COVID-19 pandemic in Armenia

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COVID-19 pandemic in Armenia
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationArmenia
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1][2]
Index caseYerevan
Arrival date1 March 2020
(1 year, 3 months, 2 weeks and 3 days)
Confirmed cases222,139
Recovered211,634
Deaths
4,400
Government website
A Unified Information Platform for Combating Coronavirus
National Center for Disease Control and Prevention

The COVID-19 pandemic in Armenia is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Armenia on 1 March 2020 when its first case was reported. It has spread to all of the regions (marz) of Armenia and has caused 4,400 deaths (not including 1077 more deaths as a result of "other reasons").

Armenia has suspended visa-free travel for Chinese citizens since 1 February, shortly after it implemented a 90-day visa-free regime on 19 January. Citizens of Iran can no longer receive a visa on arrival either. Additionally, passengers who have been to most of Europe, as well as South Korea and Japan, within the past 14 days, are no longer allowed to enter Armenia.[3] The border of Armenia with the Republic of Artsakh has also been closed in order to prevent the virus from spreading to the unrecognized republic (which "de facto" proclaimed its independence in a nationwide referendum on December 10, 1992).

Before the virus was confirmed to have arrived in Armenia, 118 tests were performed in February with negative results. To date, Armenia is reported to have performed 1,065,211 tests, of which 222,139 were positive.[4]

Background[edit]

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[5][6]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[7][8] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[9][7]

Timeline[edit]

