Visa requirements for Indian citizens

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The front cover of a contemporary (regular or ordinary) Indian passport

Visa requirements for Indian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of India. As of 1 October 2019, Indian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 59 countries and territories, ranking the Indian passport 82nd in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Recent changes[edit]

In June 2013, Bangladesh and India both agreed to grant visa on arrival to each other's citizens who travel with Diplomatic or Official passports. Due to this bilateral agreement, Diplomatic Passport and Official Passport holders are eligible for a visa on arrival if entering by air, road or sea but not train.[2]

The requirement for a visa was removed by Indonesia in July 2017, Qatar in August 2017,[3] Serbia in September 2017,[4] Tunisia in October 2017.

Visa free status was granted to parts of the Russian Far East: Primorye and the rest of Khabarovsk, Sakhalin, Chukotka and Kamchatka regions in 2018.[5]

Australia started offering an online, e600 visitor visa to Indian passport bearers in July 2017.[6]

Kyrgyzstan followed suit with online visitor visas in September 2017, Armenia in November 2017,[7][8] and both Vietnam[9] and Uzbekistan in 2018.[10]

Indians already in possession of a valid UK, United States, Canada or Schengen visa became eligible to apply for a visa on arrival for Oman in October 2017,[11] Armenia in November 2017.[7] and Chile (US visa only) in April 2019.[12]

Similarly, Argentina allowed Indian nationals with a valid US or Schengen visa to apply for a ETA in March 2019.

All Indian passport bearers became eligible for a visa on arrival for Gabon in October 2017,[13] Rwanda in January 2018, Zimbabwe,[14] Angola[15] and Jordan in February 2018,[16] the Bahamas (but only with a valid Schengen, UK, US or Canadian visa) on 24 April 2018[17] and Iran on 22 July 2018.[18]

Eligible Indian travellers can now participate in the Global Entry program for expedited entry into the United States.[19]

France abolished airport transit visas (ATV) for Indian nationals after 23 July 2018.[20]

Bangladesh and India both agreed to abolish visa application fees for each other's citizens in 2018. Thus Indian passport holders, who apply for a Bangladeshi visa in India, do not have to pay any visa application fee.[21][2]

Myanmar has announced visa-on-arrival for Indian tourists entering the country through the international airports of Nay Pyi Taw, Yangon and Mandalay beginning 12 December 2018.[22]

Kazakhstan has introduced a procedure for obtaining a single entry visa in electronic format from 1 January 2019.

Sri Lanka has announced Free visa-on-arrival for Indian tourists, effective from 1 August 2019.[23]

Ecuador imposed visa restrictions on Indian nationals effective August 12, 2019.[24]

