Hunan University

Coordinates: 28°10′49″N 112°57′10″E / 28.18028°N 112.95278°E / 28.18028; 112.95278
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hunan University
湖南大学 (Chinese)
Hunan University logo.png
Former names
Yuelu Academy
Motto实事求是 敢为人先[1]
Motto in English
Seeking Truth from Facts and Daring to be Pioneers[2]
TypeNational, Public, Research
Established976; 1047 years ago (976) (Yuelu Academy)
1903; 120 years ago (1903) (university form)
1926; 97 years ago (1926) (current name)
AffiliationNational key university
Project 211
Project 985
Plan 111
Excellence League
Double First Class University Plan
BRICS Universities League
Association of MBAs
PresidentDuan Xianzhong (段献忠)
Academic staff
4,000 (Autumn 2019)[3]
Students36,000 (Autumn 2019)[3]
Undergraduates20,000 (Autumn 2019)[3]
Postgraduates15,000 (Autumn 2019)[3]
Location, ,
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese湖南大学
Traditional Chinese湖南大學

Hunan University (HNU; Chinese: 湖南大学; pinyin: Húnán Dàxué), colloquially abbreviated as HúDà (湖大), is a national key public research university located in Changsha, Hunan, and a Double First Class University as well as a member of Project 211 and Project 985 of Chinese universities.[4]

Hunan University is considered one of China's leading engineering research universities.[5][6]


The Administration Building of Hunan University designed by Liu Shiying (Chinese architect), the founder of modern architectural education in China.

Hunan University traces its history back to the Yuelu Academy, founded in 976 AD during the Song dynasty.[7][8] Shuyuan was one form of private educational institution in China; another form was government-sponsored academies including imperial central school Taixue or Guozijian and regional schools. The Yuelu Academy was a venue for Chinese scholars and their students to meet and discuss sophisticated topics in Confucian Studies.

In 976 AD, the Yuelu Academy was founded.[8][9]

In 1015, the calligraphy of "Yuelu Academy" was written by Emperor Zhenzong of Song.

In 1897, the modern school was founded, initially called Shiwu Institute (Xuetang) (时务学堂).

In 1903, the modern university was renovated from Yuelu Academy into the Hunan Institute of Higher Education after founding the Shiwu school.

In 1926; the Hunan Institute of Higher Education was renamed Hunan University.[9] In 1937, it was transformed from a provincial university into a national university, renamed the National Hunan University, and designated by the Ministry of education, becoming the fifteenth national university.[10]

From April 1938 to May 1941, the National Hunan University suffered serious losses and made it difficult to run the school, and during the Battle of Changsha, the National Hunan University was suspended.[10]

In 1949, the name Hunan University was again adopted and the calligraphy of "Hunan University" was written by Mao Zedong in 1950 as soon as the People's Republic of China was founded.[9][11]

In 1959, Hunan University was officially restored after the national readjustment of higher education institutions.[12]

In 1963, it became a key university under the ministry and was subordinated to the First Ministry of Machinery Industry.[9] In 1978, Hunan University's status as one of the 88 National Key Universities in China was reaffirmed.[12][13]

In 1996, Hunan University became one of the national key universities sponsored by the major national program "Project 211".[14] In 2000, Hunan University was selected as a member of the "Project 985" to facilitate efforts and progress toward a comprehensive, research-oriented, and internationalized world-class university.[14][4]

In November 2010, the National Supercomputing Changsha Center was laid in Hunan University campus under the management and operation of Hunan University.[15] It is the first National Supercomputing Center in Central China and the third of its kind apart from other two national centers situated in Tianjin and Shenzhen.[16]

In 2011, along with nine other Project 985 universities, HNU officially participated in the Excellence League, an alliance of 10 Chinese universities with a strong background in engineering.[17] In 2015, HNU joined the BRICS Universities League, a consortium of leading research universities from BRICS countries.[18]

In 2017, Hunan University was listed in the Double First Class University Plan, the most recent major program for developing top research comprehensive universities in China.[19][20]

For more than 1000 years, academic activities have been carried on here. In the course of its development from Yuelu Academy to Hunan University, this long-established institution has cultivated a large number of outstanding scholars and has been honored as an "Ancient Millenarian Academy, Famous Centennial University".[7][21] Additionally, Times Higher Education named Hunan University the "One Thousand Year Old University" due to its incredible longevity and recognized it as "China's oldest higher education institution".[21]

Academics and administration[edit]

Hunan University Library

Hunan University is a national key university under the direct administration of the Ministry of Education of China, and a member of Project 211 and Project 985, as well as the Double First Class University Plan.[13][4] In October 2020, Hunan University has been selected as the National Intellectual Property Demonstration University among the first batch of 30 demonstration universities by the China National Intellectual Property Administration and the Ministry of Education of China.[22] The administration is led by a CPC secretary and a president. The current secretary is Deng Wei and the president is Duan Xianzhong.

