The following is a
timeline of the history of the city of Karachi, Pakistan.
Prior to 18th century [ edit ]
18th-19th centuries [ edit ]
20th century [ edit ]
1900s-1940s [ edit ]
Independence: since 1947 [ edit ]
1950s-1990s [ edit ]
Federation of Pakistan Chamber of Commerce & Industry headquartered in city. 1951
Karachi Municipal Aquarium built. 1954
1956 - Siddique Wahab becomes mayor.
 1957 -
Karachi Development Authority,  Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, and Pakistan National Scientific Documentation Centre  established.  1958
Karachi Chamber of Commerce & Industry established. 1961
Daily News English-language newspaper begins publication.  1963
Goethe-Institut Karachi active.  1965
Pakistan Navy Engineering College active. 1968 -
Bambino Cinema opens.  1969
1971 - December:
Indo-Pakistani Naval War of 1971. 1972
Applied Economics Research Centre established at University of Karachi. 1975 -
Pakistan Naval Station Mehran (military base) commissioned. 1978
Abdul Sattar Afghani becomes mayor.  1980
City area expands to 730 square miles (from 285 square miles).
 Population: 5,180,562.
 1985 - Karachi Hilton hotel built.
1987 - VM Art Gallery founded.
Indus Valley School of Art and Architecture founded. 1990
Jinnah International Airport new terminal built. 1994 -
Daily Awam Urdu-language newspaper and Financial Post English-language newspaper begin publication.  1995 -
Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology established. 1996
Urdu-language newspaper begins publication. Daily Express Faran Mosque built.
 Population: 9,339,023.
International Defence Exhibition and Seminar begins.
Karachi Central District divided into 4 towns: Gulberg Town, Liaquatabad Town, New Karachi Town, North Nazimabad Town.
Karachi East District divided into 4 towns: Gulshan Town, Korangi Town, Landhi Town, Shah Faisal Town.
Karachi South District divided into 3 towns: Jamshed Town, Lyari Town, Saddar Town.
Karachi West District divided into 4 towns: Baldia Town, Kemari Town, Orangi Town, SITE Town.
Malir District divided into 3 towns: Bin Qasim Town, Gadap Town, Malir Town.
21st century [ edit ]
2003 - Universe Cineplex opens.
 2004 -
Karachi Dolphins cricket team formed. 2005
12 May at least 42 people killed and 140 injured in riots when CJP Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry came to address the city bar association on the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Pakistani Supreme Court.
 18 October:
Bombing of Benazir Bhutto motorcade. 
Bagh Ibne Qasim (park) inaugurated. 2008
Karachi Literature Festival begins.
English-language newspaper begins publication. Express Tribune October: Bombing.
21–22 February: Karachi Children's Literature Festival was held.
3 March: Karachi recognised as the cheapest city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Sorab K.H. Katrak (1963), Karachi: that was the capital of Sind, Karachi, OCLC 21128386
^ a b c Vernon Z. Newcombe (1960), "A Town Extension Scheme: At Karachi", Town Planning Review, 31, JSTOR 40178357
^ a b Sina Dubovoy (1996). "Karachi". In Schellinger and Salkin. International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania. UK: Routledge. p. 448+. ISBN 9781884964046.
^ a b Edward Hamilton Aitken (1907). . Karachi: Printed for government at the "Mercantile" Steam Press. Gazetteer of the Province of Sind (Index: " Karachi")
^ a b "Karaci (Kurrachee)". . Encyclopaedia of Islam 4. Leiden: E.J. Brill. 1927. OCLC 39715711.
^ a b Alexander F. Baillie (1890). . Calcutta: Thacker, Spink. Kurrachee: (Karachi) past, present and future
^ a b c Claude Markovits (2000). The global world of Indian merchants, 1750-1947: traders of Sind from Bukhara to Panama. Cambridge studies in Indian history and society. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0511018606.
