|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1920s 1930s 1940s – 1950s – 1960s 1970s 1980s|
|Years:||1955 1956 1957 – 1958 – 1959 1960 1961|
|Ab urbe condita||2711|
|British Regnal year||6 Eliz. 2 – 7 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
4654 or 4594
— to —
戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
4655 or 4595
|- Vikram Samvat||2014–2015|
|- Shaka Samvat||1880–1881|
|- Kali Yuga||5059–5060|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 33
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 47
|Thai solar calendar||2501|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1958.|
1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar (dominical letter E), the 1958th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 958th year of the 2nd millennium, the 58th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1950s decade.
- January 1
- January 3 – Edmund Hillary's Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition completes the third overland journey to the South Pole, and the first to use powered vehicles.
- January 4 – Sputnik 1 (launched on October 4, 1957) falls to Earth from its orbit and burns up.
- January 8 – 14-year-old Bobby Fischer wins the United States Chess Championship.
- January 18
- Armed Lumbee Indians confront a handful of Klansmen in Maxton, North Carolina.
- The first of Leonard Bernstein's Young People's Concerts with the New York Philharmonic is telecast by CBS. The Emmy-winning series (one concert approximately every three months except for the summer) will run for more than fourteen years. It will make Bernstein's name a household word, and the most famous conductor in the U.S.
- January 20 – Anne de Vries releases the fourth and final volume of Journey Through the Night.
- January 28 – Hall of Fame baseball player Roy Campanella is involved in an automobile accident that ends his career and leaves him paralyzed.
- January 31 – The first successful American satellite, Explorer 1, is launched into orbit.
- February 1 – Egypt and Syria unite to form the United Arab Republic.
- February 2 – The word Aerospace is coined, from the words Aircraft (aero) and Spacecraft (space), taking into consideration that the Earth's atmosphere and outerspace is to be one, or a single realm.
- February 5
- February 6 – Seven Manchester United footballers are among the 21 people killed in the Munich air disaster in West Germany, on the return flight from a European Cup game in Yugoslavia. 23 people survive, but four of them, including manager Matt Busby and players Johnny Berry and Duncan Edwards, are in a serious condition.
- February 11
- The strongest ever known solar maximum is recorded.
- Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Zhou Enlai as Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs.
- Ruth Carol Taylor is the first African American woman hired as a flight attendant. Hired by Mohawk Airlines, her career lasts only six months, due to another discriminatory barrier – the airline's ban on married flight attendants.
- February 14 – The Hashemite Kingdoms of Iraq and Jordan unite in the Arab Federation with King Faisal II of Iraq as head of state.
- February 17 – Pope Pius XII declares Saint Clare the patron saint of television.
- February 20 – A test rocket explodes at Cape Canaveral.
- February 21 – A peace symbol is designed and completed by Gerald Holtom, commissioned by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment.
- February 23
- February 24 – In Cuba, Fidel Castro's Radio Rebelde begins broadcasting from Sierra Maestra.
- February 25 – Bertrand Russell launches the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.
- February 28 – One of the worst school bus accidents in U.S. history occurs at Prestonburg, Kentucky; 29 are killed.
- March 1 – The Turkish passenger ship Üsküdar capsizes and sinks in the Gulf of İzmit, Turkey; at least 300 die.
- March 2 – A British Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition team led by Sir Vivian Fuchs completes the first overland crossing of the Antarctic, using snowcat caterpillar tractors and dogsled teams, in 99 days, via the South Pole.
- March 8 – The USS Wisconsin is decommissioned, leaving the United States Navy without an active battleship for the first time since 1896 (it is recommissioned October 22, 1988).
- March 11 – A U.S. B-47 bomber accidentally drops an atom bomb on Mars Bluff, South Carolina. Without a fissile warhead, its conventional explosives destroy a house and injure several people.
- March 17 – The Convention on the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) enters into force, founding the IMCO as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
- March 17 – The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.
