COVID-19 pandemic death rates by country

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This article contains the current number of confirmed COVID-19 deaths per population by country. It also has cumulative death totals by country. For these numbers over time see the tables, graphs, and maps at COVID-19 pandemic deaths and COVID-19 pandemic by country and territory.

This data is for entire populations, and does not reflect the differences in rates relative to different age groups. For example, in the United States as of 27 April 2021, the reported case fatality ratios are 0.015%, 0.15%, 2.3%, and 17% for the age groups 0–17, 18–49, 50–74, and 75 or over, respectively.[1]

Data reliability[edit]

Variation between testing programmes worldwide results in different ascertainment rates per country: not every SARS-CoV-2 infection, nor every COVID-19-related death, will be identified, while on the other hand some deaths may be wrongly attributed to COVID (for example if all suspected COVID deaths are counted as Covid deaths, as Belgium was doing in September 2020, or when for several months after April 2020, England reported all deaths after a positive COVID-19 test "in order to be sure not to underestimate the number of COVID-19 related deaths", while Scotland reported all deaths within 28 days of such a positive test).[2][3] Therefore, the true numbers of infections and deaths[clarification needed] will exceed the observed (confirmed) numbers everywhere, though the extent will vary by country.[4] These statistics are therefore less suitable for between-country comparisons. As deaths are easier to identify than infections (which are regularly asymptomatic), the true case fatality rate (CFR) is likely lower than the observed CFR.

Causes of variation in true CFRs between countries, include variations in age and overall health of the population, medical care, and classification of deaths.[5]

Excess mortality statistics provide a more reliable estimate of all COVID-19-related mortality during the pandemic, though they include both "direct COVID-19 and indirect, non-COVID-19 deaths".[6] They compare overall mortality with that of previous years, and as such also include the potentially vast number of deaths among people with unconfirmed COVID-19. Data from Russia illustrates how the true death rates from COVID-19 can be far higher than visible from confirmed COVID-19 deaths: in December 2020, based on overall excess mortality during the year, total COVID-19 deaths in Russia were estimated to be over 186,000,[7] while confirmed COVID-19 deaths were at 56,271.[8] For the Netherlands, based on overall excess mortality, an estimated 20,000 people died from COVID-19 in 2020,[9] while only the death of 11,525 identified COVID-19 cases was registered.[8] The official count of COVID-19 deaths as of December 2021 is slightly more than 5.4 million, according to World Health Organization's report in May 2022. WHO also said that the real numbers are far higher than the official tally because of unregistered deaths in countries without adequate reporting.[10]

Table of total cases, deaths, and death rates by country[edit]

Note: Table is automatically updated daily.[note 1] Data source is Our World in Data.[note 2][note 3]

