Chirang district

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Chirang district
Country India
State Assam
Territorial Region Bodoland
HeadquartersKajalgaon
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKokrajhar
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies1. Sidli (ST), 2. Bijni
Area
 • Total1,169.9 km2 (451.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total482,162
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highways31C
Websitechirang.gov.in

Chirang district is an administrative district in the Bodoland Territorial Region of Assam state in the North-East of India.

History[edit]

It is a relatively new district in the Bodoland Territorial Region of Assam. Chirang district has been carved out from Bongaigaon district in 2004.[1] The word "Chirang" has derived from Garo word -"Chi" means Water and "Rang" means Rain. It may also be a copy of Tsirang District of neighbouring Bhutan. On the other hand, Most of the people regarded the word Chirang is derived from the Bodo word Chirang or Sirang. Si means life and Rang means Money. Sirang was an area which is covered by valuable soil, plants, trees, flora and fauna or the things which are necessary for human life. Thus it is a place which is important for human life or the place which is just like money or valuable for life and is later come to know Si + Rang = sirang. After sometime the word articulated to Chirang from Sirang. And thus the word Sirang is latter known as Chirang.

Geography[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1990 Chirang district became home to Manas National Park, which has an area of 500 km2 (193.1 sq mi).[2] It shares the park with four other districts.

Demographics[edit]

Dwijing Festival in Chirang, Assam

According to the 2011 census Chirang district has a population of 482,162,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Suriname.[4] This gives it a ranking of 547th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 244 inhabitants per square kilometre (630/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.26%.[3] Chirang has a sex ratio of 969 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 64.71%. Bodos form the majority by about 32% while Muslims constitute 16% , Tea tribes 22% and 30% comprise others tribes and Assamese, Bengalis.[3]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
190137,523—    
191148,731+2.65%
192161,885+2.42%
193171,977+1.52%
194182,972+1.43%
195190,797+0.91%
1961165,829+6.21%
1971247,085+4.07%
1991437,288+2.90%
2001433,061−0.10%
2011482,162+1.08%
source:[5]

Language[edit]

As per the census 2011 data, majority of the people are Bodo speakers with a population of 182,382, comprising 38% of the population, followed by Bengali with 160,040 speakers comprising 33% of the population. Assamese, Santali and Nepali are spoken by 85,133, 22,795 and 12,091 people respectively.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  2. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Assam". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Suriname 491,989 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  6. ^ "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Assam". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 12 April 2020.

External links[edit]