List of the most recent elections by country

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A[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Abkhazia 2014 2017
 Afghanistan 2014 2018 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Albania Indirectly-elected 2017
 Algeria 2014 2017 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Andorra Principality 2015
 Anguilla Monarchy 2015
 Angola Indirectly-elected 2017
 Antigua and Barbuda Monarchy 2018 Appointed
 Argentina 2015 2017 2017
 Armenia Indirectly-elected 2017
 Artsakh 2017 2015
 Australia Monarchy 2016 2016
 Austria 2016 2017 Indirect
 Azerbaijan 2018 2015

B[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Bahamas Monarchy 2017 Appointed
 Bahrain Monarchy 2018 Appointed
 Bangladesh Indirectly-elected 2014
 Barbados Monarchy 2018 Appointed
 Belarus 2015 2016 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Belgium Monarchy 2014 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Belize Monarchy 2015 Appointed
 Benin 2016 2015
 Bermuda Monarchy 2017
 Bhutan Monarchy 2018 2018
 Bolivia 2014 2014 2014
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2018 2018 Indirectly-elected
 Botswana Indirectly-elected 2014 Appointed/indirectly elected
 Brazil 2018 2018 2018
 British Virgin Islands Monarchy 2015
 Brunei Monarchy Appointed
 Bulgaria 2016 2017
 Burkina Faso 2015 2015
 Burundi 2015 2015 Indirectly-elected

C[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Cambodia Monarchy 2018 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Cameroon 2018 2013 Indirectly-elected
 Canada Monarchy 2015 Appointed
 Cape Verde 2016 2016
 Cayman Islands Monarchy 2017
 Central African Republic 2015–16 2015
 Chad 2016 2011
 Chile 2017 2017 2017
 China Indirectly-elected (2018) Indirectly-elected (2018)
 Colombia 2018 2018 2018
 Comoros 2016 2015
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2011 2011 Indirectly-elected
 Republic of the Congo 2016 2017 Indirectly-elected
 Cook Islands Monarchy 2018
 Costa Rica 2018 2018
 Croatia 2014–2015 2016
 Cuba Indirectly-elected 2018
 Cyprus 2018 2016
 Czech Republic 2018 2017 2018

D[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Denmark Monarchy 2015
 Djibouti 2016 2018
 Dominica Indirectly-elected 2014
 Dominican Republic 2016 2016 2016

E[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 East Timor 2017 2018
 Ecuador 2017 2017
 Egypt 2018 2015
 El Salvador 2014 2018
 Equatorial Guinea 2016 2017 2017
 Eritrea None None
 Estonia Indirectly-elected 2015
 Ethiopia Indirectly-elected 2015 Indirectly-elected

F[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Falkland Islands Monarchy 2017
 Fiji Indirectly-elected 2018
 Finland 2018 2015
 France 2017 2017 Indirectly-elected

G[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Gabon 2016 2018 Indirectly-elected
 Gambia 2016 2017
 Georgia 2018 2016
 Germany Indirectly-elected 2017 Indirectly-elected
 Ghana 2016 2016
 Gibraltar Monarchy 2015
 Greece Indirectly-elected 2015
 Grenada Monarchy 2018 Appointed
 Guatemala 2015 2015
 Guernsey Monarchy 2016
 Guinea 2015 2013
 Guinea-Bissau 2014 2014
 Guyana Indirectly-elected 2015

H[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Haiti 2016 2016 2016-17
 Honduras 2017 2017
 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Indirectly-elected (2017) 2016
 Hungary Indirectly-elected 2018

I[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Iceland 2016 2017
 India Indirectly-elected 2014 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Indonesia 2014 2014 2014
 Iran 2017 2016
 Iraq Indirectly-elected 2018
 Republic of Ireland 2018 2016 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Israel Indirectly-elected 2015
 Italy Indirectly-elected 2018 2018
 Ivory Coast 2015 2016

J[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Jamaica Monarchy 2016 Appointed
 Japan Monarchy 2017 2016
 Jersey Monarchy 2014
 Jordan Monarchy 2016 Appointed

K[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Kazakhstan 2015 2016 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Kenya 2017 2017 2017
 Kiribati 2016 2015–16
 North Korea de facto Monarchy 2014
 South Korea 2017 2016
 Republic of Kosovo Indirectly-elected 2017
 Kuwait Monarchy 2016
 Kyrgyzstan 2017 2015

L[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Laos Indirectly-elected 2016
 Latvia Indirectly-elected 2018
 Lebanon Indirectly-elected 2018
 Lesotho Monarchy 2017 Appointed
 Liberia 2017 2017 2017
 Libya 2014
 Liechtenstein Principality 2017
 Lithuania 2014 2016
 Luxembourg Grand Duchy 2018