Updated August 8, 2022.
COVID-19 pandemic cases and mortality by country[11]
Country Deaths / million Deaths Cases
World[a] 811 6,418,044 584,590,338
Peru 6,364 214,588 3,961,513
Bulgaria 5,436 37,435 1,217,565
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,861 15,902 387,803
Hungary 4,828 46,886 1,987,321
Georgia 4,488 16,869 1,698,020
North Macedonia 4,463 9,388 330,755
Montenegro 4,387 2,755 265,184
Croatia 4,039 16,401 1,193,298
Czech Republic 3,859 40,566 3,999,651
Moldova 3,798 11,630 541,715
Slovakia 3,714 20,236 2,580,748
San Marino 3,496 118 20,007
Romania 3,423 66,179 3,115,992
Lithuania 3,307 9,218 1,191,888
Gibraltar 3,244 106 19,999
Brazil 3,172 679,996 34,018,371
Slovenia 3,171 6,721 1,093,584
Latvia 3,149 5,901 871,181
Armenia 3,093 8,635 426,799
Chile 3,067 59,800 4,306,955
United States 3,066 1,033,556 92,112,922
Poland 3,045 116,660 6,094,269
Greece 3,003 31,377 4,474,616
Italy 2,922 173,136 21,313,427
Paraguay 2,877 19,289 710,890
Argentina 2,858 129,440 9,602,534
Belgium 2,781 32,296 4,437,299
United Kingdom 2,753 185,247 23,457,428
Colombia 2,738 141,075 6,278,998
Ukraine 2,675 116,485 5,298,881
Trinidad and Tobago 2,666 4,068 173,006
Mexico 2,591 328,320 6,857,470
Russia 2,584 374,983 18,440,314
European Union[b] 2,511 1,124,009 160,903,333
Portugal 2,396 24,664 5,359,624
Serbia 2,380 16,356 2,164,435
Tunisia 2,373 29,105 1,134,660
Spain 2,339 111,094 13,266,184
Bermuda 2,305 148 17,356
Austria 2,287 20,411 4,821,763
France 2,263 152,606 34,086,302
Suriname 2,251 1,380 80,982
Liechtenstein 2,202 86 18,805
Uruguay 2,164 7,415 971,728
Saint Lucia 2,154 387 28,161
French Polynesia 2,134 649 75,819
Aruba 2,121 226 42,286
British Virgin Islands 2,024 63 7,131
Bahamas 2,015 822 36,812
Ecuador 2,012 35,811 975,234
Estonia 1,977 2,628 591,377
Andorra 1,948 154 45,793
Panama 1,936 8,425 954,369
Lebanon 1,886 10,548 1,186,920
Grenada 1,877 234 18,845
Sweden 1,856 19,433 2,545,671
Bolivia 1,829 22,095 1,064,405
Montserrat 1,811 8 1,077
Kosovo 1,782 3,176 261,304
Barbados 1,781 501 94,963
Luxembourg 1,744 1,115 284,931
Germany 1,736 144,858 31,228,322
South Africa 1,717 101,982 4,004,555
Belize 1,699 680 67,424
Costa Rica 1,698 8,754 1,044,385
Monaco 1,662 61 14,174
Iran 1,620 142,461 7,440,422
Namibia 1,609 4,072 169,253
Switzerland 1,601 13,918 3,972,622
Guyana 1,579 1,271 70,152
Seychelles 1,577 168 45,540
Antigua and Barbuda 1,544 144 8,787
Republic of Ireland 1,544 7,700 1,647,605
Malta 1,509 795 113,246
Curaçao 1,481 282 45,127
Caribbean Netherlands 1,385 37 10,897
Isle of Man 1,352 114 37,794
Netherlands 1,291 22,598 8,360,416
Cyprus 1,275 1,143 568,383
Hong Kong 1,272 9,540 1,385,242
Jordan 1,263 14,083 1,715,296
Albania 1,248 3,563 317,514
Israel 1,230 11,436 4,600,994
Eswatini 1,190 1,419 73,305
Turkey 1,175 99,678 16,295,817
Denmark 1,144 6,701 3,240,454
Jamaica 1,134 3,207 147,189
Canada 1,131 43,158 4,117,788
Palestine 1,108 5,688 691,065
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1,102 115 9,390
New Caledonia 1,091 314 71,073
Guatemala 1,086 19,124 1,057,289
Malaysia 1,073 36,026 4,708,552
Botswana 1,070 2,772 325,724
Honduras 1,064 10,945 445,271
Bahrain 1,032 1,511 662,814
Oman 1,023 4,628 396,722
Kazakhstan 991 19,025 1,456,527
Saint Kitts and Nevis 966 46 6,477
Libya 955 6,433 505,350
Finland 948 5,251 1,218,216
Azerbaijan 946 9,760 801,939
Fiji 945 874 67,805
Dominica 939 68 14,852
