2015 Karachi bus shooting

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2015 Karachi bus shooting
Safoora, Karachi.PNG
LocationSafoora Goth, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Date13 May 2015
TargetIsmaili community
Attack type
Shooting
Deaths45+[1]
Non-fatal injuries
Dozens[1]
PerpetratorsJundallah (claimed)[2]
ISIL (claimed)[3][4]
Research and Analysis Wing
(Pakistani claim; denied by India)

On 13 May 2015, eight gunmen attacked a bus travelling in Safoora Goth, Karachi in Pakistan. The shooting left at least 46 people dead. All of the victims were of the Ismaili Shia Muslim minority, suggesting the attack was a targeted killing of sectarian nature.[1]

The banned militant group Jundallah claimed responsibility for the shooting. The gunmen hailed from Afghanistan.[5] Pamphlets supporting ISIL, with whom Jundallah claims allegiance, were also found at the crime scene.[6][7] However, the Pakistani government ruled out the connection of ISIL in the attack, stating that the group does not have a physical presence in the country.[8][9] Numerous Pakistani government and media reports have also claimed the backing of a foreign hand, mainly India's Research and Analysis Wing, behind the attack.[10][8][11][12] India has denied the allegations.[13]

Background[edit]

Attacks on the Shia Muslim community have occurred frequently over the past two years in Pakistan, with many of the attacks claimed by outlawed extremist militant groups such as Tehrik-i-Taliban, Jundallah and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, who view Shia Muslims as heretics.[1][14] A number of analysts trace the origins of sectarian violence in the country back to the Soviet war in neighbouring Afghanistan, during which armed fundamentalist groups surfaced in the region.[15]

Shooting[edit]

The passengers were all residents of Al Azhar Gardens who regularly used the bus service for transport to work, school or other places.[16] A total of six gunmen (including two disguised in police uniform) on three motorcycles stopped the bus shortly after its departure from the Safoora Chowrangi area of Karachi. The gunmen boarded the bus and opened fire, killing 45 passengers including 16 women.[17] The majority of passengers belonged to the Ismaili community, a branch of Shia Muslims who follow the Aga Khan. Ismailis tend to be a peaceful, progressive and largely non-political community in Pakistan, with notable contributions to the country's education and health sectors.[3][11] All the victims were shot in the head. Some passengers survived and were in critical condition when shifted to the hospital. According to some community members, the bus conductor, who was also hit in the head and injured, survived and drove the bus to the nearest Memon Hospital. However, others claimed he alerted another community member, who drove the bus.[16]

Perpetrators[edit]

Jundallah[edit]

Jundallah, a banned Sunni splinter militant group associated with the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, claimed responsibility for the shooting, and vowed to carry out more attacks on Shia Muslim minorities.[2][18] Jundallah, which in 2014 vowed allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, left pro-ISIL propaganda leaflets near the scene. The leaflets contained graphic language, describing the attacks as retaliation for "barbaric atrocities" in Iraq, Syria and Yemen, blaming Shi'ites,[19][20] and declaring the attack as a response to extrajudicial operations by local law enforcement agencies.[3][21] It was the first major attack in Pakistan in which pro-ISIS elements have been implicated.[22] However, the Pakistani Foreign Office ruled out the involvement of ISIL, stating "The terror outfit has no footprints in Pakistan but our security forces are alert to meet any threat".[8] The gunmen who carried out the shooting hailed from Afghanistan, and reportedly ran a small hotel business in Karachi.[10]

Allegations of RAW involvement[edit]

There have been allegations among Pakistani media and government sources of the involvement of Indian intelligence agency Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) in the attack. These allegations followed statements earlier in the month by the Pakistani military levelled against RAW for "whipping up terrorism in Pakistan."[11] A day after the attack, Foreign Secretary Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry stated that the Indian intelligence agency was creating unrest in Pakistan, adding that Pakistan would consider taking up the issue on international forums if RAW's involvement was found in the shooting.[8][23][24] Chaudhry noted the recent arrest of two suspects in Karachi involved in terrorism who had received training from RAW, adding that Pakistan had taken up the issue of state terrorism with India "a number of times" through diplomatic channels.[8][24]

