Chirang district

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For disambiguation, see Chirang (disambiguation).
Chirang district
सिरां जिल्ला চিৰাং জিলা
District of Assam
Country India
State Assam
Headquarters Kajalgaon
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Kokrajhar
 • Assembly seats 1. Sidli (ST), 2. Bijni
 • Total 1,169.9 km2 (451.7 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 454,208
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Website Official website

Chirang (pron: ˌʧɪˈrɑ:ŋ/ˌʧɪˈræŋ) district (Template:Bodo: सिरां जिल्ला) (Assamese: চিৰাং জিলা) is one of the 27 districts of Assam state in north-eastern India.

As of 2011 it is the second least populous district in the state, after Dima Hasao Chirang district has generally three blocks:

  1. Borobajar
  2. Manikpur and
  3. Sidli-Chirang.

The major tourist places are Laoti, Hagrama Bridge, Ai Rever Bengtol, Datgari (Bhutan Border). The main inhabitants of this region is Boro people, Other small community like Assamese, Muslim, Rabha, Santali, Kuki, Rajbangsi, Bengali, Bihari, and other communities are also surviving there.[1]


It is a relatively new district in the BTC area of the state. Chirang district has been carved out from Bongaigaon district in 2004.[2] The word "Chirang" has derived from Garo word -"Chi" means Water and "Rang" means wealth. It may also be a copy of tsirang district of neighbouring Bhutan. On the other hand, Most of the people regarded the word Chirang is derived from the Bodo word Chirang or Sirang. Si means life and Rang means Money. Sirang was an area which is covered by valuable soil, plants, tress, flora and fauna or the things which are necessary for human life. Thus it is a place which is important for human life or the place which is just like money or valuable for life and is later come to know Si + Rang = sirang. After the Non-native Bodo speakers articulated to Chirang from Sirang. And thus the word Sirang is latter known as Chirang.


National protected area[edit]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1990 Chirang district became home to Manas National Park, which has an area of 500 km2 (193.1 sq mi).[3] It shares the park with four other districts.


According to the 2011 census Chirang district has a population of 481,818,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Suriname.[4] This gives it a ranking of 547th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 244 inhabitants per square kilometre (630/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.26%.[1] Chirang has a sex ratio of 969 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 64.71%.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  3. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Assam". Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Suriname 491,989 July 2011 est. 

External links[edit]