- March 19 – The Monarch Underwear Company fire occurs in New York.
- March 24 – The U.S. Army inducts Elvis Presley, transforming The King Of Rock & Roll into U.S. Private #53310761.
- March 25 – Canada's Avro Arrow makes its debut flight.
- March 26
- March 27 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union.
- April – Unemployment in Detroit reaches 20%, marking the height of the Recession of 1958 in the United States.
- April 1 – The BBC Radiophonic Workshop is established.
- April 3 – Castro's revolutionary army begins its attacks on Havana.
- April 4 – April 7 – In the first protest march for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament from Hyde Park, London to Aldermaston, Berkshire, demonstrators demand the banning of nuclear weapons.
- April 4 – Cheryl Crane, daughter of actress Lana Turner, fatally stabs her mother's gangster lover Johnny Stompanato (the stabbing is eventually ruled as self-defense).
- April 6 – Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari divorces the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi after she is unable to produce any children.
- April 14
- April 15 – The San Francisco Giants beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 8–0 at San Francisco's Seals Stadium, in the first Major League Baseball regular season game ever played in California.
- April 17 – King Baudouin of Belgium officially opens the world's fair in Brussels, also known as Expo 58. The Atomium forms the centrepiece.
- April 20 – The Montreal Canadiens win the Stanley Cup after defeating the Boston Bruins in six games.
- April 21 – United Airlines Flight 736 is involved in a mid-air collision with a U.S. Air Force F-100F jet fighter near Las Vegas. All 49 persons in both aircraft are killed.
- May 1
- May 9 – Actor-singer Paul Robeson, whose passport has been reinstated, sings in a sold-out one-man recital at Carnegie Hall. The recital is such a success that Robeson gives another one at Carnegie Hall a few days later; but, after this, Robeson is seldom seen in public in the United States again. His Carnegie Hall concerts are later released on records and on CD.
- May 10 – Interviewed in the Chave d'Ouro café, when asked about his rival António de Oliveira Salazar, Humberto Delgado utters one of the most famous comments in Portuguese political history: "Obviamente, demito-o! (Obviously, I'll sack him!)".
- May 12 – A formal North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement is signed between the United States and Canada.
- May 13
- May 15
- The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 3.
- MGM's Gigi opens in New York City, beginning its run in the U.S. after being shown at the Cannes film festival. The last of the great MGM musicals, it will become a huge critical and box office success and win nine Academy Awards including Best Picture. Gigi is Lerner and Loewe's first musical written especially for film, and is deliberately written in a style evoking the team's My Fair Lady, which was still playing on Broadway at the time and could not be filmed yet.
- May 18 – An F-104 Starfighter sets a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph (2,259.82 km/h).
- May 20 – Fulgencio Batista's government launches a counteroffensive against Castro's rebels.
- May 21 – United Kingdom Postmaster General Ernest Marples announces that from December, Subscriber Trunk Dialling will be introduced in the Bristol area.
- May 23 – Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
- May 30 – The bodies of unidentified United States soldiers killed in action during World War II and the Korean War are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
- June 1
- June 2 – In San Simeon, California, Hearst Castle opens to the public for guided tours.
- June 4 – French President Charles de Gaulle visits Algeria.
- June 8 – The SS Edmund Fitzgerald is launched; she will be the largest Lake freighter for more than a dozen years.
- June 15 - Pizza Hut is founded.
- June 16 – Imre Nagy is hanged for treason in Hungary.
- June 20 – The iron barque Omega of Callao, Peru (built in Scotland, 1887), sinks on passage carrying guano from the Pachacamac Islands for Huacho, the world's last full rigged ship trading under sail alone.
- June 27 – The Peronist party becomes legal again in Argentina.
- June 29 – Brazil beats Sweden 5–2 to win the football World Cup.
- June 30 – The Ifni War ends.
