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COVID-19 pandemic in Cyprus

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COVID-19 pandemic in Cyprus
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationCyprus
Index caseLimassol and Nicosia
Arrival date9 March 2020
(1 year and 2 months)
Confirmed cases65,233 (as of 30 April 2021)
RecoveredUnknown
Deaths
308 (as of 30 April 2021)
Fatality rate0.47%
Government website
covid19.cy

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Cyprus in March 2020. The released data from the Cyprus government includes cases in the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia but, due to the long-running Cyprus dispute, does not include cases in Northern Cyprus.

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[1][2] The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[3][4] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[3][5]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in Cyprus  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
2020202020212021
MarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSepOctOctNovNovDecDec
JanJan
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-09
2(n.a.)
2020-03-10
2(=)
2020-03-11
6(+200%)
2020-03-12
10(+67%)
2020-03-13
21(+110%)
2020-03-14
26(+24%)
2020-03-15
33(+27%)
2020-03-16
46(+39%)
2020-03-17
49(+7%)
2020-03-18
58(+18%)
2020-03-19
67(+16%)
2020-03-20
75(+12%)
2020-03-21
84(+12%) 1
2020-03-22
95(+13%) 1(=)
2020-03-23
116(+22%) 1(=)
2020-03-24
124(+7%) 3(+200%)
2020-03-25
132(+6%) 3(=)
2020-03-26
146(+11%) 3(=)
2020-03-27
162(+11%) 6(+100%)
2020-03-28
179(+10%) 7(+17%)
2020-03-29
214(+20%) 8(+14%)
2020-03-30
230(+7%) 8(=)
2020-03-31
262(+14%) 10(+25%)
2020-04-01
320(+22%) 12(+20%)
2020-04-02
356(+11%) 12(=)
2020-04-03
396(+11%) 13(+8%)
2020-04-04
426(+8%) 14(+8%)
2020-04-05
446(+5%) 14(=)
2020-04-06
465(+4%) 14(=)
2020-04-07
494(+6%) 14(=)
2020-04-08
526(+6%) 14(=)
2020-04-09
564(+7%) 15(+7%)
2020-04-10
595(+6%) 15(=)
2020-04-11
616(+4%) 15(=)
2020-04-12
633(+3%) 16(+7%)
2020-04-13
662(+5%) 17(+6%)
2020-04-14
695(+5%) 17(=)
2020-04-15
715(+3%) 17(=)
2020-04-16
735(+3%) 17(=)
2020-04-17
750(+2.0%) 17(=)
2020-04-18
761(+1.5%) 17(=)
2020-04-19
767(+0.8%) 17(=)
2020-04-20
772(+0.7%) 17(=)
2020-04-21
784(+1.6%) 17(=)
2020-04-22
790(+0.8%) 18(+6%)
2020-04-23
795(+0.6%) 18(=)
2020-04-24
804(+1.1%) 19(+6%)
2020-04-25
810(+0.8%) 19(=)
2020-04-26
817(+0.9%) 19(=)
2020-04-27
822(+0.6%) 20(+5%)
2020-04-28
837(+1.8%) 20(=)
2020-04-29
843(+0.7%) 20(=)
2020-04-30
850(+0.8%) 20(=)
2020-05-01
857(+0.8%) 20(=)
2020-05-02
864(+0.8%) 20(=)
2020-05-03
872(+0.9%) 20(=)
2020-05-04
874(+0.23%) 20(=)
2020-05-05
878(+0.46%) 21(+5%)
2020-05-06
883(+0.57%) 21(=)
2020-05-07
889(+0.68%) 21(=)
2020-05-08
891(+0.22%) 21(=)
2020-05-09
892(+0.11%) 21(=)
2020-05-10
898(+0.67%) 22(+5%)
2020-05-11
901(+0.33%) 22(=)
2020-05-12
903(+0.22%) 23(+5%)
2020-05-13
905(+0.22%) 24(+4%)
2020-05-14
907(+0.22%) 24(=)
2020-05-15
910(+0.33%) 24(=)
2020-05-16
914(+0.44%) 24(=)
2020-05-17
916(+0.22%) 24(=)
2020-05-18
917(+0.11%) 24(=)
2020-05-19
918(+0.11%) 24(=)
2020-05-20
922(+0.44%) 24(=)
2020-05-21
923(+0.11%) 24(=)
2020-05-22
927(+0.44%) 24(=)
2020-05-23
927(=) 24(=)