Barbados has announced visa-free tourist and business visa for Indian nationals [25][26]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for holders of regular Indian passports
  India
  Visa free
  Freedom of movement
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic/pre-arrival authorisation or eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[27]
  • Visa fee waived for regular or ordinary Indian passport holders.
 Albania Visa required[28]
  • Visa free for a maximum stay of 90 days within 180 days for valid visa holders or residents of the Schengen Area member states, the UK and US, subject to visa being used at least once before
 Algeria Visa required[29]
 Andorra Visa required[30]
  • Andorra has no visa regime, but is only accessible through France and Spain.
 Angola eVisa[31][32] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[33]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[34]
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[35]
  • Visa on arrival for $100 USD, for a maximum stay of 30 days for valid visa holders or residents of Canada, the Schengen Area member states, UK and US. [36]
 Argentina Visa required[37]
  • Visa free of charge for Indian and Moroccan passport holders.[38] Indian passport holders with a valid US B2 visa or a European type C Schengen visa can avail an electronic travel authorization for the purposes of tourism.[39]
 Armenia eVisa[40] 120 days
 Australia and territories Visa required[41]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa)[42]
  • Transit visa: required, can apply online.
 Austria Visa required[43]
  • Visa
 Azerbaijan eVisa[44] 30 days[45]
  • $26 Payable upon arrival at International Airports, and visa kiosk's will provide an eVisa. Prior eVisa to be taken for land borders.
  • Passport's with Armenian entry stamp are subject to extra security screening subjective to immigration officer
 Bahamas Visa required[46]
  • Visa on arrival for all Indian nationals who have valid Schengen, UK, US, and Canadian visas.[17]
 Bahrain eVisa[47] 90 days
 Bangladesh Visa required[49]
  • Due to bilateral agreements, Diplomatic Passport and Official Passport holders are eligible for a visa on arrival if entering by air, road or sea but not train.[2]
  • Visa fee waived for regular or ordinary passport holders who apply in India.[21]
 Barbados Visa not required[50] 90 days
  • Visa requirements lifted on May 17, 2019[51][52]
 Belarus Visa required[53]
  • National visa may be substituted with a Schengen visa or a national visa of country of EU, and if arriving and departing via Minsk International Airport.[54]
 Belgium Visa required[55]
 Belize Visa required[56]
  • Permanent residents and holders of multiple entry visa of the US or Canada may obtain a visa on arrival. Holders of a valid visa issued by a Schengen Member state are visa exempt for a maximum stay of 90 days.
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[57][58] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Freedom of Movement[59][60]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[61] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[62]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid multiple-entry visa issued by an EU or Schengen Area member state, or USA
 Botswana Visa on arrival[63][64][65] 14 days
 Brazil Visa required[66]
  • In October 2019, Brazilian authorities announced a plan to abolish visas for Indian citizens.[67]
 Brunei Visa required[68]
 Bulgaria Visa required[69]
  • National visa may be substituted with a C visa issued by Croatia, Cyprus, Romania or a Schengen Area member state
 Burkina Faso Visa required[70]
 Burundi Visa required[71]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[72] 30 days
  • Fee of US$36 applicable[73]
 Cameroon Visa required[74]
 Canada Visa required[75]
  • National visa may be substituted with a US permanent resident card;[76] Travelers with a US permanent resident card arriving by air require an Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA).[77]
  • Transit visa: required
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[78] 30 days
 Central African Republic Visa required[79]
 Chad Visa required[80]
 Chile Visa required[81]
  • Tourism/business visas (B1/B2) or Permanent Residents from the United States of America, with at least 6 months of validity, could travel to Chile without visa.
 China Visa required[82] Under the 24-hour TWOV policy, transit visa is not required for travelers who:
  • hold a passport valid for at least 3 months from the date of entry;
  • arrive by air, cruise ship or train (except for arriving at certain airports listed below);
  • hold confirmed air, cruise ship or train tickets to a third-country final destination.
  • depart Mainland China on a flight, cruise ship or train within 24 hours after arrival.

The 24-hour transit rule allows multiple stops within Mainland China for most airports, as long as the traveler has a flight, cruise or train segment leaving Mainland China in 24 hours, so it is possible to enter through a port of entry in China, take multiple segments of domestic flights within China, and depart from a different port of entry in less than 24 hours. Multi-stop transit is not allowed in some airports listed below.

Fuzhou Changle International Airport, Huangshan Tunxi International Airport, Mudanjiang Hailang Airport, Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport, Yanji Chaoyangchuan Airport

