COVID-19 pandemic death rates by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article contains the current number of confirmed COVID-19 deaths per population by country. It also has cumulative death totals by country. For these numbers over time see the tables, graphs, and maps at COVID-19 pandemic deaths and COVID-19 pandemic by country and territory.

This data is for entire populations, and does not reflect the differences in rates relative to different age groups. For example, in the United States as of 27 April 2021, the reported case fatality ratios were 0.015%, 0.15%, 2.3%, and 17% for the age groups 0–17, 18–49, 50–74, and 75 or over, respectively.[1]

Data reliability[edit]

Variation between testing programmes worldwide results in different ascertainment rates per country: not every SARS-CoV-2 infection, nor every COVID-19-related death, will be identified, while on the other hand some deaths may be wrongly attributed to COVID (for example if all suspected COVID deaths are counted as Covid deaths, as Belgium was doing in September 2020, or when for several months after April 2020, England reported all deaths after a positive COVID-19 test "in order to be sure not to underestimate the number of COVID-19 related deaths", while Scotland reported all deaths within 28 days of such a positive test).[2][3] Therefore, the true numbers of infections and deaths[clarification needed] will exceed the observed (confirmed) numbers everywhere, though the extent will vary by country.[4] These statistics are therefore less suitable for between-country comparisons. As deaths are easier to identify than infections (which are regularly asymptomatic), the true case fatality rate (CFR) is likely lower than the observed CFR.

Causes of variation in true CFRs between countries, include variations in age and overall health of the population, medical care, and classification of deaths.[5]

Excess mortality statistics provide a more reliable estimate of all COVID-19-related mortality during the pandemic, though they include both "direct COVID-19 and indirect, non-COVID-19 deaths".[6] They compare overall mortality with that of previous years, and as such also include the potentially vast number of deaths among people with unconfirmed COVID-19. Data from Russia illustrates how the true death rates from COVID-19 can be far higher than visible from confirmed COVID-19 deaths: in December 2020, based on overall excess mortality during the year, total COVID-19 deaths in Russia were estimated to be over 186,000,[7] while confirmed COVID-19 deaths were at 56,271.[8] For the Netherlands, based on overall excess mortality, an estimated 20,000 people died from COVID-19 in 2020,[9] while only the death of 11,525 identified COVID-19 cases was registered.[8] The official count of COVID-19 deaths as of December 2021 is slightly more than 5.4 million, according to World Health Organization's report in May 2022. WHO also said that the real numbers are far higher than the official tally because of unregistered deaths in countries without adequate reporting.[10]

Table of total cases, deaths, and death rates by country[edit]

Note: Table is automatically updated daily.[note 1] Data source is Our World in Data.[note 2][note 3]

