1932

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This article is about the year 1932.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1900s  1910s  1920s  – 1930s –  1940s  1950s  1960s
Years: 1929 1930 193119321933 1934 1935
1932 by topic:
Subject
By country
Leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories
1932 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1932
MCMXXXII
Ab urbe condita 2685
Armenian calendar 1381
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԱ
Assyrian calendar 6682
Bahá'í calendar 88–89
Bengali calendar 1339
Berber calendar 2882
British Regnal year 21 Geo. 5 – 22 Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar 2476
Burmese calendar 1294
Byzantine calendar 7440–7441
Chinese calendar 辛未(Metal Goat)
4628 or 4568
    — to —
壬申年 (Water Monkey)
4629 or 4569
Coptic calendar 1648–1649
Discordian calendar 3098
Ethiopian calendar 1924–1925
Hebrew calendar 5692–5693
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1988–1989
 - Shaka Samvat 1854–1855
 - Kali Yuga 5033–5034
Holocene calendar 11932
Igbo calendar 932–933
Iranian calendar 1310–1311
Islamic calendar 1350–1351
Japanese calendar Shōwa 7
(昭和7年)
Juche calendar 21
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4265
Minguo calendar ROC 21
民國21年
Thai solar calendar 2475

1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (dominical letter CB), the 1932nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 932nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1930s decade.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

  • May 2 – Comedian Jack Benny's radio show airs for the first time.
  • May 6Paul Gorguloff shoots French president Paul Doumer in Paris; Doumer dies the next day.
  • May 6 – The politically powerful General Kurt von Schleicher meets secretly with Adolf Hitler.[2] General Schleicher tells Hitler that he is scheming to bring down the Brüning government, and asks for Nazi support of the new "presidential government" Schleicher was planning to form.[3] Schleicher and Hitler negotiated a "gentlemen's agreement" where in exchange for lifting the ban on the SA and SS and having the Reichstag dissolved for early elections that summer, the Nazis will support Schleicher's new chancellor.
  • May 10
  • May 12
    • Ten weeks after his abduction, the infant son of Charles Lindbergh is found dead just a few miles from the Lindbergh home.
    • General Wilhelm Groener resigns as Defense Minister.[6] Schleicher takes control of the Defense Ministry.
  • May 13 – The Premier of New South Wales, Jack Lang, is dismissed by the State Governor, Sir Philip Game.
  • May 15 – Japanese troops leave Shanghai. Back in Japan, the May 15 Incident as an attempted military coup is known occurs. The Japanese prime minister Tsuyoshi Inukai is assassinated by naval officers.
  • May 16 – Massive riots between Hindus and Muslims in Bombay leave thousands dead and injured.
  • May 20May 21Amelia Earhart flies from the United States to County Londonderry, Northern Ireland in 14 hours 54 minutes.
  • May 20Federación Obrera de la Industria de la Carne initiates a major strike in the Argentinian meat-packing industry.
  • May 26 – Judgement in Donoghue v Stevenson handed down in the House of Lords, creating the neighbour principle in English law.
  • May 29 – The first of approximately 15,000 World War I veterans arrive in Washington, D.C. demanding the immediate payment of their military bonus, becoming known as the Bonus Army.
  • May 30 – German chancellor Heinrich Brüning is sacked by President von Hindenburg. President Hindenburg asks Franz von Papen to form a new government, known as the "Government of the President's Friends", which is openly dedicated to the destruction of democracy. The downfall of Brüning is largely the work of Schleicher, who been scheming against him since the beginning of May.[7] Schleicher takes the position of Defense Minister in his friend Papen's government.

