Monguor language

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Monguor
Dēd Mongol, Tu
moŋɡuer
Native to China
Region Qinghai, Gansu
Native speakers
150,000  (2000 census)[1]
Mongolic
  • Shirongolic
    • Monguor
Dialects
Mongghul
Mangghuer
Language codes
ISO 639-3 mjg
Glottolog tuuu1240[2]

The Monguor language (Chinese: 土族语; pinyin: Tǔzúyǔ; also written Mongour and Mongor) is a Mongolic language of its Shirongolic branch and part of the Gansu–Qinghai Sprachbund. There are several dialects, mostly spoken by the Monguor people. A written script was devised for Huzhu Monguor (Mongghul) in the late 20th century, but has been little used. A division into two languages, namely Mongghul in Huzhu Tu Autonomous County and Mangghuer in Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County, is considered necessary by some linguists. While Mongghul was under strong influence from Tibetan, the same holds for Mangghuer and Chinese, and local dialects of Chinese such as Gangou were in turn influenced by Monguor.

Numerals[edit]

Mongolian numerals such as the following[3] are only in use in the Mongghul dialect, while Mangghuer speakers have switched to counting in Chinese.[4] Note that while the Mongolian script has only arban for 'ten', Middle Mongolian *harpa/n including *h can be reconstructed from the scripts.[5]

English Mongolian script Monguor
1 One Nigen Nige
2 Two Qoyar Ghoori
3 Three Ghurban Ghuran
4 Four Dörben Deeran
5 Five Tabun Tawun
6 Six Jirghughan Jirighun
7 Seven Dologhan Duluun
8 Eight Naiman Niiman
9 Nine Yisün Shdzin
10 Ten Arban Haran

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Monguor at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tu". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Dpal-ldan-bkra-shis, Slater et al. 1996:4
  4. ^ Dpal-ldan-bkra-shis, Slater et al.: 1996: 4
  5. ^ Svantesson et al. 2005: 130

References[edit]

  • Dpal-ldan-bkra-shis, Keith Slater, et al. (1996): Language Materials of China’s Monguor Minority: Huzhu Mongghul and Minhe Mangghuer. Sino-Platonic papers no. 69.
  • Georg, Stefan (2003): Mongghul. In: Janhunen, Juha (ed.) (2003): The Mongolic languages. London: Routledge: 286-306.
  • Slater, Keith W. (2003): A grammar of Mangghuer: A Mongolic language of China's Qinghai-Gansu sprachbund. London/New York: RoutledgeCurzon.
  • Svantesson, Jan-Olof, Anna Tsendina, Anastasia Karlsson, Vivan Franzén (2005): The Phonology of Mongolian. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Zhàonàsītú 照那斯图 (1981): Tǔzúyǔ jiǎnzhì 土族语简志 (Introduction to the Tu language). Běijīng 北京: Mínzú chūbǎnshè 民族出版社.

External links[edit]