- July 5 – Gasherbrum I, the 11th highest mountain in the world, is first ascended.
- July 7
- July 9 – 1958 Lituya Bay megatsunami: A 7.5 Richter scale earthquake in Lituya Bay, Alaska, causes a landslide that produces a huge 520-meter high megatsunami.
- July 10 – The first parking meters are installed in Britain.
- July 11 – Count Michael Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde, direct descendant of Samuel Aba, King of Hungary, at the age of 60 is pistol-whipped and murdered over a few hectares of land by Czechoslovak Communists during the collectivization process at his residence in Olcsvar, Slovakia.
- July 12 – Henri Cornelis becomes Governor-General of the Belgian Congo, the last Belgian governor prior to independence.
- July 15 – In Lebanon, 5,000 United States Marines land in the capital Beirut in order to protect the pro-Western government there.
- July 17 – British paratroopers arrive in Jordan; King Hussein has asked help against pressure from Iraq.
- July 19 – The Beatles, at this time The Quarrymen, pay 17 shillings and 6 pence to have their first recording session where they record That'll Be The Day by Buddy Holly and In Spite Of All The Danger by Paul McCartney and George Harrison.
- July 20 – Various rebel groups in Cuba join forces but the communists do not join them.
- July 24 – The first life peerage under the Life Peerages Act 1958 is created in the United Kingdom.
- July 26
- July 29 – The U.S. Congress formally creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
- July 31 – The Tibetan resistance movement against rule by China receives support from the United States Central Intelligence Agency.
- August 1 – The last Tom and Jerry episode (Tot Watchers) made by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera is released. Tom and Jerry will not be released to theatres again until 1961.
- August 3 – The nuclear-powered submarine USS Nautilus becomes the first vessel to cross the North Pole under water.
- August 6 – Australian athlete Herb Elliott clips almost three seconds off the world record for the mile run at Santry Stadium, Dublin, recording a time of 3 minutes 54.5 seconds.
- August 14 – A 4-engine Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation aircraft belonging to KLM crashes into the sea with 99 people on board.
- August 17 – The first Thor-Able rocket is launched, carrying Pioneer 0, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 17. The launch fails due to a first stage malfunction.
- August 18
- August 23
- Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait Crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
- President of the United States Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Federal Aviation Act, transferring all authority over aviation in the USA to the newly created Federal Aviation Agency (FAA, later renamed Federal Aviation Administration).
- August 27 – Operation Argus: The United States begins nuclear tests over the South Atlantic.
- August 30 – September 1 – Notting Hill race riots: Riots occur between blacks and whites in Notting Hill, London.
- September 1 – The first Cod War begins between the United Kingdom and Iceland.
- September 6 – Paul Robeson performs in concert at the Soviet Young Pioneer camp Artek.
- September 12 – Jack Kilby invents the first integrated circuit.
- September 14 – Two rockets designed by German engineer Ernst Mohr (the first German post-war rockets) reach the upper atmosphere.
- September 27
- September 28 – In France, a majority of 79% says yes to the constitution of the Fifth Republic.
- September 30 – The U.S.S.R. performs a nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya.
- October 1
- October 2 – Guinea declares itself independent from France.
- October 4 – BOAC uses the new De Havilland Comet jets, to become the first airline to fly jet passenger services across the Atlantic.
- October 9 – Pope Pius XII dies.
- October 11 – Pioneer 1, the second and most successful of the 3 project Able space probes, becomes the first spacecraft launched by the newly formed NASA.
- October 16 – First broadcast of the long-running BBC Television children's programme Blue Peter.
- October 19 – Beginning of Great Chinese Famine.
- October 21 – The Life Peerages Act entitles women to sit in the British House of Lords for the first time. The Baronesses Swanborough (Stella Isaacs, Marchioness of Reading) and Wooton (Barbara Wootton, Baroness Wootton of Abinger) are the first to take their seats.
