List of most expensive buildings

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In the following, a building is defined as a structure with a roof and walls that stands permanently in one place. Airports are excluded as their construction cost includes runways and systems; however, terminal buildings are included in the list.

Building City Country Architect/designer Current owner(s) Completed/Will Complete Nominal cost ($USbillion) Inflation-adjusted cost, 2018 ($USbillion)
ITER Saint-Paul-lès-Durance  France Bernard Bigot ITER 2025 25.00[1]
Abraj Al Bait (mixed) Mecca  Saudi Arabia Dar Al-Handasah King Salman 2012 15.0[2] 16.41
Olkiluoto 3 Eurajoki  Finland Areva Teollisuuden Voima 2021[3] 12.4[4] 12.4
Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant (block 3 & 4) Mochovce  Slovakia Slovenské elektrárne Slovenské elektrárne 2023 7.61[5]
Željava Air Base Željava  Croatia SFRJ Croatian Army 1968 6.0[6][circular reference] 44.11
SoFi Stadium Inglewood  United States HKS, Inc. Kroenke Sports & Entertainment 2020 5.5[7] 5.5
Marina Bay Sands Singapore  Singapore Moshe Safdie Las Vegas Sands 2010 5.50[8] 6.33
Apple Park Cupertino, California  United States Foster and Partners[9] Apple Inc. 2017 5.00[10] 5.3
Resorts World Sentosa Singapore  Singapore Michael Graves Genting Group 2010 4.93[11] 5.68
Wynn Palace Cotai  Macau Butler/Ashworth Architects and Wong & Ouyang Wynn Resorts 2016 4.2[12] 4.84
The Cosmopolitan Las Vegas  United States Friedmutter Group with Arquitectonica The Blackstone Group 2010 4.10[13] 4.72
One World Trade Center New York City  United States Skidmore, Owings & Merrill The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey 2012 3.80[14] 4.16
Lotte World Tower Seoul  South Korea James von Klemperer Lotte Corporation 2016 3.11 4
Emirates Palace Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates John Elliott Abu Dhabi Government 2005 3.00 3.86
Palace of the Parliament Bucharest  Romania Anca Petrescu Romanian Government 1997 3.00 4.69
Nya Karolinska Hospital Stockholm  Sweden Whitearkitekter & and White Tengbom team Region Stockholm 2018 c. 1.5[15] 1.7
Wynn Resort Las Vegas  United States Butler/Ashworth Architects and Jerde Partnership Wynn Resorts 2005 2.70 3.47
Venetian Macau Macau  Macau Aedas Las Vegas Sands 2005 2.40[16] 3.09
City of Dreams Macau  Macau Arquitectonica Melco Crown Entertainment 2009 2.40 2.81
Antillia Mumbai  India Perkins and Will and Hirsch Bedner Associates Mukesh Ambani 2010 0.7[17] 2
New Children's Hospital[18] Dublin  Ireland Benedict Zucchi Irish Government 2022 1.7[19]
Taipei 101 Taipei  Taiwan C.Y. Lee & Partners Taipei Financial Center Corporation 2004 1.80 2.39
The Palazzo Las Vegas  United States HKS, Inc. Las Vegas Sands 2007 1.80 2.18
Lakhta Center Saint Petersburg  Russia RMJM (until 2011), Gorproject Gazprom Neft 2018 1.77[20] 1.94
Camp Nou Barcelona  Spain Francesc Mitjans and Josep Soteras FC Barcelona 2018 1.73 1.73
Royal Adelaide Hospital Adelaide  Australia Silver Thomas Hanley & DesignInc Government of South Australia 2017 1.61 (2.3 AU$) 1.65
Bellagio Las Vegas  United States DeRuyter Butler and Atlandia Design Bellagio (MGM Resorts International is the owner of the company) 1998 1.60 2.47
Seat of the ECB Frankfurt  Germany Coop Himmelb(l)au European Central Bank 2013 1.57[21] 1.69222
Wembley Stadium London  UK Foster and Partners The Football Association 2006 1.50 1.87
Yankee Stadium New York City  United States Populous New York City Industrial Development Agency 2009 1.50 1.76
Termoelektrarna Šoštanj blok 6[22][circular reference] Šoštanj  Slovenia n.a. Slovenian Government 2014 1.6 1.7
Burj Khalifa Dubai  United Arab Emirates Skidmore, Owings, & Merrill Emaar Properties 2010 1.5[23] 1.73
Gigafactory 1 Storey County, Nevada  United States HOK, Bennett Wagner & Grody Architects, RMH Group, Rocky Mountain Institute, Mortenson Construction, and CH2M HILL Tesla, Inc. 2020 1.31[24] 1.39
Mall of Tripla Helsinki  Finland Arkkitehdit Soini & Horto YIT, Ilmarinen 2019 1.33[25][26]
181 Mercer Street New York  United States Davis Brody Bond New York University 2023 1.285[27] 1.37
Jewel Changi Airport (mixed-use building) Singapore  Singapore Moshe Safdie Changi Airport Group 2019 1.26[28] 1.32
Petronas Twin Towers Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia César Pelli KLCC Holdings 1999 1.16 1.75
Parliament House Canberra  Australia Romaldo Giurgola Parliament of Australia 1988 0.848[29] 1.7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ITER disputes DOE's cost estimate of fusion project". Physics Today. 2018. doi:10.1063/PT.6.2.20180416a.
