COVID-19 pandemic in Russia

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COVID-19 pandemic in Russia
COVID-19 outbreak cases per capita in Russia.svg
Confirmed cases per million by federal subjects
as of 24 March 2021
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Russia (Density).svg
Total confirmed cases by federal subjects
as of 24 March 2021
COVID-19 outbreak total deaths per capita in Russia.svg
Confirmed deaths per million by federal subjects
as of 24 March 2021
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationRussia
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseTyumen and Chita (global)
Moscow (local)
Arrival date31 January 2020
Confirmed cases7,274,928[1][2][a]
Recovered6,498,682[1][2][a]
Deaths
198,218 (Ministry of Health)[1][2]
316,793 (Rosstat)[3]
Fatality rate2.72%
Government website
стопкоронавирус.рф

The COVID-19 pandemic in Russia is part of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have spread to Russia on 31 January 2020, when two Chinese citizens in Tyumen (Siberia) and Chita (Russian Far East) tested positive for the virus, with both cases being contained. Early prevention measures included restricting the border with China and extensive testing. The infection spread from Italy on 2 March, leading to additional measures such as cancelling events, closing schools, theatres, and museums, as well as shutting the border and declaring a non-working period which, after two extensions, lasted until 11 May 2020. By the end of March 2020, the vast majority of federal subjects, including Moscow, had imposed lockdowns. By 17 April 2020, cases had been confirmed in all federal subjects. At the beginning of September 2020, the number of COVID-19 cases in Russia reached a million. The number of COVID-19 cases in the country also reached two million on 19 November 2020, three million on 26 December 2020, four million on 10 February 2021 and five million on 23 May 2021. At the end of 2020, there were nearly 3.2 million COVID-19 cases in Russia. On 3 April 2021, the number of COVID-19 deaths in the country reached 100,000.

Russia has the fourth-highest number of confirmed cases in the world after the United States, India, and Brazil. According to detailed data published by the Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), 114,268 people with COVID-19 died between April and November 2020.[4][5] However, over 300,000 excess deaths[6] were reported in the same time period, suggesting that the official tally has greatly underestimated the total number of deaths.[7][8]

Timeline[edit]