Turks and Caicos Islands 797 36 6,328
Mauritius 781 1,015 248,720
Sri Lanka 761 16,586 666,764
Cuba 757 8,529 1,108,827
Belarus 743 7,118 994,037
Cabo Verde 697 410 62,207
Norway 670 3,623 1,456,960
El Salvador 667 4,213 190,818
Anguilla 634 10 3,620
Mongolia 633 2,121 954,305
Kuwait 602 2,562 655,854
Wallis and Futuna 602 7 761
Maldives 588 307 184,485
Iraq 581 25,325 2,450,637
Indonesia 573 157,095 6,244,978
Philippines 533 60,807 3,803,955
Faroe Islands 529 28 34,658
Brunei 505 225 211,157
South Korea 487 25,292 20,544,420
Iceland 483 179 202,831
Australia 475 12,335 9,656,089
Kyrgyzstan 458 2,991 203,776
Vietnam 442 43,094 11,347,518
Thailand 441 31,630 4,607,451
Morocco 438 16,257 1,262,622
Cayman Islands 425 29 29,419
Nepal 398 11,971 990,127
Dominican Republic 394 4,384 632,655
Taiwan 386 9,229 4,738,861
India 374 526,689 44,145,709
Greenland 373 21 11,971
Myanmar 361 19,434 614,198
Zimbabwe 349 5,584 256,447
Sao Tome and Principe 336 75 6,115
Palau 332 6 5,308
New Zealand 319 1,638 1,660,402
Lesotho 307 702 34,040
Singapore 282 1,539 1,759,575
Japan 270 33,694 14,285,593
Saudi Arabia 257 9,261 811,034
Qatar 253 681 414,310
United Arab Emirates 249 2,337 998,714
Egypt 226 24,775 515,645
Solomon Islands 216 153 21,544
Mauritania 214 992 62,657
Zambia 206 4,016 331,358
Venezuela 204 5,768 538,435
Comoros 194 160 8,340
Afghanistan 193 7,752 187,442
Cambodia 184 3,056 137,021
Bangladesh 173 29,304 2,007,335
Djibouti 170 189 15,690
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 169 1 3,112
Algeria 155 6,878 268,254
Syria 147 3,150 56,464
Federated States of Micronesia 141 16 6,691
Gambia 139 368 12,149
Malawi 134 2,670 87,627
Samoa 132 29 15,405
Pakistan 131 30,508 1,559,829
Gabon 130 306 48,511
Senegal 116 1,968 87,615
Tonga 113 12 12,836
Equatorial Guinea 111 183 16,776
Rwanda 108 1,466 132,299
Sudan 108 4,958 63,074
Kenya 107 5,672 337,853
Laos 101 757 211,842
Timor-Leste 101 134 23,036
Kiribati 100 13 3,430
Guinea-Bissau 84 174 8,440
Somalia 79 1,361 27,020
Uganda 79 3,628 169,396
Haiti 73 838 32,464
Cameroon 70 1,931 120,215
Mozambique 69 2,216 229,755
Papua New Guinea 66 663 44,800
Republic of the Congo 66 386 24,775
Yemen 65 2,152 11,895
Ethiopia 62 7,569 492,491
Cook Islands 58 1 6,129
Liberia 56 294 7,548
Angola 55 1,917 102,636
Madagascar 48 1,409 66,557
Uzbekistan 48 1,637 243,328
Ghana 44 1,458 168,306
Vanuatu 43 14 11,731
Nicaragua 35 244 14,807
Mali 33 739 31,236
Guinea 32 445 37,408
Togo 32 281 38,192
Ivory Coast 29 811 85,712
Eritrea 28 103 10,118
Bhutan 27 21 60,530
Central African Republic 20 113 14,781
Burkina Faso 17 387 21,128
Sierra Leone 14 125 7,737
Nigeria 14 3,147 261,885
Democratic Republic of the Congo 14 1,390 92,173
Tanzania 13 841 37,865
South Sudan 12 138 17,780
Tajikistan 12 125 17,786
Benin 12 163 27,316
Niger 12 311 9,119
Chad 11 193 7,437
Macau 8 6 791
China[c] 3 5,226 909,736
Burundi 3 38 47,008
North Korea 0 6 1
Falkland Islands 1,847
Vatican City 0 29
Marshall Islands 70
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 4
  1. ^ Countries which do not report data for a column are not included in that column's world total.
  2. ^ Data on member states of the European Union are individually listed, but are also summed here for convenience. They are not double-counted in world totals.
  3. ^ Does not include special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau) or Taiwan.