^ . Calcutta: Cyclopedia Publishing Co. 1907. Cyclopedia of India
^ "About the OICCI". Karachi: Overseas Investors Chamber of Commerce & Industry . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ Ian J. Kerr (2006), Engines of Change: The Railroads That Made India, Praeger, ISBN 9780275985646
^ "Karachi", A Handbook for Travellers in India, Burma, and Ceylon (8th ed.), London: J. Murray, 1911
^ Frederick George Aflalo, ed. (1904), , London: H. Marshall & Son The Sportsman's Book for India
^ a b Edward Thornton (1886), "Karachi", in Roper Lethbridge and Arthur N. Wollaston, Gazetteer of the Territories under the Government of the Viceroy of India, London: W. H. Allen & Co., OCLC 710600
^ a b "City Historical Buildings". City District Government Karachi. Archived from the original on 4 December 2002.
^ a b c d John R. Hinnells (2005), "The Parsis of Karachi", The Zoroastrian diaspora, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 189+, ISBN 0198267592
^ "History". Karachi Zarthosti Banu Mandal . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ Sunnu Farrokh Golwalla (2002). Sands of time: history of Karachi Zarthosti Banu Mandal 1912 to 2000 and sketch of Zarathushti associations in Karachi. Karachi.
^ "Who We Are". Karachi Electric Supply Company . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ Ramachandra Guha (1998). "Cricket and Politics in Colonial India". (161). Past & Present JSTOR 651075.
^ Report on Public Instruction in the Bombay Presidency for the Year 1923–24. Bombay: Central Govt Press. 1925. (Report by M. Hesketh). p. 91
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Mayors of KMC During 20th Century". City District Government Karachi. Archived from the original on 15 June 2006.
^ "About Us". Karachi Cotton Association . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ "Club History". Rotary Club of Karachi . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ a b c d e f g h i j "Pakistan". Far East and Australasia 2003. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. p. 1160+. ISBN 9781857431339.
^ a b Leon E. Seltzer, ed. (1952), , New York: Columbia University Press, Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World OL 6112221M
^ "Think Tank Directory". Philadelphia: Foreign Policy Research Institute . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ "History". Pakistan Navy. Archived from the original on 7 July 2007 . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ "Karachi (Pakistan) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center . Retrieved . 18 August 2013
^ "Museum". City District Government Karachi. Archived from the original on 21 February 2007.
^ "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
^ John F. Burns (17 March 1995). "In a Hellish City, There's Still a Kind of Saintliness". New York Times.
^ A. Y. Al-Hassan, ed. (2001). . Different Aspects of Islamic Culture. UNESCO. Science and Technology in Islam: Technology and Applied Sciences ISBN 978-92-3-103831-0.
^ David E. Dowall (1991). "Karachi Development Authority: Failing to Get the Prices Right". Land Economics. 67. JSTOR 3146552.
^ "About PIDE". Pakistan Institute of Development Economics . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ a b Hedwig Anuar; Richard Krzys (1987). "Libraries in Asia". Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science. 42. NY: Dekker. ISBN 0824720423.
^ "50 years Goethe-Institut: Timeline". Goethe-Institut Pakistan. Goethe-Institut . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ "Bambino Cinema: Inaugurated by Ayub, destroyed by a mob". . Karachi. 23 September 2012. Express Tribune
^ "Islamic Development Bank". Organisation of Islamic Cooperation . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". . New York. pp. 253–279. Demographic Yearbook 1975
^ a b Asad Hashim (19 June 2012). "Karachi: Pakistan's bleeding heart". Al Jazeera English.
^ a b "Movie Theaters in Karachi, Pakistan". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC . Retrieved . 18 August 2013
^ Arif Hasan (2006), "Orangi Pilot Project: the expansion of work beyond Orangi and the mapping of informal settlements and infrastructure", Environment and Urbanization, 18
^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". . New York. pp. 247–289. 1985 Demographic Yearbook
^ Akmal Hussain (14 March 1987). "Karachi Riots of December 1986: Crisis of State and Civil Society in Pakistan". Economic and Political Weekly. 22. JSTOR 4376787.
^ a b "Pakistan". Art Spaces Directory. New York: New Museum . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ "Museums and Galleries in Pakistan". Islamabad: National Fund for Cultural Heritage . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ Huma Yusuf (20 June 2013). "The House That Jinnah Built". New York Times.
^ ArchNet. "Karachi". Archived from the original on October 2012.
^ "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division.
^ "Nazim Profile". City District Government Karachi. Archived from the original on 22 December 2002.
^ Syed Mohsin Naqvi (May 12, 2007). "Deadly violence erupts in Pakistan". CNN.