COVID-19 cases in Russia  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
2020202020212021
JanJanFebFebMarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSepOctOctNovNovDecDec
JanJanFebFebMarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSep
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-01-31 2(n.a.)
2(=)
2020-02-12 2(=)
2(=)
2020-03-02 3(+1)
3(=)
2020-03-05 4(+1)
2020-03-06 10(+6)
2020-03-07 14(+4)
2020-03-08 17(+3)
2020-03-09 20(+3)
2020-03-10 20(=)
2020-03-11 28(+8)
2020-03-12 34(+6)
2020-03-13 45(+11)
2020-03-14 59(+14)
2020-03-15 63(+4)
2020-03-16 93(+30)
2020-03-17 114(+21)
2020-03-18
147(+33)
2020-03-19
199(+52)
2020-03-20
253(+54)
2020-03-21
306(+53)
2020-03-22
367(+61)
2020-03-23
438(+71)
2020-03-24
495(+57)
2020-03-25
658(+163)
2020-03-26
840(+182) 2(n.a.)
2020-03-27
1,036(+196) 3(+1)
2020-03-28
1,264(+228) 4(+1)
2020-03-29
1,534(+270) 8(+4)
2020-03-30
1,836(+302) 9(+1)
2020-03-31
2,337(+501) 17(+8)
2020-04-01
2,777(+440) 24(+7)
2020-04-02
3,548(+771) 30(+6)
2020-04-03
4,149(+601) 34(+4)
2020-04-04
4,731(+582) 43(+9)
2020-04-05
5,389(+658) 45(+2)
2020-04-06
6,343(+954) 47(+2)
2020-04-07
7,497(+1,154) 58(+11)
2020-04-08
8,672(+1,175) 63(+5)
2020-04-09
10,131(+1,459) 76(+13)
2020-04-10
11,917(+1,786) 94(+18)
2020-04-11
13,584(+1,667) 106(+12)
2020-04-12
15,770(+2,186) 130(+24)
2020-04-13
18,328(+2,558) 148(+18)
2020-04-14
21,102(+2,774) 170(+22)
2020-04-15
24,490(+3,388) 198(+28)
2020-04-16
27,938(+3,448) 232(+34)
2020-04-17
32,008(+4,070) 273(+41)
2020-04-18
36,793(+4,785) 313(+40)
2020-04-19
42,853(+6,060) 361(+48)
2020-04-20
47,121(+4,268) 405(+44)
2020-04-21
52,763(+5,642) 456(+51)
2020-04-22
57,999(+5,236) 513(+57)
2020-04-23
62,773(+4,774) 555(+42)
2020-04-24
68,622(+5,849) 615(+60)
2020-04-25
74,588(+5,966) 681(+66)
2020-04-26
80,949(+6,361) 747(+66)
2020-04-27
87,147(+6,198) 794(+47)
2020-04-28
93,558(+6,411) 867(+73)
2020-04-29
99,399(+5,841) 972(+105)
2020-04-30
106,498(+7,099) 1,073(+101)
2020-05-01
114,431(+7,933) 1,169(+96)
2020-05-02
124,054(+9,623) 1,222(+53)
2020-05-03
134,687(+10,633) 1,280(+58)
2020-05-04
145,268(+10,581) 1,356(+76)
2020-05-05
155,370(+10,102) 1,451(+95)
2020-05-06
165,929(+10,559) 1,537(+86)
2020-05-07
177,160(+11,231) 1,625(+88)
2020-05-08
187,859(+10,699) 1,723(+98)
2020-05-09
198,676(+10,817) 1,827(+104)
2020-05-10
209,688(+11,012) 1,915(+88)
2020-05-11
221,344(+11,656) 2,009(+94)
2020-05-12
232,243(+10,899) 2,116(+107)
2020-05-13
242,271(+10,028) 2,212(+96)
2020-05-14
252,245(+9,974) 2,305(+93)
2020-05-15
262,843(+10,598) 2,418(+113)
2020-05-16
272,043(+9,200) 2,537(+119)
2020-05-17
281,752(+9,709) 2,631(+94)
2020-05-18
290,678(+8,926) 2,722(+91)
2020-05-19
299,941(+9,263) 2,837(+115)
2020-05-20
308,705(+8,764) 2,972(+135)
2020-05-21
317,554(+8,849) 3,099(+127)
2020-05-22
326,448(+8,894) 3,249(+150)
2020-05-23
335,882(+9,434) 3,388(+139)
2020-05-24
344,481(+8,599) 3,541(+153)
2020-05-25
353,427(+8,946) 3,633(+92)
2020-05-26
362,342(+8,915) 3,807(+174)
2020-05-27
370,680(+8,338) 3,968(+161)
2020-05-28
379,051(+8,371) 4,142(+174)
2020-05-29
387,623(+8,572) 4,374(+232)
2020-05-30
396,575(+8,952) 4,555(+181)
2020-05-31
405,843(+9,268) 4,693(+138)
2020-06-01
414,878(+9,035) 4,855(+162)
2020-06-02
423,741(+8,863) 5,037(+182)
2020-06-03
432,277(+8,536) 5,215(+178)
2020-06-04
441,108(+8,831) 5,384(+169)
2020-06-05
449,834(+8,726) 5,528(+144)
2020-06-06
458,689(+8,855) 5,725(+197)
2020-06-07
467,673(+8,984) 5,859(+134)
2020-06-08
476,658(+8,985) 5,971(+112)
2020-06-09
485,253(+8,595) 6,142(+171)
2020-06-10
493,657(+8,404) 6,358(+216)
2020-06-11
502,436(+8,779) 6,532(+174)
2020-06-12
511,423(+8,987) 6,715(+183)
2020-06-13
520,129(+8,706) 6,829(+114)
2020-06-14
528,964(+8,835) 6,948(+119)
2020-06-15
537,210(+8,246) 7,091(+143)
2020-06-16
545,458(+8,248) 7,284(+193)
2020-06-17
553,301(+7,843) 7,478(+194)
2020-06-18
561,091(+7,790) 7,660(+182)
2020-06-19
569,063(+7,972) 7,841(+181)
2020-06-20
576,952(+7,889) 8,002(+161)
2020-06-21
584,680(+7,728) 8,111(+109)
2020-06-22
592,280(+7,600) 8,206(+95)
2020-06-23
599,705(+7,425) 8,359(+153)
2020-06-24
606,881(+7,176) 8,513(+154)
2020-06-25
613,994(+7,113) 8,605(+92)
2020-06-26
620,794(+6,800) 8,781(+176)
2020-06-27
627,646(+6,852) 8,969(+188)
2020-06-28
634,437(+6,791) 9,073(+104)
2020-06-29
641,156(+6,719) 9,166(+93)
2020-06-30
647,849(+6,693) 9,320(+154)
2020-07-01
654,405(+6,556) 9,536(+216)
2020-07-02
661,165(+6,760) 9,683(+147)
2020-07-03
667,883(+6,718) 9,859(+176)
2020-07-04
674,515(+6,632) 10,027(+168)
2020-07-05
681,251(+6,736) 10,161(+134)
2020-07-06
687,862(+6,611) 10,296(+135)
2020-07-07
694,230(+6,368) 10,494(+198)
2020-07-08
700,792(+6,562) 10,667(+173)
2020-07-09
707,301(+6,509) 10,843(+176)
2020-07-10
713,936(+6,635) 11,017(+174)
2020-07-11
720,547(+6,611) 11,205(+188)
2020-07-12
727,162(+6,615) 11,335(+130)
2020-07-13
733,699(+6,537) 11,439(+104)
2020-07-14
739,947(+6,248) 11,614(+175)
2020-07-15
746,369(+6,422) 11,770(+156)
2020-07-16
752,797(+6,428) 11,937(+167)
2020-07-17
759,203(+6,406) 12,123(+186)
2020-07-18
765,437(+6,234) 12,247(+124)
2020-07-19
771,546(+6,109) 12,342(+95)
2020-07-20
777,486(+5,940) 12,427(+85)
2020-07-21
783,328(+5,842) 12,580(+153)
2020-07-22
789,190(+5,862) 12,745(+165)
2020-07-23
795,038(+5,848) 12,892(+147)
2020-07-24
800,849(+5,811) 13,046(+154)
2020-07-25
806,720(+5,871) 13,192(+146)
2020-07-26
812,485(+5,765) 13,269(+77)
2020-07-27
818,120(+5,635) 13,354(+85)
2020-07-28
823,515(+5,395) 13,504(+150)
2020-07-29
828,990(+5,475) 13,673(+169)
2020-07-30
834,499(+5,509) 13,802(+129)
2020-07-31
839,981(+5,482) 13,963(+161)
2020-08-01
845,443(+5,462) 14,058(+95)
2020-08-02
850,870(+5,427) 14,128(+70)
2020-08-03
856,264(+5,394) 14,207(+79)
2020-08-04
861,423(+5,159) 14,351(+144)
2020-08-05
866,627(+5,204) 14,490(+139)
2020-08-06
871,894(+5,267) 14,606(+116)
2020-08-07
877,135(+5,241) 14,725(+119)
2020-08-08
882,347(+5,212) 14,854(+129)
2020-08-09
887,536(+5,189) 14,931(+77)
2020-08-10
892,654(+5,118) 15,001(+70)
2020-08-11
897,599(+4,945) 15,131(+130)
2020-08-12
902,701(+5,102) 15,260(+129)
2020-08-13
907,758(+5,057) 15,384(+124)
2020-08-14
912,823(+5,065) 15,498(+114)
2020-08-15
917,884(+5,061) 15,617(+119)
2020-08-16
922,853(+4,969) 15,685(+68)
2020-08-17
927,745(+4,892) 15,740(+55)
2020-08-18
932,493(+4,748) 15,872(+132)
2020-08-19
937,321(+4,828) 15,989(+117)
2020-08-20
942,106(+4,785) 16,099(+110)
2020-08-21
946,976(+4,870) 16,189(+90)
2020-08-22
951,897(+4,921) 16,310(+121)
2020-08-23
956,749(+4,852) 16,383(+73)
2020-08-24
961,493(+4,744) 16,448(+65)
2020-08-25
966,189(+4,696) 16,568(+120)
2020-08-26
970,865(+4,676) 16,683(+115)
2020-08-27
975,576(+4,711) 16,804(+121)
2020-08-28
980,405(+4,829) 16,914(+110)
2020-08-29
985,346(+4,941) 17,025(+111)
2020-08-30
990,326(+4,980) 17,093(+68)
2020-08-31
995,319(+4,993) 17,176(+83)
2020-09-01
1,000,048(+4,729) 17,299(+123)
2020-09-02
1,005,000(+4,952) 17,414(+115)
2020-09-03
1,009,995(+4,995) 17,528(+114)
2020-09-04
1,015,105(+5,110) 17,649(+121)
2020-09-05
1,020,310(+5,205) 17,759(+110)
2020-09-06
1,025,505(+5,195) 17,820(+61)
2020-09-07
1,030,690(+5,185) 17,871(+51)
2020-09-08
1,035,789(+5,099) 17,993(+122)
2020-09-09
1,041,007(+5,218) 18,135(+142)
2020-09-10
1,046,370(+5,363) 18,263(+128)
2020-09-11
1,051,874(+5,504) 18,365(+102)
2020-09-12
1,057,362(+5,488) 18,484(+119)
2020-09-13
1,062,811(+5,449) 18,578(+94)
2020-09-14
1,068,320(+5,509) 18,635(+57)
2020-09-15
1,073,849(+5,529) 18,785(+150)
2020-09-16
1,079,519(+5,670) 18,917(+132)
2020-09-17
1,085,281(+5,762) 19,061(+144)
2020-09-18
1,091,186(+5,905) 19,195(+134)
2020-09-19
1,097,251(+6,065) 19,339(+144)
2020-09-20
1,103,399(+6,148) 19,418(+79)
2020-09-21
1,109,595(+6,196) 19,489(+71)
2020-09-22
1,115,810(+6,215) 19,649(+160)
2020-09-23
1,122,241(+6,431) 19,799(+150)
2020-09-24
1,128,836(+6,595) 19,948(+149)
