Mariupol International Airport
|Mariupol International Airport
Міжнародний Aеропорт "Маріуполь"
|Owner||City of Mariupol|
|Operator||Ilyich Iron & Steel Works|
|Location||Mariupol, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine|
|Elevation AMSL||251 ft / 77 m|
Mariupol International Airport (Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт Маріуполь, Russian: Международный аэропорт Мариуполь) (IATA: MPW, ICAO: UKCM), previously known as Zhdanov Airport, is the main airport of the large, industrial city and port of Mariupol and is located 5km from the city. The airport has been closed since 19 June 2014. The airport is situated on the extreme south-eastern part of Ukraine near the border with Russia.
The airport had domestic, international and charter flights. The airport is a Class "B" airfield suitable for the operation of aircraft of all types (categories A, B, C, D, and E).
The airport's history began in 1930 when project Mariupol Airport started (officially named Zhdanov Airport [Жданов Аеропорт] at the time of construction because the city was named Zhdanov until 1989). The first flight was made on a Putilov Stal-3 from Mariupol to Berdyansk in the spring of 1931. However, due to economic problems, the airport was inactive until the autumn of 1932 and did not establish regular flights before the beginning of World War II.
In 1967, airport underwent new constructions with the runway and the airport terminal. In its heyday (and during the Soviet Era) the airport transported up to 120,000 passengers a year. There were 30 to 40 flights a day, and during the summer the airport served up to 25,000 passengers per month. However, after the collapse of Soviet Union, and fall of Aeroflot (the airport's primary airline), airline service and passenger travel declined and the airport became inactive. Until 1993, the airport was a member of the Donetsk United Squadron, and on 26 May 1993, Mariupol Airport was registered as a state enterprise.
Construction of a new terminal building which could handle 200+ passengers per hour was launched in February 2003. Also, a new ramp was constructed, and the runway underwent minor repairs with installation of ILS on Runway 20.
In 2004, the airport transported over 11,000 passengers. In 2006, 18,000 passengers were transported, and in 2007 more than 20,000.
On 26 May 2004 the airport received the status of International Airport, and on 7 November 2005 the State Aviation Administration of Ukraine issued the Certificate of Conformity (MCI-00-04-02-01) which allowed airport to service airlines, passengers, and air cargo.
The terminal includes two departure and arrival lounges along with a baggage claim area which services both domestic and international flights. Airport has VIP lounge for passengers traveling in business or first class. Terminal is also suited with gift, and food stalls, cafe and restaurant are also included along with Wi-Fi connection.
Incidents and accidents
- On 30 March 1977, an Aeroflot Yakovlev 40 (CCCP-87738) flight from Dnipropetrovsk was approaching airport visually in fog. The crew continued their visual approach even after entering an area of fog with visibility less than 500m (1,640ft) and losing sight of the ground. When deciding to go around, the right wing hit a 9-m (30 ft) pole at a height of 6 m (20 ft). The wing caught fire, and the number 2 engine failed. With a progressive roll the aircraft flew 420m (1,377 ft) at an angle of 40-45° until the right wing touched the ground. The fuselage hit the ground sideways in a field about 1,500m (4,921 ft) from the runway. The airplane broke up and caught fire. There were 8 fatalities (4 of them were crew) out of 27 occupants. The aircraft was written off (damaged beyond repair).
- Three airports in the East Ukraine closed until better times. Ukrinform. 19 June 2014
- History and Development (Russian) - Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- Airport today (Russian) - Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- VIP lounge (Russian) - Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- Incident of CCCR-87738 - Retrieved on October 17, 2011.