2020-05-24
935(+0.86%) 24(=)
2020-05-25
937(+0.21%) 24(=)
2020-05-26
939(+0.21%) 24(=)
2020-05-27
939(=) 24(=)
2020-05-28
941(+0.21%) 24(=)
2020-05-29
942(+0.11%) 24(=)
2020-05-30
943(+0.11%) 24(=)
2020-05-31
944(+0.11%) 24(=)
2020-06-01
949(+0.53%) 24(=)
2020-06-02
952(+0.32%) 24(=)
2020-06-03
958(+0.63%) 24(=)
2020-06-04
958(=) 24(=)
2020-06-05
960(+0.21%) 24(=)
2020-06-06
960(=) 25(+4%)
2020-06-07
964(0.42%) 25(=)
2020-06-08
970(0.62%) 25(=)
2020-06-09
972(0.21%) 25(=)
2020-06-10
974(0.21%) 25(=)
2020-06-11
975(0.1%) 25(=)
2020-06-12
980(0.51%) 25(=)
2020-06-13
980(=) 25(=)
2020-06-14
983(+0.3%) 25(=)
2020-06-15
985(+0.2%) 25(=)
2020-06-16
985(=) 25(=)
2020-06-17
985(=) 25(=)
2020-06-18
985(=) 26(+4%)
2020-06-19
985(=) 26(=)
2020-06-20
985(=) 26(=)
985(=) 26(=)
2020-06-30
998(=) 19(=)
998(=) 19(=)
2020-07-10
1013(=) 19(=)
1013(=) 19(=)
2020-07-20
1038(=) 19(=)
1038(=) 19(=)
2020-07-31
1119(=) 19(=)
1119(=) 19(=)
2020-08-10
1252(=) 19(=)
1252(=) 19(=)
2020-08-20
1395(=) 20(+5.2%)
1395(=) 20(=)
2020-08-31
1488(=) 20(=)
1488(=) 20(=)
2020-09-10
1517(=) 22(+10%)
1517(=) 22(=)
2020-09-20
1600(=) 22(=)
1600(=) 22(=)
2020-09-30
1755(=) 22(=)
1755(=) 22(=)
2020-10-10
1986(=) 25(+13.6%)
1986(=) 25(=)
2020-10-15
2285(+15.0%) 25(=)
2285(=) 25(=)
2020-10-20
2839(+24.2%) 25(=)
2839(=) 25(=)
2020-10-25
3545(+24.8%) 25(=)
3545(=) 25(=)
2020-10-31
4366(22.2%) 26(+4%)
4366(=) 26(=)
2020-11-05
5333(+22.1%) 27(+3.8%)
5333(=) 27(=)
2020-11-10
6296(+18%) 29(+7.4%)
6296(=) 29(=)
2020-11-15
7178(+14.0%) 39(+34.4%)
7178(=) 39(=)
2020-11-20
8211(+14.3%) 43(+10.2%)
2020-11-21
8456(+3.0%) 43(=)
2020-11-22
8643(+14.3%) 44(+2.3%)
8643(=) 44(=)
2020-11-25
9453(+21.4%) 47(+9.3%)
9453(=) 47(=)
2020-11-28
10231(+8.2%) 49(+4.2%)
2020-11-29
10,383(+1.4%) 49(=)
2020-11-30
10,565(+1.7%) 49(=)
2020-12-01
10,883(+3.0%) 49(=)
2020-12-02
11,175(+2.7%) 52(+6.1%)
2020-12-03
11,523(+3.1%) 54(+3.8%)
11,523(=) 54(=)
2020-12-07
12,867(+11.7%) 63(+16.6%)
2020-12-08
13,286(+3.2%) 68(+7.9%)
2020-12-09
13,649(+2.7%) 70(+2.9%)
13,649(=) 70(=)
2020-12-12
14,476(+%) 75(+%)
2020-12-13
2020-12-14
15,450(+%) 82(+%)
2020-12-15
15,450(+%) 84(+%)
2020-12-16
16,190(+%) 85(+%)
2020-12-17
16,190(+%) 85(+%)
2020-12-18
16,647(+%) 85(+%)
2020-12-19
17,476(+%) 89(+%)
2020-12-20
17,718(+%) 91(+%)
2020-12-21
18,004(+%) 96(+%)
2020-12-22
18,406(+%) 101(+%)
2020-12-23
18,883(+%) 104(+%)
2020-12-24
19,316(+%) 107(+%)
2020-12-25
19,366(+%) 109(+%)
2020-12-26
19,391(+%) 111(+%)
2020-12-27
19,657(+%) 112(+%)
2020-12-28
20,408(+%) 113(+%)
2020-12-29
21,315(+%) 117(+%)
2020-12-30
22,019(+%) 119(+%)
2020-12-31
22,651(+%) 119(+%)
2021-01-01
22,818(+%) 127(+%)
2021-01-02
23,445(+%) 129(+%)
2021-01-03
23,974(+%) 131(+%)
2021-01-04
24,639(+%) 133(+%)
2021-01-05
25,208(+%) 134(+%)
2021-01-06
25,781(+%) 138(+%)
2021-01-07
26,208(+%) 140(+%)
2021-01-08
26,674(+%) 141(+%)
2021-01-09
27,011(+%) 147(+%)
2021-01-10
27,350(+%) 148(+%)
2021-01-11
27,638(+%) 153(+%)
2021-01-12
27,897(+%) 157(+%)
2021-01-13
28,124(+%) 163(+%)
2021-01-14
28,124(+%) 163(+%)
2021-01-15
28,609(+%) 166(+%)
2021-01-16
28,811(+%) 167(+%)
2021-01-17
28,968(+%) 170(+%)
2021-01-18
29,130(+%) 175(+%)
2021-01-19
29,472(+%) 176(+%)
2021-01-20
29,636(+%) 178(+%)
Sources:


