List of protected areas of the Philippines

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Map of the Philippine archipelago

This is a list of protected areas of the Philippines administered by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources' Biodiversity Management Bureau under the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act of 1992. As of 2012, there are 240 protected areas in the Philippines covering a total area of 35,700 square kilometres (13,800 sq mi) – 11.9% of the Philippines' total land area.[1]

History[edit]

The first important legislation that formed the basis of the current system of national parks and protected areas in the Philippines is the Philippine Commission Act No. 648 enacted in 1903 by the US Congress. This act authorized the Civil Governor to "reserve for civil public purposes, and from sale or settlement, any part of the public domain not appropriated by law for special public purposes."[2]

A total of eight national reserves had been established on July 26, 1904 pursuant to this law. These are: Lamao Forest Reserve in Bataan, Mariquina Reserve in Rizal, Angat River Reserve in Bulacan, Caliraya Falls Reserve in Laguna, La Carlota Reserve in Negros Occidental, San Ramon Reserve in Zamboanga, Magalang Reserve in Pampanga, and Hacienda San Antonio in Isabela.[3] In the same year, the Forest Act of 1904 (Act No. 1148) was adopted that expanded the scope of protected areas in the Philippines.[4] Among the first of such mountain forest reserves to be declared was Mount Maquiling declared on November 21, 1910.[5]

On February 1, 1932, the National Parks Act (Act No. 3195) was enacted that formally established the national parks system in the country.[6] Mount Arayat became the first national park in the Philippines established on June 27, 1933 following this act.

A series of acts and legislations were passed in the next decades that aimed to further strengthen these policies, including the Revised Forestry Code of 1975 (Presidential Decree No. 705) and Forest Administrative Order No. 7. Following the 1987 Constitution, the National Integrated Protected Areas System Act was enacted which further enhanced the administration and classification of protected areas, and broadened the mandate of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources in enforcing its provisions.

Classification[edit]

Protected areas in the Philippines are managed according to the following classifications described in Section 4 of the National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of 1992 (NIPAS Act).

National Parks[edit]

National parks refer to forest reservations essentially of natural wilderness character which have been withdrawn from settlement, occupancy or any form of exploitation except in conformity with approved management plan and set aside as such exclusively to conserve the area or preserve the scenery, the natural and historic objects, wild animals and plants therein and to provide enjoyment of these features in such areas.

Natural Parks[edit]

Natural parks are relatively large areas not materially altered by human activity where extractive resource uses are not allowed and maintained to protect outstanding natural and scenic areas of national or international significance for scientific, educational and recreational use.

     World Heritage Site or part of a World Heritage Site

Name Area Established Location
Apo Reef 15,792.00 ha
(39,022.9 acres)
1996 Occidental Mindoro
Balinsasayao Twin Lakes 8,016.05 ha
(19,808.1 acres)
2000 Negros Oriental
Bicol 5,201.00 ha
(12,852.0 acres)
2000
Bongsanglay 244.72 ha
(604.7 acres)
2000 Masbate
Bulusan Volcano 3,672.00 ha
(9,073.7 acres)
2000 Sorsogon
Kalbario-Patapat 3,800.00 ha
(9,390.0 acres)
2007 Ilocos Norte
Lake Danao 2,193.00 ha
(5,419.0 acres)
1998 Leyte
Mahagnao Volcano 635.00 ha
(1,569.1 acres)
1998 Leyte
Mayon Volcano 5,775.70 ha
(14,272.1 acres)
2000 Albay
Mount Apo 54,974.87 ha
(135,845.9 acres)
1936
Mount Balatukan Range 8,423.00 ha
(20,813.7 acres)
2007 Misamis Oriental
Mount Guiting-Guiting 15,265.48 ha
(37,721.8 acres)
1996 Romblon
Mount Inayawan Range 3,632.74 ha
(8,976.7 acres)
2007 Lanao del Norte
Mount Isarog 10,112.35 ha
(24,988.2 acres)
2002 Camarines Sur
Mount Kalatungan Range 21,247.73 ha
(52,504.3 acres)
2000 Bukidnon
Mount Kanlaon 24,388.00 ha
(60,264.1 acres)
1997
Mount Kitanglad Range 31,235.19 ha
(77,183.8 acres)
1996 Bukidnon
Mount Malindang 34,694.00 ha
(85,730.7 acres)
2002 Misamis Occidental
Northern Negros 80,454.50 ha
(198,807.4 acres)
2002 Negros Occidental
Northern Sierra Madre 359,486.00 ha
(888,309.3 acres)
1997 Isabela
Northwest Panay Peninsula 12,009.29 ha
(29,675.6 acres)
2002
Pasonanca 12,107.00 ha
(29,917.0 acres)
1999 Zamboanga del Sur
Samar Island 333,300.00 ha
(823,602.2 acres)
2003 Eastern Visayas
Sibalom 5,511.47 ha
(13,619.1 acres)
2000 Antique
Tubbataha Reef 97,030.00 ha
(239,766.4 acres)
2010 Palawan

