List of wars involving the People's Republic of China

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This is a list of wars involving the People's Republic of China (PRC). The PRC last fought a war in 1979 (the Sino-Vietnamese War) and has fought only in relatively minor engagements since.[1]: 72 

Wars involving the People's Republic of China[edit]

  PRC military victory - 5
  Indecisive or unclear outcome * - 3
  PRC military defeat - 1

*e.g. a treaty or peace without a clear result, status quo ante bellum, result of civil or internal conflict, result unknown or indecisive, inconclusive

War People's Republic of China and allies Opponents Result
Chinese Civil War
(1927–1949)[note 1]
Chinese Communist Party  Republic of China Victory (to the Communist Party)
Battle of Chamdo
 People's Republic of China  Tibet Victory
Korean War
 North Korea
 Soviet Union
 South Korea
 United States
 United Kingdom
 New Zealand
 South Africa
  • North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled
  • UN invasion of North Korea repelled
  • Chinese-North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled
  • DMZ established, little territorial change at the 38th parallel border, essentially uti possidetis
Tibetan Uprising
 China Tibet Chushi Gangdruk Victory
  • Uprising suppressed
China–Burma border campaign
 Republic of China Victory
Sino-Indian War
 China  India Victory
Vietnam War
 North Vietnam
Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam Viet Cong
Laos Pathet Lao
Cambodia Khmer Rouge
 Soviet Union
 North Korea
 South Vietnam

 United States
 South Korea
 New Zealand
Cambodia Cambodia
Cambodia Khmer Republic

Nathu La and Cho La clashes
 China  India Defeat
Sino-Vietnamese War
 China  Vietnam Status quo antebellum, both sides claim victory

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Although main fighting ceased in 1949, warfare with the Republic of China continued throughout the 1950s and 1960s with the


  1. ^ Garlick, Jeremy (2024). Advantage China: Agent of Change in an Era of Global Disruption. Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 978-1-350-25231-8.

Further reading[edit]

  • Boland-Crewe, Tara and David Lea. (2005) [2002]. The Territories of the People's Republic of China. London: Europa Productions, Taylor & Francis. 1-85743-149-9.
  • China. Encyclopædia Britannica.
  • Economic Times Bureau. (December 20, 2009). "Wars that People's Republic of China fought". The Economic Times.
  • Jun, Niu. (August 10, 2012). The birth of the People's Republic of China and the road to the Korean War. Origins. Eds. Melvyn P. Leffler and Odd Arne Westad. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge Histories Online. Cambridge University Press. DOI:10.1017/CHOL9780521837194.012
  • Li, Dr. Xiaobing. (2012). China at War: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. excerpt
  • Lynch, Michael. (2010). The Chinese Civil War 1945–49. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-671-3.
  • MacKerras, Colin and Donald Hugh McMillen, Andrew Watson. (editors). (2001) [1998]. Dictionary of the Politics of the People's Republic of China. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-15450-2.
  • Military Power of the People’s Republic of China, 2007. Department of Defense: Annual Report.
  • Zhu, Zhiqun. (editor). (2011). The People's Republic of China Today: Internal and External Challenges. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing. ISBN 981-4313-50-5.