M[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Republic of Macedonia 2014 2016
 Madagascar 2018 2013 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Malawi 2014 2014
 Malaysia Monarchy 2018 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Maldives 2018 2014
 Mali 2018 2013
 Malta Indirectly-elected 2017
 Isle of Man Monarchy 2016
 Marshall Islands Indirectly-elected 2015
 Mauritania 2014 2018 Indirectly-elected
 Mauritius Indirectly-elected 2014
 Mexico 2018 2018
Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia Indirectly-elected 2017
 Moldova 2016 2014
 Monaco Principality 2018
 Mongolia 2017 2016
 Montserrat Monarchy 2014
 Montenegro 2018 2016
 Morocco Monarchy 2016 Indirectly-elected
 Mozambique 2014 2014
 Myanmar Indirectly-elected 2015 2015

N[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Namibia 2014 2014 Indirectly-elected
 Nauru Indirectly-elected 2016
   Nepal Indirectly-elected 2017 Indirectly-elected
 Netherlands Monarchy 2017 Indirectly-elected
 New Zealand Monarchy 2017
 Nicaragua 2016 2016
 Niger 2016 2016
 Nigeria 2015 2015 2015
 Niue Monarchy 2017
 Northern Cyprus 2015 2018
 Norway Monarchy 2017

O[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Oman Monarchy 2015 Appointed

P[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Pakistan Indirectly-elected 2018 Indirectly-elected
 Palau 2016 2016 2016
 Palestine 2005 2006
 Panama 2014 2014
 Papua New Guinea Monarchy 2017
 Paraguay 2018 2018 2018
 Peru 2016 2016
 Philippines 2016 2016 2016
 Pitcairn Islands Monarchy 2013
 Poland 2015 2015 2015
 Portugal 2016 2015

Q[edit]

Country President Parliament
 Qatar Monarchy Appointed

R[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Romania 2014 2016 2016
 Russia 2018 2016 Indirectly-elected
 Rwanda 2017 2018 Appointed/indirectly-elected

S[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Saint Helena Monarchy 2017
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Monarchy 2015
 Saint Lucia Monarchy 2016 Appointed
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Monarchy 2015
 Samoa Indirectly-elected 2016
 San Marino Indirectly-elected 2016
 São Tomé and Príncipe 2016 2018
 Saudi Arabia Monarchy Appointed
 Senegal 2012 2017 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Serbia 2017 2016
 Seychelles 2015 2016
 Sierra Leone 2018 2018
 Singapore 2015 2015
 Slovakia 2014 2016
 Slovenia 2017 2018
 Solomon Islands Monarchy 2014
 Somalia Indirectly-elected 2016
 Somaliland 2017 2005 Appointed
 South Africa Indirectly-elected 2014 Indirectly-elected
 South Ossetia 2017 2014
 South Sudan 2010 2010 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Spain Monarchy 2016 2016
 Sri Lanka 2015 2015
 Sudan 2015 2015 Indirectly-elected
 Suriname Indirectly-elected 2015
 Swaziland Monarchy 2018 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Sweden Monarchy 2018
  Switzerland Indirectly-elected 2015 2015
 Syria 2014 2016

T[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Taiwan 2016 2016
 Tajikistan 2013 2015 Appointed/indirectly-elected
 Tanzania 2015 2015
 Thailand Monarchy 2014 2014
 Togo 2015 2013
 Tonga Monarchy 2017
 Transnistria 2016 2015
 Trinidad and Tobago Indirectly-elected 2015 Appointed
 Tunisia 2014 2014
 Turkey 2018 2018
 Turkmenistan 2017 2018
 Turks and Caicos Islands Monarchy 2016
 Tuvalu Monarchy 2015

U[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Uganda 2016 2016
 Ukraine 2014 2014
 United Arab Emirates Monarchy 2015
 United Kingdom Monarchy 2017 Appointed
 United States 2016 2018 2018
 Uruguay 2014 2014 2014
 Uzbekistan 2016 2014–2015 Appointed/indirectly-elected

V[edit]

Country President Parliament
 Vanuatu Indirectly-elected 2016
  Vatican City 2013 Appointed
 Venezuela 2018 2017
 Vietnam Indirectly-elected 2016

W[edit]

Country President Parliament
 Western Sahara Indirectly-elected 2012

Y[edit]

Country President Parliament
 Yemen 2012 2003

Z[edit]

Country President Parliament
Lower House Upper House
 Zambia 2016 2016
 Zimbabwe 2018 2018 2018