Natural Monuments[edit]

A natural monument is a relatively small area focused on protection of small features to protect or preserve nationally significant natural features on account of their special interest or unique characteristics.

Name Area Established Location
Bessang Pass 693.32 ha
(1,713.2 acres)
2000 Ilocos Sur
Chocolate Hills 14,145.00 ha
(34,953.1 acres)
1997 Bohol
Salinas 6,675.56 ha
(16,495.7 acres)
2000 Nueva Vizcaya
Timpoong and Hibok-Hibok 2,227.62 ha
(5,504.6 acres)
2004 Camiguin

Protected Landscape[edit]

Protected landscapes/seascapes are areas of national significance which are characterized by the harmonious interaction of man and land while providing opportunities for public enjoyment through recreation and tourism within the normal lifestyle and economic activity of these areas.

Name Area Established Location
Aliwagwag 10,491.33 ha
(25,924.6 acres)
2011
Amro River 6,471.08 ha
(15,990.4 acres)
2000 Aurora
Baganga 114.88 ha
(283.9 acres)
2000 Davao Oriental
Bigbiga 135.71 ha
(335.3 acres)
2000 Ilocos Sur
Buenavista 284.27 ha
(702.4 acres)
2000 Quezon
Calbayog Pan-as–Hayiban 7,832.00 ha
(19,353.3 acres)
1998 Samar
Casecnan 88,846.80 ha
(219,545.2 acres)
2000
Central Cebu 29,062.00 ha
(71,813.8 acres)
2003 Cebu
Dinadiawan River 3,371.33 ha
(8,330.7 acres)
2000 Aurora
Hinulugang Taktak 3.20 ha
(7.9 acres)
2000 Rizal
José Rizal Memorial 439.00 ha
(1,084.8 acres)
2000 Zamboanga del Norte
Libunao 46.70 ha
(115.4 acres)
2000 Ilocos Sur
Lidlidda 1,157.44 ha
(2,860.1 acres)
2000 Ilocos Sur
Magapit 3,403.62 ha
(8,410.5 acres)
2000 Cagayan
Mainit Hot Springs 1,374.00 ha
(3,395.2 acres)
2000 Compostela Valley
Manleluag Spring 1,935.17 ha
(4,781.9 acres)
2004 Pangasinan
Mati 914.26 ha
(2,259.2 acres)
2005 Davao Oriental
Maulawin Spring 149.01 ha
(368.2 acres)
2000 Quezon
Mimbilisan 66.00 ha
(163.1 acres)
1999 Misamis Oriental
Mounts Banahaw–San Cristobal 10,900.59 ha
(26,935.9 acres)
2009
Mount Mantalingajan 120,457.00 ha
(297,655.7 acres)
2009 Palawan
Mount Matutum 15,600.00 ha
(38,548.4 acres)
1995 South Cotabato
Mounts Palay-Palay–Mataas-na-Gulod 3,973.13 ha
(9,817.8 acres)
2007
Mount Timolan 1,994.80 ha
(4,929.3 acres)
2000 Zamboanga del Sur
Pamitinan 600.00 ha
(1,482.6 acres)
1996 Rizal
Quezon 938.00 ha
(2,317.8 acres)
2003 Quezon
Quirino 164,364.46 ha
(406,153.4 acres)
2005 Quirino
Rajah Sikatuna 10,452.60 ha
(25,828.9 acres)
2000 Bohol
Roosevelt 786.04 ha
(1,942.3 acres)
2000 Bataan
Santa Lucia 174.16 ha
(430.4 acres)
2000 Ilocos Sur
Simbahan-Talagas 2,266.49 ha
(5,600.6 acres)
2000 Aurora
Taal Volcano 62,292.14 ha
(153,927.2 acres)
1996 Batangas
Talaytay 3,526.29 ha
(8,713.7 acres)
2000 Aurora
Upper Marikina River Basin 26,125.64 ha
(64,557.9 acres)
2011 Rizal