- October 23 – Nobel Committee announces Boris Pasternak as the winner of the 1958 Prize for Literature
- October 26 – First transatlantic flight of a Pan American World Airways Boeing 707.
- October 28 – Pope John XXIII succeeds Pope Pius XII as the 261st pope.
- November 3 – The new UNESCO building is inaugurated in Paris.
- November 10 – The bossa nova is born in Rio de Janeiro, with João Gilberto's recording of Chega de Saudade.
- November 10 – Harry Winston donates the Hope Diamond to the Smithsonian Institution.
- November 18 - En route to Rogers City, Michigan, the lake freighter SS Carl D. Bradley breaks up and sinks in a storm on Lake Michigan; 33 of the 35 crewmen on board perish.
- November 22 – The Menzies Liberal government in Australia is re-elected for a fifth term.
- November 23 - The radio version of Have Gun – Will Travel premieres. It is one of the last dramas to go on the air on commercial radio. Only some NPR stations will broadcast radio dramas in years to come.
- November 25 – French Sudan gains autonomy as a self-governing member of the French colonial empire.
- November 28 – Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon become autonomous republics within the French colonial empire.
- November 29 - Ted Kennedy marries Virginia Joan Bennett at St. Joseph's Church in Bronxville, New York.
- November 30 – Gaullists win the French parliamentary election.
- December 1
- December 5
- Subscriber trunk dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the United Kingdom by the Queen, when she dials a call from Bristol to Edinburgh and speaks to the Lord Provost.
- Prime Minister Harold Macmillan personally inspects and opens the United Kingdom's first ever motorway, the Preston Bypass, to traffic for the first time. The Bypass is now part of the M6 and M55 Motorways, and was significantly upgraded in the mid 1990s. 11 months later the M1, M45 and M10 Motorways open.
- December 9 – The right-wing John Birch Society is founded in the United States by Robert W. Welch, Jr., a retired candy manufacturer.
- December 14 – The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first ever to reach the Southern Pole of Inaccessibility.
- December 15 – Arthur L. Schawlow and Charles H. Townes of Bell Laboratories publish a paper in Physical Review Letters setting out the principles of the optical laser.
- December 16 - A fire breaks out in the Vida Department Store in Bogotá, Colombia and kills 84 persons.
- December 18
- December 19 – A message from U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower is broadcast from the SCORE satellite.
- December 21 – General Charles de Gaulle is elected president of France with 78.5% of the votes.
- December 24 – 1958 BOAC Bristol Britannia crash: A BOAC Bristol Britannia (312 G-AOVD) crashes near Winkton, England during a test flight.
- December 25 – Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker (the George Balanchine version) is shown on prime-time television in color for the first time, as an episode of the CBS anthology series Playhouse 90.
- December 28 – In American football, the Baltimore Colts beat the New York Giants 23–17 to win the NFL Championship Game, the first to go into sudden death overtime and "The Greatest Game Ever Played".
- December 29 – Rebel troops under Che Guevara begin to invade Santa Clara, Cuba. Fulgencio Batista resigns two days later, on the night of the 31st.
- December 31 – Tallies reveal that, for the first time, the total of passengers carried by air this year exceeds the total carried by sea in transatlantic service.
- Nikita Khrushchev orders the Western allies to evacuate West Berlin within 6 months but backs down in the face of the Allies' unity.
- USA, USSR and Great Britain agree to stop testing atomic bombs for 3 years.
- During the International Geophysical Year, Earth's magnetosphere is discovered.
- The last legal female genital cutting occurs in the United States.
- Denatonium, the bitterest substance known, is discovered. It is used as an aversive agent in products such as bleach to reduce the risk of children drinking them.
- The Jim Henson Company is founded.
- Instant noodles go on sale for the first time.
- The Japanese 10 yen coin ceases having serrated edges after a 5-year period beginning in 1953. All 10 yen coins since have smooth edges.
- The British Rally Championship begins its first year.