2020

  • On 9 March, Cyprus confirmed its first two cases: a 25-year-old man from Limassol who had returned from Italy and a 64-year-old heart surgeon from Nicosia who had returned from a medical convention in England and had been treating patients while infected.[6]
  • On 11 March, Cyprus confirmed four more cases: two people who returned from England the day before and one taxi driver from Paphos, whose grandson was also hospitalised. All three men were taken to Famagusta General Hospital. The fourth case was in self-isolation at home.[7]
  • On 12 March, four new cases were confirmed: a person who had returned from the United Kingdom and contacted the authorities after developing symptoms, a person who had returned from Italy, a person with symptoms after returning from Greece, and a person returning from Germany with no symptoms.[8]
  • On 21 March, the first death was confirmed.[9][10]
  • On 22 April, one death, one recovery, and six new cases were confirmed.[11]
  • On 23 April, one recovery and five new cases were confirmed.[12] A total of 148 people had recovered at the time, according to the Ministry of Health.[13]
  • On 30 April, seven new cases were confirmed.[14] According to the Ministry of Health, a total of 296 people recovered.[15]
  • In early May, government-issued flights for Cypriot citizens and legal Cypriot residents back to Cyprus from the UK began; upon arrival, all those coming back into the country were required to spend two weeks in quarantine at certain hotels which were designated and funded by the government, primarily in Paphos and Ayia Napa.[16]
  • On 16 May, a few days after some students had returned to school as part of the easing of restrictions, four new cases were confirmed in students and staff members.[17]
  • On 21 May, the lockdown ended and repatriation flights continued, although those coming back to the country no longer had to be quarantined for two weeks. The government also announced that airports would fully reopen on 9 June, although some flights from countries heavily affected by the virus (such as the UK and Russia, the two biggest sources of tourism in Cyprus) would not be permitted until further notice.[18]
  • On 23 May, no new cases were confirmed for the first time since 23 April.
  • On 27 November, amidst a rapidly increasing rate of daily new cases, another partial lockdown was announced from 30 November to 14 December.[19]
  • On 9 December, it was revealed that the partial lockdown had failed to curb the rise of infections and deaths, with 7 December recording the highest daily number of deaths since the pandemic began; it was then announced that all restaurants, bars, cafes, shopping malls, schools, and churches would be closed from 11–31 December.[20]
  • On 25 December, Dr. Petros Karayiannis, a professor of microbiology and molecular virology at the University of Nicosia, urged people to trust the science behind the newly available vaccines and dismissed the misinformation and conspiracy theories surrounding them.[21]