COVID-19 cases in Armenia  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
MarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSepOctOct
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-01 1(n.a.)
1(=)
2020-03-11
4(+300%)
2020-03-12
6(+50%)
2020-03-13
13(+117%)
2020-03-14
20(+54%)
2020-03-15
28(+40%)
2020-03-16
45(+61%)
2020-03-17
78(+73%)
2020-03-18
110(+41%)
2020-03-19
136(+24%)
2020-03-20
160(+18%)
2020-03-21
190(+19%)
2020-03-22
194(+2.1%)
2020-03-23
235(+21%)
2020-03-24
265(+13%)
2020-03-25
290(+9.4%)
2020-03-26
329(+13%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-27
372(+13%) 1(=)
2020-03-28
424(+14%) 3(+200%)
2020-03-29
482(+14%) 3(=)
2020-03-30
532(+10%) 3(=)
2020-03-31
571(+7.3%) 3(=)
2020-04-01
663(+16%) 4(+33%)
2020-04-02
736(+11%) 7(+75%)
2020-04-03
770(+4.6%) 7(=)
2020-04-04
822(+6.8%) 7(=)
2020-04-05
833(+1.3%) 8(+14%)
2020-04-06
853(+2.4%) 8(=)
2020-04-07
881(+3.3%) 9(+12%)
2020-04-08
921(+4.5%) 10(+11%)
2020-04-09
937(+1.7%) 11(+10%)
2020-04-10
967(+3.2%) 13(+18%)
2020-04-11
1,013(+4.8%) 13(=)
2020-04-12
1,039(+2.6%) 14(+7.7%)
2020-04-13
1,067(+2.7%) 16(+14%)
2020-04-14
1,111(+4.1%) 17(+6.2%)
2020-04-15
1,159(+4.3%) 18(+5.9%)
2020-04-16
1,201(+3.6%) 19(+5.6%)
2020-04-17
1,248(+3.9%) 20(+5.3%)
2020-04-18
1,291(+3.4%) 20(=)
2020-04-19
1,339(+3.7%) 22(+10%)
2020-04-20
1,401(+4.6%) 24(+9.1%)
2020-04-21
1,473(+5.1%) 24(=)
2020-04-22
1,523(+3.4%) 24(=)
2020-04-23
1,596(+4.8%) 27(+12%)
2020-04-24
1,677(+5.1%) 28(+3.7%)
2020-04-25
1,746(+4.1%) 28(=)
2020-04-26
1,808(+3.6%) 29(+3.6%)
2020-04-27
1,867(+3.3%) 30(+3.4%)
2020-04-28
1,932(+3.5%) 30(=)
2020-04-29
2,066(+6.9%) 32(+6.7%)
2020-04-30
2,148(+4%) 33(+3.1%)
2020-05-01
2,273(+5.8%) 33(=)
2020-05-02
2,386(+5%) 35(+6.1%)
2020-05-03
2,507(+5.1%) 39(+11%)
2020-05-04
2,619(+4.5%) 40(+2.6%)
2020-05-05
2,782(+6.2%) 40(=)
2020-05-06
2,884(+3.7%) 42(+5%)
2020-05-07
3,029(+5%) 43(+2.4%)
2020-05-08
3,175(+4.8%) 44(+2.3%)
2020-05-09
3,313(+4.3%) 45(+2.3%)
2020-05-10
3,392(+2.4%) 46(+2.2%)
2020-05-11
3,538(+4.3%) 47(+2.2%)
2020-05-12
3,718(+5.1%) 48(+2.1%)
2020-05-13
3,860(+3.8%) 49(+2.1%)
2020-05-14
4,044(+4.8%) 52(+6.1%)
2020-05-15
4,283(+5.9%) 52(=)
2020-05-16
4,427(+3.4%) 60(+15%)
2020-05-17
4,823(+8.9%) 52(−13%)
2020-05-18
5,041(+4.5%) 64(+23%)
2020-05-19
5,271(+4.6%) 67(+4.7%)
2020-05-20
5,606(+6.4%) 70(+4.5%)
2020-05-21
5,928(+5.7%) 74(+5.7%)
2020-05-22
6,302(+6.3%) 77(+4.1%)
2020-05-23
6,661(+5.7%) 81(+5.2%)
2020-05-24
7,113(+6.8%) 87(+7.4%)
2020-05-25
7,402(+4.1%) 91(+4.6%)
2020-05-26
7,774(+5%) 98(+7.7%)
2020-05-27
8,216(+5.7%) 113(+15%)
2020-05-28
8,676(+5.6%) 120(+6.2%)
2020-05-29
8,927(+2.9%) 127(+5.8%)
2020-05-30
9,282(+4%) 131(+3.1%)
2020-05-31
9,492(+2.3%) 139(+6.1%)
2020-06-01
10,009(+5.4%) 158(+14%)
2020-06-02
10,524(+5.1%) 170(+7.6%)
2020-06-03
11,221(+6.6%) 176(+3.5%)
2020-06-04
11,817(+5.3%) 183(+4%)
2020-06-05
12,634(+6.9%) 190(+3.8%)
2020-06-06
13,130(+3.9%) 200(+5.3%)
2020-06-07
13,325(+1.5%) 211(+5.5%)
2020-06-08
13,675(+2.6%) 217(+2.8%)
2020-06-09
14,103(+3.1%) 227(+4.6%)
2020-06-10
14,669(+4%) 245(+7.9%)
2020-06-11
15,281(+4.2%) 258(+5.3%)
2020-06-12
16,004(+4.7%) 264(+2.3%)
2020-06-13
16,667(+4.1%) 269(+1.9%)
2020-06-14
17,064(+2.4%) 285(+5.9%)
2020-06-15
17,489(+2.5%) 293(+2.8%)
2020-06-16
18,033(+3.1%) 302(+3.1%)
2020-06-17
18,698(+3.7%) 309(+2.3%)
2020-06-18
19,157(+2.5%) 319(+3.2%)
2020-06-19
19,708(+2.9%) 332(+4.1%)
2020-06-20
20,268(+2.8%) 350(+5.4%)
2020-06-21
20,588(+1.6%) 360(+2.9%)
2020-06-22
21,006(+2%) 372(+3.3%)
2020-06-23
21,717(+3.4%) 386(+3.8%)
2020-06-24
22,488(+3.6%) 397(+2.8%)
2020-06-25
23,247(+3.4%) 410(+3.3%)
2020-06-26
23,909(+2.8%) 420(+2.4%)
2020-06-27
24,645(+3.1%) 426(+1.4%)
2020-06-28
25,127(+2%) 433(+1.6%)
2020-06-29
25,542(+1.7%) 443(+2.3%)
2020-06-30
26,065(+2%) 453(+2.3%)
2020-07-01
26,658(+2.3%) 459(+1.3%)
2020-07-02
27,320(+2.5%) 469(+2.2%)
2020-07-03
27,900(+2.1%) 477(+1.7%)
2020-07-04
28,606(+2.5%) 484(+1.5%)
2020-07-05
28,936(+1.2%) 491(+1.4%)
2020-07-06
29,285(+1.2%) 503(+2.4%)
2020-07-07
29,820(+1.8%) 521(+3.6%)
2020-07-08
30,346(+1.8%) 535(+2.7%)
2020-07-09
30,903(+1.8%) 546(+2.1%)
2020-07-10
31,392(+1.6%) 559(+2.4%)
2020-07-11
31,969(+1.8%) 565(+1.1%)
2020-07-12
32,151(+0.57%) 573(+1.4%)
2020-07-13
32,490(+1.1%) 581(+1.4%)
2020-07-14
33,005(+1.6%) 592(+1.9%)
2020-07-15
33,559(+1.7%) 607(+2.5%)
2020-07-16
34,001(+1.3%) 620(+2.1%)
2020-07-17
34,462(+1.4%) 631(+1.8%)
2020-07-18
34,877(+1.2%) 641(+1.6%)
2020-07-19
34,981(+0.3%) 650(+1.4%)
2020-07-20
35,254(+0.78%) 662(+1.8%)
2020-07-21
35,693(+1.2%) 678(+2.4%)
2020-07-22
36,162(+1.3%) 688(+1.5%)
2020-07-23
36,613(+1.2%) 692(+0.58%)
2020-07-24
36,996(+1%) 700(+1.2%)
2020-07-25
37,317(+0.87%) 705(+0.71%)
2020-07-26
37,390(+0.2%) 711(+0.85%)
2020-07-27
37,629(+0.64%) 719(+1.1%)
2020-07-28
37,937(+0.82%) 723(+0.56%)
2020-07-29
38,196(+0.68%) 728(+0.69%)
2020-07-30
38,550(+0.93%) 738(+1.4%)
2020-07-31
38,841(+0.75%) 749(+1.5%)
2020-08-01
39,050(+0.54%) 754(+0.67%)
2020-08-02
39,102(+0.13%) 762(+1.1%)
2020-08-03
39,298(+0.5%) 768(+0.79%)
2020-08-04
39,586(+0.73%) 770(+0.26%)
2020-08-05
39,819(+0.59%) 772(+0.26%)
2020-08-06
39,985(+0.42%) 777(+0.65%)
2020-08-07
40,185(+0.5%) 785(+1%)
2020-08-08
40,410(+0.56%) 791(+0.76%)
2020-08-09
40,433(+0.06%) 796(+0.63%)
2020-08-10
40,593(+0.4%) 803(+0.88%)
2020-08-11
40,794(+0.5%) 806(+0.37%)
2020-08-12
41,023(+0.56%) 809(+0.37%)
2020-08-13
41,299(+0.67%) 814(+0.62%)
2020-08-14
41,495(+0.47%) 817(+0.37%)
2020-08-15
41,663(+0.4%) 818(+0.12%)
2020-08-16
41,701(+0.09%) 824(+0.73%)
2020-08-17
41,846(+0.35%) 832(+0.97%)
2020-08-18
42,056(+0.5%) 833(+0.12%)
2020-08-19
42,319(+0.63%) 836(+0.36%)
2020-08-20
42,477(+0.37%) 842(+0.72%)
2020-08-21
42,616(+0.33%) 850(+0.95%)
2020-08-22
42,792(+0.41%) 852(+0.24%)
2020-08-23
42,825(+0.08%) 854(+0.23%)
2020-08-24
42,936(+0.26%) 858(+0.47%)
2020-08-25
43,067(+0.31%) 861(+0.35%)
2020-08-26
43,270(+0.47%) 864(+0.35%)
2020-10-25
77,387(n.a.) 1,180(n.a.)
Sources:

Armenia's National Center for Disease Control provides daily update of numbers from the previous day every morning at 11:00 here


March 2020[edit]

On 1 March, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan confirmed the reports on his Facebook page that the COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Armenia.[10][11]

On 16 March, Government declared a state of emergency lasting until 14 April to prevent the spread of the coronavirus. The emergency measures included the closure of all educational institutions, closing the borders with Georgia and Iran, banning gatherings with over 20 people, and postponing the 2020 Armenian constitutional referendum.[12]

As of 18 March, in addition to 799 people in self-isolation, there were 444 people in quarantine, gathered in the Golden Palace Hotel of Tsaghkadzor and the Monte Melkonian Military College of Dilijan.[13]

On 21 March, Armenia's Health Minister Arsen Torosyan said they have over 600 in quarantine in different regions of Armenia. He added that Armenia's capacity for quarantining people is nearing its limit, and that people should already resort to self-isolation as a preventative measure. Of the confirmed cases, 133 were linked to the clusters of cases from Ejmiatsin and a sewing factory in Yerevan.[13]

As of 24 March, there are 235 confirmed cases. 26 patients have pneumonia, 6 of whom are in intensive care, though they are not intubated (not on artificial respirators), and are under constant supervision.[13]

On 26 March, Armenia's Health Ministry announced the country's first death from COVID-19. The patient was a 72-year-old male Armenian citizen with multiple pre-existing conditions.[14]

April 2020[edit]

On 1 April, Armenia reported its 4th death.[15]

On 6 April, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan announced that Armenia would start to produce COVID-19 tests at the Institute of Molecular Biology.[16]

On 7 April, the first case of COVID-19 was reported in the unrecognized Republic of Artsakh. The person had returned from Armenia to Mirik village of the Kashatagh Province, 39 km from Berdzor and 89 km from Stepanakert and was taken by ambulance to the Kashatagh medical center on the morning of 2 April. All 17 people who had been in contact with this person, none of whom had symptoms, had self-isolated in advance for safety reasons.[17]