Central Teaching Building, at the south rim of the Central Quad, one of the major liberal arts teaching buildings
Hunan University Stadium

It has the following colleges and departments:

  • Architecture
  • Biology
  • Business Administration
  • Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • Chinese Language and Literature
  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer Science and Electronic Engineering
  • Design
  • Economy and Trade
  • Educational Science
  • Electrical and Information Engineering
  • Robotics
  • Environmental Science and Engineering
  • Finance and Statistics
  • Foreign Languages and International Studies
  • Journalism and Communication and Film and Television Arts
  • Law
  • Marxism Studies
  • Mathematics and Econometrics
  • Materials and Engineering
  • Mechanical Vehicle Engineering
  • Physical Education
  • Physics and Microelectronics Science
  • Yuelu Academy


Hunan University has established academic cooperation or academic exchange programs with over 160 oversea universities and research institutes since 1990s.[23] Hunan University is one of the Project 985 universities in China to form the BRICS Network University, a network of the BRICS member countries' higher education institutions engaged in cooperation and joining the BRICS Network University.[24][25]

Students and Academics[edit]

There are more than 30,000 full-time students, including more than 20,800 undergraduates and more than 14,000 graduate students.[26] Hunan University has started to recruit international students since 1990s and is one of the Project 985 universities in China to launch an international student program taught entirely in English.[27][28] Its campuses home to more than 1,000 international students from over 108 countries and regions in the world, as well as Hong Kong (China), Taiwan (China) and Macau (China), working for bachelor’s degrees, master’s degrees, doctoral degrees or studying the Chinese language and culture through the Self-Financed Program, the Partial Scholarship Program and the Full Scholarship Program.[29][30][31] A number of scholarships include the Distinguished Foreign Students Scholarship, Hunan Provincial Government Foreign Students Scholarship, Chinese Government Scholarship, Silk Road Scholarship Program and Confucius Institute Scholarship.[32][33][34]


Hunan University is ranked in the top 300 research universities in the world based on several global university rankings such as the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), the U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking, the Center for World University Rankings, and the CWTS Leiden Ranking.[35][36][37][38][39]

General Rankings[edit]

Research Rankings[edit]

  • Hunan University ranked 14th worldwide in the 2016 Nature Index Rising Stars.[42] In 2018, Hunan University was elected among 16 universities in the world by Nature, called "Movers and Shakers".[43] In the Nature Index Annual Table 2022 by Nature Research, which measures the largest groups of papers published in 82 leading high-quality science journals,[44] Hunan University ranked 62nd among the leading research academic institutions globally, 27th in the Asia-Pacific, and 20th in China.[45]
  • Hunan University ranked 127th globally and 51st in Asia by the CWTS Leiden Ranking 2022 based on the number of their scientific publications in the period 2017–2020.[46] For the proportion of their scientific publications that rank among the top 1%, 5%, and 10% in their fields by citations, Hunan University ranks 43rd in the world (7th in Asia), 10th globally (3rd in Asia), and 14th in the world (2nd in Asia) respectively.[46]
  • In 2020, a research paper by Loet Leydesdorff, a famous scientometrician, employs data from 205 China's leading research-intensive universities, including in the CWTS Leiden Ranking 2020, to classify them into three main groups: Top, Middle, and Bottom. Hunan University (with a Z-score of 10.2) ranks 2nd only to Tsinghua University (z=11.0), which leads the "High Group of 32 Universities".[47]
  • In 2022, 32 HNU faculty members were included in Clarivate's list of Highly Cited Researchers, placing HNU at # 33 globally and third in China, behind only the Chinese Academy of Science and Tsinghua University.[48][49]
University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[50]201-300 (2022)
CWTS World[51]127 (2022)
THE World[52]401-500 (2022)
USNWR Global[53]168 (2023)
Regional – Overall
USNWR Asia[54]25 (2023)
National – Overall
THE National[55]18 (2022)
USNWR National[56]12 (2023)

Subject Rankings[edit]