Protected Landscape and Seascape[edit]

Name Area Established Location
Agoo–Damortis 10,513.30 ha
(25,978.9 acres)
2000 La Union
Alburquerque-Loay-Loboc 1,164.16 ha
(2,876.7 acres)
1999 Bohol
Aliguay Island 1,191.89 ha
(2,945.2 acres)
1999 Zamboanga del Norte
Apo Island 691.45 ha
(1,708.6 acres)
1994 Negros Oriental
Baliangao 295.00 ha
(729.0 acres)
2000 Misamis Occidental
Batanes 213,578.00 ha
(527,762.7 acres)
1994 Batanes
Biri Larosa 33,492.00 ha
(82,760.5 acres)
2000 Northern Samar
Cuatro Islas 12,500.00 ha
(30,888.2 acres)
2000 Leyte
Dumanquilas Bay 25,948.00 ha
(64,118.9 acres)
1999 Zamboanga del Sur
Great and Little Santa Cruz Islands 1,877.00 ha
(4,638.2 acres)
2000 Zamboanga del Sur
Guiuan 60,448.00 ha
(149,370.3 acres)
1994 Eastern Samar
Initao–Libertad 1,300.78 ha
(3,214.3 acres)
2002 Misamis Oriental
Mabini 6,106.00 ha
(15,088.3 acres)
2000 Compostela Valley
Malabungot 120.62 ha
(298.1 acres)
2000 Camarines Sur
Malampaya Sound 200,115.00 ha
(494,494.9 acres)
2000 Palawan
Murcielagos Island 151.00 ha
(373.1 acres)
2000 Zamboanga del Norte
Peñablanca 118,781.58 ha
(293,515.7 acres)
2003 Cagayan
Pujada Bay 21,200.00 ha
(52,386.3 acres)
1994 Davao Oriental
Selinog Island 1,294.35 ha
(3,198.4 acres)
2000 Zamboanga del Norte
Siargao Island 278,914.13 ha
(689,211.8 acres)
1996 Surigao del Norte
Talibon Islands 6,456.87 ha
(15,955.3 acres)
1999 Bohol

Protected Seascape[edit]

Name Area Established Location
Panglao Island 385.67 ha
(953.0 acres)
2003 Bohol
Sarangani Bay 215,950.00 ha
(533,624.1 acres)
1996 Sarangani
Tañon Strait 450.00 ha
(1,112.0 acres)
1998

Game Refuge and Bird Sanctuaries[edit]

Strict nature reserve is an area possessing some outstanding ecosystem, features and/or species of flora and fauna of national scientific importance maintained to protect nature and maintain processes in an undisturbed state in order to have ecologically representative examples of the natural environment available for scientific study, environmental monitoring, education, and for the maintenance of genetic resources in a dynamic and evolutionary state.

Name Area Established Location
Calauit Safari Park 3,400.00 ha
(8,401.6 acres)
1976 Palawan
Calavite and FB Harrison 121,983.81 ha
(301,428.6 acres)
1920 Occidental Mindoro
Lake Buluan 6,300.00 ha
(15,567.6 acres)
2006 Cotabato
Lake Malimanga 12.35 ha
(30.5 acres)
1980 Zambales
Olango Island 920.00 ha
(2,273.4 acres)
1992 Cebu
Palawan 761,416.00 ha
(1,881,499.9 acres)
1967 Palawan

Resource Reserves[edit]

Resource reserve is an extensive and relatively isolated and uninhabited area normally with difficult access designated as such to protect natural resources of the area for future use and prevent or contain development activities that could affect the resource pending the establishment of objectives which are based upon appropriate knowledge and planning.

