Province No. 2

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Province No. 2
Map of Province No. 2, Nepal
Map of Province No. 2, Nepal
Country    Nepal
 • Total 9,661 km2 (3,730 sq mi)
 • Total 5,404,145
Time zone Nepal Time (UTC+5:45)
Geocode NP-TW
Main language Nepali, Maithili, Bhojpuri

Province No. 2 (proposed name for the province: Janakpur[1]) is the provisional designation of one of the provinces established in southeastern Nepal by the Constitution of Nepal, which was adopted on 20 September 2015.[1] It is the province with majority of Maithili speaking population of Nepal, including total eight districts bordering from current Parsa District to Saptari District of Nepal.[1] The official name and headquarters of the province has not yet been decided. The Sub-Metropolitan City of Janakpur[2], also known as Janakpurdham, is a centre for religious and cultural tourism.[3] It is also thought to be the capital of the Videha dynasty that ruled Mithila region in ancient times.[4] The metropolitan city of Birgunj[5] is an economically important industrial centre and the only metropolitan city in this province.[6] It is a candidate for the province's capital.[7][8][9][10]

Nepal Province 2.jpg


Before the new constitution on 20 September 2015, Province no. 2 was part of two development regions of Nepal. The two eastern districts Siraha and Saptari were part of Eastern Development Region, Nepal and six districts Dhanusha, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Rautahat, Bara and Parsa were part of Central Development Region, Nepal.

The province comprises the following districts:

# Name Nepali Headquarters Population (2011) Area Website
1 Bara District बारा जिल्ला Kalaiya 687,708 1,190 KM² [1]
2 Dhanusha District धनुषा जिल्ला Janakpur 654,777 1,180 KM² [2]
3 Mahottari District महोत्तरी जिल्ला Jaleshwar 627,580 1,002 KM² [3]
4 Parsa District पर्सा जिल्ला Birgunj 601,017 1,353 KM² [4]
5 Rautahat District रौतहट जिल्ला Gaur 686,722 1,126 KM² [5]
6 Saptari District सप्तरी जिल्ला Rajbiraj 639,284 1,363 KM² [6]
7 Sarlahi District सर्लाही जिल्ला Malangwa 769,729 1,259 KM² [7]
8 Siraha District सिराहा जिल्ला Siraha 637,328 1,188 KM² [8]

Districts are divided into many Municipalities. There are two types of Municipality:

  1. Urban Municipality (Nagarpalika)
  2. Rural Municipality (Gaunpalika)

Urban municipality have three levels:

  1. Metropolitan city or Mahanagarpalika
  2. Sub-Metropolitan city or Upmahanagarpalika and
  3. Municipality or Nagarpalika


The region is surrounded by:[11]

As per Central Bureau of Statistics(CBS)[12] the province covers about 9,661 km2 (3,730 sq mi). of Nepal's total area of 147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi). with total number of 5,404,145 inhabitants, it is by far the second most populous of the new provinces after Province No. 3.[1] [13]

Only Province No. 2 of Nepal has no difficult terrains. The province is totally located on a flat plain land which is a part of Terai. Chure (Churiya) or the Shiwalik Hills are the natural border of the province which falls in northern side. Southern side has international border with india where Indian state Bihar is situated. Koshi River on it's eastern side makes a natural border with Province No. 1. Province No. 2 has eight districts in a series (parallel). Bagmati River, Kamla River, Lakhandei River, Bishnumati River are the main rivers of the province.


Province No. 2 is a southern state of Nepal which has no difficult terrains still the means of transportation has not more devloped in the region.


Janakpurdham lies 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of the East-West Highway.[14] At its eastern end this road joins an Tribhuvan Highway that connects it to Kathmandu, the capital city of the country and Pokhara.[15] At its western end it enters the Lumbini state of the country which further links to Nepalgunj and Birgunj, the industrial states of Nepal.[14] The Mahendra (East-West) Highway is the longest in the country, at 1,000 kilometres (620 mi).[14] The Tribhuvan Highway does not cross as much of the province no. 2 of Nepal as the Mahendra Highway, but it is equally important as it connects the province to Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, on one side and to the Indian states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh on the other side.[16]


A few other railway projects are under progress in the province no. 2. All these projects are of Nepal Railways. Government of Nepal has proposed Janakpur as a Main Station for 1024 km east-west Metro Railway project and further be extended to India and China for connecting Nepal Railways with Indian Railways and China Railways for business and tourism promotion.[17]


Province No. 2 has 3 airports:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Nepal Provinces". Retrieved 2016-03-21. 
  2. ^ "Janakpur Sub-Metropolitan City official Website". 
  3. ^ Rastriya Samachar Samiti (2004). "More Indian tourists visit Janakpurdham". Himalayan Times, 17 January 2004.
  4. ^ Burghart, R. (1978). The disappearance and reappearance of Janakpur. Kailash: A Journal of Himalayan Studies 6 (4): 257–284.
  5. ^ "Birgunj Metropolitan City official Website". 
  6. ^ "Biratnagar, Birgunj promoted to Metropolitan Cities". The Himalayan Times. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "Possible headquarters of states". 
  8. ^ "Where will Province Chief live?". Naya Patrika Nepal's National News. 
  9. ^ "possible Province headquarters". BroadNepal News Bnn. 
  10. ^ "कुन प्रदेशको राजधानी कहाँ ?". Himalayan Kangaroo. 
  11. ^ "Big 3 draw new 7-province map". Republica. 22 Aug 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  12. ^ "Statistical Year Book 2015 by CBS Nepal". Central Bureau of Statistics(CBS). Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "The population of the provinces of Nepal according to census results and latest official projections". City Population. 29 Dec 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c David Reed, James McConnachie. The rough guide to Nepal. Nepalganj p. 361, Mahendranagar p. 374, Janakpur p. 388, Kankarbhitta p. 400, Itahar p. 442. Google book. Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  15. ^ Woodhatch, Tom. Nepal handbook. Western Nepal p. 29, Junctions p. 44, Length p. 238, Overview p. 373, Nepalganj p. 394 -398, Terai east of Sapt Kosi p. 401, Janakpur p. 436, Eastern Nepal p. 450,. Google books. Retrieved 2012-05-09. 
  16. ^ Highways in Nepal
  17. ^ Nepal,India agree on five rail projects