Dhaka Stock Exchange
|ঢাকা স্টক এক্সচেঞ্জ|
|Owner||Dhaka Stock Exchange Limited|
|No. of listings||750|
|Market cap||US$ 46.2 billion (2020)|
|Indices||DSE 30 Index, Dhaka Stock Exchange Broad (DSEX), DSES Index|
The Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) (Bengali: ঢাকা স্টক এক্সচেঞ্জ Dhaka stôk ekschenj), located in Motijheel, Dhaka, is one of the two stock exchanges of Bangladesh, the other being the Chittagong Stock Exchange. In 2020, the combined market capitalisation of listed companies on the Dhaka bourse stood at over $46 billion.
First incorporated as East Pakistan Stock Exchange Association Ltd on 28 April 1954 and started formal trading in 1956. It was renamed as East Pakistan Stock Exchange Ltd on 23 June 1962. Again renamed as Dacca Stock Exchange Ltd on 13 May 1964. After the liberation war in 1971 the trading was discontinued for five years. In 1976 trading restarted in Bangladesh, on 16 September 1986 DSE was started. The formula for calculating DSE all share price index was changed according to IFC on 1 November 1993. The automated trading was initiated on 10 August 1998 and started on 1 January 2001. A Central Securities Depository System was initiated on 24 January 2004.
As of 16 November 2009, the benchmark index of the Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) crossed 4000 points for the first time, setting another new high at 4148 points. In 2010, the index crossed 8500 points and finally crashed in the first quarter of 2011. Millions of investors lost their money and came out onto the street blaming the speculators and regulators for the bubble that finally burst in what became known as the 2011 Bangladesh share market scam. Currently, there are total 22 industrial sectors in DSE which accommodate 578 listed companies.
Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) is a public limited company. It is formed and managed under Company Act 1994, Security and Exchange Commission Act 1993, Security and Exchange Commission Regulation 1994, and Security Exchange (Inside Trading) regulation 1994. The issued capital of this company is Tk. 500,000 which is divided up to 250 shares each pricing Tk. 2000. No individual or firm can buy more than one share. According to stock market rule only members can participate in the floor and can buy shares for himself or his clients. At present it has 238 members. Market capitalisation of the Dhaka Stock Exchange reached nearly $9 billion in September 2007 and $27.4 billion on 9 December 2009.
The management and operation of Dhaka Stock Exchange is entrusted on a 25 members board of directors. Among them 12 are elected from DSE members, another 12 are selected from different trade bodies and relevant organisations. The CEO is the 25th ex officio member of the board. The government has appointed Professor Shibli Rubayat Ul Islam, who teaches banking and insurance at Dhaka University, as the chairman of Bangladesh Securities and Exchange Commission, reports bdnews24.com.
The following organisations are currently holding positions in DSE Board:
- Bangladesh Bank
- ICB – Investment Corporation of Bangladesh
- President of Institute of Chartered Accountants of Bangladesh
- President of Federation of Bangladesh Chambers of Commerce and Industries
- President of Metropolitan Chambers of Commerce and Industries
- Professor of Finance Department of Dhaka University
- President of Dhaka Chamber of Commerce & Industry.
The Dhaka Stock Exchange is open for trading Sunday through Thursday between 10:00 am – 2:30 pm BST, with the exception of holidays declared by the Exchange in advance. In the month of Ramadan, the exchange is open for trading between 10:00 am – 2:00 pm BST.
The bullish market turned bearish during November 2010, with the exchange losing 1,800 points between December 2010 and January 2011. Millions of investors have been rendered bankrupt as a result of the market crash. The crash is believed to be caused artificially to benefit a handful of players at the expense of the big players.
- "Recent Market Information". DSE. 27 October 2020.
- "Probe panel finds massive manipulation at Bangla stock market". India Times. 7 April 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Dhaka Stock Exchange Official site of Dhaka Stock Exchange.
- Mansur, Ahsan H. (April 2010). "Is the Bull Market Sustainable?". Forum. The Daily Star. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
- Solaiman, Md Noor. (October 2012). "Share market crash and the reasons behind the disaster". Newspaper. The Financial Express. Retrieved 5 April 2010.