Weitou dialect ( simplified Chinese: 围头话; traditional Chinese: 圍頭話; lit.: ' walled (village) language'; Jyutping: Waitau Waa) is a dialect of Yue Chinese. It forms part of the Guan–Bao (莞寶片; 莞宝片, Dongguan– Bao'an) branch of Yuehai. It is spoken by older generations in Luohu and Futian districts in Shenzhen, and by those in the New Territories, Hong Kong.
The Weitou dialect can be heard in
Hong Kong TV dramas and movies, and is usually used to depict characters who come from walled villages. For example, in the 1992 movie , the chief character, played by Now You See Love, Now You Don't Chow Yun-fat who himself grew up in Lamma Island, consistently speaks the Weitou dialect.
In a more general sense,
Weitou Hua can refer to any variety of Chinese spoken in the villages of Hong Kong, including Hakka and rural Yue dialects. In contrast, the majority of Hong Kong residents speak standard Cantonese, while the majority of Shenzhen residents speak Mandarin.
Phonology [ edit ]
Zhang & Zhuang (2003:21-4) records the phonological systems of three varieties of the Weitou dialect spoken in Hong Kong. Following is Fan Tin's (
蕃田), San Tin (in IPA).
The 21 onsets
The 37 rimes
There are four
tone contours, when the " entering tones" (stopped syllables) are ignored:
The 4 tones
tone name contour
˨˧ (23) or ˥ (55) low rising or high
˨˩ (21) low
˧˥ (35) high rising
˧ (33) mid
References [ edit ]
(in Chinese) Zhang Shaungqing 張雙慶 & Zhuang Chusheng 莊初昇 (2003). Xianggang xinjie fangyan (香港新界方言 "The Dialects of the New Territories, Hong Kong"). Hong Kong: Commercial Press. ISBN 962-07-1682-5.
External links [ edit ]