  • Urumqi Diwopu International Airport: Passengers in transit are permitted to remain in the airport for a maximum period of 2 hours. Multi-stop transit is not permitted. The airport also maintains an individual list of nationalities not eligible for visa-free transit.
 Colombia Visa required[83]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid C or D visa issued by a Schengen Area member state or a valid visa (with 180 days left) issued by the US (except for C1 transit visas).[83][84]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[85] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[86]
  • Visa not required if presenting a V.I.P invitation letter
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[87]
  • Visa on arrival if a letter (visa volant) issued by the Ministry of Interior and Security is presented
 Costa Rica Visa required[88]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by the US or with a multiple-entry visa issued by Canada or a member state of the European Union.
 Croatia Visa required[89]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Area member state
 Cuba Visa required[90]
  • Eligible to travel to Cuba with a tourist card if they also hold a valid visa or a residence permit issued by Canada, the United States or an EU member state.
 Cyprus Visa required[91]
  • National visa may be substituted with a double or multiple entry C visa issued by Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania or a Schengen Area member state.
 Czech Republic Visa required[92] May transit without a visa
  • holders of a residence permit in Andorra, Canada, Japan, San Marino, and the United States
  • holders of a visa for stay in the states of the EEA and in Canada, Japan, Schengen, and the United States
  • family members of EU citizens
 Denmark Visa required[93]
 Djibouti eVisa[94] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[96] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa required[97]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by Canada, US or any EU member state.
 East Timor Visa on arrival[98] 30 days
 Ecuador Visa required[99]
 Egypt Visa required[100]
  • Passengers with a residence permit issued by a GCC Member State can obtain a visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 30 days. The residence permit must be valid for a minimum of 6 months from the arrival date.[101]
  • If travelling as a part of an organized tourist group that consists of at least 10 persons and holding both onward and return flight tickets, booked accommodation and a signed Letter of Guarantee (LG) from an Egyptian travel agency, a visa on arrival in Egypt can be obtained[102]
  • Air transit passengers with a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country within 48 hours do not need visas; however, this exemption does not apply when transiting through Alexandria (HBE)
 El Salvador Visa not required[103][104] 90 days
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[105]
 Eritrea Visa required[106]
 Estonia Visa required[107]
 Eswatini Visa required[108]
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[109] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[112] 4 months
 Finland Visa required[113]
 France Visa required[114]
  • Transit visa not required.
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[115] 1 month
 Gambia Visa required[117]
  • Visa not required if Passengers traveling as tourists on a charter flight
 Georgia eVisa[118] 30 days
  • 30 days within 120 days
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa or residence permit issued by USA, UK, Japan, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Israel, South Korea, Schengen, and GCC countries, whose holders may be granted visa-free entry for 30days.
 Germany Visa required[119] May transit without a visa
  • Holding any valid visa or residence permit issued by USA, UK, Japan, Canada, Ireland, Schengen or Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia, Cyprus, Liechtenstein.
  • Holders of a residence permit in Andorra, Monaco, or San Marino.
 Ghana Visa required[120]
 Greece Visa required[121]
 Grenada Visa not required[122] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa required[123]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by Canada, the US or a Schengen Area member state.
 Guinea eVisa[124] 90 days
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[125] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[126]
  • Visa on arrival if holding a letter of invitation from sponsor or host
 Haiti Visa not required[127] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[128]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by Canada, the US or a Schengen Area member state.
 Hungary Visa required[129]
 Iceland Visa required[130]
 Indonesia Visa not required[131] 30 days
  • 30 days for tourism purposes.
 Iran Visa on arrival[132][133] 30 days
 Iraq Visa required[134]
 Ireland Visa required[135]
  • National visa may be substituted with a UK C visa holders until October 2021. Entry permitted only if first point of entry to the Common Travel Area is in the UK.[136] May transit without a visa.[137]
 Israel Visa required[138]
 Italy Visa required[139]
  • Visa Fee INR 4810 + INR 116 (If paid by cash, credit or debit card)
  • Visa fee waived for kid below 6 years
  • Visa fee non-refundable, if rejected [140]
 Ivory Coast eVisa[141] 3 months
 Jamaica Visa not required 6 months
 Japan Visa required[142]
  • Visa fee is refunded if any case visa rejected.
  • Visa fee INR 510 only for Indian citizens.
 Jordan Visa on arrival[143] 30 days
 Kazakhstan Visa required[144]
  • Visa not required if transiting with Air Astana (KC) at Almaty (ALA) or Astana (TSE) for a maximum stay of 72 hours with a stamped visa of the final country (until 31 December 2019).[145][146]
