Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission

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Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission of the Communist Party of China
中共中央政法委员会
Danghui.svg
Abbreviation Chinese: 中央政法委; pinyin: Zhōngyāng Zhèngfǎwěi; literally: "Central Poli-Legal Commission")
Predecessor Central Leading Group for Political and Legal Affairs
Formation 1980
Founder CPC Central Committee
Type Commission directly reporting to the Central Committee
Legal status Active
Location
Region
Mainland China
Official language
Standard Chinese
Head
Meng Jianzhu
Deputy Head
Guo Shengkun
(Other) Members
9
Secretary-General
Wang Yongqing
Parent organization
CPC Central Committee
Website www.chinapeace.gov.cn
CPC Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission
Simplified Chinese 中共中央政法委员会
Traditional Chinese 中共中央政法委員會
Literal meaning Chinese-Communist Central Politics-Law Commission
Abbreviation
Chinese 中央政法委
Literal meaning Central Poli-Legal Commission

The Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission of the Communist Party of China, commonly referred to as Zhongyang Zhengfawei (中央政法委, literally "Central Poli-Legal Commission") in Chinese, is the organization under the Party's Central Committee responsible for political and legal affairs. In practice the organization oversees all legal enforcement authorities, including the police force, making it a very powerful organ.

All the Party committees of provinces, municipalities, counties and autonomous regions establish respective politics and law commissions.

The Commission is headed by a secretary who is usually a Central Politburo member.

History[edit]

The Commission was preceded by a Politics and Law Leading Group (政法领导小组; Zhèngfǎ Lǐngdǎo Xiǎozǔ) which was set up in 1958, with Peng Zhen as its leader. During the Cultural Revolution it was led by Ji Dengkui, who served as group leader until 24 January 1980, when the Commission was established, with Peng Zhen back as its secretary. The Commission was reverted to Leading Group from May 1988 to March 1990.

After the 18th Party Congress in 2012, Meng Jianzhu replaced Zhou Yongkang as the head of the commission. However, Meng, unlike Zhou, was not elected to the 18th Politburo Standing Committee.[1] The apparent downgrading of the post followed Zhou's connection with the Wang Lijun incident, which has discredited Chongqing politician Bo Xilai's method of using the internal security apparatus for political ends. As a result, the independence of the judiciary in China has increased.[2]

List of heads[edit]

Leaders of the Central Political and Law Group[edit]

  1. Peng Zhen (1958)
  2. Luo Ruiqing (1958–1960)
  3. Xie Fuzhi (1960–1966)
  4. Ji Dengkui (1969–1980)

Secretaries of the Central Politics and Legal Affairs Commission[edit]

  1. Peng Zhen (1980–1982)
  2. Chen Pixian (1982–1985)
  3. Qiao Shi (1985–1992)
  4. Ren Jianxin (1992–1998)
  5. Luo Gan (1998–2007)
  6. Zhou Yongkang (2007–2012)
  7. Meng Jianzhu (2012–incumbent)

Current composition[edit]

Secretary
Deputy Secretary
Members
  1. Chief Justice Zhou Qiang, President of the Supreme People's Court (sub-national-leader-level)
  2. Chief Procurator Cao Jianming, Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate (sub-national-leader-level)
  3. Wang Yongqing, Secretary-General of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission (minister-level), also a minister-level Deputy Secretary-General of the State Council
  4. General Police Commissioner Chen Wenqing, Minister of State Security
  5. Wu Aiying (female), Minister of Justice
  6. Chen Xunqiu, Deputy Secretary-General of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission, Vice Chairman and Office Head of the Central Public Security Comprehensive Management Commission (minister-level)
  7. PAP General Wang Ning, Commander of the People's Armed Police
  8. PLA Lit. General Li Xiaofeng, Secretary of the Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Central Military Commission
  9. Deputy General Police Commissioner Huang Ming, Head of the Central 610 Office (minister-level), also a minister-level Vice Minister of Public Security

References[edit]

  1. ^ "China leaders reassert control over security portfolio". BBC News. 2012-11-21. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  2. ^ Page, Jeremy (2012-11-20). "China Reins In New Security Boss's Clout". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-11-21.