- The Amirkabir University of Technology is founded in Tehran.
- The University of New Orleans established
- Illinois observes the centennial of the Lincoln–Douglas debates.
- Sicilian writer Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa's novel Il Gattopardo is published posthumously.
- Welsh cultural critic Raymond Williams publishes Culture and Society.
- Based on birth rates (per 1,000 population), the post-war baby boom ends in the United States as an 11-year decline in the birth rate begins (the longest on record in that country).
- The Professional Bowlers Tour is established at its headquarters in Seattle.
- January 1 – Grandmaster Flash, African-American hip-hop/rap DJ
- January 2 – Vladimir Ovchinnikov, Russian pianist
- January 4 – Matt Frewer, Canadian/American actor (Max Headroom)
- January 4 – James J. Greco, American businessman
- January 9 – Mehmet Ali Ağca, Turkish militant, would-be assassin of Pope John Paul II
- January 11 – Vicki Peterson, American rock musician
- January 13 – Ricardo Acuña, Chilean tennis player
- January 15 – Boris Tadić, Serbian president
- January 20
- January 21 – Hussein Saeed Mohammed, Iraqi football player
- January 24 – Jools Holland, British musician
- January 26 – Ellen DeGeneres, American actress and comedian
- January 27 – Kadri Mälk, Estonian artist and jewelry designer
- January 28 - Lagaf', French singer, humorist, animator TV and actor
- January 29 - Stephen Lerner, American labor and community activist
- February 1 – Ryō Horikawa, Japanese voice actor
- February 4 – Tomasz Pacyński, Polish writer (d. 2005)
- February 8 – Sherri Martel, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
- February 10 - Michael Weiss, jazz pianist and composer
- February 11
- February 13 – Pernilla August, Swedish actress
- February 14
- February 16 – Ice-T, African-American rapper, songwriter, and actor
- February 19 – Steve Nieve, English musician
- February 21
- February 25 – Kurt Rambis, American basketball player
- February 26 – Susan J. Helms, American astronaut
- February 27 – Max Crivello, Itallian artist
- February 28 – Natalya Estemirova, Russian activist (d. 2009)
- March 1 – Nik Kershaw, English singer
- March 3 – Miranda Richardson, English actress
- March 4 - Patricia Heaton, American actress
- March 5 – Andy Gibb, English-born singer (d. 1988)
- March 7
- March 8 – Gary Numan, British singer
- March 9
- March 10
- March 13 – Linda Robson, English actress
- March 14 – Albert II, Prince of Monaco
- March 18
- March 20 – Holly Hunter, American actress
- March 21 – Gary Oldman, English actor and filmmaker
- March 23 – Michael Sorich, American voice actor, actor, writer, director and voice director
- March 25 – James McDaniel, American actor
- March 26 – Todd Joseph Miles Holden, American-born social scientist, author, basketball coach
- March 27 – Jessica Soho, Philippine television celebrity and reporter
- March 28
- April 3 - Alec Baldwin, American actor (30 Rock)
- April 4 – Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (d. 1990)
- April 7 - Shinobu Adachi, Japanese voice actress
- April 10
- April 11
- April 12 – Ginka Zagorcheva, Bulgarian athlete
- April 14
- April 15
- April 21
- April 24 – Brian Paddick, British former deputy assistant commissioner and most senior openly gay police officer
- April 25 – Fish, Scottish singer
- April 28 – Hal Sutton, American golfer
- April 29
- May 4 – Keith Haring, American artist (d. 1990)
- May 10 – Rick Santorum, former U.S. Senator
- May 11 – Christian Brando, American actor and eldest child of Marlon Brando (d. 2008)
- May 12
- May 15 – Ron Simmons, American professional wrestler
- May 17 – Paul Whitehouse, Welsh actor, writer and comedian
- May 18 – Toyah Willcox, English actress & singer
- May 20 – Ron Reagan, political pundit and son of U.S. president Ronald Reagan
- May 21 – Tom Feeney, American Republican politician from the state of Florida
- May 23
- May 25
- May 26 – Margaret Colin, American actress
- May 26 – Moinul Ahsan Saber, Bangladeshi writer, editor.