ARWU Discipline Rankings[60]
Subjects 2022
Global Ranking
Civil Engineering 15th
Remote Sensing 16th
Instruments Science & Technology 24th
Chemical Engineering 29th
Biotechnology 32nd
Energy Science & Engineering 43rd
Chemistry 51–75th
Environmental Science & Engineering 51–75th
Mechanical Engineering 51–75th
Nanoscience & Nanotechnology 51–75th
Electrical & Electronic Engineering 76–100th
Materials Science and Engineering 76–100th
Metallurgical Engineering 76–100th
Automation & Control Engineering 101–150th
Computer Science & Engineering 101–150th
Water Resources Engineering 101–150th
Mathematics 151–200th
Statistics 151–200th
Telecommunication Engineering 151–200th
Transportation Science & Technology 151–200th
Economics 201–300th
Business Administration 201–300th
Earth Science 300–400th
Management 300–400th
Physics 300–400th
U.S. News Subjects Rankings[41]
Subjects 2023
Global Ranking
Chemical Engineering 3rd
Energy and Fuels 10th
Mechanical Engineering 10th
Civil Engineering 13rd
Engineering 17th
Physical Chemistry 20th
Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology 23rd
Electrical and Electronic Engineering 35th
Chemistry 43rd
Mathematics 47th
Optics 50th
Condensed Matter Physics 50th
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 60th
Artificial Intelligence 69th
Material Science 95th
Computer Science 120th
Environment/Ecology 136th
Biology and Biochemistry 149th
Economics and Business 221st
Physics 433rd

Notable alumni[edit]

