Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission
|Jurisdiction||People's Republic of China|
|Parent agency||Central Committee of the Communist Party of China|
|Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission|
The Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission of the Communist Party of China, commonly referred to as Zhongyang Zhengfawei (中央政法委) in Chinese, is the organization under the party's Central Committee responsible for political and legal affairs. In practice the organization oversees all legal enforcement authorities, including the police force, making it a very powerful organ.
All the Party committees of provinces, municipalities, counties and autonomous regions establish respective politics and law commissions.
The Commission is headed by a secretary who is usually a Central Politburo member.
The Commission was preceded by a Politics and Law Leading Group (政法领导小组; Zhèngfǎ Lǐngdǎo Xiǎozǔ) which was set up in 1958, with Peng Zhen as its leader. During the Cultural Revolution it was led by Ji Dengkui, who served as group leader until 24 January 1980, when the Commission was established, with Peng Zhen back as its secretary. The Commission was reverted to Leading Group from May 1988 to March 1990.
After the 18th Party Congress in 2012, Meng Jianzhu replaced Zhou Yongkang as the head of the commission. However, Meng, unlike Zhou, was not elected to the 18th Politburo Standing Committee. The apparent downgrading of the post followed Zhou's connection with the Wang Lijun incident, which has discredited Chongqing politician Bo Xilai's method of using the internal security apparatus for political ends. As a result, the independence of the judiciary in China has increased.
List of heads
Central Political and Law Group
Central Politics and Law Commission
- Peng Zhen (1980–1982)
- Chen Pixian (1982–1985)
- Qiao Shi (1985–1992)
- Ren Jianxin (1992–1998)
- Luo Gan (1998–2007)
- Zhou Yongkang (2007–2012)
- Meng Jianzhu (2012–incumbent)
- Secretary: Meng Jianzhu, member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China
- Deputy Secretary: Guo Shengkun, Minister of Public Security
- Zhou Qiang, President of the Supreme People's Court
- Cao Jianming, President of the Supreme People's Procuratorate
- Wang Yongqing (Secretary-General of the Political and Legal Affairs Committee), Deputy Secretary-General of the State Council
- Geng Huichang, Minister of State Security
- Wu Aiying, Minister of Justice
- Du Jincai, Major General, Secretary of the Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Central Military Commission
- Wang Jianping, Commander of the People's Armed Police
- Liu Jinguo, Deputy Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
- Chen Xunqiu (Deputy Secretary-General of the Political and Legal Affairs Committee)
- "China leaders reassert control over security portfolio". BBC News. 2012-11-21. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- Page, Jeremy (2012-11-20). "China Reins In New Security Boss's Clout". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-11-21.