2021

  • On 10 January, a new full lockdown—the country's second since the start of the pandemic—began and was scheduled to last until 31 January.[22] Dr. Karayiannis cited a full lockdown as the only way to curb the spread of the virus and said that a rise in cases should be expected (stemming from the Christmas period) before the numbers start to come down.[23]
  • On 1 February, the January lockdown was extended while shops and barbers were allowed to reopen under strict guidelines. Measures re-implemented from the first lockdown included a night-time curfew, no more than two people from the same household leaving their home, a requirement to send text messages to a special phone number to get permission before going out, and a maximum limit of three hours outside.[24]
  • On 14 February, it was announced that an agreement had been reached between Cyprus, Greece, and Israel to allow people from each country to move freely between them without quarantining from April 1, as long as they can prove that they were fully vaccinated at least one week before travelling and agree to random tests upon arrival.[25]
  • On 1 March, one death and 288 new cases were confirmed. Restrictions began to be loosened despite a spike in infections which brought the total number of cases to 35,297. The measures included the re-opening of schools, gyms, sports facilities for Third Division football teams, and nature trails for exercise purposes. The decision was made to continue easing restrictions due to the vaccination program rolling out and the advice of health experts, who said hospitals on the island were "stable and not overburdened".[26]
  • On 5 March, deputy tourism minister Savvas Perdios announced that Cyprus would allow tourists from the UK into the country from May 1 as long as they prove that they were fully vaccinated at least one week before travelling and agree to random tests upon arrival, despite the UK government's current plan preventing foreign travel for its citizens until May 17.[27]
  • On 12 March, two deaths and 383 new cases were confirmed.[28] Despite this, health minister Konstantinos Ioannou announced that restaurants will reopen on 16 March but will only be able to seat customers in outdoor areas, while the start time for the nightly curfew will change from 9 pm to 11 pm.[29] Dr. Constantinos Tsioutis, the assistant professor of internal medicine & infection prevention and control at the European University Cyprus, held a press conference alongside three other doctors to say that the recent rise in the number of hospital admissions is "worrisome" and that "a plan is in place" to supply extra hospital beds if necessary.[30]
  • On 14 March, two deaths and 374 new cases were confirmed.[31] This day also saw Cypriots gathering to celebrate the annual Limassol Carnival Festival, despite it being cancelled, as they were allowed to have a "mini parade" in which they remained in their cars and followed the route that the parade would usually take.[32] Later in the day, more people arrived and the event turned into a street party, with most attendees ignoring social distancing rules and not wearing masks.[33] Police eventually intervened.[34] Limassol mayor Nicos Nicolaides said that he was "saddened and disappointed" by the behaviour of the attendees.[34][35] 28 people and two businesses were fined by police.[34]
  • On 16 March, the ministry of health introduced new rules for the recently re-opened restaurants and cafés, stating that customers have to wear their masks between bites of food and that live performances of Greek music which might make people dance were banned; later that day, they reversed these new rules after a backlash from people deeming them "silly and unenforceable".[36]
  • On 18 March, it was revealed that pandemic-induced travel restrictions had caused the number of tourists arriving in February to drop by 95.2% of its usual number.[37]
  • On 20 March, the ministry of health announced that the variant of the virus first identified in the UK was "more widespread than ever" in Cyprus, appearing in all 45 positive samples that were sent off for examination.[38]
  • On 23 March, it was revealed that tourism arrivals during 2020 had decreased by 85%.[39]
  • On 12 April, the ministry of health announced that Cyprus ranked first in the EU in terms of how many COVID-19 tests were being carried out, had the second lowest rate of positive cases in the EU, and one of the lowest mortality rates in the EU.[40]
  • On 13 April, it was revealed that people in Cyprus were becoming more "reluctant" to take a COVID-19 vaccine, causing concern about a delay in the national vaccination programme; of the 7,500 available vaccination appointments in one unnamed area, less than 1,500 were taken.[41] Later that day, it was announced that police had issued 163 fines in the past 24 hours to people breaching pandemic restrictions.[42]
  • On 26 April, total cases had surpassed 60,000; the country's fourth lockdown thus began in an attempt to combat a spike in infections, and is scheduled to end on May 9.[43] The day before the lockdown began, hundreds of protesters gathered outside the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation building in Nicosia.[44]

Impact

Health minister Constantinos Ioannou said that, despite pressure from local businesses, Cyprus would not lift entry restrictions on its largest tourism markets (namely the United Kingdom and Russia) unless it were safe to do because these countries have some of the highest rates of the virus in the world. Ioannou said that it would not be possible to implement mass testing to screen all passengers from high-risk countries upon their arrival in Cyprus because quarantine facilities and hospitals would not be able to accommodate the expected number of infected people. By late July, Cyprus had reported that most of the new cases on the island had come from travelers. The current estimates for August tourist arrivals is 18% of the previous year's arrivals, but some local businesses believe that even these estimates are optimistic due to uncertainty over lifting restrictions on arrivals from the United Kingdom.[45]

To determine whether arrivals from certain countries would be quarantined or otherwise restricted upon entry to Cyprus, the country assessed the Schengen Area and other countries based on factors such as the number of new diagnoses and mortality rates per 100,000 inhabitants. The Category A countries were considered low risk; arrivals from Category A countries, including some non-European countries like Canada, Japan, and South Korea, did not have any restrictions placed on their entry. Category B countries were considered less certain than Category A and included France, Italy, and Spain. Passengers arriving from Category B countries were required to undergo a health examination upon arrival and self-quarantine until the results returned. The Category B restrictions also applied to citizens and legal residents of Cyprus. Category C countries were considered an increased risk and entry was restricted unless certain conditions were met; arrivals could take a COVID-19 test upon arrival or present an RT-PCR certificate, which would prove negative test results within the 72 hours before their arrival.[18]

