Microsoft HealthVault is a web-based personal health record created by Microsoft in October 2007 to store and maintain health and fitness information. This website addresses both individuals and healthcare professionals and in June 2010 expanded its services beyond the United States to include the United Kingdom.
A HealthVault record stores an individual's health information. Access to a record is through a HealthVault account, which may be authorized to access records for multiple individuals, e.g., so that a mother may manage records for each of her children or a son may have access to his parent's record to help the parent deal with medical issues. Authorization of the account can be through Facebook, Windows Live ID, or a limited set of other OpenID providers.
An individual interacts with their HealthVault record through the HealthVault site, or, more typically, through an application that talks to the HealthVault platform. When an individual first uses a HealthVault application, they are asked to authorize the application to access a specific set of data types, and those data types are the only ones the application can use. An individual can also share a part (some data types) or the whole of their health record with another interested individual such as a doctor, relative, etc.
HealthVault Connection Center allows health and fitness data to be transferred from devices (such as blood pressure monitors, heart rate watches, and the Withings wifi bodyscale) into an individual's HealthVault record. It can also be used to find and download drivers for medical devices. In 2014, Microsoft introduced the Microsoft Band, a fitness band powered by the Microsoft Health service that supports the Microsoft HealthVault for aggregation and integration of various services, such as MyFitnessPal.
HealthVault supports storage, viewing, uploading, and downloading, by consumers and third parties, of DICOM based medical imaging. Additionally, a plethora of third party HealthVault medical imaging viewers has been released to connect to HealthVault.
HealthVault's primary competitors are Apple's HealthKit, Dossia, World Medical Card, plus a few others. Google announced in June 2011 that Google Health would be discontinued as of January 1, 2012 and encouraged users to either download their data or to directly transfer it to Microsoft's HealthVault service before January 1, 2013.