  • Holders of invitation issued by the Migration Service of Kazakhstan can apply for a visa online since January 2019.
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[147] 3 months
  • may enter with East Africa Tourist Visa
  • fee US$50.
  • Visa Validity 90days with Multiple entries.
  • This visa valid in The Republic of Kenya, Republic of Rwanda and Republic of Uganda
 Kiribati Visa required[148]
 North Korea Visa required[149]
 South Korea Visa required[150]
  • Visa free transit (up to 30 days) provided holding a valid US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand Visa, and arriving from or departing to those countries.[151]
 Kuwait Visa required[152]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa[153]
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[155][156] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 1] and at 13 border crossings[Note 2] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[157]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points — Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa required[158]
 Lebanon Visa required[159]
 Lesotho eVisa[160][161] 30 days
 Liberia Visa required[162]
 Libya Visa required[163]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[164]
 Lithuania Visa required[165]
 Luxembourg Visa required[166]
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[167] 30 days
 Malawi eVisa[168][169] 90 days
 Malaysia eVisa/eNTRI[170] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is also issued if arriving from Thailand, Singapore or Indonesia and holding a valid visa for any of those countries.[171]
  • Multiple Entry e-Visa 30 days, until 31 December 2020
  • ENTRI to be applied on Official Website https://www.windowmalaysia.my
 Maldives Visa not required[172] 90 days
 Mali Visa required[173]
 Malta Visa required[174]
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[175] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[176] 30 days
 Mauritius Visa not required[177][178] 90 days
 Mexico Visa required[179]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa or permanent residence documents issued by the US, Canada, Japan, UK or Schengen Area member state to enter Mexico for tourism, transit, or business purposes.
 Micronesia Visa not required[180] 30 days
 Moldova eVisa[181][182]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid ('C' or 'D') visa or a valid residence permit issued by a Schengen Area or European Union member state for visits up to 90 days.[183]
  • Indian citizens can apply for a visa online without a need for an invitation letter.[184]
  • eVisa is issued for maximum 90 days in any 180-day period.
 Monaco Visa required[185]
 Mongolia Visa required[186] Visa fee waived for regular or ordinary Indian passport holders.
 Montenegro Visa required[186]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Area member state, UK, Ireland or the US visa.
 Morocco Visa required[187]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[188] 30 days[189]
 Myanmar eVisa / Visa on arrival[190][191] 28 days
 Namibia Visa required[192]
 Nauru Visa required[193]
   Nepal Freedom of movement[194]
  • Indian nationals may also use their Voter ID card with photograph or Indian Passport to enter Nepal by air and land.
  • Indian citizens may live and work freely in Nepal under the terms of the 1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship. This treaty is implemented in law through section 14 of the Nepal Immigration Act 1992, regulations 3, 20 and 44A of the Nepal Immigration Regulation 1994, and section 8.4 the Nepal Immigration Procedures 2008.[195]
 Netherlands Visa required[196]
 New Zealand Visa required[197]
  • National visa may be substituted with an Australian permanent residence documents.[198]
 Nicaragua Visa required[199]
  • Nationals of India with a normal passport and a valid visa issued by Canada, the USA or a Schengen Member State can obtain a visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 30 days. Fee $10.
 Niger Visa required[200]
 Nigeria Visa required[201]
 North Macedonia Visa required[202]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid double or multi entry C visa issued by a British, Canadian or U.S. visa or Schengen Area member state for max stay of 15 days. Need onward tickets.
 Norway Visa required[203]
 Oman Visa required[204]
  • National visa may be substituted with a GCC visa of certain categories (managers, sales executives, etc.) when a visitor visa on arrival can be granted if the visitor is coming directly from a GCC country via air or land. All passengers from India, who reside in or hold an entry visa to one of the following countries (USA, Canada, Australia, UK and Schengen states) are allowed to obtain non-sponsored electronic tourist visa to enter Oman.[205]
 Pakistan Visa required[206]
 Palau Visa on arrival[207] 30 days
 Panama Visa required[208]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid multiple entry visa issued by US (including Green Card Holders,[209]) UK, Canada, Australia, Japan, South Korea, Singapore or an EU member visa,[210] which has been used at least once to enter those countries, and with at least one year validity remaining at the time of entry into Panama.[clarification needed][211][212]
 Papua New Guinea eVisa[213]
 Paraguay Visa required[214]
 Peru Visa required[215]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid US, Canada, Australia, Schengen Area or UK visa or permanent resident permit may be granted visa-free entry for a maximum of 180 days. The visa must be valid for a minimum of 6 months from the arrival date.[216]
 Philippines Visa required[217]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid US, Japanese, Australian, Canadian, Schengen, Singapore (including E Pass, S Pass, Work Permit, Student Pass, Dependant Pass) or UK visa or permanent resident permit whose holders may be granted visa-free entry for an initial stay not exceeding 14 days.[218]
