Saran district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Saran district
सारण ज़िला
District of Bihar
Location of Saran district in Bihar
Location of Saran district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Saran
Headquarters Chhapra
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Saran, Maharajganj
 • Assembly seats Ekma, Manjhi, Baniapur, Taraiya, Marhaura, Chapra, Garkha, Amnour, Parsa, Sonepur
 • Total 2,641 km2 (1,020 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,943,098
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 • Literacy 72.57 per cent
 • Sex ratio 949
Major highways NH 28B, NH 85, NH 101, NH 102, NH 19
Website Official website

Saran District is one of the thirty-seven districts of Bihar state, India. The district, part of Saran Division, is also known as Chhapra district after the headquarters of the district - Chhapra. Hathwa Raj was a zamindar in the Saran Division of Bihar belonging to Bhumihar Brahmins, which encompassed 1,365 villages, was inhabited by more than 391,000 people, and produced an annual rental of almost a million rupees.[1]


Saran district occupies an area of 2,641 square kilometres (1,020 sq mi),[2] equivalent to Drenthe province in the Netherlands.


It is one of the 38 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]


According to the 2011 census Saran district has a population of 3,943,098,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[5] or the US state of Oregon.[6] This gives it a ranking of 60th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 1,493 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,870/sq mi).[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.37%.[4] Saran has a sex ratio of 949 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 68.57%.[4]

  • Population: Total: 2572980 Rural: 2338624 Urban: 234356
  • S.C. Population: Total: 301306 Rural: 277217 Urban: 24089
  • S.T. Population: Total: 3231 Rural: 2945 Urban: 286


Languages include Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Bihari language group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.[7]


Sub Divisions[edit]

Saran District comprises three Sub-divisions:

  • Blocks: Chapra, Manjhi, Dighwara, Rivilganj, Parsa, Baniapur, Amnaur, Taraiya, Sonepur, Garkha, Ekma, Dariyapur, Jalalpur, Marhaura, Masarakh, Maker, Nagra, Panapur, Eisuapur, Lahladpur, Jantabazar


A. Govt. Educational Institutions

1. Jai Prakash University 2. Rajendra College 3. Ram Jaipal College 4. Jagdam College 5. Polytechnic college, Marhurah 6. ITI Marhurah 7. Zila School 8. Rajendra Collegiate

B. Industrial Institutions

1. Saran Engineering, Marhurah 2. Saran Ditillary, Marhurah 3. Sugar Mill, Marhurah 4. Mortern Mill, Marhurah 5. Rail Wheel Factory, Daryapur 6. Rail Coach Factory, Sonpur 7. Locomotive Diesel Engine Factory, Marhurah


Saran district is very rich in cultural activities. Cultural festivals are organised in Sonepur during the month of Kartik.

Notable personalities[edit]


  1. ^ Yang, Anand A. (1999). Bazaar India: Markets, Society, and the Colonial State in Bihar. University of California Press. pp. 305 (at page 69). ISBN 978-0-520-21100-1. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est. 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Oregon 3,831,074 
  7. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°55′N 84°45′E / 25.917°N 84.750°E / 25.917; 84.750