Updated February 4, 2023.
COVID-19 pandemic cases and mortality by country[11]
Country Deaths / million Deaths Cases
World[a] 857 6,839,949 671,413,690
Peru 6,432 219,012 4,482,120
Bulgaria 5,630 38,184 1,295,563
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,028 16,259 401,412
Hungary 4,883 48,677 2,192,448
North Macedonia 4,604 9,641 346,533
Georgia 4,522 16,934 1,815,871
Montenegro 4,460 2,797 286,449
Croatia 4,438 17,888 1,267,798
Czech Republic 4,033 42,323 4,590,969
Slovakia 3,712 20,952 2,661,149
Moldova 3,652 11,953 598,673
San Marino 3,621 122 23,427
Lithuania 3,472 9,550 1,297,546
Romania 3,437 67,576 3,325,006
Gibraltar 3,396 111 20,399
Latvia 3,371 6,239 975,403
Greece 3,348 34,779 5,548,487
Slovenia 3,330 7,060 1,322,282
United States 3,285 1,111,485 102,586,687
Chile 3,257 63,859 5,124,971
Brazil 3,238 697,353 36,866,283
United Kingdom 3,212 216,887 24,293,752
Italy 3,172 187,272 25,488,166
Armenia 3,135 8,717 446,008
Ukraine 2,997 119,018 5,682,496
Poland 2,979 118,743 6,382,155
Paraguay 2,924 19,830 806,662
Belgium 2,881 33,582 4,695,403
Argentina 2,865 130,421 10,037,135
Trinidad and Tobago 2,825 4,326 187,908
Colombia 2,742 142,244 6,355,135
European Union[b] 2,683 1,208,055 183,080,152
Russia 2,675 387,239 21,668,261
Aruba 2,639 281 43,993
Mexico 2,606 332,393 7,381,305
Serbia 2,577 17,713 2,473,599
Portugal 2,534 26,033 5,564,254
Spain 2,496 118,712 13,740,531
Bermuda 2,460 158 18,771
Austria 2,431 21,736 5,794,162
France 2,424 164,435 39,576,514
Tunisia 2,371 29,308 1,150,356
Saint Lucia 2,273 409 29,803
Suriname 2,265 1,400 82,227
Liechtenstein 2,261 89 21,359
Uruguay 2,223 7,609 1,032,710
Sweden 2,222 23,448 2,694,893
Estonia 2,195 2,912 613,903
French Polynesia 2,118 649 77,957
Andorra 2,066 165 47,850
British Virgin Islands 2,042 64 7,305
Bahamas 2,031 833 37,491
Barbados 2,027 571 106,157
Ecuador 1,996 35,942 1,052,007
Germany 1,992 166,128 37,822,577
Lebanon 1,966 10,794 1,229,251
Panama 1,949 8,596 1,029,701
Grenada 1,897 238 19,680
Luxembourg 1,869 1,211 314,882
Bolivia 1,828 22,350 1,189,102
Montserrat 1,812 8 1,403
Kosovo 1,797 3,204 272,595
Monaco 1,781 65 16,063
Hong Kong 1,780 13,333 2,876,106
Costa Rica 1,767 9,158 1,186,176
South Africa 1,712 102,595 4,056,701
Belize 1,697 688 70,660
Republic of Ireland 1,695 8,515 1,700,817
Iran 1,634 144,754 7,564,614
Switzerland 1,629 14,244 4,407,915
Seychelles 1,605 172 50,665
Guyana 1,601 1,295 72,984
Namibia 1,592 4,088 170,741
Finland 1,577 8,739 1,459,198
Curaçao 1,574 301 45,986
Antigua and Barbuda 1,556 146 9,106
Malta 1,545 824 117,062
Caribbean Netherlands 1,515 41 11,794
Cyprus 1,440 1,291 644,160
Denmark 1,388 8,165 3,400,280
Isle of Man 1,372 116 38,008
Canada 1,318 50,704 4,570,310
Netherlands 1,314 23,081 8,594,544
Israel 1,291 12,203 4,787,626
Albania 1,265 3,596 334,203
Jordan 1,251 14,122 1,746,997
Jamaica 1,232 3,484 153,629
Turkey 1,189 101,492 17,042,722
Eswatini 1,183 1,422 74,133
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1,183 123 9,585
Guatemala 1,127 20,120 1,229,173
Malaysia 1,088 36,942 5,037,582
Palestine 1,087 5,708 703,228
New Caledonia 1,082 314 79,981
Botswana 1,064 2,800 329,227
Honduras 1,064 11,104 470,940
Bahrain 1,048 1,544 700,835
Dominica 1,017 74 15,760
Oman 1,011 4,628 399,449
Kazakhstan 982 19,065 1,496,549
Azerbaijan 974 10,094 828,042
Saint Kitts and Nevis 964 46 6,592
Fiji 949 883 68,848
Norway 945 5,137 1,478,002
Libya 944 6,437 507,162