 Poland Visa required[219]
 Portugal Visa required[220]
 Qatar Visa not required[221] 30 days
 Romania Visa required[222]
  • National visa may be substituted with a double or multiple entry C visa issued by a Schengen Area member state valid for the period of intended stay.
 Russia Visa required[223]
  • Visa not required if visiting Saint Petersburg for up to 72 hours via ferry from Finland.[224]
  • Indian citizens are eligible for eVisa access to Kaliningrad Oblast for up to 8 days.[225]
  • Indian citizens are eligible for free evisa to St.Petersburg for up to 8 days.
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[226] 30 days
  • may enter with East Africa Tourist Visa
  • fee US$100.
  • Visa Validity 90days with Multiple entries.
  • This visa valid in The Republic of Kenya, Republic of Rwanda and Republic of Uganda
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[227] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[228] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[229] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[230] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[231]
  • Same rules as for Italy. No border control but accessible only via Italy.
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[232]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[233]
 Senegal Visa not required[234] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[235] 30 days
  • 30 days within one year.
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[236] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[237]
 Singapore eVisa[238]
  • May obtain online eVisa through eligible authorized travel agencies or through local sponsors (Singapore citizen or permanent residents).[239]
  • Indian nationals with valid visa from countries such as UK, USA, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Germany and Switzerland who are in transit to or from any third country by air may be conditionally eligible for 96-hours Visa Free Transit Facility (VFTF).[240][241]
 Slovakia Visa required[242]
 Slovenia Visa required[243]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[244]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[245] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[246]
  • Visa fee waived for regular or ordinary Indian passport holders.
 South Sudan Visa required[247]
 Spain Visa required[248]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[249] 30 days Travel to Sri Lanka from 01.08.2019 to 31.01.2020 for Tourist purposes are exempted paying ETA fee.
 Sudan Visa required[250]
 Suriname E-tourist card[251] 90 days
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also available.[252]
 Sweden Visa required[253]
  Switzerland Visa required[254]
 Syria Visa required[255]
 Tajikistan eVisa[256]
  • eVisa holders can enter through all border points.[257]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[258][259] 3 months
 Thailand Visa on arrival[260] 15 days
  • Thailand providing e-visa on arrival.
  • Visa fee of 2000 THB is payable upon entry.
  • Visa must be obtained at the first point of entry.[261]
  • Visa charge is waived until 30 April 2020.
 Togo Visa on arrival[262] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[263]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[264] 90 days
 Tunisia Visa not required[265] 90 days
 Turkey Visa required[266]
  • Conditional eVisa issued for the period of 30 days to holders of a valid visa or residence permit issued by one of the Schengen member countries, US, UK, or Ireland.[267]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[268]
  • Letter of invitation issued by a company registered in Turkmenistan and approved by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs can obtain a visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 10 days. They can apply to extend their stay for an additional 10 days.
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[269] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[270] 3 months
  • may enter with East Africa Tourist Visa
  • fee US$100.
  • Visa Validity 90days with Multiple entries.
  • This visa valid in The Republic of Kenya, Republic of Rwanda and Republic of Uganda
 Ukraine Visa required[271]
 United Arab Emirates Visa required
  • USA valid visa or green card which is valid for a minimum of 6 months can obtain a visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 14 days. They can apply to extend their stay for an additional 14 days.
  • Indian passport holder with a valid UK or EU residence permit can also avail visa on arrival for 14 days, which can also be extended.[272]
  • Visitors normally require a sponsor but visas can also be arranged online through an airline if they are arriving on Air Arabia, Air Astana, Emirates, Etihad (and Air Baltic and Air Serbia), flydubai, Turkish Airlines and Indigo Airlines.
 United Kingdom and Crown dependencies Visa required[273]
  • Visa not required if holding a biometric Irish visa endorsed with "BC BIVS" and with a valid Irish entry stamp. Other exemptions apply for Visa-free Direct Airside Transit.[274]
 United States Visa required[275]
 Uruguay Visa required[276]
  • Visa issued free of cost.[277]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[278][279] 30 days
  • 5-day visa-free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[280]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[281] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa required[282]
  • Schengen Visa Required. Entry can be made from Italy exclusively
 Venezuela Visa required[283]
 Vietnam eVisa[284] 30 days.
 Yemen Visa required[285]
 Zambia eVisa[286] 30 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[287] 3 months
  • 30 days for visits on business, 3 months for tourists

