Bihar Legislative Assembly

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Bihar Legislative Assembly
15th Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Uday Narayan ChoudharyJD(U)
Since 1 Dec, 2010
Deputy Speaker
Abdul Bari SiddiquiRJD
Since 22 May, 2014
Leader of Assembly
Nitish KumarJD(U)
Since 20 May 2014
Leader of Opposition
Amarendra Pratap SinghBJP
Since 18 August 2013
Seats 243
Political groups

JD(U) (101)
BJP (88)
HAM (18)
[1] RJD (24)
INC (5)
CPI (1)

Independent (5)[2]
Last election
21 October to 20 November 2010
Meeting place
The Bihar State Assembly

The Bihar Vidhan Sabha (Hindi: बिहार विधानसभा), also known as the Bihar Legislative Assembly, is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Bihar.


Bihar Legislative Assembly came into existence in 1937. The Assembly had a strength of 152 members. According to the provisions of the Constitution of India, the first General Elections in the state were held in 1952. The total strength of membership in the Assembly was 331, including one nominated member. Dr Sri krishna Singh became the first Leader of the house and the Chief Minister and Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha was elected the first deputy leader of the assembly and became state's first Deputy Chief Minister. It was reduced to 318 during the second General Elections. In 1977, the total number of elected members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was further raised from 318 to 324. With the creation of a separate State of Jharkhand, by an Act of Parliament titled the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members. The current Nitish Kumar government is a minority, powered by the Congress, RJD and CPI to majority status.


Bihar Legislative Assembly is not a permanent body and subject to dissolution. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first sitting unless dissolved sooner. Members of the Legislative assembly are directly elected by the people.

There are three sessions (Budget, Monsoon, Winter) every year.

Current assembly[edit]

Current assembly elections were held in the year Oct–Nov 2010. Following is the final seat tally:

e • d Summary of the Bihar Vidhan Sabha election result
Party Seats contested Seats won Seat change Efficiency Vote share Swing
Janata Dal (United) 141 115 Increase27 81.56% 22.61% 2.15%
Bharatiya Janata Party 102 91 Increase36 89.22% 16.46% .81%
Rashtriya Janata Dal 168 22 Decrease32 13.10% 18.84% -4.61%
Lok Janshakti Party 75 3 Decrease7 4% 6.75% -4.35%
Indian National Congress 243 4 Decrease5 1.65% 8.38% 2.29%
Communist Party of India 56 1 Decrease2 1.79% 1.69% -.40%
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 41 1 Increase1 2.44%
Independent 1342 6 Decrease4  ?
NDA 243 206 Increase63 84.77% 39.07% 2.96%
Total 243
Turnout: 29,017,537 (52.71%)
Source: Election Commission of India

In the by-elections held in 2014 in 10 seats NDA (BJP+LJP+RLSP) won 4 and the mega alliance of RJD+JDU+INC+NCP won 6.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]