^ "Karachi: a volatile mix". Al Jazeera English. 20 October 2010.
^ "Theatre Academy". Arts Council of Pakistan Karachi . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ World Health Organization (2016), , Geneva Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database
^ "Karachi Literature Festival" . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ "Pakistan Profile: Timeline". BBC News . Retrieved . 17 August 2013
^ "Karachi Metropolitan Corporation". KMC Web Portal. Karachi Metropolitan Corporation . Retrieved . 21 August 2013
^ "Torrential rain and floods paralyse Karachi". BBC News. 13 September 2011.
^ "Hundreds killed in Karachi factory fire". Al Jazeera English. 13 September 2012.
^ "Karachi Literature Festival". KCLF Web Portal. Karachi Children's Literature Festival . Retrieved . 3 March 2015
^ "Karachi is World's Cheapest City". PT Web Portal. Pakistan Today Newspaper . Retrieved . 3 March 2015
^ "International conference: Experts question if Bhambhore is the historical city of Debal". The Express Tribune. 12 March 2012.
Bibliography [ edit ]
Published in 19th century [ edit ]
The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a . worldwide view of the subject (August 2013)
William Milburn; Thomas Thornton (1825). "Coasts of Persia, Scindy, and Guzerat: Crotchey". Oriental Commerce. London: Kingsbury, Parbury, and Allen.
Charles Masson (1842), "(Karachi)", Narrative of Various Journeys in Balochistan, Afghanistan, and the Panjab, London: Richard Bentley
Edward Thornton (1844), "Kurachee", A gazetteer of the countries adjacent to India on the northwest: including Sinde, Afghanistan, Beloochistan, the Punjab, and the neighbouring states, London: W.H. Allen, OCLC 6141828
"Kurrachee (Karachi, Karkalla)". Bradshaw's Hand-Book to the Bombay Presidency and North-Western Provinces of India. London: W.J. Adams. 1864.
, 1870 Record of the Kurrachee fair and exhibition of 1869
Albert William Hughes (1874). "Karachi". Gazetteer of the province of Sindh. London: George Bell & Sons.
"Karachi", Handbook of the Bombay Presidency (2nd ed.), London: J. Murray, 1881, OCLC 2094004
Edward Balfour (1885), "Karchi, or Kurachee", Cyclopaedia of India (3rd ed.), London: B. Quaritch
Published in 20th century [ edit ]
Behram Sohrab H. J. Rustomji (1952), Karachi, 1839-1947: a short history of the foundation and growth of Karachi, Karachi: Kitabistan
Herbert Feldman (1970), Karachi through a hundred years: the centenary history of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 1860-1960 (2nd ed.), Karachi: Pakistan Branch, Oxford University Press
Azimusshan Haider (1980). History of Karachi Port. Karachi.
Mohamed Amin; Duncan Willetts; Brian Tetley (1986). Karachi. Karachi: Pak American Commercial Ltd. OCLC 18529948.
Karachi Development Plan 2000, Karachi Development Authority, 1990
Soofia Mumtaz (1990), "Dynamics of Changing Ethnic Boundaries: A Case Study of Karachi", Pakistan Development Review, 29, JSTOR 41259434
I. Banga (1992). "Karachi and its Hinterland under Colonial Rule". In I. Banga. Ports and their Hinterlands in India (1700-1950). Delhi. ISBN 8185425868.
Mehtab S. Karim (1995), "Changing Demographic, Social, and Economic Conditions in Karachi City, 1959-94: A Preliminary Analysis", Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, 34, JSTOR 41259925
Yasmeen Lari; Mihail S. Lari (1996), The dual city: Karachi during the Raj, Karachi: Heritage Foundation, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195777352
Moonis Ahmar (1996). "Ethnicity and State Power in Pakistan: The Karachi Crisis". Asian Survey. 36: 1031–1048. JSTOR 2645632. doi: 10.1525/as.1996.36.10.01p0176y.
S. Akbar Zaidi (20 December 1997). "Politics, Institutions, Poverty: The Case of Karachi". Economic and Political Weekly. 32. JSTOR 4406207.
Hamida Khuhro and Anwer Mooraj, ed. (1997). Karachi: Megacity of our Times. Karachi: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195778065.
Published in 21st century [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
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