Among its prominent alumni are Wang Fuzhi, a celebrated philosopher in Chinese history; Wei Yuan, a reformist who first advocated to learn from the West; Zeng Guofan, the first Chinese to initiate the Modernization Movement (at the time called Yangwu Yundong, a movement to imitate overseas technology and industry) and to make arrangements for a modern factory in China; Zuo Zongtang, a national hero who arranged to build China's first modern navy and took great pains to defend and develop Xinjiang; Guo Songtao, China's first ambassador to a foreign country; Cai E, a major leader in defending the Republic of China; Zhang Fengxuan, the first Chinese to set foot on the continent of Antarctica;[61] and Ci Yungui, the chief designer of China's first super computer.[62] A extensive list of Hunan university alumni can be found here.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "学校简介". Archived from the original on March 7, 2015. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  2. ^ "Admonition of Hunan University". Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d 湖南大学简介 (in Chinese). Hunan University. 2019. Retrieved 2020-02-18.
  4. ^ a b c "Project 211 and 985 - China Education Center". Retrieved 2021-10-10.
  5. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects". Academic Ranking of World Universities. Retrieved 2022-01-10.
  6. ^ "Best Global Universities for Engineering in China". U.S. News & World Report. 2022-10-25. Retrieved 2022-10-25.
  7. ^ a b "Introduction-湖南大学英文网". Hunan University. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  8. ^ a b McMahon, Daniel (2005). "The Yuelu Academy and Hunan's Nineteenth-Century Turn Toward Statecraft". Late Imperial China. 26 (1): 72–109. doi:10.1353/late.2005.0008.
  9. ^ a b c d "历史沿革-湖南大学 (Historical evolution - Hunan University)". Retrieved 2021-11-09.
  10. ^ a b "湖南大学改归国立". 微信湖南大学. Retrieved 2015-07-07.
  11. ^ "History-湖南大学英文网". Retrieved 2021-11-09.
  12. ^ a b "History of Hunan University". Retrieved 2022-04-30.
  13. ^ a b "全国重点大学名单". 2005-06-29. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03.
  14. ^ a b "Developmental History-Hunan University". Retrieved 2022-06-05.
  15. ^ "National Supercomputing Center in Changsha Settles in Hunan University". Retrieved 2022-10-11.
  16. ^ "Hunan starts building supercomputing center". 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2022-10-11.
  17. ^ ""卓越联盟"津门聚会强强联合培养卓越人才". 天津大学. 2011-11-07. Archived from the original on 2013-01-26. Retrieved 2013-05-26.
  18. ^ "BRICS Network University". 2017-08-23. Archived from the original on 2017-08-23. Retrieved 2022-10-02.
  19. ^ "China to develop 42 world-class universities". People's Daily. 21 September 2017.
  20. ^ "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)" (in Simplified Chinese). September 20, 2017.
  21. ^ a b "Hunan University". Times Higher Education (THE). 5 September 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  22. ^ "HNU Listed as National Intellectual Property Demonstration University-湖南大学英文网". Retrieved 2020-10-28.
  23. ^ "International Partners Hunan University". Hunan University. Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  24. ^ "BRICS Network University". Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  25. ^ "BRICS Network University". Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  26. ^ "学校简介". Hunan University. Archived from the original on March 7, 2015. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  27. ^ "International Students at Hunan University". Retrieved 2020-11-12.
  28. ^ "Degree Programs Open to Foreign Applicants in 2009-2010 Academic Year-湖南大学英文网". Hunan University. Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  29. ^ "Why HNU-湖南大学英文网". Hunan University. Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  30. ^ "Partial Scholarship of Hunan University-湖南大学英文网". Retrieved 2020-10-10.
  31. ^ "Full Scholarship of Hunan University-湖南大学英文网". Retrieved 2020-10-10.
  32. ^ "Hunan Government Website Hunan Institutions Admitting International Students Under Chinese Government Scholarship Programs". Retrieved 2020-10-10.
  33. ^ "Notice to International Students Studying in China Under Chinese Government Scholarship Program-湖南大学英文网". Retrieved 2020-10-10.
  34. ^ "Hunan Provincial Government Scholarship |". Retrieved 2020-10-10.
  35. ^ a b "ARWU World University Rankings 2020 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2020 | Top 1000 universities". Shanghai Ranking. 2020. Archived from the original on 2019-08-15. Retrieved 2020-08-15.
  36. ^ "Best Global Universities Rankings: Hunan University". U.S. News & World Report. 2021-10-26. Retrieved 2021-10-26.
  37. ^ Studies (CWTS), Centre for Science and Technology. "CWTS Leiden Ranking". CWTS Leiden Ranking. Retrieved 2021-06-03.
  38. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Academic Performance". Archived from the original on 2020-11-30. Retrieved 2020-08-18.
  39. ^ "World University Rankings 2023 | Global 2000 List | CWUR". Retrieved 2023-05-15.
  40. ^ "The Top 200 World University Rankings". The Times Higher Education Supplement. 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
  41. ^ a b "2023 Best Universities in the World - US News: Hunan University". US News. 2022-10-25. Retrieved 2022-10-26.
  42. ^ "Top 100 institutions | Nature Index 2016 Rising Stars | Nature Index Supplements". Nature Index. Retrieved 2020-05-13.
  43. ^ Krieger, Anja; Nogrady, Bianca; Savage, Neil; Zastrow, Mark (2018-09-19). "Movers and shakers". Nature. 561 (7723): S26–S29. doi:10.1038/d41586-018-06625-5. PMID 30232446.
  44. ^ "Introduction to the Nature Index". Retrieved 2020-11-29.
  45. ^ "2022 tables: Institutions - academic | Annual tables | Nature Index". Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  46. ^ a b Studies (CWTS), Centre for Science and Technology. "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2022". CWTS Leiden Ranking. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  47. ^ Leydesdorff, Loet; Wagner, Caroline S.; Zhang, Lin (2020-11-17). "Are University Rankings Statistically Significant? A Comparison among Chinese Universities and with the USA". arXiv:2011.08591 [cs.DL].
  48. ^ "The Most Highly Cited Researchers and Institutions of 2022". November 28, 2022. Retrieved 2022-12-01.
  49. ^ "Highly Cited Researchers - Analysis". Clarivate. Retrieved 2022-12-01.
  50. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2022 - Academic Ranking of World Universities 2022 - Top 1000 universities - Shanghai Ranking - 2022". Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  51. ^ "Leiden CWTS Ranking 2022". Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  52. ^ "World University Rankings 2022". 2 September 2021. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  53. ^ "U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Rankings 2023". Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  54. ^ "US News Asia University Rankings 2023". Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  55. ^ "World University Rankings 2022". 2 September 2021. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  56. ^ "US News Best Global Universities in China 2023". Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  57. ^ "US News: Best Global Universities for Engineering 2023". U.S. News & World Report. 2022-10-25. Retrieved 2022-10-25.
  58. ^ "Field Ranking". Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  59. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Academic Performance: 2022 Engineering". Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  60. ^ a b "Shanghai Ranking-Universities". Retrieved 2022-11-03.
  61. ^ "歙县人张逢铿博士仙逝,第一个登上南极中国人!曾4回故土,重培育儿子爱祖国爱家乡情怀!-湖南大学校友总会". Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  62. ^ "慈云桂:中国巨型计算机之父-科普中国". Archived from the original on September 23, 2018. Retrieved 2020-10-13.

External links[edit]

28°10′49″N 112°57′10″E / 28.18028°N 112.95278°E / 28.18028; 112.95278