Statistics

Total confirmed cases, recoveries, and deaths

  Total confirmed cases      Total recoveries      Total deaths


Total deaths

  Total deaths



See also

References

  1. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  2. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  4. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  5. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. ^ Michael, Peter (9 March 2020). "BREAKING NEWS: Two cases of coronavirus confirmed". Cyprus Mail. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  7. ^ Shkurko, Jonathan (12 March 2020). "The three men taken to Famagusta hospital 'are doing well'". Cyprus Mail. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  8. ^ "New case of Covid-19 detected". Cyprus Mail. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Cyprus reports its first coronavirus death - health ministry". Reuters. 21 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  10. ^ Michael, Peter (21 March 2020). "Nine new confirmed cases, one a nurse from Paphos hospital". Cyprus Mail.
  11. ^ "6 new cases of coronavirus and one Death". Daily Cyprus News. 22 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Five new cases of Coronavirus". Daily Cyprus News. 23 April 2020.
  13. ^ "The Updated Statistics of the Coronavirus Growth in Cyprus". REPORTER. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Seven new confirmed cases". REPORTER. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Moving on to the next phase - The statistics". REPORTER. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  16. ^ "connect2cy - Online platform for registration of Cypriot citizens overseas". connect2cy. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  17. ^ "Four new Covid-19 cases; from student and staff". Daily Cyprus. 16 May 2020.
  18. ^ a b "Cyprus Publishes New Categorization of Countries Based COVID-19 Situation". SchengenVisaInfo.com. 21 July 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  19. ^ fm (27 November 2020). "COVID19: Cyprus gambles on 'lockdown light'". Financial Mirror. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  20. ^ fm (9 December 2020). "COVID19: Cyprus closes for Christmas". Financial Mirror. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  21. ^ "Dr. Karayiannis: Vaccination best thing at this moment". in-cyprus.philenews.com. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  22. ^ "Cyprus enters lockdown, sending text messages a must to move around". in-cyprus. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  23. ^ Shkurko, Jonathan. "Coronavirus: Expert sees drop in cases in 'third week' of lockdown | Cyprus Mail". Cyprus Mail. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  24. ^ "Retail trade sector opens after covid lockdown under strict monitoring, KEVE warns". in-cyprus. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  25. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/feb/15/post-covid-tourism-hopes-buoyed-by-deal-between-greece-cyprus-and-israel/
  26. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/no-brakes-on-gradual-easing-in-cyprus-of-covid-19-restrictions-under-review-yet/
  27. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/cyprus-to-let-in-brits-with-covid-vaccine-from-may-1/
  28. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/383-new-cases-of-covid-19-two-deaths-announced-on-friday/
  29. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/what-is-now-valid-for-restaurants-education-curfew/
  30. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/rising-number-of-patients-in-hospitals-worrisome-says-scientific-committee/
  31. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/moh-announces-two-deaths-374-covid-cases-on-sunday/
  32. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/limassolians-take-to-the-streets-in-cars-to-celebrate-carnival-video/
  33. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/concerns-that-limassol-carnival-celebrations-are-spiraling-out-of-control-video/
  34. ^ a b c https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/28-citizens-2-businesses-booked-for-limassol-old-port-carnival-gathering/
  35. ^ https://twitter.com/Nicolaides_N/status/1371193382928846849
  36. ^ https://cyprus-mail.com/2021/03/16/coronavirus-some-of-new-restaurant-rules-deemed-silly-and-unworkable/
  37. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/tourist-arrivals-in-cyprus-down-95-2-in-february-due-to-the-pandemic/
  38. ^ https://www.financialmirror.com/2021/03/18/covid19-uk-variant-rampant-in-cyprus/
  39. ^ https://www.financialmirror.com/2021/03/23/covid19-cyprus-tourism-nightmare-if-uk-bans-summer-travel/
  40. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/cyprus-ranks-1st-in-eu-regarding-covid-tests-has-2nd-lowest-positivity-rate/
  41. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/cypriots-reluctant-to-respond-to-the-call-for-covid-19-vaccination/
  42. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/police-issue-163-fines-in-24-hours-for-breach-of-covid-19-measures/
  43. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/cyprus-goes-into-two-week-lockdown-to-try-to-reverse-a-spike-in-infections/
  44. ^ https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/hundreds-protest-latest-lockdown-outside-police-headquarters/
  45. ^ "Cypriot health minister says opening unsafe tourist markets not possible - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 16 October 2020.