- May 27
- May 29
- May 30 – Marie Fredriksson, Swedish singer-songwriter
- June 2 – Lex Luger, former American professional wrestler
- June 3 – Margot Käßmann, Lutheran theologian, German bishop
- June 4 – Gordon P. Robertson, American televangelist and son of Pat Robertson
- June 7 – Prince, African-American musician
- June 8
- June 12
- June 14
- June 15 – Wade Boggs, American baseball player
- June 17 – Jello Biafra, American punk musician and activist (Dead Kennedys)
- June 20
- June 22 – Bruce Campbell, American actor, producer, writer and director
- June 24
- June 27 – Magnus Lindberg, Finnish composer
- June 28 – Félix Gray, French singer and songwriter
- June 29
- June 30 – Esa-Pekka Salonen, Finnish conductor and composer
- July 2 – Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
- July 3 – Didier Mouron, Swiss artist
- July 5
- July 6 – Jennifer Saunders, British comedienne and actress
- July 7 – Michala Petri, Danish recorder player
- July 8
- July 15
- July 16 – Michael Flatley, Irish-born dancer
- July 20 – Billy Mays, American infomercial salesperson (d. 2009)
- July 22 – Tatsunori Hara, Japanese professional-baseball coach and player
- July 27 – Kimmo Hakola, Finnish composer
- July 28 – Terry Fox, Canadian athlete and cancer activist (d. 1981)
- July 30 – Kate Bush, English musician
- July 31 – Mark Cuban, American entrepreneur and basketball team owner
- August 1 – Adrian Dunbar, Irish actor and director
- August 2 - Shō Hayami, Japanese voice actor and singer
- August 7
- August 10 – Don Swayze, American actor
- August 15
- August 16
- August 17 – Belinda Carlisle, American singer
- August 19 – Anthony Muñoz, American football player
- August 20 – Nicholas Bell, English actor based in Australia
- August 22 – Colm Feore, American-born actor
- August 24 – Steve Guttenberg, American actor
- August 25 – Tim Burton, American film director
- August 27 – Normand Brathwaite, African-Canadian comedian and television and radio host
- August 29 - Michael Jackson, African-American singer, songwriter and dancer (d. 2009)
- September 6
- September 8
- September 10
- September 11 – Julia Nickson-Soul, Singapore actress
- September 13 – Paweł Przytocki, Polish conductor
- September 14
- September 16
- September 19
- September 21 – Bruno Fitoussi, French poker player
- September 22
- September 23 – Marvin Lewis, American football coach
- September 24 – Kevin Sorbo, American actor
- September 25
- September 26 - Darby Crash, American rock songwriter, singer (Germs) (d. 1980)
- September 27 – Irvine Welsh, Scottish writer
- September 30 – Marty Stuart, American singer
- October 5 – Neil deGrasse Tyson, American astrophysicist and science communicator (Also host of many episodes of NOVA)
- October 14 – Thomas Dolby, English rock musician
- October 15 - Masako Katsuki, Japanese voice actress
- October 16 – Tim Robbins, American actor
- October 17 – Alan Jackson, American country singer and songwriter
- October 20
- October 23 - Hiroyuki Kinoshita, Japanese actor and voice actor
- October 25
- October 27 – Simon Le Bon, English rock singer
- October 29 – Blažej Baláž, Slovak painter
- November 2 – Willie McGee, African-American baseball player
- November 8 – Jeff Speakman, American actor and martial artist
- November 10 – Vicky Rosti, Finnish singer, former Eurovision contestant
- November 12
- November 14 - Donna Wilkes, American film actress
- November 16
- November 17 – Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, American actress and singer
- November 18 – Laura Miller, Mayor of Dallas, Texas
- November 19 – Michael Wilbon, American sportswriter
- November 21 – David Reivers, Jamaican actor
- November 22
- November 25 - Darlanne Fluegel, American actress
- November 27 – Tetsuya Komuro, Japanese music producer and song writer