Dependent, Disputed, or Restricted territories[edit]

Unrecognized or partially recognized countries
Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Abkhazia Visa required[288]
 Kosovo Visa required[289] Schengen zone visa or residence permit valid for 15 days. Serbia will not recognize the entry if coming from Kosovo without entering it first via Serbia. No Visa needed, if a holder of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan.[290]
  • Visa not required for holders of a valid biometric residence permit issued by one of the Schengen member states or a valid multi-entry Schengen Visa, a holder of a valid Laissez-Passer issued by United Nations Organizations, NATO, OSCE, Council of Europe or European Union a holder of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan based on the 1951 Convention on Refugee Status or the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, as well as holders of valid travel documents for foreigners (max. 15 days stay)[291]
Republic of Artsakh Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh) Visa required[292] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[293]
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[294] 3 months
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[295][296]
 Palestine Visa not required[297] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[298]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[299][300]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[301] Multiple entry visa to Russia and three day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[302][303]
 Taiwan Visa required[304][305] 30 day online travel authority is available to the citizens of India with permanent residency or valid visa or expired, of Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Schengen Convention countries, United Kingdom or United States. But it must not have expired for more than 10 years prior to the date of arrival in Taiwan as well as visas marked "void", "canceled" or "canceled without prejudice" are not eligible.
 Transnistria Visa not required[306] Registration required after 24h.[307][308]
Dependent and autonomous territories
Territory Conditions of access Notes
China
 Hong Kong Electronic Travel Authorization 14 days
 Macau Visa not required[309] 30 days
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa required[310]
 Greenland Visa required[311]
France
 Clipperton Island Special permit required[312]
 French Guiana Visa required[313]
 French Polynesia Visa required[314]
France French West Indies
Guadeloupe Visa required[313]
Martinique Visa required[313]
Saint Barthélemy Visa required[315]
Saint Martin Visa required[315]
 Mayotte Visa required[316]
 New Caledonia Visa required[317]
 Réunion Organized trips 15 days if trip arranged through approved travel agencies[318][313]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa required[313]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa required[319]
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa required[320] Visa not required if holding a valid multiple-entry visa issued by Canada or USA.
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands
 Bonaire Visa required[320]
 Sint Eustatius
 Saba
 Curaçao Visa required[320]
 Sint Maarten Visa required[320]
New Zealand
 Cook Islands Visa not required[321] 31 days
 Niue Visa not required[322] 30 days
 Tokelau Permit required[323]
Norway
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[324] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[325]
Norway Svalbard Visa not required Unlimited period under Svalbard Treaty[326] but it's practically impossible to board a flight/ferry to Svalbard without entering Norway. Hence double entry Schengen visa would be required to go and come back from Svalbard to mainland Norway.
United Kingdom
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa required[327]
 Anguilla Visa required[328][329] Visa required, except for holders of a visa issued by the United Kingdom.
 Bermuda Visa required[330] Visa required, except for a maximum stay of 3 months for holders of a multiple-entry visa issued by Canada, USA or the United Kingdom, valid for at least 45 days beyond the period of intended stay in Bermuda.
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required[331]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[332] 30 days
 Cayman Islands Visa required[333] Visa not required for permanent residents or holders of visas issued by the US, Canada or the UK, arriving directly from that country, except that residents of Canada may arrive from the US or Canada.[334]
 Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Visa required[335]
 Gibraltar Visa required[336] UK Visa (6 months or more), or Permanent Residence Permit from a Schengen country or Multiple entry Schengen visa covers entry. A non-permanent Schengen Residence Permit does not cover entry.
 Montserrat Visa not required 6 months[337][338]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee US$35 or tax of US$5 if not going ashore.[339][340][341]
United Kingdom Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 Saint Helena eVisa[342][343]
 Ascension Island eVisa[344][345]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[346]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[347][348]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[349] 90 days[350]
United States
 American Samoa Entry permit required[351]
 Guam Visa required[352]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[353]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[354] Visa not required if holding a valid multiple-entry visa issued by USA.
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[355]
Antarctica and adjacent islands
Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[356][357][358][359][360][361][362][363][364][365][366][367]
Other territories

