1937

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This article is about the year 1937.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1900s  1910s  1920s  – 1930s –  1940s  1950s  1960s
Years: 1934 1935 193619371938 1939 1940
1937 by topic:
Subject
By country
Leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories
1937 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1937
MCMXXXVII
Ab urbe condita 2690
Armenian calendar 1386
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԶ
Assyrian calendar 6687
Bahá'í calendar 93–94
Bengali calendar 1344
Berber calendar 2887
British Regnal year Geo. 6 – 2 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2481
Burmese calendar 1299
Byzantine calendar 7445–7446
Chinese calendar 丙子(Fire Rat)
4633 or 4573
    — to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
4634 or 4574
Coptic calendar 1653–1654
Discordian calendar 3103
Ethiopian calendar 1929–1930
Hebrew calendar 5697–5698
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1993–1994
 - Shaka Samvat 1859–1860
 - Kali Yuga 5038–5039
Holocene calendar 11937
Igbo calendar 937–938
Iranian calendar 1315–1316
Islamic calendar 1355–1356
Japanese calendar Shōwa 12
(昭和12年)
Juche calendar 26
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4270
Minguo calendar ROC 26
民國26年
Thai solar calendar 2480

1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (dominical letter C), the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

January 19: Howard Hughes sets record.

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

  • August 2 – The Marihuana Tax Act Pub. 238, 75th Congress, 50 Stat. 551 (Aug. 2, 1937), is a significant bill on the path that will lead to the criminalization of cannabis. It was introduced to U.S. Congress by Commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, Harry Anslinger. (The Act is now commonly referred to using the modern spelling as the 1937 Marijuana Tax Act.)
  • August 5 – The Soviet Union commences one of the largest campaigns of the Great Purge, to "eliminate anti-Soviet elements." Within the following year, at least 724,000 people are killed[citation needed] on order of the troikas, directed by Joseph Stalin. This was an offensive that targeted social classes (such as the kulaks), ethnic or racial backgrounds which were seen as non-Russian,[citation needed] and Stalin's personal opponents from the Communist Party and their sympathizers.
  • August 6Spanish Civil War: Falangist artillery bombards Madrid.
  • August 8 – Japan occupies Beijing.
  • August 14 – The Battle of Shanghai.
  • August 26Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese aircraft attack the car carrying the ambassador of Great Britain during a raid on Shanghai.

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

January–February[edit]

March–April[edit]

May–June[edit]

July–August[edit]

September–October[edit]

November–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

  • Cathie Jung, owner of the smallest waist on a living person (measuring just 15 in.).

Deaths[edit]

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

  • Paul Behncke, German admiral (b. 1869)
  • The 300,000 Chinese in Nanking, the Capital of China.

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal.png

References[edit]

  1. ^ Journalist George Steer's report to The Times (London) connects Germany with the attack.
  2. ^ League of Nations Mandates - Palestine: Report of the Palestine Royal Commission. July 1937. Retrieved 2012-03-08. 
  3. ^ Schechtman, Joseph B. (1949). Population Transfers in Asia. New York: Hallsby Press. Retrieved 2012-03-08.