National Bureau of Corruption Prevention
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The National Bureau of Corruption Prevention (Chinese: 国家预防腐败局) is an agency of the People's Republic of China under the direct administration of the State Council. It was established in 2007 with the objective of improving government transparency, developing and improving the mechanisms through which corruption is combatted, and coordinating anti-corruption efforts. The bureau also seeks cooperation on corruption prevention at the multilateral level. The bureau is headed by Ma Wen, who also serves as the minister of supervision.
Upon its inauguration, the National Bureau of Corruption Prevention established a website to publicize events and post corruption-related news. The website also provides citizens with a forum to directly submit complaints of corruption and opinions on the government's work. Within hours of its launch, the site crashed under the volume of complaints.
The Bureau is a distinct entity from the Communist Party's Central Discipline Inspection Commission, which is charged with investigating corruption and disciplinary infractions within party ranks. The CCDI operates independent of the government (i.e., the State Council), and its jurisdiction is limited to party members. Moreover, the CCDI may initiate investigations for infractions not necessarily related to corruption nor constituting a criminal offense, such as having a "lavish lifestyle" unbecoming of a Communist Party member, or even extramarital relationships.
- Xinhua News Agency, National Corruption Prevention Bureau Established, 13 September 2007.
- National Bureau of Corruption Prevention, Opening ceremony of the Fourth Corruption Prevention Workshop among Developing Countries Held in Beijing, 16 July 2011.
- National Bureau of Corruption Prevention, Organization.
- Shanghai Daily, "Anti-corruption Website Breakdown as Masses Log On,” December 19, 2007.
- Margaret K. Lewis, Corruption: Spurring China to Engage in International Law, Human Rights in China.