Turks and Caicos Islands 831 38 6,537
Mauritius 802 1,043 294,602
Sri Lanka 770 16,828 671,995
Cuba 760 8,530 1,112,470
Anguilla 755 12 3,904
Belarus 746 7,118 994,037
Australia 719 18,828 11,312,904
Cabo Verde 696 413 63,229
Taiwan 692 16,535 9,622,129
El Salvador 667 4,230 201,785
South Korea 647 33,574 30,243,393
Mongolia 628 2,136 1,007,874
Wallis and Futuna 603 7 3,427
Kuwait 602 2,570 662,858
Maldives 593 311 185,715
Indonesia 583 160,826 6,730,778
Iraq 570 25,375 2,465,545
Philippines 569 65,824 4,073,706
Japan 556 69,041 32,695,807
Cayman Islands 538 37 31,472
Iceland 533 199 208,688
Faroe Islands 527 28 34,658
Federated States of Micronesia 507 58 22,676
Brunei 501 225 276,067
Palau 497 9 5,986
New Zealand 477 2,477 2,183,102
Thailand 472 33,865 4,726,984
Kyrgyzstan 451 2,991 206,592
Vietnam 439 43,186 11,526,542
Morocco 435 16,296 1,272,267
Marshall Islands 408 17 15,584
Nepal 393 12,020 1,001,106
Dominican Republic 390 4,384 660,095
India 374 530,745 44,684,475
Greenland 371 21 11,971
Myanmar 359 19,490 633,837
Zimbabwe 346 5,658 262,324
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 339 2 3,452
Sao Tome and Principe 338 77 6,280
Lesotho 313 723 34,790
Singapore 305 1,722 2,218,508
Saudi Arabia 263 9,578 828,106
Qatar 254 686 492,595
United Arab Emirates 248 2,348 1,049,640
Egypt 223 24,806 515,645
Solomon Islands 211 153 24,575
Mauritania 210 997 63,665
Venezuela 206 5,845 551,601
Zambia 202 4,049 341,397
Comoros 192 161 8,992
Afghanistan 191 7,891 208,669
Cambodia 182 3,056 138,695
Macau 174 121 3,495
Bangladesh 171 29,443 2,037,588
Djibouti 168 189 15,690
Algeria 153 6,881 271,394
Syria 143 3,164 57,453
Gambia 137 372 12,586
Kiribati 137 18 5,008
Malawi 131 2,686 88,559
Samoa 130 29 16,087
Pakistan 129 30,640 1,576,343
Gabon 128 306 48,981
Tonga 121 13 16,779
Cook Islands 117 2 7,019
Senegal 113 1,971 88,902
Equatorial Guinea 109 183 17,190
Sudan 106 5,008 63,754
Rwanda 106 1,468 133,090
Kenya 105 5,688 342,817
Timor-Leste 102 138 23,415
Laos 100 758 217,987
Guinea-Bissau 83 176 8,947
Nauru 78 1 4,621
Somalia 77 1,361 27,318
Uganda 76 3,630 170,400
Haiti 74 860 34,076
Cameroon 70 1,965 123,993
Mozambique 67 2,233 231,994
Papua New Guinea 66 670 46,750
Republic of the Congo 64 388 25,375
Yemen 64 2,159 11,945
Ethiopia 61 7,572 499,623
China[c] 59 84,190 2,023,904
Liberia 55 294 8,062
Angola 54 1,931 105,184
Madagascar 47 1,419 67,827
Uzbekistan 47 1,637 250,622
Ghana 43 1,462 171,112
Vanuatu 42 14 12,014
Nicaragua 35 245 15,592
Guinea 33 467 38,240
Mali 32 743 32,786
Togo 32 290 39,355
Ivory Coast 29 833 87,997
Eritrea 27 103 10,189
Bhutan 26 21 62,605
Central African Republic 20 113 15,368
Burkina Faso 17 396 22,025
Democratic Republic of the Congo 14 1,463 95,514
Sierra Leone 14 126 7,760
Nigeria 14 3,155 266,463
Tanzania 12 846 42,664
South Sudan 12 138 18,368
Tajikistan 12 125 17,786
Benin 12 163 27,989
Niger 12 315 9,508
Chad 10 194 7,652
Burundi 2 38 53,492
North Korea 0 6 1
Falkland Islands 1,930
Tuvalu 2,805
Vatican City 0 29
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 2,166
Tokelau 0 0
Turkmenistan 0 0
  1. ^ Countries which do not report data for a column are not included in that column's world total.
  2. ^ Data on member states of the European Union are individually listed, but are also summed here for convenience. They are not double-counted in world totals.
  3. ^ Does not include special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau) or Taiwan.


