Dhaka Electric Supply Company Limited

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dhaka Electric Supply Company Limited
Industry Electricity Distribution
Founded (November 3, 1996; 20 years ago (1996-11-03)) in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Headquarters Nikunja-2, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Area served
Dhaka City Corporation
Revenue 2013: Increase US$ 311.1279 million[1]
2014: Decrease US$ 014.508 million[1]
2013: Decrease US$ 010.349 million[1]
Total assets 2013: Increase US$ 435.479 million[1]
Total equity 2013: Increase US$ 138.471 million[1]
Number of employees
1573 (2013)[2]
Parent Bangladesh Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources[3]
Website desco.org.bd

Dhaka Electric Supply Company Limited, commonly known as DESCO, is a Public Limited Company which distributes electricity at the Northern parts of Dhaka City and Tongi Town of Gazipur District. The company was created on November 1996 under the Companies Act 1994 as a Public Limited Company. The company is now under the Power Division of the Bangladesh Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources[3] and serving a total number of 604,304 consumers as of 31 December 2013.[4]


Highlighted events
Year Events
2013 Online application for recruitment.
2012 Online application for new connection.
2010 Launching online bill payment system.
2008 Inauguration of Data Acquisition System.
2007 Takeover of Tongi Pourashava and distribution licence from BERC.
2006 Company goes public.
2005 Inauguration of prepaid metering system.
2004 Establishment of sales & distribution divisions.
2003 Takeover of Gulshan area.
1998 Takeover of Mirpur area from DESA.
1996 Certificate of incorporation.

In 1972, the first Government of Bangladesh, in an effort to speed up the investment in the sector issued an ordinance,[5] creating the Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB). BPDB, from 1972 to 1995, has increased the generation capacity in the country from 475 MW to 2818 MW, and the length of its 230  kV and 132  kV transmission networks to 419 km and 2469 km respectively. For the first time in December 1982, the eastern and western halves of the country were electrically connected through the commissioning of double circuit 230 kV transmission line across the Jamuna River energized at 132 kV between Ishurdi and Tongi called the first East-West Inter-connector. Thus 230 kV and 132 kV inter-ties linked the distribution networks of all major towns and cities had been through.

But from 1986 onwards, the commercial performance of the BPDB deteriorated and in 1991, BPDB's average gross systems loss was about 42 percent and accounts receivables in excess of 6.5 months of billing. This performance was not found reasonable to the covenants agreed by the Government and BPDB with the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank.

So in 1990, another ordinance was issued, which was subsequently enacted as an Act transferring the 132 kV, 33 kV transmission and distribution system in the Greater Dhaka Area including the Metropolitan City to a newly created Government agency called the Dhaka Electric Supply Authority (DESA). This was done to lessen the administrative burden on BPDB's management by relieving it of the burden of managing about 50 percent of the energy distribution of the entire country.

With the economy performing very well during 1992-95, the demand for electricity grew substantially. Faced with a grim possibility of serious electricity shortages during the next few years and to enable the sector to be financially self-sustaining and also attract private capital, the cabinet approved in principle, the inter-ministerial committee report named "Power Sector Reforms in Bangladesh (PSRB)".[6][7]

In the meanwhile, the performance of BPDB and DESA have slowly but steadily improved, although they are by no means near international levels of performance. In view of this Improvement and the restructuring effort announced by the Government, the development partners have agreed to resume funding to the sector based on the principle of "Reforms Fundina Linkaaes" i.e. every project funded by these partners would have components addressing the reforms decided upon by the Government. The Project has been linked to redefining the franchise area of DESA and handing over of distribution networks outside Metropolitan Dhaka City to Rural Electrification Board (REB), and formation of a corporatized Dhaka Electric Supply Company (DESCO) which will initially take over part of the distribution network of DESA and ultimately take over all its assets. The formation of this company is seen as an essential step towards " Corporatization and Commercialization" of the sector and to reduce the excessive inefficiently in the distribution network in the capital.

Organizational structure and workforce management[edit]

Name of zones and S&D divisions[8]
Name of zone Name of S&D division
Gulshan Badda
Mirpur Agargaon
Shah Ali
Uttara Dakshinkhan
Tongi (East)
Tongi (West)
Uttara (East)
Uttara (West)

The company's formal organizational structure involves a hierarchical system. The Chairman and the Board of Directors make up the top of this structure. The executive head of the organization is the Managing Director under whom five Executive Directors, two General Managers, two Chief Engineers, twelve Superintending Engineers, two Deputy General Managers and one Company Secretary operate the executive duties.

To increase effectiveness in its field activities, DESCO has established 16 Sales & Distribution (S&D) divisions under 3 operational zones.

Operational zone and sales & distribution (S&D) division[edit]

The Superintending Engineer is in-charge of a zone who supervises the Executive Engineers, the key responsible person of each S&D Division. Each Executive Engineer accomplishes his duties by two Sub-divisional Engineers, one for system related activities and another for commercial related activities. Two Assistant Engineers act as assisting body under each Sub-divisional Engineer.

System related activities include scheduled maintenance, troubleshooting and breakdown maintenance of substation and switching stations, troubleshooting of customer complaints, line & equipment maintenance etc. Commercial related activities include meter reading, distribution of monthly electricity bills, service disconnection of the defaulter consumer, customers’ house wiring inspection, new electric connection, meter installation, change of old or unserviceable meter etc.

DESCO has outsourced a group of experienced workers for field level activities, including other logistic support services like security service, cleaning service and partial transport service. To this end, DESCO engaged in several experienced contractors through competitive bidding process. With the proper maintenance of the distribution system, service complaints from consumers have been reduced significantly.

The procedure for new connection has been simplified to achieve greater consumer satisfaction and efforts are on to further reduce the average time now taken. DESCO team tries their best to give a new connection within 21 working days. To make it more simple and quick DESCO has launched “Online Application” on 23 February 2012 for new connection[9] and DESCO is the first distribution company in the country which has started it.

ICT division[edit]

The company has a group of IT experts for Management Information System (MIS) and for developing new software as on demand. “E-Governance” is such a software developed by the DESCO IT team which has simplified the new connection related job in a very smart way. This team is also continuously working for a better complaint management, monthly bill process and collection, miscellaneous bill collection and correction, maintaining DESCO website and E-mail Communication and to set up inter-office Wide Area Network (WAN) Connectivity. DESCO website is Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protected and a consumer can pay their monthly bill easily online using debit or credit cards.[9]

Substation & network division[edit]

Name of divisional control centers
Name of zone Name of control center
Mirpur Mirpur Control (Kafrul)
Agargaon Control
Uttara Uttara Control
Tongi Control
Gulshan Gulshan Control
Baridhara Control

DESCO has 26 33/11 kV substations and it has a separate division named Substation & Network to maintain these substations. The division has an Superintending Engineer under the Chief Engineer, Network Operation. This division is divided into two departments: Medium Voltage Substation Maintenance & Commissioning (MVSSMC) and Grid & Protection (G & P). Services including electric power substation inspection, troubleshooting of any equipment operation, testing of any substation relay for proper operation, testing and commissioning, test reporting are done by these two departments.

DESCO's Central Control, located at Gulshan, is under the Substation & Network division for optimal scheduling and dispatch of electricity among the 6 divisional control centers. To enable this, the control centre is equipped with a reliable communication network, an accurate data acquisition system (DAS) and a visual display system for live data received from various locations. It was also proposed that a fully equipped supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system was established, for a more reliable and faster data processing and data formatting system.

Development & project and Planning & design division[edit]

Electricity is a constantly developing technology and to be consistent with this development DESCO has two separate division for Development & Project and Planning & Design. A project is typically managed by the project division in the five following steps:

  1. Identification of need and development of the concept.
  2. Analysis of the options and approval.
  3. Implementation.
  4. Evaluation.
  5. Future plans.

DESCO has completed a study to ascertain load demand and consumer growth in the area up to the year 2030 with 5 years phasing. The report shows that the load demand of DESCO will increase to 1,129 MVA by the year 2015, to 1,910 MVA by the year 2020, to 3,489 MVA by the year 2025 and to 6,288 MVA by the year 2030. Accordingly, DESCO has prepared a plan to cater this increasing load demand. For this purpose, 117 new 33/11 kV substations and 28 new 132/33 kV grid substations will be required along with upgrades of some existing substations. Presently a number of projects are in an implementation stage under the "Sustainable Power Sector Development Program" (SPSDP)[10] and on turnkey basis by DESCO's own fund.[1] In partnership with others, the Planning & Design division supports to plan and implement these projects in a disciplined way.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Annual Report 2013,DESCO". DESCO. 
  2. ^ "Manpower Set-up of DESCO". DESCO. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Power Division". Bangladesh Ministry. 
  4. ^ "Monthly Operational Data". DESCO. Retrieved Jan 12,2014. 
  5. ^ "The Bangladesh Power Development Boards Order, 1972". Power Division. Retrieved Jan 14,2014. 
  6. ^ "Power Sector Reforms in Bangladesh" (PDF). Asian Development Bank. 
  7. ^ "Proposed Power Sector Development Policy" (PDF). World Bank. 
  8. ^ "S&D's and Offices of DESCO". . Retrieved July 23, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Notice published at the dailies". . Retrieved April 09,2012. 
  10. ^ "Sustainable Power Sector Development Program". ADB. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 

External links[edit]