Hunan University

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Hunan University
湖南大学
Hunan University logo.png
Former names
Yuelu Academy
Motto 实事求是 敢为人先[1]
Motto in English
Seeking Truth from Facts and Daring to be Pioneers[2]
Type National university
Established 976 AD
President Zhao Yueyu (赵跃宇)
Academic staff
4,600
Students 46,000
Location Changsha, Hunan, China
Website www-en.hnu.edu.cn

Hunan University (simplified Chinese: 湖南大学; traditional Chinese: 湖南大學; pinyin: Húnán Dàxué), in Changsha, Hunan province, is one of the oldest and most important national universities in China.[citation needed] Hunan University is a member of Project 985 and Project 211, which are sponsored by the Ministry of Education of China aiming to become a world-class university.

History[edit]

The Administration Building of Hunan University

Hunan University traces its history back to the Yuelu Shuyuan Academy founded in 976 AD during the Song Dynasty. Shuyuan were one form of higher learning school in China; another form was government-sponsored schools including imperial central school Taixue or Guozijian and regional schools. The Yuelu Academy was a venue for Chinese scholars and their students to meet and study deep issues in broad areas of Confucian Studies.

In 1903 it was changed to be a modern school with the incorporation of the school which was founded in 1897, initially called Shiwu Xuetang and in 1902 called Hunan Institute of Higher Learning. The school name Hunan University was proposed in 1912, and in 1926 Hunan University was formed with the merger of three specialized public schools of Hunan. It was renamed Central-South Institute of Civil Engineering in 1953 and then Hunan Polytechnic College. The name Hunan University was again adopted in 1959.

The calligraphy of "Yuelu Academy" was written by Emperor Zhenzong of Song in 1015, and the calligraphy of "Hunan University" was written by Mao Zedong in 1950 as soon as the People's Republic of China was founded.

For more than 1000 years, academic and educational activities have continued uninterrupted here. In the course of its development from Yuelu Academy to Hunan University, this time-honored institution has committed itself to fostering people of great talent for society and has produced large numbers of figures of outstanding scholarship.

Among its prominent students are Wang Fuzhi, a celebrated philosopher in Chinese history; Wei Yuan, a reformist who first advocated the idea of learning from the West; Zeng Guofan, the first Chinese to initiate the Modernization Movement (at the time called Yangwu Yundong, movement to emulate overseas sci-tech and industry) and to make arrangements for a modern factory in China; Zuo Zongtang, a national hero who arranged to build China’s first navy and took great pains to defend and develop Xinjiang; Guo Songtao, China’s first ambassador to a foreign country; Cai E, a major leader in defending the Republic of China; the first Chinese to set foot on the continent of Antarctica;[who?] and Ci Yungui, the chief designer of China's first super computer.

Hunan University is one of the most prestigious public research university in People's Republic of China. Its Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Industrial Design and International Trade programs are some of its strongest.

The 2008 Times Higher Education Supplement (THES) World University Rankings ranked Hunan University as 15th in the People's Republic of China. [3] The 2015 CWTS (Leiden Ranking) ranked Hunan University as the 4th in P.R.China.

Academics and administration[edit]

Hunan University Library

The administration is led by a CPC secretary and a president. The current secretary is Jiang Changzhong and the president is Duan Xuangzhong.

Central Teaching Building, at the south rim of the Central Quad, one of the major liberal arts teaching buildings
Hunan University Stadium

The college is part of the 211 Project and Project 985.

The University has Graduate School and 23 colleges and departments. Professional disciplines involve 11 subject categories, namely philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history, science, engineering, management, medicine and arts, which offer 25 first-order disciplines authorized to confer Ph.D. degrees, 41 first-order disciplines authorized to confer Master's degree, and 22 academic degree authorizations, 2 key first-order disciplines and 14 key second-order disciplines honored at the national level, as well as 25 post-doctoral programs.

It has a staff of over 4,000 with a faculty of more than 1800, of which, over 1,100 are professors and associate professors, 6 are members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, 3 are invited-members at both Chinese Academies of Sciences and Engineering, 41 are members of the state's Thousands Talents Program, 10 are members of the state’s Ten Thousand Talents Program, 18 are distinguished professors of the Changjiang (Yangtze River) Scholars Programme, 21 have been honored with financial support from National Outstanding Youth Fund, 5 are members of the Academic Degree Commission under the State Council, 23 are members of the state's Outstanding Talents Project of the 21st century,134 are reputed as New Century Excellent Talents in support programs of the Ministry of Education, 49 are members of Hundred Talents Program of Hunan Province, 15 are chair Professors of the Lotus Scholarship Program of Hunan Province,201 are Council Experts for Special Allowance, 4 are winners of the National Distinguished Teacher Prizes, 2 innovative research groups are supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), 8 innovative teams are supported by Program for Cheongkong Scholars and Innovative Research Team in Universities, and 11 groups are supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province.