2020-09-25
1,136,048(+7,212) 20,056(+108)
2020-09-26
1,143,571(+7,523) 20,225(+169)
2020-09-27
1,151,438(+7,867) 20,324(+99)
2020-09-28
1,159,573(+8,135) 20,385(+61)
2020-09-29
1,167,805(+8,232) 20,545(+160)
2020-09-30
1,176,286(+8,481) 20,722(+177)
2020-10-01
1,185,231(+8,945) 20,891(+169)
2020-10-02
1,194,643(+9,412) 21,077(+186)
2020-10-03
1,204,502(+9,859) 21,251(+174)
2020-10-04
1,215,001(+10,499) 21,358(+107)
2020-10-05
1,225,889(+10,888) 21,475(+117)
2020-10-06
1,237,504(+11,615) 21,663(+188)
2020-10-07
1,248,619(+11,115) 21,865(+202)
2020-10-08
1,260,112(+11,493) 22,056(+191)
2020-10-09
1,272,238(+12,126) 22,257(+201)
2020-10-10
1,285,084(+12,846) 22,454(+197)
2020-10-11
1,298,718(+13,634) 22,597(+143)
2020-10-12
1,312,310(+13,592) 22,722(+125)
2020-10-13
1,326,178(+13,868) 22,966(+244)
2020-10-14
1,340,409(+14,231) 23,205(+239)
2020-10-15
1,354,163(+13,754) 23,491(+286)
2020-10-16
1,369,313(+15,150) 23,723(+232)
2020-10-17
1,384,235(+14,922) 24,002(+279)
2020-10-18
1,399,334(+15,099) 24,187(+185)
2020-10-19
1,415,316(+15,982) 24,366(+179)
2020-10-20
1,431,635(+16,319) 24,635(+269)
2020-10-21
1,447,335(+15,700) 24,952(+317)
2020-10-22
1,463,306(+15,971) 25,242(+290)
2020-10-23
1,480,646(+17,340) 25,525(+283)
2020-10-24
1,497,167(+16,521) 25,821(+296)
2020-10-25
1,513,877(+16,710) 26,050(+229)
2020-10-26
1,531,224(+17,347) 26,269(+219)
2020-10-27
1,547,774(+16,550) 26,589(+320)
2020-10-28
1,563,976(+16,202) 26,935(+346)
2020-10-29
1,581,693(+17,717) 27,301(+366)
2020-10-30
1,599,976(+18,283) 27,656(+355)
2020-10-31
1,618,116(+18,140) 27,990(+334)
2020-11-01
1,636,781(+18,665) 28,235(+245)
2020-11-02
1,655,038(+18,257) 28,473(+238)
2020-11-03
1,673,686(+18,648) 28,828(+355)
2020-11-04
1,693,454(+19,768) 29,217(+389)
2020-11-05
1,712,858(+19,404) 29,509(+292)
2020-11-06
1,733,440(+20,582) 29,887(+378)
2020-11-07
1,753,836(+20,396) 30,251(+364)
2020-11-08
1,774,334(+20,498) 30,537(+286)
2020-11-09
1,796,132(+21,798) 30,793(+256)
2020-11-10
1,817,109(+20,977) 31,161(+368)
2020-11-11
1,836,960(+19,851) 31,593(+432)
2020-11-12
1,858,568(+21,608) 32,032(+439)
2020-11-13
1,880,551(+21,983) 32,443(+411)
2020-11-14
1,903,253(+22,702) 32,834(+391)
2020-11-15
1,925,825(+22,572) 33,186(+352)
2020-11-16
1,948,603(+22,778) 33,489(+303)
2020-11-17
1,971,013(+22,410) 33,931(+442)
2020-11-18
1,991,998(+20,985) 34,387(+456)
2020-11-19
2,015,608(+23,610) 34,850(+463)
2020-11-20
2,039,926(+24,318) 35,311(+461)
2020-11-21
2,064,748(+24,822) 35,778(+467)
2020-11-22
2,089,329(+24,581) 36,179(+401)
2020-11-23
2,114,502(+25,173) 36,540(+361)
2020-11-24
2,138,828(+24,326) 37,031(+491)
2020-11-25
2,162,503(+23,675) 37,538(+507)
2020-11-26
2,187,990(+25,487) 38,062(+524)
2020-11-27
2,215,533(+27,543) 38,558(+496)
2020-11-28
2,242,633(+27,100) 39,068(+510)
2020-11-29
2,269,316(+26,683) 39,527(+459)
2020-11-30
2,295,654(+26,338) 39,895(+368)
2020-12-01
2,322,056(+26,402) 40,464(+569)
2020-12-02
2,347,401(+25,345) 41,053(+589)
2020-12-03
2,375,546(+28,145) 41,607(+554)
2020-12-04
2,402,949(+27,403) 42,176(+569)
2020-12-05
2,431,731(+28,782) 42,684(+508)
2020-12-06
2,460,770(+29,039) 43,141(+457)
2020-12-07
2,488,912(+28,142) 43,597(+456)
2020-12-08
2,515,009(+26,097) 44,159(+562)
2020-12-09
2,541,199(+26,190) 44,718(+559)
2020-12-10
2,569,126(+27,927) 45,280(+562)
2020-12-11
2,597,711(+28,585) 45,893(+613)
2020-12-12
2,625,848(+28,137) 46,453(+560)
2020-12-13
2,653,928(+28,080) 46,941(+488)
2020-12-14
2,681,256(+27,328) 47,391(+450)
2020-12-15
2,707,945(+26,689) 47,968(+577)
2020-12-16
2,734,454(+26,509) 48,564(+596)
2020-12-17
2,762,668(+28,214) 49,151(+587)
2020-12-18
2,791,220(+28,552) 49,762(+611)
2020-12-19
2,819,429(+28,209) 50,347(+585)
2020-12-20
2,848,377(+28,948) 50,858(+511)
2020-12-21
2,877,727(+29,350) 51,351(+493)
2020-12-22
2,906,503(+28,776) 51,912(+561)
2020-12-23
2,933,753(+27,250) 52,461(+549)
2020-12-24
2,963,688(+29,935) 53,096(+635)
2020-12-25
2,992,706(+29,018) 53,659(+563)
2020-12-26
3,021,964(+29,258) 54,226(+567)
2020-12-27
3,050,248(+28,284) 54,778(+552)
2020-12-28
3,078,035(+27,787) 55,265(+487)
2020-12-29
3,105,037(+27,002) 55,827(+562)
2020-12-30
3,131,550(+26,513) 56,426(+599)
2020-12-31
3,159,297(+27,747) 57,019(+593)
2021-01-01
3,186,336(+27,039) 57,555(+536)
2021-01-02
3,212,637(+26,301) 58,002(+447)
2021-01-03
3,236,787(+24,150) 58,506(+504)
2021-01-04
3,260,138(+23,351) 58,988(+482)
2021-01-05
3,284,384(+24,246) 59,506(+518)
2021-01-06
3,308,601(+24,217) 59,951(+445)
2021-01-07
3,332,142(+23,541) 60,457(+506)
2021-01-08
3,355,794(+23,652) 60,911(+454)
2021-01-09
3,379,103(+23,309) 61,381(+470)
2021-01-10
3,401,954(+22,851) 61,837(+456)
2021-01-11
3,425,269(+23,315) 62,273(+436)
2021-01-12
3,448,203(+22,934) 62,804(+531)
2021-01-13
3,471,053(+22,850) 63,370(+566)
2021-01-14
3,495,816(+24,763) 63,940(+570)
2021-01-15
3,520,531(+24,715) 64,495(+555)
2021-01-16
3,544,623(+24,092) 65,085(+590)
2021-01-17
3,568,209(+23,586) 65,566(+481)
2021-01-18
3,591,066(+22,857) 66,037(+471)
2021-01-19
3,612,800(+21,734) 66,623(+586)
2021-01-20
3,633,952(+21,152) 67,220(+597)
2021-01-21
3,655,839(+21,887) 67,832(+612)
2021-01-22
3,677,352(+21,513) 68,412(+580)
2021-01-23
3,698,273(+20,921) 68,971(+559)
2021-01-24
3,719,400(+21,127) 69,462(+491)
2021-01-25
3,738,690(+19,290) 69,918(+456)
2021-01-26
3,756,931(+18,241) 70,482(+564)
2021-01-27
3,774,672(+17,741) 71,076(+594)
2021-01-28
3,793,810(+19,138) 71,651(+575)
2021-01-29
3,813,048(+19,238) 72,185(+534)
2021-01-30
3,832,080(+19,032) 72,697(+512)
2021-01-31
3,850,439(+18,359) 73,182(+485)
2021-02-01
3,868,087(+17,648) 73,619(+437)
2021-02-02
3,884,730(+16,643) 74,158(+539)
2021-02-03
3,901,204(+16,474) 74,684(+526)
2021-02-04
3,917,918(+16,714) 75,205(+521)
2021-02-05
3,934,606(+16,688) 75,732(+527)
2021-02-06
3,951,233(+16,627) 76,229(+497)
2021-02-07
3,967,281(+16,048) 76,661(+432)
2021-02-08
3,983,197(+15,916) 77,068(+407)
2021-02-09
3,998,216(+15,019) 77,598(+530)
2021-02-10
4,012,710(+14,494) 78,134(+536)
2021-02-11
4,027,748(+15,038) 78,687(+553)
2021-02-12
4,042,837(+15,089) 79,194(+507)
2021-02-13
4,057,698(+14,861) 79,696(+502)
2021-02-14
4,071,883(+14,185) 80,126(+430)
2021-02-15
4,086,090(+14,207) 80,520(+394)
2021-02-16
4,099,323(+13,233) 80,979(+459)
2021-02-17
4,112,151(+12,828) 81,446(+467)
2021-02-18
4,125,598(+13,447) 81,926(+480)
2021-02-19
4,139,031(+13,433) 82,396(+470)
2021-02-20
4,151,984(+12,953) 82,876(+480)
2021-02-21
4,164,726(+12,742) 83,293(+417)
2021-02-22
4,177,330(+12,604) 83,630(+337)
2021-02-23
4,189,153(+11,823) 84,047(+417)
2021-02-24
4,200,902(+11,749) 84,430(+383)
2021-02-25
4,212,100(+11,198) 84,876(+446)
2021-02-26
4,223,186(+11,086) 85,304(+428)
2021-02-27
4,234,720(+11,534) 85,743(+439)
2021-02-28
4,246,079(+11,359) 86,122(+379)
2021-03-01
4,257,650(+11,571) 86,455(+333)
2021-03-02
4,268,215(+10,565) 86,896(+441)
2021-03-03
4,278,750(+10,535) 87,348(+452)
2021-03-04
4,290,135(+11,385) 87,823(+475)
2021-03-05
4,301,159(+11,024) 88,285(+462)
2021-03-06
4,312,181(+11,022) 88,726(+441)
2021-03-07
4,322,776(+10,595) 89,094(+368)
2021-03-08
4,333,029(+10,253) 89,473(+379)
2021-03-09
4,342,474(+9,445) 89,809(+336)
2021-03-10
4,351,553(+9,079) 90,275(+466)
2021-03-11
4,360,823(+9,270) 90,734(+459)
2021-03-12
4,370,617(+9,794) 91,220(+486)
2021-03-13
4,380,525(+9,908) 91,695(+475)
2021-03-14
4,390,608(+10,083) 92,090(+395)
2021-03-15
4,400,045(+9,437) 92,494(+404)
2021-03-16
4,409,438(+9,393) 92,937(+443)
2021-03-17
4,418,436(+8,998) 93,364(+427)
2021-03-18
4,428,239(+9,803) 93,824(+460)
2021-03-19
4,437,938(+9,699) 94,267(+443)
2021-03-20
4,447,570(+9,632) 94,659(+392)
2021-03-21
4,456,869(+9,299) 95,030(+371)
2021-03-22
4,466,153(+9,284) 95,391(+361)
2021-03-23
4,474,610(+8,457) 95,818(+427)
2021-03-24
4,483,471(+8,861) 96,219(+401)
2021-03-25