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

  • August – A farmers' revolt begins in the Midwestern United States.
  • August 1 – The second International Polar Year, an international scientific collaboration, begins.
  • August 2 – The first positron is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
  • August 5 – Hitler meets with Schleicher and reneges on the "gentlemen's agreement", demanding that he be appointed Chancellor.[11] Schleicher agrees to support Hitler as Chancellor provided that he can remain minister of defense.[12] Schleicher sets up a meeting between Hindenburg and Hitler on for the 13 August to discuss Hitler's possible appointment as chancellor.
  • August 6 – The first Venice Film Festival is held.
  • August 6 – In Germany the first worldwide Autobahn opened by Konrad Adenauer: Bundesautobahn 555.
  • August 7 – Raymond Edward Welch becomes the first one legged man to scale the 6,288 ft. Mount Washington, NH.
  • August 9
    • The Papen government in Germany, which likes to take a tough "law and order" stance, passes via Article 48 a law proscribing the death penalty for a variety of offenses and with the court system simplified so that the courts can hand down as many death sentences as possible.[13]
    • The Potempa Murder case. In the German town of Potempa, five SA men break into the house of Konrad Pietrzuch, a Communist miner, and proceed to castrate and beat Pietrzuch to death in front of his mother.[14] The Potempa case attracts much media attention in Germany.
  • August 10 – A 5.1 kg chondrite-type meteorite breaks fragments and strikes earth near the town of Archie, Missouri.
  • August 11 – To celebrate Constitution Day in Germany, Chancellor Franz von Papen and his interior minister Baron Wilhelm von Gayl-apparently without any sense of irony-present a set of proposed amendments to the Weimar constitution for a "New State", which would have gutted democracy and transform Germany into a dictatorship if implemented.[15] Papen argues that to deal with the Great Depression requires the destruction of democracy as only a dictatorship is capable of solving Germany's problems.
  • August 13 – Hitler meets President von Hindenburg and asks him to appoint him Chancellor.[16] Hindenburg refuses under the grounds that Hitler is not qualified to be Chancellor, and asks him instead to serve as Vice-Chancellor in Papen's government.[17] Hitler in turn announces his "all or nothing" strategy in which he will oppose every government not headed by himself and will accept no office other than Chancellor.
  • August 18Auguste Piccard reaches an altitude of 16,197 m (53,140 ft) with a hot air balloon.
  • August 1819 – Scottish aviator Jim Mollison becomes the first pilot to make an East-to-West solo transatlantic flight, from Portmarnock, Dublin, Ireland to Pennfield, New Brunswick, Canada, in his de Havilland Puss Moth biplane The Heart's Content.[18]
  • August 20 – The Ottawa conference ends with the adoption of Imperial Preference tariff, turning the British Empire into one economic zone with a series of tariffs meant to exclude non-empire states from competing within the markets of Britain; the Dominions; and the rest of the empire.
  • August 22 – The five SA men involved in the torture and murder of Konrad Pietrzuch are quickly convicted and sentenced to death under an emergency law introduced by the Papen government on 8 August.[19] The Potempa case becomes a cause célèbre in Germany with the Nazis demonstrating for amnesty for the "Potempa five" under the grounds they were justified in killing the Communist Pietrzuch; Hitler sends a telegram congratulating the "Potempa five" for the murder.[20] Many Germans arguing that the "Potempa five" are patriotic heroes who should not be executed while others maintain the death sentences are appropriate given the brutality of the torture and murder.
  • August 23 – The Panama Civil Aviation Authority is established.
  • August 30Hermann Göring is elected as Speaker of the German Reichstag.
  • August 31 – A total solar eclipse is visible from northern Canada through northeastern Vermont, New Hampshire, southwestern Maine, and the Capes of Massachusetts.

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

The Cipher Bureau breaks the German Enigma cipher and overcomes the ever-growing structural and operating complexities of the evolving Enigma with plugboard, the main German cipher device during World War II.

December[edit]

  • December 1 – Germany returns to the World Disarmament Conference after the others powers agree to accept gleichberechtigung [clarification needed] "in principle". Henceforward, it is clear that Germany will be allowed to rearm beyond the limits imposed by the Treaty of Versailles.
  • December 3 – Hindenburg names Kurt von Schleicher as German chancellor after he ousts Papen. Papen is deeply angry about how his former friend Schleicher had brought him down, and decides that he will do anything to get back into power.
  • December 4 – Chancellor Schleicher meets with Gregor Strasser and offers to appoint him Vice-Chancellor and Reich Commissioner for Prussia out of the hope that if faced with a split in the NSDAP, Hitler will support his government.[23]
  • December 5 – At a secret meeting of the Nazi leaders, Strasser urges Hitler to drop his "all or nothing" strategy, and accept Schleicher's offer to have the Nazis serve in his cabinet.[24] Hitler gives a dramatic speech saying that Schleicher's offer is not acceptable, and he will stick to his "all or nothing" strategy whatever the consequences might be and wins the Nazi leadership over to his viewpoint.[25]
  • December 8Gregor Strasser resigns as the chief of the NSDAP's organizational department in protest against Hitler's "all or nothing" strategy.[26]
  • December 12 – Japan and the Soviet Union reform their diplomatic connections.
  • December 19BBC World Service begins broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service.
  • December 23 – A coal mine in Moweaqua, Illinois, kills 54.
  • December 24 – A methane gas explosion causes the Moweaqua Coal Mine Disaster which claims 54 lives.
  • December 25 – An earthquake in the Kansu Province in China kills 70,000.
  • December 27
  • December 28 – The Cologne banker Kurt von Schröder-who is a close friend of Papen and a NSDAP member-meets with Adolf Hitler to tell him that Papen wants to set up a meeting to discuss how they can work together. Papen wants Nazi support to return to the Chancellorship while Hitler wants Papen to convince Hindenburg to appoint him Chancellor. Hitler agrees to meet Papen on 3 January 1933.

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Deaths[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal.png

References[edit]

  1. ^ Feuchtwanger, Edgar. From Weimar to Hitler, London: Macmilllan, 1993, p. 270.
  2. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 366.
  3. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 366.
  4. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 366.
  5. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 366.
  6. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 366.
  7. ^ Feuchtwanger, Edgar From Weimar to Hitler, London: Macmillan, 1993, p. 279.
  8. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967, p. 250.
  9. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967, p. 253.
  10. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, pp. 368-69.
  11. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967, p. 257.
  12. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 371.
  13. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 382.
  14. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 381.
  15. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 372.
  16. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 373.
  17. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 372.
  18. ^ "Mollison's Atlantic Flight". Flight 24 (35): 795–8. 1932-08-26. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  19. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 382.
  20. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 382.
  21. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 382.
  22. ^ "New York City Transit - History and Chronology". Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). 2009. Retrieved 2012-01-03. 
  23. ^ Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, p. 25.
  24. ^ Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, p. 26.
  25. ^ Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, p. 26.
  26. ^ Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, pp. 27-28.
  27. ^ 1959 Encyclopedia Americana
  28. ^ US unemployment statistics, historyhome.co.uk; accessed December 10, 2014.

External links[edit]