Map of death rates[edit]

Total confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million people by country:[12][note 3][note 4]

See date of latest upload at Commons source.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The table this note applies to is updated daily by a bot. For more info see Template:COVID-19 data/Cite.
  2. ^ Our World in Data (OWID). See Coronavirus Source Data for OWID sourcing info. Excerpt: "Deaths and cases: our data source. Our World in Data relies on data from Johns Hopkins University. ... JHU updates its data multiple times each day. This data is sourced from governments, national and subnational agencies across the world — a full list of data sources for each country is published on Johns Hopkins GitHub site. It also makes its data publicly available there."
  3. ^ a b "CSSEGISandData/COVID-19". GitHub. 5 August 2022. COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University. The CSV files are downloaded via the "Raw" links. The "Raw" link doesn't show up until you click the csv file link. This opens into a GitHub page with the data and the "Raw" link. See How to Use our Data for more info and links. See: Pandemic Data Initiative. See more sourcing history and info.
  4. ^ Our World in Data (OWID) maps and graphs on cases and deaths. Click on the download tab to download the image. The table tab has a table of the exact data by country. The source tab says the data is from the COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University. The image at the source is interactive and provides more detail. For example, for maps run your cursor over the color bar legend to see the countries that apply to that point in the legend. For graphs run your cursor over the graph for more info. See Coronavirus Source Data for more OWID sourcing info.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Demographic Trends of COVID-19 cases and deaths in the US reported to CDC". 2021-04-27.
  2. ^ John Newton (12 August 2020). "Behind the headlines: Counting COVID-19 deaths". UK Health Security Agency. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  3. ^ Beaney, Thomas; Clarke, Jonathan M; Jain, Vageesh; Golestaneh, Amelia Kataria; Lyons, Gemma; Salman, David; Majeed, Azeem (2020). "Excess mortality: the gold standard in measuring the impact of COVID-19 worldwide?". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 113 (9): 329–334. doi:10.1177/0141076820956802. ISSN 0141-0768. PMC 7488823. PMID 32910871. Russia's case definition for a COVID-19 death, for example, relies solely on results from autopsy, unlike most European countries.6 Death must have been due directly to COVID-19, so it is not counted if a patient was found to have COVID-19 but it did not cause their death.6,7 This will lead to significant underreporting, especially as Russia has one of the highest numbers of COVID-19 cases worldwide and yet has a case fatality rate of only 1.7% as of 31 July 2020.3 Spain's definition requires a positive polymerase chain reaction or antibody test for COVID-19, with only hospital deaths included in the death count despite a significant number of deaths from COVID-19 in the community and care homes.8,9 Belgium, by contrast, has one of the broadest definitions for a COVID-19 death, including all suspected cases. Care home deaths in Belgium account for around half of all excess deaths, but only 26% of care home deaths were confirmed (rather than suspected) COVID-19,10 leading to possible overcounting relative to other countries.11
  4. ^ Verity, Robert (March 30, 2020). "Estimates of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019: a model-based analysis". The Lancet. Infectious Diseases. 20 (6): 669–677. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30243-7. PMC 7158570. PMID 32240634.
  5. ^ Aravindan, John Geddie (18 September 2020). "Why is Singapore's COVID-19 death rate the world's lowest". Reuters.
  6. ^ Beaney, Thomas; Clarke, Jonathan M; Jain, Vageesh; Golestaneh, Amelia Kataria; Lyons, Gemma; Salman, David; Majeed, Azeem (2020). "Excess mortality: the gold standard in measuring the impact of COVID-19 worldwide?". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 113 (9): 329–334. doi:10.1177/0141076820956802. ISSN 0141-0768. PMC 7488823. PMID 32910871. Under the assumption that the incidence of other diseases remains steady over time, then excess deaths can be viewed as those caused both directly and indirectly by COVID-19 and gives a summary measure of the 'whole system' impact. ... Despite this, when seeking to understand the full impact of deaths due to COVID-19 and explain why excess deaths vary, there is a need to distinguish the component parts – of direct COVID-19 and indirect, non-COVID-19 deaths.
  7. ^ Agence France-Presse (December 28, 2020). "Russia admits to world's third-worst Covid-19 death toll". The Guardian.
  8. ^ a b "COVID-19 Data Explorer". Our World in Data.
  9. ^ "CBS: afgelopen jaar ruim 20.000 coronadoden". nos.nl (in Dutch). 7 April 2021.
  10. ^ Rigby, Jennifer (2022-05-05). "Almost three times as many died as a result of COVID than officially reported - WHO". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  11. ^ Ritchie, Hannah; Mathieu, Edouard; Rodés-Guirao, Lucas; Appel, Cameron; Giattino, Charlie; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Hasell, Joe; Macdonald, Bobbie; Beltekian, Diana; Dattani, Saloni; Roser, Max (2020–2022). "Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19)". Our World in Data. Retrieved 2022-08-08.
  12. ^ World map of cumulative confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million people. From Our World in Data.

External links[edit]