4,492,692(+9,221) 96,612(+393)
2021-03-26
4,501,859(+9,167) 97,017(+405)
2021-03-27
4,510,744(+8,885) 97,404(+387)
2021-03-28
4,519,832(+9,088) 97,740(+336)
2021-03-29
4,528,543(+8,711) 98,033(+293)
2021-03-30
4,536,820(+8,277) 98,442(+409)
2021-03-31
4,545,095(+8,275) 98,850(+408)
2021-04-01
4,554,264(+9,169) 99,233(+383)
2021-04-02
4,563,056(+8,792) 99,633(+400)
2021-04-03
4,572,077(+9,021) 100,017(+384)
2021-04-04
4,580,894(+8,817) 100,374(+357)
2021-04-05
4,589,540(+8,646) 100,717(+343)
2021-04-06
4,597,868(+8,328) 101,106(+389)
2021-04-07
4,606,162(+8,294) 101,480(+374)
2021-04-08
4,614,834(+8,672) 101,845(+365)
2021-04-09
4,623,984(+9,150) 102,247(+402)
2021-04-10
4,632,688(+8,704) 102,649(+402)
2021-04-11
4,641,390(+8,702) 102,986(+337)
2021-04-12
4,649,710(+8,320) 103,263(+277)
2021-04-13
4,657,883(+8,173) 103,601(+338)
2021-04-14
4,666,209(+8,326) 104,000(+399)
2021-04-15
4,675,153(+8,944) 104,398(+398)
2021-04-16
4,684,148(+8,995) 104,795(+397)
2021-04-17
4,693,469(+9,321) 105,193(+398)
2021-04-18
4,702,101(+8,632) 105,582(+389)
2021-04-19
4,710,690(+8,589) 105,928(+346)
2021-04-20
4,718,854(+8,164) 106,307(+379)
2021-04-21
4,727,125(+8,271) 106,706(+399)
2021-04-22
4,736,121(+8,996) 107,103(+397)
2021-04-23
4,744,961(+8,840) 107,501(+398)
2021-04-24
4,753,789(+8,828) 107,900(+399)
2021-04-25
4,762,569(+8,780) 108,232(+332)
2021-04-26
4,771,372(+8,803) 108,588(+356)
2021-04-27
4,779,425(+8,053) 108,980(+392)
2021-04-28
4,787,273(+7,848) 109,367(+387)
2021-04-29
4,796,557(+9,284) 109,731(+364)
2021-04-30
4,805,288(+8,731) 110,128(+397)
2021-05-01
4,814,558(+9,270) 110,520(+392)
2021-05-02
4,823,255(+8,697) 110,862(+342)
2021-05-03
4,831,744(+8,489) 111,198(+336)
2021-05-04
4,839,514(+7,770) 111,535(+337)
2021-05-05
4,847,489(+7,975) 111,895(+360)
2021-05-06
4,855,128(+7,639) 112,246(+351)
2021-05-07
4,863,514(+8,386) 112,622(+376)
2021-05-08
4,871,843(+8,329) 112,992(+370)
2021-05-09
4,880,262(+8,419) 113,326(+334)
2021-05-10
4,888,727(+8,465) 113,647(+321)
2021-05-11
4,896,842(+8,115) 113,976(+329)
2021-05-12
4,905,059(+8,217) 114,331(+355)
2021-05-13
4,913,439(+8,380) 114,723(+392)
2021-05-14
4,922,901(+9,462) 115,116(+393)
2021-05-15
4,931,691(+8,790) 115,480(+364)
2021-05-16
4,940,245(+8,554) 115,871(+391)
2021-05-17
4,949,573(+9,328) 116,211(+340)
2021-05-18
4,957,756(+8,183) 116,575(+364)
2021-05-19
4,965,676(+7,920) 116,965(+390)
2021-05-20
4,974,908(+9,232) 117,361(+396)
2021-05-21
4,983,845(+8,937) 117,739(+378)
2021-05-22
4,992,554(+8,709) 118,125(+386)
2021-05-23
5,001,505(+8,951) 118,482(+357)
2021-05-24
5,009,911(+8,406) 118,801(+319)
2021-05-25
5,017,795(+7,884) 119,194(+393)
2021-05-26
5,026,168(+8,373) 119,600(+406)
2021-05-27
5,035,207(+9,039) 120,002(+402)
2021-05-28
5,044,459(+9,252) 120,406(+404)
2021-05-29
5,053,748(+9,289) 120,807(+401)
2021-05-30
5,063,442(+9,694) 121,162(+355)
2021-05-31
5,071,917(+8,475) 121,501(+339)
2021-06-01
5,081,417(+9,500) 121,873(+372)
2021-06-02
5,090,249(+8,832) 122,267(+394)
2021-06-03
5,099,182(+8,933) 122,660(+393)
2021-06-04
5,108,129(+8,947) 123,037(+377)
2021-06-05
5,117,274(+9,145) 123,436(+399)
2021-06-06
5,126,437(+9,163) 123,787(+351)
2021-06-07
5,135,866(+9,429) 124,117(+330)
2021-06-08
5,145,843(+9,977) 124,496(+379)
2021-06-09
5,156,250(+10,407) 124,895(+399)
2021-06-10
5,167,949(+11,699) 125,278(+383)
2021-06-11
5,180,454(+12,505) 125,674(+396)
2021-06-12
5,193,964(+13,510) 126,073(+399)
2021-06-13
5,208,667(+14,703) 126,430(+357)
2021-06-14
5,222,408(+13,741) 126,801(+371)
2021-06-15
5,236,593(+14,185) 127,180(+379)
2021-06-16
5,249,990(+13,397) 127,576(+396)
2021-06-17
5,264,047(+14,057) 127,992(+416)
2021-06-18
5,281,309(+17,262) 128,445(+453)
2021-06-19
5,299,215(+17,906) 128,911(+466)
2021-06-20
5,316,826(+17,611) 129,361(+450)
2021-06-21
5,334,204(+17,378) 129,801(+440)
2021-06-22
5,350,919(+16,715) 130,347(+546)
2021-06-23
5,368,513(+17,594) 130,895(+548)
2021-06-24
5,388,695(+20,182) 131,463(+568)
2021-06-25
5,409,088(+20,393) 132,064(+601)
2021-06-26
5,430,753(+21,665) 132,683(+619)
2021-06-27
5,451,291(+20,538) 133,282(+599)
2021-06-28
5,472,941(+21,650) 133,893(+611)
2021-06-29
5,493,557(+20,616) 134,545(+652)
2021-06-30
5,514,599(+21,042) 135,214(+669)
2021-07-01
5,538,142(+23,543) 135,886(+672)
2021-07-02
5,561,360(+23,218) 136,565(+679)
2021-07-03
5,585,799(+24,439) 137,262(+697)
2021-07-04
5,610,941(+25,142) 137,925(+663)
2021-07-05
5,635,294(+24,353) 138,579(+654)
2021-07-06
5,658,672(+23,378) 139,316(+737)
2021-07-07
5,682,634(+23,962) 140,041(+725)
2021-07-08
5,707,452(+24,818) 140,775(+734)
2021-07-09
5,733,218(+25,766) 141,501(+726)
2021-07-10
5,758,300(+25,082) 142,253(+752)
2021-07-11
5,783,333(+25,033) 143,002(+749)
2021-07-12
5,808,473(+25,140) 143,712(+710)
2021-07-13
5,833,175(+24,702) 144,492(+780)
2021-07-14
5,857,002(+23,827) 145,278(+786)
2021-07-15
5,882,295(+25,293) 146,069(+791)
2021-07-16
5,907,999(+25,704) 146,868(+799)
2021-07-17
5,933,115(+25,116) 147,655(+787)
2021-07-18
5,958,133(+25,018) 148,419(+764)
2021-07-19
5,982,766(+24,633) 149,138(+719)
2021-07-20
6,006,536(+23,770) 149,922(+784)
2021-07-21
6,030,240(+23,704) 150,705(+783)
2021-07-22
6,054,711(+24,471) 151,501(+796)
2021-07-23
6,078,522(+23,811) 152,296(+795)
2021-07-24
6,102,469(+23,947) 153,095(+799)
2021-07-25
6,126,541(+24,072) 153,874(+779)
2021-07-26
6,149,780(+23,239) 154,601(+727)
2021-07-27
6,172,812(+23,032) 155,380(+779)
2021-07-28
6,195,232(+22,420) 156,178(+798)
2021-07-29
6,218,502(+23,270) 156,977(+799)
2021-07-30
6,242,066(+23,564) 157,771(+794)
2021-07-31
6,265,873(+23,807) 158,563(+792)
2021-08-01
6,288,677(+22,804) 159,352(+789)
2021-08-02
6,312,185(+23,508) 160,137(+785)
2021-08-03
6,334,195(+22,010) 160,925(+788)
2021-08-04
6,356,784(+22,589) 161,715(+790)
2021-08-05
6,379,904(+23,120) 162,509(+794)
2021-08-06
6,402,564(+22,660) 163,301(+792)
2021-08-07
6,424,884(+22,320) 164,094(+793)
2021-08-08
6,447,750(+22,866) 164,881(+787)
2021-08-09
6,469,910(+22,160) 165,650(+769)
2021-08-10
6,491,288(+21,378) 166,442(+792)
2021-08-11
6,512,859(+21,571) 167,241(+799)
2021-08-12
6,534,791(+21,932) 168,049(+808)
2021-08-13
6,557,068(+22,277) 168,864(+815)
2021-08-14
6,579,212(+22,144) 169,683(+819)
2021-08-15
6,600,836(+21,624) 170,499(+816)
2021-08-16
6,621,601(+20,765) 171,305(+806)
2021-08-17
6,642,559(+20,958) 172,110(+805)
2021-08-18
6,663,473(+20,914) 172,909(+799)
2021-08-19
6,684,531(+21,058) 173,700(+791)
2021-08-20
6,705,523(+20,992) 174,485(+785)
2021-08-21
6,726,523(+21,000) 175,282(+797)
2021-08-22
6,747,087(+20,564) 176,044(+762)
2021-08-23
6,766,541(+19,454) 176,820(+776)
2021-08-24
6,785,374(+18,833) 177,614(+794)
2021-08-25
6,804,910(+19,536) 178,423(+809)
2021-08-26
6,824,540(+19,630) 179,243(+820)
2021-08-27
6,844,049(+19,509) 180,041(+798)
2021-08-28
6,863,541(+19,492) 180,840(+799)
2021-08-29
6,882,827(+19,286) 181,637(+797)
2021-08-30
6,901,152(+18,325) 182,429(+792)
2021-08-31
6,918,965(+17,813) 183,224(+795)
2021-09-01
6,937,333(+18,368) 184,014(+790)
2021-09-02
6,956,318(+18,985) 184,812(+798)
2021-09-03
6,975,174(+18,856) 185,611(+799)
2021-09-04
6,993,954(+18,780) 186,407(+796)
2021-09-05
7,012,599(+18,645) 187,200(+793)
2021-09-06
7,030,455(+17,856) 187,990(+790)
2021-09-07
7,047,880(+17,425) 188,785(+795)
2021-09-08
7,065,904(+18,024) 189,582(+797)
2021-09-09
7,084,284(+18,380) 190,376(+794)
2021-09-10
7,102,625(+18,341) 191,165(+789)
2021-09-11
7,121,516(+18,891) 191,961(+796)
2021-09-12
7,140,070(+18,554) 192,749(+788)
2021-09-13
7,158,248(+18,178) 193,468(+719)
2021-09-14
7,176,085(+17,837) 194,249(+781)
2021-09-15
7,194,926(+18,841) 195,041(+792)
2021-09-16
7,214,520(+19,594) 195,835(+794)
2021-09-17
7,234,425(+19,905) 196,626(+791)
2021-09-18
7,254,754(+20,329) 197,425(+799)
2021-09-19
7,274,928(+20,174) 198,218(+793)
Sources:

January–March 2020[edit]

On 12 January, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan, Hubei, China, who had initially come to the attention of the WHO on 31 December 2019.[11][12] Compared to SARS of 2003, the case fatality ratio for COVID-19[13][14] has been much lower, but the incubation period and transmission have been significantly greater, resulting in a significant total death toll.[15][13] On 31 January, the first two cases in the country were confirmed, one in Tyumen, Tyumen Oblast, and another one in Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai. Both were Chinese nationals.[16]

On 23 February, eight Russians from the cruise ship Diamond Princess were evacuated to Kazan, Tatarstan where they were hospitalised, including three confirmed cases.[17] These cases were listed as occurring on international conveyance and not included in official Russian statistics by Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing. These eight people, including the three patients who recovered, were discharged from hospital on 8 March.[18] Some of Russia's citizens abroad have been confirmed to be infected, on 28 February a Russian man tested positive in Azerbaijan after he had visited Iran. While some days later the Health ministry of the UAE announced that two Russians got the virus in the United Arab Emirates.[19]

President Putin visits coronavirus patients at Moscow hospital on 24 March 2020

There were no other confirmed cases until 2 March when the first case in Moscow was confirmed.[20][21] The patient was a young man who fell ill on 21 February while on holiday in Italy, and returned to Russia on 23 February, staying at his house in Moscow Oblast.[20] He showed up with symptoms at a clinic on 27 February, and was then hospitalised in Moscow.[20] On 5 March, the first case in Saint Petersburg was confirmed. The patient was an Italian student who returned to Russia from Italy on 29 February, and was hospitalised on 2 March.[22] On 6 March, six more cases were confirmed, with five of them being in Moscow and one of them being in Nizhny Novgorod. All of them were reported to be linked to Italy.[23] On 19 March, the first death of a patient with confirmed COVID-19 was reported in Moscow. A 79-year-old woman was first hospitalised on 13 March and transferred to a private clinic the next day. Upon confirmation of COVID-19 she was transferred to intensive care. She also suffered from numerous underlying health conditions and other diseases.[24][25] However, her death was not counted as a coronavirus death.[26][27][28] The first two confirmed deaths were recorded on 25 March in Moscow. The patients were 73 and 88 years old and had tested positive for the coronavirus.[29] On 25 March, President Putin announced that the 2020 Russian constitutional referendum would be postponed due to the epidemic.[30] He said that the next week starting on 30 March would be non-working nationwide and urged Russians to stay at home.[31][32] Later, the non-working period was prolonged twice, lasting until 11 May.[33][34] On 27 March, international flights were grounded after the government ordered the civil aviation authority to suspend all regular and charter flights to and from the country.[35] On 29 March, Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin issued a stay-at-home order starting the next day.[36] On 30 March, similar orders or recommendations were announced in numerous other federal jurisdictions, with many more announcing such restrictions over the next few days.[37] The same day, the border was shut, with all border crossings closed.[38]

April–June 2020[edit]

Moscow Metro passengers in April 2020

On 11 April, Moscow's mayor, Sobyanin, signed a decree introducing a digital pass system to enforce the coronavirus lockdown, in which residents would require such a permit to travel around the city and Moscow Oblast using personal and public transport, with different types of passes including travelling to work, visiting hospitals and clinics, and private trips. Such permits would become mandatory on 15 April.[39] On 29 April, Moscow Mayor Sergey Sobyanin said on social media that the city would start constructing temporary hospitals that would have a total of 10,000 hospital beds for coronavirus patients.[40] Russia also indefinitely extended its entry ban for foreigners, which was originally set until 1 May, with Prime Minister Mishustin saying that the ban will be lifted when the coronavirus situation improves.[41] On 30 April, Prime Minister Mishustin said that he tested positive for the virus.[42]

On 9 May, with the 2020 Moscow Victory Day Parade postponed, celebrations marking the 75th anniversary of the surrender of Nazi Germany were reduced. An air show took place in Moscow instead and President Putin laid flowers at the Eternal Flame outside the Kremlin. Authorities also urged citizens to stay at home instead.[43] On 10 May, the World Health Organization's representative to Russia, Melita Vujnovic, said that day that Russia may have reached the plateau for the virus.[44] On 11 May, President Putin announced the end of the national non-working period on 12 May and he also announced additional support measures. He also said that regional leaders can choose to keep restrictions.[34] On 26 May, Putin announced that the postponed 2020 Victory Day Parade would be held on 24 June.[45] On 27 May, Sobyanin announced that some restrictions in Moscow would be eased on 1 June, with all non-food stores and some service sector businesses re-opening and residents would be able to go outside for walks and sport according to a schedule.[46]

On 1 June, the postponed referendum was announced to be held on 1 July.[47] Reuters news agency also reported that Russia would roll out its first approved drug to treat COVID-19 in the next week.[48] On 2 June, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin said that the government would launch a 5 trillion ruble ($73 billion) recovery plan in the next month to counteract the pandemic's economic impact.[49] On 8 June, Moscow's mayor, Sobyanin, said that the city would lift coronavirus restrictions. Self-isolation rules and travel permits would be waived on 9 June, with no more walking schedules. Residents would be able to freely travel around the city and visit public places. Places like beauty salons, hairdressers and veterinarian clinics would re-open, with other places like restaurants re-opening over the course of June. Residents were still required to wear face masks and gloves and were advised to maintain their distance from others.[50][51] That day, Prime Minister Mishustin also announced the partial re-opening of the border for some travellers, saying that it would allow citizens to leave the country for work, studying, medical treatment or to take care of relatives. It would also allow foreign citizens to enter for medical treatment or those needing to care for relatives and family.[52] On 22 June, Moscow's mayor, Sobyanin, announced further easing of restrictions on 23 June with cafes and restaurants reopening as well as fitness centres and swimming pools. Restrictions on libraries and kindergartens would be lifted.[53] On 23 June, President Putin announced changes to the tax system and further state benefits.[54] On 24 June, the Victory Day parade in Red Square took place while it was reported that 30 major cities in Russia had cancelled their parade.[55]

July–September 2020[edit]

One of the busy metro stations in Nizhny Novgorod on ordinary days
Using face masks in the Nizhny Novgorod metro. Proletarskaya metro station.