Reciprocity[edit]

The Indian Government has not drafted any laws to mandate reciprocity in visa agreements with other countries. While a very small number of bilateral agreements have concluded with reciprocity for visa arrangements, a large number of visa relationships continue to be highly skewed to one side or the other.

In 2015, Iran revoked visa-on-arrival for Indian citizens after it was included as one of the eight countries in India's Prior Reference Category, which would be excluded from India's visa liberalisation plans for foreign tourists.[403] The other countries on the list at the time were Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Nigeria and Sudan.[403]

Full reciprocity[edit]

India has, by default, achieved full reciprocity in visa free or e-Visa privileges with following countries:

Partial reciprocity[edit]

India has achieved partial reciprocity with following countries, where Indian Immigration rules afford the citizens of the following countries slightly lesser visa privileges than what the following countries provide for Indian Citizens:

Country Visa requirement for Indian nationals to visit the country Visa requirement to visit India
 Bolivia Visa on arrival for 90 days, charged at La Paz airport. Prior visa is free of cost at Bolivian embassy. e-Visa for 60 days
 Cambodia Visa on arrival for 30 days e-Visa for 60 days
 Djibouti Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Dominica Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 El Salvador Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Fiji Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Grenada Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Guyana Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Haiti Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Indonesia Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Jamaica Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Laos Visa on arrival for 30 days e-Visa for 60 days
 Madagascar Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Malaysia Visa on arrival of $100 if arriving from Thailand, Indonesia or Singapore e-Visa for 60 days
 Mauritius Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Micronesia Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Myanmar Conditional visa on arrival for business, workshops, events, etc. It is unclear if this exemption is also valid for tourist class visas.[404] However, full reciprocity exits only in providing E-visa for tourism purpose. e-Visa for 60 days
 Nauru Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Palau Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Serbia Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Seychelles Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Sri Lanka e-Visa/Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Tanzania Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Thailand Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required e-Visa for 60 days
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival e-Visa for 60 days

Disparity (to the detriment of foreign citizens)[edit]

Visa privileges provided by Indian immigration for citizens of these countries are considerably less than the visa privileges provided by these countries to Indian citizens:

Country Visa requirement to visit India Visa requirement for Indian nationals to visit the country
 Burundi Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel 30 day visa on arrival
 Bahrain Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel e-Visa available for tourism
 Cape Verde Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Comoros Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Ethiopia Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Guinea-Bissau Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Qatar e-Visa for 60 days Visa not required
 Rwanda Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel e-Visa available for tourism
 Somalia Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Togo Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Tunisia Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa not required
 Uganda Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival
 Zimbabwe Visa application and approval mandatory prior to travel Visa on arrival

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[405] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[406] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[407]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[408][409] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[410]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[411] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination, as does the South American territory of French Guiana[412].

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[413]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[414] Lebanon,[415] Libya,[416] Sudan,[417] Syria,[418] and Yemen[419] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [420] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[421]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[422][423] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[424] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[425] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[426] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognised Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their territory.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[427] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[428]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[429][430] Argentina,[431] Brunei, Cambodia,[432] China,[433] Ethiopia,[434] Ghana, Guinea,[435] India, Japan[436][437], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [438], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[439] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[440] Singapore, South Korea,[441] Taiwan, Uganda[442] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[443] [444] [445] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[446]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[447] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[448][449] The United States Department of Homeland Security has announced plans to greatly increase the biometric data it collects at US borders.[450] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at 3 land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[451][452]


Foreign travel statistics[edit]

According to the statistics these are the numbers of Indian visitors to various countries in 2017(unless otherwise noted)