RAW has been blamed by Pakistani authorities in the past, especially for its alleged involvement in the insurgency in Balochistan, via intelligence networks in neighbouring Afghanistan.[24] A Pakistan Foreign Office spokesman added that Pakistan had asked Kabul not to allow RAW "to use the Afghan soil against us."[8][25] According to Pakistan Today, initial investigations briefed to the Chief of Army Staff included the "strong possibility" of RAW involvement.[12] Another Pakistani channel, Dunya reported intelligence agencies were working on evidence regarding RAW's involvement.[26]

According to one official source, early investigations were pointing to the possible involvement of Baloch militants with RAW backing. The official disclosed that the federal government would organise a press conference to discuss evidence of RAW's involvement in terrorism.[10][27] The conference will be chaired by the Prime Minister and will be attended by top civilian, military and intelligence leaders. During the conference, evidence linked to RAW's alleged involvement in terrorism in Karachi and Balochistan will be reviewed and the government will make a decision on countering RAW's activities, as well as raising the issue internationally.[28] India's Home Minister Rajnath Singh dismissed the reports as "baseless allegations".[13] During his visit to the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) headquarters in Rawalpindi, General Raheel Sharif met the ISI director-general Lt. Gen Rizwan Akhtar, during which both officials discussed RAW's involvement. According to an Inter-Services Public Relations statement, Sharif emphasised the need for "more proactive and coordinated role of intelligence agencies for an effective counterterrorism campaign and to counter hostile agencies' moves to destabilise Pakistan."[29]

Reaction[edit]

Domestic[edit]

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, Chief Minister of Sindh Qaim Ali Shah and leaders of major political parties strongly condemned the shooting.[2] The Prime Minister declared the following day a national day of mourning during which the flag will fly at half-mast.[30] Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif cancelled his three-day visit to Sri Lanka and went to Karachi to assess the situation.[31] General Sharif also telephoned Prince Aga Khan, leader of the Ismaili community, during which he expressed his condolences, stating: "Our heart goes out for the bereaved families. No efforts will be spared to apprehend and punish the perpetrators of this terrorist act and their abettors."[32] The attack was also condemned by other notable public figures.[33][34]

Aga Khan IV, the Spiritual Leader of the Ismaili Muslims, expressed his "shock and sadness" and said that it represented a "senseless act of violence against a peaceful community".[35]

International[edit]