On 1 July, the main day for the vote on constitutional amendments took place. On 8 July, the governor of Moscow Oblast, Andrey Vorobyov, signed a decree easing some restrictions in the region including allowing restaurants, cafes, bars and other catering establishments to reopen from 25 July as well as a number of other places to reopen from 15 July.[56] On 9 July, Moscow's authorities announced further easing of some restrictions with cinemas allowed to reopen and concerts allowed to be held from 1 August provided that they meet certain requirements. Attractions would be able to reopen and restrictions on places like parks and cultural centres would be removed on 13 July. Universities and schools would also be able to return to normal and the use of face masks and gloves outdoors would no longer be required except in public transport, shops and crowded areas.[57][58] On 10 July, Tatyana Golikova said that starting on 15 July, authorities will start to gradually lift restrictions on flights abroad and will begin negotiations to restart international flights.[59] On 15 July, the 14-day quarantine requirement for arrivals in the country was abolished with arrivals now requiring medical documents in English or Russian showing a negative test. Tatyana Golikova previously said that quarantines can be maintained for Russians returning from countries with high infection rates.[60] On 16 July, Reuters reported that 30 million doses of the experimental vaccine would be produced domestically in Russia and the potential for 170 million to be manufactured abroad, according to the head of RDIF, Kirill Dmitriev. He also said that a Phase III trial involving several thousand people is expected to start in August.[61] On 24 July, Tatyana Golikova said that the country plans to resume some international flights on 1 August.[62]

People wearing face masks in Tyumen in August 2020

On 11 August, President Putin said in a meeting that the vaccine developed by the Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology was the first vaccine against the coronavirus to be registered. He said that one of his daughters was vaccinated.[63] The previous day, the Association of Clinical Research Organisations, a union of pharmaceutical companies in Russia, urged the head of the Ministry of Health to delay the registration due to incomplete testing.[64] The head of the RDIF stated that 20 countries had requested in total 1 billion doses of the vaccine, nicknamed Sputnik V.[65] On 31 August, the head of Rospotrebnadzor, Anna Popova, confirmed the beginning of the academic year at the next day on a full-time basis, saying the current epidemiological situation makes it possible to do so.[66] The deputy prime minister Tatiana Golikova also previously said that higher education institutions would be able to postpone the start of the academic year by a maximum of two months, with 92% of universities starting normally.[67]

On 1 September, Russia's confirmed number of cases surpassed 1 million, becoming the fourth country to reach that mark.[68] Flights to Egypt, the Maldives and the United Arab Emirates were added to the list of countries where flights are planned to be resumed.[69] On 5 September, Defense Minister Sergey Shoygu reported his condition on state TV after being vaccinated.[70] On 8 September, the health ministry's press service said that the first batches of the vaccine developed by the Gamaleya Centre had entered civilian circulation.[71] On 13 September regional elections in Russia were held, with social distancing measures and sanitary requirements for polling stations. Voting was also extended to three days, taking place from 11 to 13 September, with the main voting day on the last day, as well as other changes.[72] On 17 September, RBC reported that pharmacies in Russia would begin selling Coronavir and Areplivir for treatment of the virus.[73] On 20 September, Prime Minister Mishustin signed a decree resuming flights with Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan and South Korea. On 23 September, Rospotrebnadzor head, Anna Popova, signed a decree which requires Russian citizens who have returned from abroad by plane to stay home until they receive a negative test result.[74] Also that day, it was reported that a State Duma deputy from the Communist Party, Vakha Agaev, had died from the virus, becoming the first victim among State Duma members.[75] On 28 September, Rospotrebnadzor head, Anna Popova, said that there was no need for new strict restrictions due to a rise in cases. She said that the situation had changed compared to the beginning of the year as well as the understanding of the virus, and attributed the rise in cases to the seasonality of the virus.[76] On 29 September, the Chairman of the State Duma, Volodin, said that 18 deputies were in the hospital with the virus and that overall 60 deputies have been ill. The State Duma would also partially switch to working remotely.[77]

October–December 2020[edit]

On 2 October, it was published that in total, more than 45,000 people had died to date with coronavirus in Russia. The fatality rate in Russia is 4.6% At the end of August 2020.[78] On 4 October there were confirmed 10,499 and it was the highest number since May 2020.[79] 13,634 were confirmed on 11 October.[79] 15,150 were confirmed on 15 October and it was the highest number since the pandemic started. Also daily deaths have steadily been increasing. There are now 23,723 deaths in the country.[79]

On 6 November Russian statistics published that 55,671 people had died with coronavirus before 30 September 2020. The official death toll was 20,891.[80] On 8 November 2020, Russia reported 20,498 new coronavirus infections and 286 coronavirus-related deaths. This brings the number of infected cases to a total of 1,774,334 and the death toll to 30,537.[81]

On 28 December, the Federal State Statistics Service said that the amount of recorded deaths from all causes between January and November had risen by 229,700 compared to 2019. Tatyana Golikova, Deputy Prime Minister of Russia, said that more than 81% of these deaths could be attributed to COVID-19, meaning at least an estimated 186,000 Russians had died because of the virus.[82]

Government responses[edit]

The government of Russia has initially responded to the pandemic with preventive measures to curb the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019, which involved imposing quarantines, carrying raids on potential virus carriers, and using facial recognition to impose quarantine measures.[83] Measures to prevent a crisis in Russia include banning the export of medical masks, random checks on the Moscow Metro, and cancellation of large-scale events by schools. The Russian government has also taken measures to prevent foreign citizens from heavily affected countries from visiting Russia.[citation needed] Local governments have also responded to the pandemic by imposing their own preventive measures in their communities.

Lockdowns[edit]

Map of federal subjects that have announced the "self-isolation regime".
  Stay-at-home order
  Partial restrictions or recommendations
Playground closed for quarantine, 7 April 2020

On 28 March, Chechen authorities urged the population of the republic to stay at their places of permanent residence, and banned entry to Grozny for anyone except emergency services, food supplies, government officials, police, and journalists.[84] On the next day, Chechnya closed its borders, with a full lockdown coming into effect on 30 March.[85]

On 29 March, Moscow issued a stay-at-home order for all residents starting on 30 March. Muscovites were not allowed to leave their homes except in cases of emergency medical care and other threats to life and health, to travel to work for those who are obliged to, to make purchases in the nearest shop or pharmacy, to walk pets at a distance not exceeding 100 metres from the place of residence, as well as to take out the garbage. People were instructed to keep a distance of 1.5 metres from other people. Those recently unemployed will receive 19,500 rubles a month.[86][87] After that, a similar regime was introduced in Moscow Oblast at 20:00 MSK on 29 March.[88]

On 30 March, similar orders were announced in Adygea, the Komi Republic, Mari El, Tatarstan, Chuvashia, some districts of Yakutia, Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan,[89] Belgorod, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Kursk, Lipetsk, Murmansk, Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod, Ryazan, Saratov, Sverdlovsk, Ulyanovsk and Vologda oblasts, the cities of Bryansk and Saint Petersburg.[90][91] Leningrad Oblast banned movement of people between districts and introduced a lockdown in the town of Murino.[92]

On 31 March, the "self-isolation regime" was announced in republics of Altai, Bashkortostan, Buryatia, Dagestan,[93] Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Kalmykia, Karachay-Cherkessia, Karelia,[94] Khakassia, Mordovia, Udmurtia and Tuva, Altai, Khabarovsk (for those over 65), Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Perm, Primorsky, Stavropol and Zabaykalsky krais, Bryansk, Chelyabinsk, Kaluga, Kemerovo, Kirov, Kostroma,[95] Kurgan, Magadan, Novosibirsk, Omsk,[96] Penza, Pskov (for those over 65), Rostov, Sakhalin, Samara, Smolensk,[97] Tambov, Tomsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Voronezh and Yaroslavl[98] oblasts, Khanty-Mansi[99] and Yamalo-Nenets autonomous okrugs, the Jewish Autonomous Oblast,[100] the city of Sevastopol.[101][102][103][91] Republics of Yakutia and Karelia limited the sale of alcohol.[104]

On 1 April, the "self-isolation regime" was announced in the disputed territory of Crimea and Sevastopol,[105] the republic of North Ossetia–Alania,[106] Kamchatka[107] and Khabarovsk[108] krais, Ivanovo[109] and Orenburg[110] oblasts. On 2 April, the measures were announced in Amur Oblast (for those over 65), Tyumen Oblast,[111] and Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.[112] On 3 April, the measures were announced in Oryol Oblast[113] and Tula Oblast (for those over 65).[114]

Vaccination[edit]

Mass vaccinations began in December 2020, starting with primarily doctors, medical workers and teachers. Vaccinations began in Moscow on 5 December and were expanded to all other regions by 15 December.[115][116][117] In January 2021, the vaccination programme was extended to the entire population.[118]