May 2020[edit]

On 4 May, the national stay-at-home order was partially lifted and non-essential businesses were allowed to reopen, provided that the businesses require customers wear masks and limit the number of customers inside stores and restaurants.[18]

On 14 May, the country's state of emergency was extended until 13 June. However, preschools, shopping centres, and gyms reopened and public transport resumed starting from 18 May.[19]

June 2020[edit]

On 1 June, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan announced that he had tested positive for COVID-19.[20]

July to December 2020[edit]

Model-based simulations suggest that the 95% confidence interval for the time-varying reproduction number R t was lower than 1.0 in July and August, above 1.0 in September and October, and around 1.0 in November.[21]

Statistics[edit]

Aid[edit]

International aid[edit]

The countries and international organizations that have sent aid and funds to the Government of Armenia, to help fight the pandemic, includes:

  •  Canada: Canada provided Armenia with a $260,000 funding package to assist with COVID-19.[22]
  •  China: On 8 April 2020, a batch of humanitarian aid including disposable surgical masks, protection suits, and ventilators from China arrived in Armenia.[23]
  •  European Union: The EU has provided 92 million euros in aid to Armenia. In addition, the EU has supplied Armenia with 6,000 gloves, 2,300 medical masks, and provided over 3000 vulnerable citizens with care packages.[24]
  •  Russia: In April 2020, the Russian military sent a team of medics and special equipment to Armenia to help authorities detect and prevent coronavirus cases among Armenian and Russian military personnel serving in the country. The equipment included a coronavirus testing lab and a sample collection system.[25]
  •  Serbia: On June 18 and 19, Serbia sent two planes with medical aid to Armenia, containing 10 artificial respiration devices, 10 monitors monitoring the patient's condition, 500,000 surgical masks, 100,000 breathing masks, 25,000 protective glasses, 25,000 medical protective clothing and other necessary items.[26]
  •  United States: The United States has provided 2.7 million dollars to help strengthen laboratory capacity, improve management of severe cases, and support community level preparedness planning in Armenia. The US has also provided 1.2 million dollars to address the economic impacts of COVID-19, 1.8 million dollars for community-based social work, and an additional $200,000 to civil society and independent media organizations.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Q&A on coronaviruses (COVID-19)". who.int. Retrieved 24 March 2020. the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
  2. ^ Sheikh, Knvul; Rabin, Roni Caryn (10 March 2020). "The Coronavirus: What Scientists Have Learned So Far". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  3. ^ "IATA - International Travel Document News". www.iatatravelcentre.com.
  4. ^ "Հաստատված դեպքերն ըստ օրերի — NCDC Armenia" (in Armenian). Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  5. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  8. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  9. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  10. ^ "First Case of Coronavirus Confirmed in Armenia". Asbarez.com. 2 March 2018. Archived from the original on 6 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Armenia reports first coronavirus infection". Reuters. 1 March 2018. Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Armenia declares one-month state of emergency for coronavirus". Reuters. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  13. ^ a b c "COVID-19: Updates From Armenia". EVN Report. 13 March 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  14. ^ Asbarez Staff (26 March 2017). "Armenia Reports First Coronavirus Death". Asbarez. Asbarez. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  15. ^ Ghazanchyan, S. (1 April 2020). "Armenia reports 4th coronavirus-related death". Public Radio of Armenia. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  16. ^ "PM: Armenia to start production of COVID-19 tests".
  17. ^ "First coronavirus case reported in Karabakh".
  18. ^ Elliot, Raffi (4 May 2020). "Armenia enters "new phase" of COVID-19 pandemic response as businesses reopen". The Armenian Weekly. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  19. ^ "COVID-19: Armenian Government Approves Extending State Of Emergency". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  20. ^ "Armenian PM Pashinyan tests positive for coronavirus". Reuters. 1 June 2020. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  21. ^ Future scenarios of the healthcare burden of COVID-19 in low- or middle-income countries, MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis at Imperial College London.
  22. ^ "Canada Allocates $260,000 For COVID-19 Assistance to Armenia". torontohye.ca. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  23. ^ "Chinese medical supplies arrive in Yerevan, Armenia". xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  24. ^ "EU STANDS BY ARMENIA DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC" (PDF). europa.eu. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  25. ^ "Russia Offers To Help Armenia Fight COVID-19 Pandemic". azatutyun.am. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  26. ^ "Second Air Serbia flight carries humanitarian aid to Armenia". armradio. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  27. ^ "U.S. ASSISTANCE to ARMENIA on COVID-19" (PDF). usembassy.am. Retrieved 17 May 2021.