Urban areas of New Zealand
Statistics New Zealand defines urban areas of New Zealand for statistical purposes (they have no administrative or legal basis). The urban areas comprise cities, towns and other conurbations (an aggregation of urban settlements) of a thousand people or more. In combination, the urban areas of the country constitute New Zealand's urban population. At the 2001 census, the urban population made up 86% of New Zealand's total population.
There are three classes of urban area:
- Main urban areas, with a population of 30,000 or more. These 17 areas mostly correspond to the places known by New Zealanders as cities.
- Secondary urban areas are the 14 urban areas with a population of 10,000 to 30,000.
- Minor urban areas make up the remainder of the urban population of the country, towns with 1,000 to 10,000 people. There are 103 minor urban areas.
Statistics New Zealand also defines rural centres with a population of 300 to 999 people. While these do not fit the standard international definition of an urban population, they serve to distinguish between true rural dwellers and those in rural settlements or towns.
The current placement of urban areas into the three classes is based on populations at the 2013 census, and does not reflect population changes since then. Placements are revised after every census.
Description of main urban areas
The population figures shown are Statistics New Zealand's resident population estimates at the June 2016. For rankings in various criteria see the ranked list of New Zealand urban areas. Four main urban areas are subdivided into urban zones. The following cities are listed by location from north to south.
- Whangarei (56,400): from Hikurangi to Portland.
- Auckland (1,495,000) is divided into four urban zones:
- Northern Auckland Urban Zone (307,900):
- Western Auckland Urban Zone (231,300):
- the part of Rodney District around Kumeu
- the urban part of Waitakere City
- Central Auckland Urban Zone (497,000): Auckland City, excluding the Hauraki Gulf islands
- Southern Auckland Urban Zone (458,800):
- Hamilton (230,000) is divided into three urban zones:
- Hamilton Urban Zone (193,600): all of Hamilton City and neighbouring parts of Waikato and Waipa districts including Ngaruawahia, Taupiri and Ohaupo
- Cambridge Urban Zone (19,600): includes Leamington
- Te Awamutu Urban Zone (16,750): includes Kihikihi
- Tauranga (134,400): Omokoroa to Papamoa Beach; and Mount Maunganui to Tauriko and Pyes Pa
- Rotorua (57,800): Ngongotaha to Owhata
- Gisborne (36,100): Makaraka to Okitu
- Napier-Hastings (131,000) is a conurbation of two urban zones:
- New Plymouth (56,800): Oakura to Bell Block
- Wanganui (39,600): Westmere to Marybank
- Palmerston North (84,300):
- Palmerston North City excluding rural areas in the Tararua foothills
- Longburn, Kairanga and Stoney Creek in the Manawatu District
- Kapiti (41,800): Pekapeka to Paekakariki
- Wellington (405,000) is divided into four urban zones:
- Upper Hutt (40,100): Te Marua to Pinehaven
- Lower Hutt (102,700): includes Wainuiomata, Petone and the eastern bays, excludes farmland adjacent to Wainuiomata
- Porirua (55,200): all of Porirua City except Paekakariki Hill and Mana Island; includes Pukerua Bay and Pauatahanui
- Wellington City (206,900): from Linden south, includes Horokiwi but excludes Makara and Ohariu
- Nelson (65,700): from Glenduan to the Wairoa River, includes Richmond but excludes Whangamoa
- Blenheim (30,700): From Renwick to Riverlands and south to Wither Hills
- Christchurch (389,700): Christchurch City, Kaiapoi, and up to the Waimakariri River, Prebbleton, Tai Tapu and Lyttelton Harbour including Diamond Harbour
- Dunedin (118,500): from Mosgiel and Brighton to Pine Hill, Ravensbourne to Aramoana
- Invercargill (50,700): Makarewa to Woodend and west to Otatara
Description of secondary urban areas
The population figures shown are Statistics New Zealand's resident population estimates at the June 2016. The following towns are listed by location from north to south.
- Pukekohe (29,800): From Paerata to Tuakau. Excludes Bombay.
- Whakatane (19,600): From Coastlands to Ōhope Beach and south to Poroporo.
- Tokoroa (13,700): From Tokoroa to Kinleith.
- Taupo (24,100): From Wairakei to Taupo Airport.
- Hawera (11,800): From Normanby to Mokoia.
- Feilding (16,250): From Halcombe to Aorangi.
