Jian'ou dialect ( Northern Min: Gṳ̿ing-é-dī / ; 建甌事 Chinese: simplified Chinese: 建瓯话; traditional Chinese: 建甌話; pinyin: ), also known as Jiàn'ōuhuà Kienow dialect, is a local dialect of Northern Min Chinese spoken in Jian'ou in northern Fujian province. It is regarded as the standard common language in Jian'ou.
Phonetics and phonology [ edit ]
The Eight Tones of Kien-chou ( ), a 建州八音 rime dictionary published in 1795, the Jian'ou dialect had 15 initials, 34 rimes and 7 tones in the 18th century, however there are only 6 tones in the modern dialect as the "light level" ( ) tone has disappeared.
Initials [ edit ]
Jian'ou has four tones, which are reduced to two in checked syllables.
Tone chart of the Jian'ou dialect
Tone name Tone contour
) 平聲 ˥˦ (54) or ˥ (5)
) 上聲 ˨˩ (21) or ˩ (1)
dark departing (
) 陰去 ˨ (2)
light departing (
) 陽去 ˦ (4)
dark entering (
) 陰入 ˨˦ (24)
light entering (
) 陽入 ˦˨ (42)
entering tones in the Jian'ou dialect do not have any entering tone coda ( ) such as 入聲韻尾 /-ʔ/, /-p̚/, /-t̚/ and /-k̚/ which makes it distinct from many other Chinese varieties.
References [ edit ]
Beijing daxue Zhongguo yuyan wenxue xi yuyanxue jiaoyanshi 北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室 (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì 漢語方音字匯 (in Chinese). Beijing: Wenzi gaige chubanshe.
Yuan, Jiahua 袁家驊 (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào 漢語方言概要 [ An Introduction to Chinese Dialects] (in Chinese). Beijing: Wenzi gaige chubanshe.
Jianou Xian difangzhi bianzuan weiyuanhui 建瓯县地方志编纂委员会 (1994). [ Jiànōu xiànzhì 建瓯县志 Chorography of Jian'ou County]. Vol. 36. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju. ISBN . 7-101-01283-3
Lien, Chinfa (1990). "Competing Final Systems in the Jian'ou Dialect" (PDF). Tsing Hua Journal of Chinese Studies. 20 (1): 1–53. Norman, Jerry (2002) . Chinese. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN . 0-521-29653-6
External links [ edit ]