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Total population
5.9 million
(6.9% of the Philippine population)
Regions with significant populations
 Philippines (Bicol Region, CALABARZON (Quezon province only), Metro Manila)
and Worldwide
Philippine languages (Bicolano, Tagalog, Masbateño, Waray), English
Predominantly Roman Catholicism with some Protestants, and Islam
Related ethnic groups

The Bicolanos are the fifth-largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group.[1]


The provinces where Bicolanos are predominant are coloured violet.

Bicolanos live in the southeastern peninsula of Luzon, now containing the provinces of Albay, Camarines Sur, Camarines Norte, Catanduanes, Sorsogon and Masbate (although the majority of Masbate's population are Visayans). Many Bicolanos also live in the province of Quezon.


The Bicolanos number about 5,907,000.[citation needed] They are descended from the Austronesian-speaking immigrants who came from Southern China during the Iron Age. Many of Bicolanos also have Chinese, Arab, and Spanish admixtures. Most of the townsfolk have Spanish Mixtures and their language is referred to as Bicol or Bicolano. The Bicolano language is very fragmented, and its dialects are mutually incomprehensible to speakers of other Bicolano dialects. The majority of the Bicolano people are devout Roman Catholics due to the Spanish conquering the country and converting them to their religion. Catholic Mass is celebrated daily in many churches in the Bicol Region.

Culture & Traits[edit]

The Bicolano cuisine is primarily noted for the prominent use of chili peppers and gata (coconut milk) in its food. A classic example is the gulay na lada, known outside the region as Bicol Express, a well-loved dish using siling labuyo (native small chillies) and the aforementioned gata.

Like their other neighboring regions, Bicolanas are also expected to lend a hand in household work. They are even anticipated to offer assistance after being married. On the other hand, Bicolano men are expected to assume the role of becoming the primary source of income and financial support of his family.


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 11, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2014. 

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