Foreign travel statistics
Destination Number of visitors
 American Samoa[note 1][453] 63
 Angola[454] 9,170
 Antarctica[note 2][455] 292
 Antigua and Barbuda[note 2][456] 366
 Australia[note 2][457] 302,200
 Austria[note 3][note 1][458] 147,300
 Azerbaijan[note 1][459] 6,012
 Barbados[note 3][note 1][460] 900
 Belgium[note 1][461] 44,898
 Bhutan[note 2][462] 172,751
 Bolivia[note 1][463] 1,338
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[note 2][464] 1,700
 Botswana[465] 17,413
 Brazil[note 2][466] 16,916
 Cambodia[note 1][467] 46,131
 Canada[note 2][468] 261,801
 Cayman Islands[note 2][note 4][469] 292
 Chile[note 2][470] 4,468
 China[note 1][471][472] 799,100
 Colombia[473] 5,402
 Congo[note 5][474] 2,373
 Costa Rica[note 2][475] 7,415
 Croatia[note 2][476] 55,745
 Cuba[note 2][476] 2
 Dominica[477] 97
 Dominican Republic[note 2][478] 4,649
 France[479] 524,055
 French Polynesia[note 2][480] 379
 Georgia[note 2][481] 59,732
 Germany[note 1][482] 231,244
 Guam[note 2][note 4][483] 8
 Hong Kong[note 2][484] 392,853
 Hungary[note 3][note 1][485] 33,134
 Indonesia[note 1][486] 422,045
 Israel[note 2][487] 58,000
 Italy[note 1][488] 225,000
 Jamaica[note 2][489] 1,834
 Japan[490] 103,084
 Jordan[note 1][491] 57,720
 Kazakhstan[note 2][492] 21,890
 Kyrgyzstan[note 2][493] 19,600
 Laos[note 2][494] 4,343
 Latvia[note 3][note 2][495] 5,476
 Lebanon[note 1][496] 15,610
 Macao[note 2][497] 148,121
 Madagascar[498] 2,234
 Malaysia[note 2][499] 552,739
 Maldives[note 2][500] 83,019
 Mali[note 6][501] 1,500
 Mauritius[note 2][500] 86,294
 Mexico[note 1][502] 59,020
 Mongolia[note 2][503] 1,888
 Montenegro[note 6][note 3][504] 1,131
 Myanmar[505] 34,628
   Nepal[note 7][506] 75,124
 Netherlands[note 2][507] 155,000
 New Zealand[note 2][508] 61,440
 Oman[note 2][509] 321,161
 Panama[510] 6,748
 Papua New Guinea[note 1][511] 4,293
 Peru[note 2][512] 7,201
 Philippines[note 2][513] 107,278
 Qatar[note 2][514] 333,708
 Romania[note 1][515] 16,753
 Russia[note 2][516] 130,400
 Seychelles[note 2][517] 13,518
 Singapore[note 2][518] 1,272,069
 Slovakia[note 1][note 3][519] 6,805
 South Africa[520] 85,639
 South Korea[note 2][521] 123,416
 Spain[note 2][522] 141,122
 Sri Lanka[note 1][523] 356,729
 Suriname[note 2][524] 1,045
 Swaziland[note 1][525] 6,867
 Taiwan[note 2][526] 40,846
 Tanzania[note 1][527] 69,876
 Thailand[note 2][528][529] 1,595,754
 Timor-Leste[note 6][note 7][530] 799
 Turkey[note 2][531] 86,996
 Ukraine[note 2][532] 23,173
 United Arab Emirates[note 2][533] 2,073,000
 United Kingdom[note 2][534] 525,000
 United States[note 2][note 8][535] 2,055,480
 Uzbekistan[note 9][536] 18,100
 Zambia[537] 25,517
 Zimbabwe[538] 5,421
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Data for 2016
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au Data for 2017
  3. ^ a b c d e f Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  4. ^ a b Data for arrivals by air only.
  5. ^ Data for 2012
  6. ^ a b c Data for 2014
  7. ^ a b Data for arrivals by air only.
  8. ^ Total number includes tourists, business travelers, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of nonimmigrant admissions (I-94).
  9. ^ Data for 2015


See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

References

Photo Requirements for India Visa

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  75. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  76. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  77. ^ "I have U.S. residency (Green Card). Do I need a visa or an eTA to visit Canada or can I use my Green Card?".
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  84. ^ "Ciudadanos chinos que tengan visado Schengen o de los Estados Unidos, no deberán tramitar visa para ingresar a Colombia". Cancillería.
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Notes
  1. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  2. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)
  3. ^ Available entrance at: