List of cities in Taiwan

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  Special municipality
  City
  County-administered city
Population density of Taiwan by region

In the structural hierarchy of the administrative divisions in Taiwan, there are three types of administrative divisions with the Chinese word shì (市, "city") in their names.

Name Chinese Hànyǔ Pīnyīn Pe̍h-ōe-jī No.
    Special municipality 直轄市 zhíxiáshì ti̍t-hat-chhī 6
    City shì chhī 3
    County-administered city 縣轄市 xiànxiáshì koān-hat-chhī 14

The 23 cities in Taiwan:

Name Chinese Hokkien
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Mandarin
Hànyǔ Pīnyīn
County Founded Population
(DEC. 2014)[1]
Kaohsiung 高雄市 Ko-hiông-chhī Gāoxióng Shì none 1979-07-01 1,402,914
New Taipei 新北市 Sin-pak-chhī Xīnběi Shì none 2010-12-25 3,974,911
Taichung 臺中市 Tâi-tiong-chhī Táizhōng Shì none 2010-12-25 2,759,887
Tainan 臺南市 Tâi-lâm-chhī Táinán Shì none 2010-12-25 1,885,499
Taipei 臺北市 Tâi-pak-chhī Táiběi Shì none 1967-07-01 2,696,316
Taoyuan 桃園市 Thô-hn̂g-chhī Táoyuán Shì none 2014-12-25 2,136,702
Chiayi 嘉義市 Ka-gī-chhī Jiāyì Shì none 1982-07-01 269,890
Hsinchu 新竹市 Sin-tek-chhī Xīnzhú Shì none 1982-07-01 436,220
Keelung 基隆市 Ke-lâng-chhī Jīlóng Shì none 1945-10-25 372,019
Changhua 彰化市 Chiong-hòa-chhī or
Chiang-hòa-chhī
Zhānghuà Shì Changhua 1951-12-01 234,721
Douliu 斗六市 Táu-la̍k-chhī Dǒuliù Shì Yunlin 1981-12-25 108,098
Hualien 花蓮市 Hoa-lian-chhī or
Hoa-liân-chhī
Huālián Shì Hualien 1946-01-16 106,368
Magong 馬公市 Má-keng-chhī Mǎgōng Shì Penghu 1981-12-25 60,335
Miaoli 苗栗市 Biâu-le̍k-chhī or
Miâu-le̍k-chhī
Miáolì Shì Miaoli 1981-12-25 90,963
Nantou 南投市 Lâm-tâu-chhī Nántóu Shì Nantou 1981-12-25 102,314
Pingtung 屏東市 Pîn-tong-chhī Píngdōng Shì Pingtung 1951-12-01 203,866
Puzi 朴子市 Phò-chú-chhī Púzǐ Shì Chiayi 1992-09-10 43,250
Taibao 太保市 Thài-pó-chhī Tàibǎo Shì Chiayi 1991-07-01 37,038
Taitung 臺東市 Tâi-tang-chhī Táidōng Shì Taitung 1976-01-01 106,969
Toufen 頭份市 Thâu-hūn-chhī Tóufèn Shì Miaoli 2015-10-05 102,654
Yilan 宜蘭市 Gî-lân-chhī Yílán Shì Yilan 1946-01-16 95,879
Yuanlin 員林市 Oân-lîm-chhī Yuánlín Shì Changhua 2015-08-08 124,730
Zhubei 竹北市 Tek-pak-chhī Zhúběi Shì Hsinchu 1988-10-31 203,195

Former cities[edit]

Dissolved prefectural cities[edit]

Name Japanese Taiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Prefecture Founded Dissolved Successor division
Taihoku 臺北市 Tâi-pak-chhī Taihoku 1920-10-01 1945-10-25 Became city of Taipei
Taichū 臺中市 Tâi-tiong-chhī Taichū 1920-10-01 1945-10-25 Became city of Taichung
Tainan 臺南市 Tâi-lâm-chhī Tainan 1920-10-01 1945-10-25 Became city of Tainan
Kīrun 基隆市 Ke-lâng-chhī Taihoku 1924-12-25 1945-10-25 Became city of Keelung
Takao 高雄市 Ko-hiông-chhī Takao 1924-12-25 1945-10-25 Became city of Kaohsiung
Shinchiku 新竹市 Sin-tek-chhī Shinchiku 1930-01-20 1945-10-25 Became city of Hsinchu
Kagi 嘉義市 Ka-gī-chhī Tainan 1930-01-20 1945-10-25 Became city of Chiayi
Shōka 彰化市 Chiong-hòa-chhī Taichū 1933-12-20 1945-10-25 Became city of Changhua
Heitō 屏東市 Pîn-tong-chhī Takao 1933-12-20 1945-10-25 Became city of Pingtung
Giran 宜蘭市 Gî-lân-chhī Taihoku 1940-10-01 1945-10-25 Became county-administered city of Yilan
Karenkō 花蓮港市 Hoa-liân-káng-chhī Karenkō 1940-10-01 1945-10-25 Became county-administered city of Hualien

Dissolved provincial cities[edit]

Name Chinese Taiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Founded Dissolved Successor division
Changhua 彰化市 Chiong-hòa-chhī or
Chiang-hòa-chhī
1945-10-25 1951-12-01 Became a county-administered city in Changhua County
Pingtung 屏東市 Pîn-tong-chhī 1945-10-25 1951-12-01 Became a county-administered city in Pingtung County
Taipei 臺北市 Tâi-pak-chhī 1945-10-25 1967-07-01 Became a special municipality
Kaohsiung 高雄市 Ko-hiông-chhī 1945-10-25 1979-07-01 Became a special municipality
Taichung 臺中市 Tâi-tiong-chhī 1945-10-25 2010-12-25 Became part of the special municipality of Taichung
Tainan 臺南市 Tâi-lâm-chhī 1945-10-25 2010-12-25 Became part of the special municipality of Tainan

Dissolved county-administered cities[edit]

Name Chinese Taiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
County Founded Dissolved Successor division
Chiayi 嘉義市 Ka-gī-chhī Chiayi 1950-08-16 1982-07-01 Became a city
Hsinchu 新竹市 Sin-tek-chhī Hsinchu 1951-12-01 1982-07-01 Became a city
Fengshan 鳳山市 Hōng-soaⁿ-chhī Kaohsiung 1972-07-01 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Kaohsiung
Sanchong 三重市 Sam-tiông-chhī Taipei 1962-04-01 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Banqiao 板橋市 Pang-kiô-chhī Taipei 1972-07-01 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Yonghe 永和市 Éng-hô-chhī Taipei 1979-01-01 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Zhonghe 中和市 Tiong-hô-chhī Taipei 1979-01-01 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Xindian 新店市 Sin-tiàm-chhī Taipei 1980-01-15 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Xinzhuang 新莊市 Sin-chng-chhī Taipei 1980-01-15 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Tucheng 土城市 Thô͘-siâⁿ-chhī Taipei 1993-06-26 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Luzhou 蘆洲市 Lô͘-chiu-chhī Taipei 1997-10-06 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Xizhi 汐止市 Se̍k-chí-chhī Taipei 1999-07-01 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Shulin 樹林市 Chhiū-nâ-chhī Taipei 1999-10-04 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Fengyuan 豐原市 Hong-goân-chhī Taichung 1976-03-01 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Taichung
Dali 大里市 Tāi-lí-chhī Taichung 1993-11-01 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Taichung
Taiping 太平市 Thài-pêng-chhī Taichung 1996-08-01 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Taichung
Xinying 新營市 Sin-iâⁿ-chhī Tainan 1981-12-25 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Tainan
Yongkang 永康市 Éng-khong-chhī Tainan 1993-05-01 2010-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Tainan
Bade 八德市 Pat-tek-chhī Taoyuan 1995-01-01 2014-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Luzhu 蘆竹市 Lô͘-tek-chhī Taoyuan 2014-06-03 2014-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Pingzhen 平鎮市 Pêng-tìn-chhī Taoyuan 1992-03-01 2014-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Taoyuan 桃園市 Thô-hn̂g-chhī Taoyuan 1971-04-21 2014-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Yangmei 楊梅市 Iûⁿ-mûi-chhī Taoyuan 2010-08-01 2014-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Zhongli 中壢市 Tiong-le̍k-chhī Taoyuan 1967-07-01 2014-12-25 Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan

Alphabetical list of all cities and townships[edit]

List of all cities and townships in Taiwan.

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Alphabetical list of all cities and townships (Tongyòng Pinyin)[edit]

Tongyòng Pinyin was the standard of Chinese romanization of Taiwan between 2002 and 2008. Although the standard was shifted to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn from 1 January 2009, the change to signs and documents using Tongyòng Pinyin is not complete. There are still some signs using Tongyòng Pinyin on highways and roads.

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See also[edit]

References[edit]