- November 28 – Dave Righetti, American baseball player
- November 30 – Juliette Bergmann, Dutch bodybuilder
- December 1
- December 2 - Mina Asami, Japanese actress
- December 5 – Dynamite Kid, English professional wrestler
- December 6
- December 10 – Cornelia Funke, German author
- December 11 – Nikki Sixx, American rock musician
- December 12
- December 13 – Lynn-Holly Johnson, American ice skater and actress
- December 14
- December 18 – Julia Wolfe, American composer
- December 19 - Limahl, English singer
- December 21 – Kevin Blackwell, English football manager
- December 25
- December 26 - Mieko Harada, Japanese actress
- December 28 – Twila Paris, American Christian musician
- December 29 – Lakhdar Belloumi, Algerian football player
- December 31 – Bebe Neuwirth, American actress
- January 1
- January 7 – Margaret Anglin, stage actress (b. 1876)
- January 8 – Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (b. 1883)
- January 9 – Karl Reinhardt, German philologist. (b. 1886)
- January 11 – Edna Purviance, American actress (b. 1895)
- January 13 – Jesse L. Lasky, American film producer (b. 1880)
- January 16 – Aubrey Mather, English actor (b. 1885)
- January 19 – Cândido Rondon, Brazilian military officer (b. 1865)
- January 20 – Ataúlfo Argenta, Spanish conductor and pianist (b. 1913)
- January 30 – Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (b. 1878)
- February 1 – Clinton Davisson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
- February 2 – Walter Kingsford, English actor (b. 1881)
- February 4
- February 6
- February 10 – Aleksander Klumberg, Estonian decathlete (b. 1899)
- February 13
- February 16 – Situ Qiao, Chinese painter (b. 1902)
- February 17 – Marguerite Snow, American actress (b. 1889)
- February 20 – Thurston Hall, American actor (b. 1882)
- February 21 – Duncan Edwards English footballer (b. 1936), injury in the Munich air disaster
- February 27 – Harry Cohn, American film producer (b. 1891)
- March 11 – Princess Ingeborg of Denmark (b. 1878)
- March 20 – Adegoke Adelabu, Nigerian politician (b. 1915) (car crash)
- March 21 – Cyril M. Kornbluth, American writer (b. 1923)
- March 22 (in plane crash)
- March 24 – Herbert Fields, American librettist and screenwriter (b. 1897)
- March 25 – Tom Brown, American musician (b. 1888)
- March 26 – Phil Mead, English cricketer (b. 1887)
- March 28
- April 2
- April 8 – George Jean Nathan, American drama critic (b. 1882)
- April 15 – Estelle Taylor, American actress (b. 1894)
- April 16 – Rosalind Franklin, British crystallographer (b. 1920)
- April 19 – Billy Meredith, Welsh footballer (b. 1874)
- May 2 – Henry Cornelius, South African-born director (b. 1913)
- May 3 – Frank Foster, English cricketer (b. 1889)
- May 7 – Mihkel Lüdig, Estonian composer, organist and choir conductor (b. 1880)
- May 18 – Jacob Fichman, Israeli poet and essayist (b. 1881)
- May 19 – Ronald Colman, English actor (b. 1891)
- May 26 – Constantin Cantacuzino, Romanian aviator (b. 1905)
- May 29 – Juan Ramón Jiménez, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
- June 2 – Townsend Cromwell, American oceanographer (plane crash) (b. 1922)
- June 6
- June 9 – Robert Donat, English actor (b. 1905)
- June 13 – Edwin Keppel Bennett, British writer (b. 1887)
- June 16
- June 20 – Kurt Alder, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
- June 21
- June 26 – George Orton, Canadian athlete (b. 1876)
- June 28 – Alfred Noyes, English poet (b. 1880)
- July 2 – Martha Boswell, American singer (b. 1905)
- July 9 – James H. Flatley, American naval aviator and admiral (b. 1906)
- July 14 (killed during coup d'état):
- July 15 – Julia Lennon, English mother of John Lennon (b. 1914)