Name Area Established Location
Siocon 793.74 ha
(1,961.4 acres)
1999 Zamboanga del Norte
Upper Agno River Basin 77,561.00 ha
(191,657.4 acres)
2000

Managed Resource Protected Areas[edit]

Name Area Established Location
El Nido Managed Resource Protected Area 89,134.76 ha
(220,256.8 acres)
1998 Palawan

Marine Reserves[edit]

Name Area Established Location
Masinloc and Oyon Bay 7,568.00 ha
(18,700.9 acres)
1993 Zambales
Palaui Island 7,415.48 ha
(18,324.1 acres)
1994 Cagayan
Sagay 32,000.00 ha
(79,073.7 acres)
2001 Negros Occidental
Taklong Island 1,143.45 ha
(2,825.5 acres)
1990 Guimaras

Watershed Forest Reserves[edit]

Name Area Established Location
Aklan River 23,185.00 ha
(57,291.4 acres)
1990 Aklan
Alabat 688.00 ha
(1,700.1 acres)
1987 Quezon
Alijawan-Cansuhay-Anibongan River 3,630.00 ha
(8,969.9 acres)
1992 Bohol
Allah Valley 92,450.00 ha
(228,448.9 acres)
1985 South Cotabato
Angat Watershed 6,600.00 ha
(16,309.0 acres)
1968 Bulacan
Aurora 430.00 ha
(1,062.6 acres)
1936 Aurora
Bawa 8,955.00 ha
(22,128.3 acres)
1987 Cagayan
Binahaan River 465.00 ha
(1,149.0 acres)
1991 Quezon
Calabgan 4,803.00 ha
(11,868.5 acres)
1992 Aurora
Calatrava-San Andres-San Agustin 2,670.00 ha
(6,597.7 acres)
1982 Romblon
Calauag 328.00 ha
(810.5 acres)
1939 Quezon
Capalonga 752.00 ha
(1,858.2 acres)
1966 Camarines Norte
Catanduanes 26,010.00 ha
(64,272.1 acres)
1987 Catanduanes
Dahican 44.00 ha
(108.7 acres)
1933 Camarines Norte
Dalanas River 8,558.00 ha
(21,147.3 acres)
1990 Antique
Dibalo-Pingit-Zabali-Malayat 4,528.00 ha
(11,188.9 acres)
1992 Aurora
Dipaculao 1,786.00 ha
(4,413.3 acres)
1987 Aurora
Doña Remedios-General Tinio 20,760.00 ha
(51,299.1 acres)
1988
Dupax 424.80 ha
(1,049.7 acres)
1934 Nueva Vizcaya
Ilocos Norte Metro 2,815.00 ha
(6,956.0 acres)
1934 Ilocos Norte
Ilog-Hilabangan 10,211.00 ha
(25,231.9 acres)
1990 Negros Occidental
Infanta 384.00 ha
(948.9 acres)
1967 Quezon
Jalaur River 9,228.00 ha
(22,802.9 acres)
1990 Iloilo
Kabankalan 432.00 ha
(1,067.5 acres)
1991 Negros Occidental
Lake Lanao 180,460.00 ha
(445,926.4 acres)
1992 Lanao del Sur
Libungan 52,820.00 ha
(130,521.1 acres)
1990 Cotabato
Loboc River 19,410.00 ha
(47,963.2 acres)
1953 Bohol
Lopez 418.00 ha
(1,032.9 acres)
1940 Quezon
Lower Agno 39,304.00 ha
(97,122.3 acres)
1983 Benguet
Maasin 6,150.00 ha
(15,197.0 acres)
1923 Iloilo
Mahugunao 136.00 ha
(336.1 acres)
1932 Misamis Oriental
Malagos 235.00 ha
(580.7 acres)
1933 Davao del Sur
Marcos Highway 6,105.00 ha
(15,085.8 acres)
1978 Benguet
Mariveles (Palanas) 325.00 ha
(803.1 acres)
1919 Bataan
Mulanay 26.00 ha
(64.2 acres)
1938 Quezon
Naguilian 90.00 ha
(222.4 acres)
1936 La Union
Olongapo (Palanas) 6,335.00 ha
(15,654.1 acres)
1987 Zambales
Palawan 4,776.00 ha
(11,801.8 acres)
1982 Palawan
Palompon 2,392.00 ha
(5,910.8 acres)
1988 Leyte
Panay River 4,350.00 ha
(10,749.1 acres)
1990 Capiz
Pantabangan–Carranglan Watershed 84,500.00 ha
(208,804.0 acres)
1969 Nueva Ecija
Polillo 130.00 ha
(321.2 acres)
1966 Quezon
Santa 25.00 ha
(61.8 acres)
1935 Ilocos Sur
South Upi 1,894.20 ha
(4,680.7 acres)
1987 Maguindanao
Talavera 37,156.00 ha
(91,814.5 acres)
1938
Tanap 41.00 ha
(101.3 acres)
1971 Ilocos Norte
Tibiang-Damagandong 280.00 ha
(691.9 acres)
1938 Quezon
Torrijos 105.00 ha
(259.5 acres)
1932 Marinduque
Tumauini 17,670.00 ha
(43,663.5 acres)
1994 Isabela
Wangag 6,992.00 ha
(17,277.6 acres)
1987 Cagayan