  •  European Union: Spokesperson in a press release condemned the shooting and expressed condolences to the families and friends of the victims.[36]
  •  India: Prime Minister Narendra Modi condemned the shooting and expressed condolence saying "the attack in Karachi is deeply saddening and utterly condemnable. Our thoughts are with the families of the deceased. We stand firmly with the people of Pakistan in this hour of grief. I wish all those injured a quick recovery."[37]
  •  Iran: Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman Marziyeh Afkham condemned the shooting saying "the objective of such terrorist attacks is to undermine unity in Pakistan." and expressed confidence that the people and government of Pakistan would safeguard stability and security in Pakistan.[38]
  •  Turkey: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in a press statement condemning the shooting, expressed condolences to the families and friends of the victims saying "We share the grief of the friendly and brotherly people of Pakistan and express once again our strong feelings of solidarity with the Government of Pakistan."[39]
  •  United States: Embassy of the United States in Pakistan issued a press release to condemn the shooting. United States ambassador to Pakistan Richard Olson was quoted as saying "The United States remains steadfast in its commitment to the people of Pakistan in their efforts to counter terrorism. We support Pakistan's efforts to bring all those involved to justice and stand ready to provide any appropriate assistance to authorities investigating this tragic attack."[40][41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Gunmen kill at least 40 in Karachi attack". BBC News. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "LIVE: 43 dead, 24 injured in bus attack on Karachi's Ismaili community". The Express Tribune. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "Dozens killed in Karachi bus attack". The Guardian. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  4. ^ "IS claims deadly attack on Karachi Shiites, first in Pakistan". Yahoo News. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  5. ^ Abbas, Munira (14 May 2015). "Safora massacre death toll rises to 45 as Ismaili community say their last goodbyes". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  6. ^ "IS claims deadly attack on Shiites in Karachi". Business Insider. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  7. ^ "IS claims deadly attack on Shiites in Karachi". France 24. 13 May 2015. Archived from the original on 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
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  9. ^ News desk (17 May 2015). "No evidence of Daesh involvement in Karachi bus attack: Sources". News International, 17 May. News International. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "Nawaz, Zardari discuss administrative changes in Sindh". The Express Tribune.
  11. ^ a b c "45 Killed as Gunmen Attack Karachi Bus". VOA. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  12. ^ a b "RAW FOOTPRINT SEEN IN ISMAILI MASSACRE". Pakistan Today.
  13. ^ a b ANI (14 May 2015). "Rajnath rubbishes Pakistan's accusations about RAW's involvement in terror attacks". Business Standard.
  14. ^ "43 killed in attack on bus carrying Ismailis in Karachi". Dawn. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  15. ^ "Anti-Ismaili attack spotlights Pakistan′s intensifying sectarian violence – Asia – DW.DE – 13.05.2015". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  16. ^ a b "Journey of a lifetime: The man who dared, the man who drove". The Express Tribune.
  17. ^ "Gunmen on Bikes Attack Karachi Bus: 43 Dead". Sky News. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  18. ^ "More than 40 people killed after gunmen from Taliban splinter group storm a bus in Pakistan and shoot victims in the head". Daily Mail. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  19. ^ Syed Raza Hassan (13 May 2015). "Blood drips from bus doors after gunmen kill 43 in Pakistan's Karachi". Reuters.
  20. ^ "LIVE UPDATES: Karachi bus attack death toll rises to 43, IS pamphlets found". arynews.tv. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  21. ^ "Islamic State militants gun down 47 Shia Ismaili Muslims in a Karachi bus". The Indian Express. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  22. ^ "ISIS Claims Deadly Attack on Shiites in Karachi". alalam.ir. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
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  25. ^ "Hostile grounds: Islamabad presses Kabul to check RAW activities". The Express Tribune.
  26. ^ "Traced calls confirm RAWs involvement in Safoora". Dunyanews.tv.
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  28. ^ "'Govt to hold high-level meeting next week to tackle RAW's activities in Pakistan'". The Express Tribune. 16 May 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  29. ^ "Destabilising Pakistan: ISI urged to counter plans of hostile agencies". The Express Tribune. 16 May 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  30. ^ "PM announces day-long mourning over Karachi attack". Daily Pakistan Global. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  31. ^ "Army chief arrives in Karachi on emergency visit". Dawn. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  32. ^ "Aga Khan shocked by attack on Ismailis". Dawn. Pakistan. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  33. ^ "Karachi Bus Attack: Celebrities condemn Karachi massacre". India.com. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  34. ^ "43 dead, eight injured in bus attack on Karachi's Ismaili community". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  35. ^ Janowski, Kris (13 May 2015). "Aga Khan Shocked and Saddened by Attack on the Ismaili Community in Pakistan" (Press release). Gouvieux, France: Aga Khan Development Network. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  36. ^ "Statement by the Spokesperson on the terrorist attack in Karachi". EU. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  37. ^ "PM Modi Condemns Karachi Attack, Says India Stands With Pakistan People". NDTV. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  38. ^ "Iran Condemns Terrorist Attack in Pakistan's Karachi". Tasnim News Agency. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  39. ^ "No: 152, 13 May 2015, Press Release Regarding the Terrorist Attack that Took Place in Karachi". MoFA Turkey. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  40. ^ "US condemns Karachi bus attack". Samaa TV. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  41. ^ "Ambassador Olson Extends Condolences to the Families of Karachi Bus Attack Victims". US in Islamabad. Archived from the original on 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.