נמל התעופה רמון
|Operator||Israel Airports Authority|
|Location||Southern District, Israel|
|Opened||January 21, 2019|
Ramon Airport (Hebrew: נמל התעופה רמון Arabic: مطار رمون) (IATA: ETM, ICAO: LLER), named after Ilan and Assaf Ramon and unofficially also known as Eilat-Ramon Airport, is an international airport located in the Timna Valley in southern Israel. Ramon Airport is the second largest in Israel (after Ben Gurion Airport) and has replaced the former Eilat Airport and Ovda Airport for civilian traffic. It also serves as the primary diversion airport in Israel.
The airport is located 18 km (11 mi) north of Eilat, next to Be'er Ora. Unlike the previous airport in Eilat, it has ample ramp space and a longer 3,600 m (11,800 ft) runway, which allows large aircraft to land and park. The airport was originally due to open in April 2017, but was pushed back and opened on January 21, 2019.
Eilat Airport was established in 1949, when most of what would later be Eilat was empty. As the city developed, much of it was built around the airport. In the 1994 Peace Agreement between Israel and Jordan it was decided that operations would be transferred from Eilat Airport to Aqaba Airport. The original plan was to rename Aqaba Airport as Aqaba–Eilat Peace International Airport. The agreement was never carried out, and an agreement between the two countries in March 1997, stipulated that domestic flights would continue to use Eilat Airport, whilst no further action to move international flights took place.
Removing the Eilat Airport from the city center was considered necessary for further development of Eilat, as it would allow, among other things, the construction of additional hotels close to the shoreline. It would also reduce noise pollution. The project is part of a larger plan to develop the city, which includes mega-projects such as moving the Port of Eilat to a location near the Jordanian border (for which removing the original airport is necessary), the Railway to Eilat, and upgrading the Arava Road.
The airport is named in memory of the first Israeli astronaut Ilan Ramon, who perished in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster, and his son Assaf Ramon who died six years later when his F-16 fighter jet crashed in a training accident.
Planning and construction
Construction was authorized on July 24, 2011, before advanced planning had been completed. The project will cost ₪1.95 billion and will be funded partly by real estate revenue from selling the Eilat Airport's land. The planning budget, approved on May 6, 2010, is ₪56 million. There was a plan to make the airport a build-operate-transfer (BOT) project, but the Israel Airports Authority (IAA) objected, and the government authorized it to plan and oversee the project. Despite this, it is estimated that if the IAA takes on the funding completely on its own, it will go bankrupt and default on its debts. Danya Cebus will build the passenger terminal. The terminal is set to feature a duty-free shop, a feature which was not present in Eilat Airport. Mer Group will provide command and control for the airport, including CCTV and perimeter protection.
In May 2013, the cornerstone was laid in a ceremony attended by government officials and members of the Ramon family. Construction began two weeks later.
The first test flight and landing in the airport took place on September 5, 2017. In January 2019, Jordan objected to Israel's opening of the airport, arguing that operation of the airport threatens the kingdom's airspace.
The airport is located 18 km (11 mi) north of Eilat. Aside from Highway 90, it may also someday be reachable from the center of the country and Eilat via a proposed high-speed rail line and a light rail line that will connect it to the city. A bus terminal and a park and ride facility was built next to the airport at a cost ₪400 million. The bus terminal will replace the Eilat Central Bus Station. When the airport opened in 2019, the new bus station was not completed, and shuttle services are available for passengers to connect from the airport to the city of Eilat. All in all, the airport will be able to handle 2 million passengers a year.
The airport features a 3,600 m (11,800 ft) runway and has eight remote-parking stands for large aircraft and nine for turboprop airplanes. The land area of the airport covers 5,500 dunams (5.5 km2), and the main terminal building is 45,000 m2 (480,000 sq ft). Despite Ramon Airport being suitable for all plane sizes, the Ovda civilian terminal may remain open and may still serve as a backup to Ben Gurion Airport after Ramon Airport even today after its opening.
It has the world's tallest anti-missile fence 26 m (85 ft) tall and 4.5 km (2.8 mi) long.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Ramon Airport:
|ASL Airlines France||Seasonal charter: Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|Israir Airlines||Haifa, Tel Aviv|
|Rossiya Airlines||Seasonal charter: Moscow–Vnukovo|
|Ryanair||Seasonal: Bergamo, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bratislava, Budapest, Kaunas, Kraków, Prague, Warsaw–Modlin|
|Transavia France||Seasonal: Paris–Orly|
|Ural Airlines||Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg|
|Wizz Air||Seasonal: Bucharest, Budapest, Riga, Sofia, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin|
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Media related to Ramon Airport at Wikimedia Commons