Map of death rates[edit]

Total confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million people by country:[12][note 3][note 4]

See date at top of map.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The table this note applies to is updated daily by a bot. For more info see Template:COVID-19 data/Cite.
  2. ^ Our World in Data (OWID). See Coronavirus Source Data for OWID sourcing info. Excerpt: "Deaths and cases: our data source. Our World in Data relies on data from Johns Hopkins University. ... JHU updates its data multiple times each day. This data is sourced from governments, national and subnational agencies across the world — a full list of data sources for each country is published on Johns Hopkins GitHub site. It also makes its data publicly available there."
  3. ^ a b "CSSEGISandData/COVID-19". GitHub. 5 August 2022. COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University. The CSV files are downloaded via the "Raw" links. The "Raw" link doesn't show up until you click the csv file link. This opens into a GitHub page with the data and the "Raw" link. See How to Use our Data for more info and links. See: Pandemic Data Initiative. See more sourcing history and info.
  4. ^ Our World in Data (OWID) maps and graphs on cases and deaths. Click on the download tab to download the image. The table tab has a table of the exact data by country. The source tab says the data is from the COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University. The image at the source is interactive and provides more detail. For example, for maps run your cursor over the color bar legend to see the countries that apply to that point in the legend. For graphs run your cursor over the graph for more info. See Coronavirus Source Data for more OWID sourcing info.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Demographic Trends of COVID-19 cases and deaths in the US reported to CDC". 2021-04-27.
  2. ^ John Newton (12 August 2020). "Behind the headlines: Counting COVID-19 deaths". UK Health Security Agency. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  3. ^ Beaney, Thomas; Clarke, Jonathan M; Jain, Vageesh; Golestaneh, Amelia Kataria; Lyons, Gemma; Salman, David; Majeed, Azeem (2020). "Excess mortality: the gold standard in measuring the impact of COVID-19 worldwide?". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 113 (9): 329–334. doi:10.1177/0141076820956802. ISSN 0141-0768. PMC 7488823. PMID 32910871. Russia's case definition for a COVID-19 death, for example, relies solely on results from autopsy, unlike most European countries.6 Death must have been due directly to COVID-19, so it is not counted if a patient was found to have COVID-19 but it did not cause their death.6,7 This will lead to significant underreporting, especially as Russia has one of the highest numbers of COVID-19 cases worldwide and yet has a case fatality rate of only 1.7% as of 31 July 2020.3 Spain's definition requires a positive polymerase chain reaction or antibody test for COVID-19, with only hospital deaths included in the death count despite a significant number of deaths from COVID-19 in the community and care homes.8,9 Belgium, by contrast, has one of the broadest definitions for a COVID-19 death, including all suspected cases. Care home deaths in Belgium account for around half of all excess deaths, but only 26% of care home deaths were confirmed (rather than suspected) COVID-19,10 leading to possible overcounting relative to other countries.11
  4. ^ Verity, Robert (March 30, 2020). "Estimates of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019: a model-based analysis". The Lancet. Infectious Diseases. 20 (6): 669–677. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30243-7. PMC 7158570. PMID 32240634.
  5. ^ Aravindan, John Geddie (18 September 2020). "Why is Singapore's COVID-19 death rate the world's lowest". Reuters.
  6. ^ Beaney, Thomas; Clarke, Jonathan M; Jain, Vageesh; Golestaneh, Amelia Kataria; Lyons, Gemma; Salman, David; Majeed, Azeem (2020). "Excess mortality: the gold standard in measuring the impact of COVID-19 worldwide?". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 113 (9): 329–334. doi:10.1177/0141076820956802. ISSN 0141-0768. PMC 7488823. PMID 32910871. Under the assumption that the incidence of other diseases remains steady over time, then excess deaths can be viewed as those caused both directly and indirectly by COVID-19 and gives a summary measure of the 'whole system' impact. ... Despite this, when seeking to understand the full impact of deaths due to COVID-19 and explain why excess deaths vary, there is a need to distinguish the component parts – of direct COVID-19 and indirect, non-COVID-19 deaths.
  7. ^ Agence France-Presse (December 28, 2020). "Russia admits to world's third-worst Covid-19 death toll". The Guardian.
  8. ^ a b "COVID-19 Data Explorer". Our World in Data.
  9. ^ "CBS: afgelopen jaar ruim 20.000 coronadoden". nos.nl (in Dutch). 7 April 2021.
  10. ^ Rigby, Jennifer (2022-05-05). "Almost three times as many died as a result of COVID than officially reported - WHO". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  11. ^ Ritchie, Hannah; Mathieu, Edouard; Rodés-Guirao, Lucas; Appel, Cameron; Giattino, Charlie; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Hasell, Joe; Macdonald, Bobbie; Beltekian, Diana; Dattani, Saloni; Roser, Max (2020–2022). "Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19)". Our World in Data. Retrieved 2023-02-04.
  12. ^ World map of cumulative confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million people. From Our World in Data.

External links[edit]