ecuador Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 El Salvador Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Fiji Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Grenada Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Guyana Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Haiti Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Jamaica Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Laos Visa on arrival for 30 days e-Visa for 60 days
 Madagascar Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Mauritius Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Micronesia Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Myanmar Conditional visa on arrival for business, workshops, events, etc. It is unclear if this exemption is also valid for tourist class visas.[361] Though, full reciprocity exits only in providing E-visa for tourism purpose. e-Visa for 60 days
 Nauru Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Palau Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Serbia Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Seychelles Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Tanzania Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Thailand Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Ukraine Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days

Disparity (to the detriment of foreign citizens)[edit]

Visa privileges provided by Indian immigration for citizens of these countries are considerably less than the visa privileges provided by these countries to Indian citizens:

Country Visa Requirement to visit India Visa Requirement for Indian nationals to visit the country
 Burundi Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel 30 day visa on arrival
 Bahrain Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel e-Visa available for tourism
 Cape Verde Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Comoros Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Ethiopia Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Guinea-Bissau Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Qatar Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Rwanda Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel e-Visa available for tourism
 Somalia Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Togo Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Tunisia Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa not required
 Uganda Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Zimbabwe Visa application and approval prior to travel is mandatory Visa on arrival, effective from 16 February 2018

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

Many countries require passports to be valid for at least 6 months upon arrival.[362] However, some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[363][364] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[365]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain, Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq (except when arriving at Basra and Erbil or Sulaimaniyah), Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Somaliland, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen and Zimbabwe.[dead link]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include European Union countries (except Denmark, Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), and always excepting EU/EEA/Swiss nationals); Albania; Belarus; Georgia; Honduras; Iceland; Jordan; Kuwait, Lebanon; Liechtenstein; Moldova; Monaco; Nauru; Panama, Saint Barthélemy; San Marino; Switzerland and the United Arab Emirates.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month on arrival include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Macao, New Zealand and South Africa.[dead link]

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[366] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has recently visited one.[367]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[368] Lebanon,[369] Libya,[370] Saudi Arabia,[371] Sudan,[372] Syria[373] and Yemen[374] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [375] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[376][377] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[378] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[379] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[380] As of late 2017 the list contains 699 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example, Canada and the United States[381]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[382]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[383]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[384][385] Argentina,[386] Brunei, Cambodia,[387] China when entering through Shenzhen airport,[388] Ethiopia,[389] Ghana, India, Japan,[390][391] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[392] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[393] Singapore, South Korea,[394] Taiwan[395] and the United States.[396]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors that need to apply for a visa.[397][398]

Foreign travel statistics[edit]

According to the statistics these are the numbers of Indian visitors to various countries in 2015 (unless otherwise noted):

Foreign travel statistics
Destination Number of visitors
 American Samoa[note 1][399] 63
 Angola[400] 9,170
 Antarctica[note 2][401] 292
 Antigua and Barbuda[note 2][402] 366
 Australia[note 2][403] 302,200
 Austria[note 3][note 1][404] 147,300
 Azerbaijan[note 1][405] 6,012
 Barbados[note 3][note 1][406] 900
 Belgium[note 1][407] 44,898
 Bhutan[note 2][408] 172,751
 Bolivia[note 1][409] 1,338
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[note 2][410] 1,700
 Botswana[411] 17,413
 Brazil[note 1][412] 23,246
 Cambodia[note 1][413] 46,131
 Canada[note 2][414] 261,801
 Cayman Islands[note 2][note 4][415] 292
 Chile[note 2][416] 4,468
 China[417] 730,500
 Colombia[418] 5,402
 Congo[note 5][419] 2,373
 Costa Rica[note 2][420] 7,415
 Croatia[note 2][421] 55,745
 Dominica[422] 97
 Dominican Republic[note 2][423] 4,649
 France[424] 524,055
 French Polynesia[note 2][425] 379
 Georgia[note 2][426] 59,732
 Germany[note 1][427] 231,244
 Guam[note 2][note 4][428] 8
 Hong Kong[note 2][429] 392,853
 Hungary[note 3][note 1][430] 33,134
 Indonesia[note 1][431] 422,045
 Israel[note 1][432] 44,800
 Italy[note 1][433] 225,000
 Jamaica[note 2][434] 1,834
 Japan[435] 103,084
 Jordan[note 1][436] 57,720
 Kazakhstan[note 1][437] 13,975
 Kyrgyzstan[note 1][438] 11,400
 Laos[note 1][439] 8,249
 Latvia[note 3][note 2][440] 5,476
 Lebanon[note 1][441] 15,610
 Macao[note 2][442] 148,121
 Madagascar[443] 2,234
 Malaysia[note 2][444] 552,739
 Maldives[note 2][445] 83,019
 Mali[note 6][446] 1,500
 Mauritius[note 2][447] 86,294
 Mexico[note 1][448] 59,020
 Mongolia[note 2][449] 1,888
 Montenegro[note 6][note 3][450] 1,131
 Myanmar[451] 34,628
   Nepal[note 7][452] 75,124
 Netherlands[note 2][453] 155,000
 New Zealand[note 2][454] 61,440
 Oman[note 8][455] 244,786
 Panama[456] 6,748
 Papua New Guinea[note 1][457] 4,293
 Peru[458] 5,684
 Philippines[note 2][459] 107,278
 Qatar[note 1][460] 340,104
 Romania[note 1][461] 16,753
 Russia[note 2][462] 130,400
 Seychelles[note 2][463] 13,518
 Singapore[note 2][464] 1,272,069
 Slovakia[note 1][note 3][465] 6,805
 South Africa[466] 85,639
 South Korea[note 2][467] 123,416
 Spain[note 2][468] 141,122
 Sri Lanka[note 1][469] 356,729
 Suriname[note 2][470] 1,045
 Swaziland[note 1][471] 6,867
 Taiwan[note 2][472] 40,846
 Tanzania[note 1][473] 69,876
 Thailand[note 2][474] 1,411,942
 Timor-Leste[note 6][note 7][475] 799
 Turkey[note 2][476] 86,996
 Ukraine[note 2][477] 23,173
 United Arab Emirates[note 2][478] 2,073,000
 United Kingdom[note 2][479] 525,000
 United States[note 1][note 9][480] 1,967,181
 Uzbekistan[note 10][481] 18,100
 Zambia[482] 25,517
 Zimbabwe[483] 5,421
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Data for 2016
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak Data for 2017
  3. ^ a b c d e f Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  4. ^ a b Data for arrivals by air only.
  5. ^ Data for 2012
  6. ^ a b c Data for 2014
  7. ^ a b Data for arrivals by air only.
  8. ^ Data for 2013
  9. ^ Total number includes tourists, business travelers, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of nonimmigrant admissions (I-94).
  10. ^ Data for 2015


See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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  77. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  89. ^ "Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de El Salvador - Inicio". 
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  100. ^ "e-VISA PORTAL". 
  101. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
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Notes
  1. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  2. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)
  3. ^ Available at