  2. ^ Wainwright, Oliver (23 October 2012). "Mecca's mega architecture casts shadow over hajj" – via The Guardian.
  3. ^ https://www.tvo.fi/en/index/news/pressreleasesstockexchangereleases/2021/theradiationandnuclearsafetyauthorityhasgivenafuelloadingpermitfortheol3plantunit.html
  4. ^ https://www.worldnuclearreport.org/IMG/pdf/wnisr2019-v2-hr.pdf
  5. ^ "Mochovce new-build project receives loan boost : New Nuclear - World Nuclear News". www.world-nuclear-news.org. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  6. ^ Željava Air Base
  7. ^ Brinson, Will (27 March 2018). "NFL Reportedly Raising Debt Limit on Rams Stadium after L.A. Project nears $5B Price Tag". Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  8. ^ The 10 most expensive buildings in the world
  9. ^ Wainwright, Oliver (15 November 2013). "All hail the mothership: Norman Foster's $5bn Apple HQ revealed". The Guardian.
  10. ^ - Apple Campus 2 cost 5 billion Projects: Foster and Partners
  11. ^ "Resorts World Sentosa: Singapore Buildings - e-architect". 20 July 2010.
  12. ^ Cohen, Muhammad. "Wynn Opens Extravagant $4.2B Palace In Slumping Macau". Forbes. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  13. ^ "The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas - Arquitectonica". 25 October 2010.
  14. ^ "One World Trade Center Will Cost $3.8 Billion, Making It The Most Expensive Building In The World". 31 January 2012 – via Huff Post.
  15. ^ "svd.se/nya-karolinska-tio-miljarder-kronor-dyrare-att-bygga". Svenska Dagbladet.
  16. ^ http://www.aedas.com/Venetian-Macao-Resort-Hotel
  17. ^ "Algeria set to finally open world's 3rd largest mosque built at a cost of $2 bln".
  18. ^ New Children's Hospital
  19. ^ Horgan-Jones, Jack (8 April 2021). "Contractor BAM suing national children's hospital board in €20m costs dispute". The Irish Times. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  20. ^ "«Газпром» раскрыл стоимость строительства самого высокого здания Европы". РБК Недвижимость (in Russian). Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  21. ^ eub2. "ECB's new building to cost more than expected, says official — EUbusiness.com - EU news, business and politics".
  22. ^ Termoelektrarna Šoštanj blok 6
  23. ^ Burj Dubai cost $1.5bn to build
  24. ^ "Building Permits at Electric Avenue, McCarran, NV, 89434".
  25. ^ Anonymous (25 February 2019). "A new development in Helsinki". investEU - European Commission. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  26. ^ "Mall of Tripla, Pasila - Home". malloftripla.fi. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  27. ^ New York University. 12 April 2019 https://www.nyu.edu/about/university-initiatives/academic-space-projects/181-mercer-street/background/faqs.html#:~:text=How%20much%20will%20181%20Mercer,is%20projected%20at%20%241.285%20billion. Retrieved 3 March 2022. Check date values in: |access-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  28. ^ "Singapore's $1.3 billion airport expansion is half botanical garden, half mega-mall". Fast Company. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  29. ^ Parliament House, Canberra