Horpa language

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Native to China
Region Sichuan and Tibet
Native speakers
50,000  (2002–2004)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
ero – Ergong
jih – Shangzhai ("sTodsde")
Glottolog horp1240[2]

Horpa is a pair of closely related Rgyalrongic languages of China. The term sTod sde skad is a Tibetan name for Horpa, literally "language of the people of the far Northwest". Horpa proper, or Ergong, and Shangzhai Horpa may be distinct languages.

Horpa is spoken in Ergong, Dasang District, Danba County of Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan.[3] It is also spoken in nearby Dawu County, Sichuan.

Ergong is a non-tonal language (Sun 2013).[4]


  1. ^ Ergong at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Shangzhai ("sTodsde") at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Horpa–Shangzhai". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ "Chinese: 甘孜州丹巴县大桑区尔龚" Chinese: ; pinyin: Sūn, Chinese: 宏开; pinyin: Hóngkāi (1991). Chinese: 藏缅语音和词汇 [Tibeto-Burman Phonology and Lexicon]. Chinese Social Sciences Press. p. 211. 
  4. ^ Sun Hongkai. 2013. Tibeto-Burman languages of eight watersheds [八江流域的藏缅语]. Beijing: China Social Sciences Academy Press.