Natural Biotic Areas[edit]

Natural biotic area is an area set aside to allow the way of life of societies living in harmony with the environment to adapt to modem technology at their pace.

Name Area Established Location
Abasig-Matogdon-Mananap 5,420.12 ha
(13,393.4 acres)
2000 Camarines Norte
Basilan 4,497.00 ha
(11,112.3 acres)
2000 Basilan
Buug 1,095.00 ha
(2,705.8 acres)
1998 Zamboanga del Sur
Lagonoy 444.60 ha
(1,098.6 acres)
2000 Camarines Sur

Wildlife Sanctuaries[edit]

Wildlife sanctuary comprises an area which assures the natural conditions necessary to protect nationally significant species, groups of species, biotic communities or physical features of the environment where these may require specific human manipulation for the perpetuation.

     World Heritage Site or part of a World Heritage Site

Name Area Established Location
Agusan Marsh 14,835.99 ha
(36,660.5 acres)
1996 Agusan del Sur
Chico Island 7.77 ha
(19.2 acres)
2000 Masbate
Marinduque 8,827.96 ha
(21,814.4 acres)
2004 Marinduque
Mount Calavite 18,016.19 ha
(44,519.0 acres)
2000 Occidental Mindoro
Mount Hamiguitan Range 6,834.00 ha
(16,887.2 acres)
2004 Davao Oriental
Naro Island 109.98 ha
(271.8 acres)
2000 Masbate
Rasa Island 1,983.00 ha
(4,900.1 acres)
2006 Palawan
Turtle Islands 242,967.00 ha
(600,384.5 acres)
1999 Tawi-Tawi

Wilderness Areas[edit]

Name Area Established Location
Alibijaban 430.00 ha
(1,062.6 acres)
1981 Quezon
Awasan Bay Islands 1981 Surigao del Norte
Bantayan Island 1981 Cebu
Basot-Quinalang-Malabungot Islands 185.38 ha
(458.1 acres)
1981 Camarines Sur
Caniago Strait Islands 210.00 ha
(518.9 acres)
1981 Bohol
Cebu Strait Islands 34.00 ha
(84.0 acres)
1981 Bohol
Dampalit Island 1981 Masbate
Guinauyan-Naro-Chico-Pobre Islands 23.25 ha
(57.5 acres)
1981 Masbate
Isabela
Monte Alto Timber Resource Corp.
1,985.00 ha
(4,905.0 acres)
1987 Isabela
Majaba-Napayuan Islands 18.00 ha
(44.5 acres)
1981 Masbate
Panag Bay Islands 1981 Surigao del Norte
Rasa Island 1981 Surigao del Norte

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Establishing and Managing Protected Areas". DENR-Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Act No. 648". PhilippineLaw.info. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Executive orders and proclamations issued by the governor-general. (1904)". University of Michigan Library. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Act No. 1148". Chan Robles. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Mount Makiling marks centennial". BusinessMirror. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "Act No. 3915 - National Parks Act of 1932". Chan Robles. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 

External links[edit]