The student body totals nearly 30,000, of which over 20,600 are undergraduates and 14,000 are graduates.

The University has established national basic-course teaching bases in science and engineering (chemistry), national demonstration software college, national undergraduates' cultural-quality education base, 7 national-level teaching teams, 6 bilingual model courses, 6 innovation experimental talent cultivation, 4 national model experimental teaching centers, 4 national comprehensive reform pilot majors for the Program of Culturing Outstanding Engineers, and one national VR experimental teaching center.

In recent years, the University has witnessed numerous achievements, such as one First Prize and 7 Second Prizes in the National Teaching Achievement Assessment; 25 courses were rated as national Excellent Courses; 8 video courses were national Excellent Open Courses; and 22 courses were national excellent courses for resource sharing. In the past five years, students from Hunan University have won nearly 1200 awards for contests above provincial level, including first prize in the National Extracurricular Academic Science and Technology Work Competition, Champion of the CCTV Cup English Speaking Contest, first prize for the Mathematical Contest in Modeling (MCM), and perseverance award at the Formula SAE. 

Hunan University is equipped with 2 state key laboratories, 2 national engineering technology research center, one national-level international research center, one national-level international cooperation base, one state laboratory of engineering, one key discipline laboratory of the Commission for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND), 5 key laboratories of the Ministry of Education, 4 engineering technology centers of the Ministry of Education, 14 key laboratories of Hunan Province, one engineering technology research center of Hunan Province, one provincial engineering laboratory, 4 key laboratories of institutions of higher learning of Hunan Province, 3 key laboratories of mechanical industry, and 15 provincial-level social science research bases. In the past decade, the university has undertaken around 10,000 scientific research projects at various levels, gained 3 second-class awards for the national natural science, 4 second-class awards for the national technological invention, one first-class award and 18 second-class awards for the national Science and Technology Advancement, one Gold Prize of China Patent Award,14 first prizes and 27 second prizes for the Outstanding Scientific Research Achievements of the Institutions of Higher Learning under the Ministry of Education, and 8 first prizes and 26 second prizes for Outstanding Achievements in Humanities and Social Sciences of Hunan Province.

Besides, a national science and technology park and 56 advance-level platforms for Enterprise-University-Research Institute have been set up, whereas an Enterprise-University-Research Institute Cooperation base has been established in Lugu High-tech Industrial Park, Changsha. The Enterprise-University-Research Institute Cooperation relationship covers 32 provinces (districts, cities) and thousands of enterprises. The National Supercomputing Center in Changsha has been put into operation, serving the governmental departments and institutes.

Hunan University enjoys academic exchanges with 140 universities and research institutes across the world. More than 300 recruited experts come every year for long or short term courses. The enrollment of overseas students from over 40 countries and regions is around 1000. Confucius Institutes of Honam University, University of Regina, and Colorado State University have been established, which make Hunan University the one who set up most overseas Confucius Institutes in the province.

The university covers a total area of 1,552,520 square meters with a construction area of over 1,024,480 square meters. Boasting a total collection of over 6.5 million books and 76 TB of digital resources (Chinese and English), the university is equipped with advanced IPv6 campus network, with 10Gb wired cable backbone network covering all the teaching buildings, office buildings and students' apartments, accompanied by simultaneous coverage of wireless campus network. The computers connected with the campus network amount to over 30, 000, enjoying a bandwidth of 5.2 G, which realizes a multi-channel informationized teaching, administration and service based on mobile technology. The digital campus of Hunan University is taking shape.

Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, this institute has received great attention and high praise from the senior leaders of both the Central Government and local authority, such as Liu Shaoqi, Hua Guofeng, Hu Yaobang, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao, Zhu Rongji, Wen Jiabao and Li Keqiang. On their visits and inspection they have commended Hunan University with "Cradle of the Talents of Xiang and Chu", "The Kingdom of Chu, unique home of talents; today's academy of Yuelu, the prosperous cradle of all", and "Ancient Millenarian Academy, Famous Centennial University".


It has the following colleges and departments:

  • Architecture
  • Biology
  • Business Administration
  • Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • Chinese Language and Literature
  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer Science and Electronic Engineering
  • Design
  • Economy and Trade
  • Educational Science
  • Electrical and Information Engineering
  • Environmental Science and Engineering
  • Finance and Statistics
  • Foreign Languages and International Studies
  • Journalism and Communication & Film and Television Arts
  • Law
  • Marxism Studies
  • Mathematics and Econometrics
  • Materials and Engineering
  • Mechanical Vehicle Engineering
  • Physical Education
  • Physics and Microelectronics Science
  • Yuelu Academy



Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "学校简介". Retrieved July 1, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Admonition of Hunan University". Retrieved July 1, 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Top 200 World University Rankings". The Times Higher Education Supplement. 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  4. ^ "Xue Xiangdong". Forbes. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°10′49″N 112°57′10″E / 28.18028°N 112.95278°E / 28.18028; 112.95278