- July 18 – Henri Farman, pioneer French aviator and aircraft company founder (b. 1874)
- July 20 – Franklin Pangborn, American actor (b. 1889)
- July 24 – Mabel Ballin, American actress (b. 1887)
- July 26 – Iven Carl Kincheloe, Jr., American Korean War fighter ace and test pilot (b. 1928)
- July 27
- July 30 – William A. Glassford, American admiral (b. 1886)
- August 3 – Peter Collins, Formula 1 driver (b. 1931)
- August 8 – Barbara Bennett, American actress (b. 1906)
- August 14
- August 16 – Paul Panzer, German actor (b. 1872)
- August 18 – Bonar Colleano, American actor (b. 1924)
- August 22 – Roger Martin du Gard, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
- August 24 – Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist (b. 1876)
- August 26 – Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer (b. 1872)
- August 27 – Ernest Lawrence, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
- August 29 – Marjorie Flack, Artist, illustrator, and writer (b. 1897)
- September 11
- September 16 – Alma Bennett, American actress (b. 1904)
- September 23
- October 9 – Pope Pius XII (b. 1876)
- October 11 – Maurice de Vlaminck, French painter (b. 1876)
- October 17
- October 14 – Douglas Mawson, Australian geologist and polar explorer (b. 1882)
- October 15 – Jack Norton, American actor (b. 1882)
- October 24 – G. E. Moore, British philosopher of (Principia Ethica) (b. 1873)
- October 27 – Marshall Neilan, American actor and director (b. 1891)
- October 29 – Zoë Akins, American playwright, poet, and author (b. 1886)
- November 15
- November 19 – Vittorio Ambrosio, Italian general (b. 1879)
- November 21 – Mel Ott, American baseball player (New York Giants) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1909)
- November 24
- November 27 – Artur Rodziński, Polish conductor (b. 1892)
- November 30 – Oscar C. Badger II, American admiral (b. 1890)
- December 1 – Boots Mallory, American actress (b. 1913)
- December 8 – Tris Speaker, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1888)
- December 12 – Albert Walsh, Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1900)
- December 13 – Tim Moore, American comedian (b. 1887)
- December 15 – Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
- December 21 – H. B. Warner, English actor (b. 1875)
- December 29 – Doris Humphrey, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1895)
- Physics – Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Ilya Mikhailovich Frank, and Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm
- Chemistry – Frederick Sanger
- Physiology or Medicine – George Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum, and Joshua Lederberg
- Literature – Boris Leonidovich Pasternak
- Peace – Georges Pire
- In Stephen King's novel 11/22/63, the time bubble in Al's Diner sends the protagonist Jake Epping to 11:58 AM on the morning of September 9, 1958.
- "1958: United players killed in air disaster". BBC News. February 6, 1958. Archived from the original on 17 September 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
- As of 2012. "Solar Storm Warning". Science@NASA. 2006-03-10. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
- "1958: Trunk dialling heralds cheaper calls". BBC News. May 21, 1958.
- "Hearst Castle". California State Parks. Archived from the original on 8 February 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-15.
- "Drumcliff". Sjöhistoriska Samfundet. 1999. Retrieved 2011-02-15.
- ""Notting Hill Riot Special", newsfilm online". Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Events in Telecommunications History – 1958". Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- Barnidge, Tom. 1958 Colts remember the 'Greatest Game', nfl.com, reprinted from Official Super Bowl XXXIII Game Program, accessed March 21, 2007.