As of 20 July 2021, 33.19 million people have received at least one dose, with 21.6 million people fully vaccinated.[119][120][121]

Impacts[edit]

Economic impact[edit]

Political impact[edit]

Social impact[edit]

Notable deaths[edit]

Businesspeople[edit]

  • 30 November – Boris Aleksandrov [ru], 73, founder and President of Rostagroexport Group, creator of the brand name B. Y. Aleksandrov[122]
  • 24 December – Vladimir Khristov [ru], 71, founder and owner of Public Joint Stock Company Susumanzoloto (Magadan), gold manufacturer with fortune of 0.5 bln. $[123]

Clerics[edit]

For the clerics of the Russian Orthodox Church, only those serving in Russia are included

Entertainers[edit]

Medics[edit]

On 25 April 2020, it was reported that doctors had published and were updating a public list of colleagues who had died during the pandemic which, as of 19 November, has 838 names.[139][140]

Politicians[edit]

Scientists[edit]

People in sports[edit]

Statistics[edit]

The official national statistics include data by region. As of May 2020, some local governments were separately reporting their own data that differed from the national government's count.[154]

Charts[edit]

Cumulative number of cases, active cases, recoveries and deaths[edit]

Confirmed new cases per day[edit]

Confirmed deaths per day[edit]

Confirmed recoveries per day[edit]

Data by federal subject[edit]

COVID-19 pandemic in Russia by federal subjects (as of January 16, 2021)[1] ()
Federal subject Total Population
(2020)[155]
Per 1 million
Cases Recov. Deaths Cases Deaths
85 out of 85 3,544,623 2,936,991 65,085 146,748,590 24,154 443.5
Moscow Moscow 887,636 734,728 12,401 12,678,079 70,013 978.1
Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg 294,161 184,063 8,788 5,398,064 54,494 1,628
Moscow Oblast Moscow Oblast 176,026 135,174 3,249 7,690,863 22,888 422.4
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Nizhny Novgorod Oblast 77,255 69,499 1,894 3,202,946 24,120 591.3
Sverdlovsk Oblast Sverdlovsk Oblast 64,807 57,235 1,788 4,310,681 15,034 414.8
Rostov Oblast Rostov Oblast 57,921 47,918 2,323 4,197,821 13,798 553.4
Voronezh Oblast Voronezh Oblast 52,453 47,080 1,345 2,324,205 22,568 578.7
Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnoyarsk Krai 51,631 47,330 1,965 2,866,255 18,013 685.6
Arkhangelsk Oblast Arkhangelsk Oblast 47,446 38,928 455 192,424 43,432 416.5
Irkutsk Oblast Irkutsk Oblast 44,745 39,514 1,412 2,391,193 18,712 590.5
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug 44,580 40,877 609 1,674,676 26,620 363.7
Ulyanovsk Oblast Ulyanovsk Oblast 40,351 37,121 515 1,229,824 32,810 418.8
Khabarovsk Krai Khabarovsk Krai 40,096 35,844 217 1,315,643 30,476 164.9
Murmansk Oblast Murmansk Oblast 39,989 35,767 728 741,404 53,937 981.9
Volgograd Oblast Volgograd Oblast 39,607 37,700 536 2,491,036 15,900 215.2
Saratov Oblast Saratov Oblast 39,449 33,841 471 2,421,895 16,288 194.5
Chelyabinsk Oblast Chelyabinsk Oblast 39,447 26,426 642 3,466,369 11,380 185.2
Stavropol Krai Stavropol Krai 38,949 35,060 841 2,803,573 13,893 300
Altai Krai Altai Krai 36,150 33,281 1,030 2,317,153 15,601 444.5
Samara Oblast Samara Oblast 36,011 33,168 740 3,179,532 11,326 232.7
Perm Krai Perm Krai 35,404 28,873 1,293 2,599,260 13,621 497.4
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug 34,290 28,444 362 544,444 62,982 664.9
Omsk Oblast Omsk Oblast 34,110 30,857 993 1,926,665 17,704 515.4
Komi Republic Komi Republic 33,969 32,362 643 820,473 41,402 783.7
Primorsky Krai Primorsky Krai 33,014 24,530 445 1,895,868 17,414 234.7
Republic of Karelia Republic of Karelia 31,983 26,420 197 614,064 52,084 320.8
Orenburg Oblast Orenburg Oblast 31,523 27,870 410 1,956,835 16,109 209.5
Zabaykalsky Krai Zabaykalsky Krai 30,970 28,797 427 159,700 29,225 402.9
Krasnodar Krai Krasnodar Krai 30,769 21,115 1,181 5,675,462 5,421 208.1
Novosibirsk Oblast Novosibirsk Oblast 30,181 27,060 1,098 2,798,170 10,786 392.4
Kirov Oblast Kirov Oblast 29,329 23,164 250 1,262,402 23,233 198
Penza Oblast Penza Oblast 29,314 23,386 352 1,305,563 22,453 269.6
Republic of Crimea Republic of Crimea 29,198 23,554 638 1,912,622 15,266 333.6
Yakutia Yakutia 28,557 25,747 415 971,996 29,380 427
Vologda Oblast Vologda Oblast 28,376 23,718 522 1,160,445 24,453 449.8
Buryatia Buryatia 28,162 25,630 633 985,937 28,564 642
Kemerovo Oblast Kemerovo Oblast 27,704 24,923 498 2,657,854 10,423 187.4
Leningrad Oblast Leningrad Oblast 27,356 24,599 318 1,875,872 14,583 169.5
Pskov Oblast Pskov Oblast 26,941 14,829 111 626,115 43,029 177.3
Tomsk Oblast Tomsk Oblast 26,617 23,455 241 179,271 24,662 223.3
Bryansk Oblast Bryansk Oblast 26,264 23,985 220 1,192,491 22,024 184.5
Tula Oblast Tula Oblast 26,104 23,173 900 1,466,127 17,805 613.9
Dagestan Dagestan 25,996 22,671 1,182 3,110,858 8,357 380
Tver Oblast Tver Oblast 25,910 21,302 487 1,260,379 20,557 386.4
Tyumen Oblast Tyumen Oblast 25,903 24,326 226 1,537,416 16,848 147
Yaroslavl Oblast Yaroslavl Oblast 25,320 23,776 255 1,253,389 20,201 203.4
Belgorod Oblast Belgorod Oblast 24,769 22,379 295 1,549,151 15,989 190.4
Oryol Oblast Oryol Oblast 24,165 21,398 305 733,498 32,945 415.8
Ivanovo Oblast Ivanovo Oblast 24,156 19,471 642 997,135 24,225 643.8
Kaluga Oblast Kaluga Oblast 23,638 21,579 209 12,575 23,577 208.5
Kursk Oblast Kursk Oblast 23,587 20,791 327 1,104,008 21,365 296.2
Udmurtia Udmurtia 22,877 19,208 439 1,500,955 15,242 292.5
Astrakhan Oblast Astrakhan Oblast 21,770 13,966 454 15,782 21,645 451.4
Bashkortostan Bashkortostan 21,735 16,397 164 438,151 5,382 40.6
Novgorod Oblast Novgorod Oblast 21,462 16,151 105 596,508 35,979 176
Vladimir Oblast Vladimir Oblast 21,192 18,568 578 1,358,416 15,601 425.5
Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad Oblast 21,080 19,182 210 112,512 20,820 207.4
Ryazan Oblast Ryazan Oblast 20,221 18,403 207 1,108,847 18,236 186.7
Tambov Oblast Tambov Oblast 20,203 18,268 226 16,748 20,068 224.5
Smolensk Oblast Smolensk Oblast 19,611 15,553 373 934,889 20,977 399
Khakassia Khakassia 19,160 16,795 327 534,262 35,863 612.1
Lipetsk Oblast Lipetsk Oblast 18,648 14,013 325 1,139,371 16,367 285.2
Chuvashia Chuvashia 17,955 16,154 702 1,217,818 14,744 576.4
Sakhalin Oblast Sakhalin Oblast 17,953 14,959 20 488,257 36,770 41
Amur Oblast Amur Oblast 17,852 15,932 109 790,044 22,596 138
Kabardino-Balkaria Kabardino-Balkaria 17,398 15,955 294 868,350 20,036 338.6
Karachay-Cherkessia Karachay-Cherkessia 16,457 14,846 45 465,528 35,351 96.7
Kalmykia Kalmykia 16,245 13,577 224 271,135 59,915 826.2
Kostroma Oblast Kostroma Oblast 16,180 12,705 260 633,385 25,545 410.5
Tuva Tuva 15,109 13,918 183 327,383 46,151 559
Mordovia Mordovia 14,847 12,336 112 790,197 18,789 141.7
Tatarstan Tatarstan[a] 14,735 11,200 225 3,902,888 3,775 57.6
Altai Republic Altai Republic 14,660 13,569 116 220,181 66,582 526.8
Kurgan Oblast Kurgan Oblast 13,708 11,992 202 827,166 16,572 244.2
North Ossetia – Alania North Ossetia-Alania 13,343 11,866 105 696,837 19,148 150.7
Ingushetia Ingushetia 13,247 11,433 152 507,061 26,125 299.8
Adygea Adygea 12,211 10,222 106 463,088 26,369 228.9
Kamchatka Krai Kamchatka Krai 11,286 9,900 82 313,016 36,056 262
Chechnya Chechnya 10,110 7,308 100 1,478,726 6,837 67.6
Mari El Mari El 9,980 8,659 138 679,417 14,689 203.1
Sevastopol Sevastopol 8,224 7,465 313 449,138 18,311 696.9
Magadan Oblast Magadan Oblast 7,489 7,032 73 140,149 53,436 520.9
Jewish Autonomous Oblast Jewish Autonomous Oblast 3,969 3,474 88 158,305 25,072 555.9
Nenets Autonomous Okrug Nenets Autonomous Okrug 837 729 0 44,111 18,975 0
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Chukotka Autonomous Okrug 580 518 4 50,288 11,534 79.5

Mortality data[edit]

Confirmed or probable COVID-19 deaths per million by federal subjects in April–November 2020, according to Rosstat.

