Solomon H. Snyder
|Solomon H. Snyder|
|Born||December 26, 1938|
|Awards||Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research National Medal of Science|
Solomon H. Snyder (born December 26, 1938) is an American neuroscientist from Washington D.C., who spent most of his time researching addiction and its effects on the brain. He studied at Georgetown University, and conducted the majority of his research at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Many advances in molecular neuroscience have stemmed from Dr. Snyder's identification of receptors for neurotransmitters and drugs and elucidation of the actions of psychotropic agents. He is most famously known for his research on the opioid receptor, for which he received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research.
Solomon Snyder was born on December 26, 1938 in Washington D.C. He was one of four children.
Today, Snyder and his wife, who have two grown daughters and three grandchildren, live in Baltimore, Maryland.
Education and Early Career
Snyder attended Georgetown University from 1955 to 1958 and received his M.D. degree from Georgetown University School of Medicine in 1962. After a medical residency at the Kaiser Hospital in San Francisco. He served as a research associate from 1963 to 1965 at the NIH, where he studied under Julius Axelrod. Snyder moved to the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine to complete his residency in psychiatry from 1965 to 1968. He was appointed to the faculty there in 1966 as Assistant
Professor of Pharmacology. In 1968 he was promoted to Associate Professor of Pharmacology and Psychiatry and in 1970 to Full Professor in both departments.
He is also known for his work identifying receptors for the major neurotransmitters in the brain, in the process explaining the actions of psychoactive drugs, such as the blockade of dopamine receptors by antipsychotic medications. He has described novel neurotransmitters such as the gases nitric oxide and carbon monoxide and the D-isomers of amino acids, notably D-serine.
Life as a Mentor and Teacher
Solomon S. Snyder was highly respected as a teacher and mentor in his medical field. He was noted for taking genuine interest in his students and their opinions. He was a very generous and genuine to his students. Not only was he a quality teacher, he made learning interesting. Snyder did not always go about research in the most ethical ways, but instead focused on thinking clearly and simply when conducting experiments. He was very much so an "idea man".
Working with Candace Pert
Candace Pert was one of Snyder's most promising students, working together for a productive five years. Their most notable collaboration was their research on the opioid receptor. However, this project eventually led to friction between Snyder and Pert. In the 1970s, Pert and Snyder had a falling out over the exclusion of Pert as a recipient of the prestigious Lasker Award for their work on opioid receptors.
Pert felt that she had been denied credit for her own work when she was included as a Lasker Award recipient alongside Snyder. In response, she did something out of the ordinary and wrote a letter to the head of the foundation that awards the prize. Her letter caused a sensation in the field. Some saw her exclusion as an example of the burdens and barriers women face in science careers.
Presently he is University Distinguished Service Professor of Neuroscience, Pharmacology, and Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. In 1980, he founded the Department of Neuroscience, and served as its first director from 1980 to 2006. In 2006, the department was renamed as the Solomon H. Snyder Department of Neuroscience in his honor.
In 1980, he served as the President of the Society for Neuroscience. He is also Associate Editor, PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America). He helped start the companies Nova Pharmaceuticals and Guilford Pharmaceuticals and has been an active philanthropist.
Dr. Snyder is also the of Director of Drug Discovery at the Lieber Institute for Brain Development  in Baltimore, MD.
- Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (1978): In 1973, with then-graduate student Candace Pert, he discovered the opioid receptor and later identified the existence of normally occurring opiate-like peptides in the brain.
- Wolf Prize (from the President of Israel in 1983)
- Bower Award of the Franklin Institute(1992)
- National Medal of Science (2003)
- Albany Medical Center Prize in Medicine and Biomedical Research (2007)
- He is the recipient of eight honorary doctorates and has been elected to honorific societies including the US National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society.
- Johns Hopkins page
- Lieber Institute for Brain Development
- Biography of Solomon Snyder from the NIH Foundation
- Biography of Solomon Snyder from The National Academies
- Money for Brains
- Solomon H. Snyder
- Science and Psychiatry: Groundbreaking Discoveries in Molecular Neuroscience
- Apprentice to Genius
- "Solomon H. Snyder, M.D., Vice Chairman for Science". Retrieved February 25, 2015.
- Holden, Constance (1991). Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. p. 1485.
- "http://www.sfn.org/~/media/SfN/Documents/TheHistoryofNeuroscience/Volume%206/c12.ashx". www.sfn.org. Retrieved 2015-04-29.
- Snyder, Solomon. Science and Psychiatry: Groundbreaking Discoveries in Molecular Neuroscience.
- Kanigel, Robert. Apprentice to Genius.