- Levin (20,600): From Waitarere Beach to Ohau.
- Masterton (21,200): From Opaki to Waingawa.
- Greymouth (9,750): From Runanga to Southbeach and Camerons.
- Rangiora (17,350): From the Ashley River to Flaxton
- Ashburton (19,850): From Fairton to Winslow and Argyle Park.
- Timaru (28,800): From Washdyke to Scarborough and west to Gleniti.
- Queenstown (14,300): From Fernhill and Kelvin Heights to Frankton
- Oamaru (13,850): From Pukeuri to Weston and Holmes Hill.
Minor urban areas
- Taipa Bay-Mangonui (1,880)
- Kaitaia (5,670)
- Kerikeri (7,220)
- Paihia (1,960)
- Kawakawa (1,430)
- Moerewa (1,600)
- Kaikohe (4,400)
- Dargaville (4,920)
- Ngunguru (1,730)
- Mangawhai Heads (1,360)
- Wellsford (1,970)
- Warkworth (4,650)
- Snells Beach (4,800)
- Helensville (2,980)
- Waiheke Island (9,150)
- Waiuku (9,340)
- Coromandel (1,660)
- Whitianga (4,790)
- Tairua (1,370)
- Thames (7,140)
- Whangamata (3,790)
- Ngatea (1,360)
- Paeroa (4,350)
- Waihi (5,150)
- Te Kauwhata (1,670)
- Huntly (7,870)
- Raglan (3,120)
- Otorohanga (2,700)
- Te Kuiti (4,630)
- Te Aroha (4,250)
- Morrinsville (7,600)
- Matamata (7,730)
- Putaruru (4,040)
- Turangi (3,260)
- Waihi Beach (2,130)
- Katikati Community (4,530)
- Te Puke Community (8,040)
- Edgecumbe (1,780)
- Kawerau (6,800)
- Murupara (1,770)
- Opotiki (4,170)
- Wairoa (4,250)
- Waipawa (2,060)
- Waipukurau (4,080)
- Waitara (6,880)
- Inglewood (3,520)
- Stratford (5,650)
- Eltham (2,020)
- Opunake (1,360)
- Patea (1,140)
- Taumarunui (4,640)
- Ohakune (1,100)
- Raetihi (1,110)
- Waiouru (890)
- Taihape (1,670)
- Marton (4,830)
- Bulls (1,660)
- Dannevirke (5,260)
- Woodville (1,470)
- Pahiatua (2,510)
- Foxton Community (4,550)
- Shannon (1,330)
- Otaki (6,210)
- Carterton (5,130)
- Greytown (2,310)
- Featherston (2,390)
- Martinborough (1,600)
- Takaka (1,300)
- Motueka (8,180)
- Mapua (2,180)
- Brightwater (1,950)
- Wakefield (2,250)
- Picton (4,340)
- Westport (3,970)
- Reefton (990)
- Hokitika (3,600)
- Kaikoura (2,080)
- Amberley (1,760)
- Oxford (2,140)
- Woodend (3,040)
- Darfield (2,140)
- Rolleston (13,100)
- Lincoln (5,240)
- Leeston (1,810)
- Methven (1,860)
- Rakaia (1,190)
- Geraldine (2,460)
- Temuka (4,330)
- Pleasant Point (1,370)
- Twizel Community (1,230)
- Waimate (2,920)
- Wanaka (7,850)
- Arrowtown (2,830)
- Cromwell (4,670)
- Alexandra (5,300)
- Waikouaiti (1,150)
- Milton (1,940)
- Balclutha (4,010)
- Te Anau (2,040)
- Gore (9,890)
- Winton (2,350)
- Riverton (1,500)
- Bluff (1,870)
Changes to classification
- Kapiti promoted from secondary to main urban area
- Rolleston added as minor urban area
- Pauanui Beach dropped to rural centre
- Edgecumbe Community renamed Edgecumbe
- Blenheim promoted from secondary to main urban area
- Rangiora and Queenstown promoted from minor to secondary urban areas
- Gore demoted from secondary to minor urban area
- Ngunguru, Mangawhai Heads, Te Kauwhata, Ngatea, Mapua, Amberley, Methven, Rakaia and Waikouaiti added as minor urban areas
- Russell, Mangakino, Manaia and Hanmer Springs dropped to rural centres
- "Urban area: Definition". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Defining urban and rural New Zealand". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2016 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016. For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.