National[edit]

On 13 June, the Russian Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat) published data on natural population changes in April. 2,712 people with COVID-19 died during April across Russia, including 1,660 as the primary cause of death. According to daily updates of the Emergency Operations Center, there were only 1,162 deaths from COVID-19.[156] Rosstat's published death toll includes both those where the virus was determined to the main cause of death, as well as where the main cause of death was determined to be something else. 1,270 deaths are where the virus was determined to be the main cause, 435 deaths where the virus had a "significant influence", 617 deaths where the virus was present but did not play a major role, and 390 deaths where the person tested negative but it was later determined to be the main cause of death. Officials including Tatiana Golikova said that the changes in the counting method follows WHO recommendations. She also said that the figures represent a 2.6% death rate among those infected, and that the death rate for May will be higher.[157]

Pavel Malkov, the head of Rosstat, said in an interview with RBK published on 23 June that the statistics agency had published a higher death toll for April because it receives more complete data than the national coronavirus crisis centre and that it has a different calculation methodology, saying that the agency receives data from the Civil Registry Office and deals with death certificates that can take up to 45 days to complete following testing while the crisis centre publishes operational data manually entered into the system. He also said that "one of the biggest secrets in statistics is that it's practically impossible to manipulate" and that "if we're talking about a qualitative indicator with a developed methodology, then any attempt to affect the final numbers by distorting the input data will become immediately evident".[158][159]

On 10 July, Rosstat published data which said that COVID-19 was confirmed or assumed to be the main cause of death for 7,444 people who died in May. An additional 5,008 people with a COVID-19 diagnosis were determined to have died from other diseases, with the virus being a catalyst for 1,530 of those deaths. The death toll reported by the coronavirus crisis centre for May was 3,633. The data also said that 172,914 people had died in Russia in May, an increase of more than 18,000 compared to the same month last year.[160]

On 7 August, Rosstat published mortality data for June which included 11,917 deaths for people with COVID-19, with the virus being determined or believed to have been the primary cause of death for 7,037 of them, with 1,589 without PCR verification.[161][162] The total number of people with COVID-19 who died from April to June was therefore 27,411 according to Rosstat's data, with a death rate of 4.2% of confirmed cases.[161][163]

On 4 September, Rosstat published mortality data for July which included 10,079 deaths for people with COVID-19, with the virus determined or suspected to have been the primary cause of death for 5,922 of them. The death toll reported by the national coronavirus crisis centre for July was 4,522. Rosstat's data also showed that 181,479 deaths were registered in July, the highest monthly number of deaths since August 2010, compared to an average of around 150,000 over the past five years.[164][165]

On 2 October, Rosstat published mortality data for August which included 7,463 deaths for people with COVID-19, with the virus identified and determined to have been the main cause of death for 3,222 of them. The number of people with COVID-19 who died from April to August 2020 was 45,663 according to Rosstat's data.[166]

On 6 November, Rosstat published mortality data for September which included 9,798 deaths for people with COVID-19, with the virus identified and determined to have been the main cause of death for 4,329 of them. The number of people with COVID-19 who died from April to September 2020 was 55,671 according to Rosstat's data.[167]

On 10 December, Rosstat published mortality data for October which included 22,571 deaths for people with COVID-19, with the virus identified and determined to have been the main case of death for 11,630 of them. The number of people with COVID-19 who died from April to October 2020 was therefore 78,623 according to Rosstat's data.[4] 47,000 more deaths in October were also recorded compared to the previous year.[168]

On 28 December, Rosstat published mortality data for November which included 35,645 deaths for people with COVID-19, with the virus identified or determined to have been the main cause of death for 19,626 of them.[5] 78,541 more deaths in November were also recorded compared to the previous year, an increase of 55.6%, while the national task force reported only 11,905 coronavirus deaths over the month. Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova said that more than 80% of excess deaths were related to the coronavirus. In total, 230,000 more deaths were reported in 2020 compared to the previous year (including January–March).[169][170]

Rosstat data showed 116,030 deaths can be attributed directly to the coronavirus by 28 December 2020,[171] and over 200,000 by March 2021.[172][173] On 2 April, the coronavirus related deaths enumerated 225,572 fatalities,[174] and over 316,000 by August 2021.[3]

Regional[edit]

On 28 May, Moscow's health department said that the death toll for the city for April was 1,561 using a new methodology, where originally it was 636. It said that this included 756 people diagnosed with the virus but determined to have died of other causes and 169 people who tested negative but were suspected to have had the virus. The official death toll for the city or country had not been revised.[175]

On 3 June, the city of St. Petersburg reported a 32% higher death rate in May compared to the previous year. The city government said that 6,427 death certificates were issued, compared to 4,875 the previous year. For the same month, the official coronavirus death toll was 171 people.[176]

On 10 June, Moscow's health department increased the city's coronavirus death toll from 1,895 to 5,260 for May. It said that "COVID-19 as a main or an accompanying cause of death was registered in 5,260 cases". It also said that the difference was due to changes made by the Health Ministry in the approach of counting deaths, saying that "new recommendations allowed us to improve the calculation of cases where COVID was the main cause of the death and of those where it became, with a high degree of probability, a catalyst...for other illnesses".[177]

Controversies[edit]

In March 2020, there was some scepticism about the accuracy of Russia's reported infection figures. Anastasia Vasilyeva, leader of the Doctors' Alliance organisation loosely aligned to the Russian opposition and doctor for opposition figure Alexei Navalny, made a series of videos accusing the authorities of concealing the true number of coronavirus cases by using pneumonia and acute respiratory infection as a diagnosis instead. Health officials rejected the allegation. The WHO's representative to Russia, Dr. Vujnovic, expressed scepticism at the allegation. President Putin later addressed concerns about statistics, saying that the government is not covering up the number of cases, though might not have the full picture.[178][179][180][181]

In May 2020, as Russia's mortality rate was much lower compared to other hard-hit countries, a number of media outlets including the Financial Times and New York Times said that the number of deaths in the country may have been under-reported, based on a spike in mortality rates officially reported in Moscow where approximately 1,800 more deaths were registered in April compared to the monthly average, while the Financial Times noted a similar surge in St. Petersburg, concluding that there could be around 70% more deaths than reported.[182] The reported excess deaths were considerably smaller compared to other hard-hit areas in other countries.[183] Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova called the reports "disinformation" and said that letters demanding a retraction would be sent. Moscow's health department rejected the media reports, saying that autopsies were being conducted in all suspected coronavirus deaths, which was why "post-mortem diagnoses in Moscow and causes of death, in the end, are exceedingly accurate, and the mortality data absolutely transparent". It said that over 60% of deaths in the city with suspected coronavirus infections were ascribed to other causes. The World Health Organization's guidelines on reporting deaths, issued in mid-April, states that "deaths due to COVID-19" should be considered as such "unless there is a clear alternative cause of death that cannot be related to COVID disease."[182] The Federal State Statistics Service's counting process runs contrary to the WHO's guidelines.[170]

Number of cases in the recovery register[edit]

In June 2021 Deputy Digital Development Minister Oleg Kachanov quoted data from official record of recoveries in the context of its integration with database used for issuance of "COVID passport" certificates, and the database had 9 million recoveries recorded, which was almost twice as the official case statistics (5 million) at that time.[184]

Further analysis of crowdsourced recovery certificate numbers (which were sequentially numbered) by physicist Sergey Shpilkin indicated that the total number of recoveries in the register exceeds 29 millions, which is 4.5x higher than the official number of cases from the beginning of pandemics (6 million).[184]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Excluding 3 recovered cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance".

References[edit]

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