Aon Center (Chicago)
|Location||200 E. Randolph St.|
Chicago, Illinois 60601
|Architectural||346.3 m (1,136 ft)|
|Tip||362.5 m (1,189 ft)|
|Top floor||328 m (1,076 ft)|
|Floor count||83 above ground|
5 below ground
|Floor area||3,599,968 sq ft (334,448 m2)|
|Lifts/elevators||50, made by the Otis Elevator Company|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Edward Durell Stone|
|Developer||Standard Oil of Indiana|
|Main contractor||Turner Construction|
The Aon Center (200 East Randolph Street, formerly Amoco Building) is a modern supertall skyscraper just east of the Chicago Loop, Chicago, Illinois, United States, designed by architect firms Edward Durell Stone and The Perkins and Will partnership, and completed in 1974 as the Standard Oil Building. With 83 floors and a height of 1,136 feet (346 m), it is the fourth-tallest building in Chicago, surpassed in height by Willis Tower, Trump International Hotel and Tower, and St Regis Chicago.
The building is managed by Jones Lang LaSalle, which is also headquartered in the building. Aon Center formerly housed the world headquarters of Aon and Amoco. Aon still maintains headquarters of its US operations there. The building is also the co-headquarters of Kraft Heinz.
The Standard Oil Building was constructed as the headquarters of the Standard Oil Company of Indiana, which had previously been housed at South Michigan Avenue and East 9th Street. When it was completed in 1973, it was the tallest building in Chicago and the fourth-tallest in the world, earning it the nickname "Big Stan". (A year later, the Sears Tower took the title as Chicago's and world's tallest.) The building employs a tubular steel-framed structural system with V-shaped perimeter columns to resist earthquakes, reduce sway, minimize column bending, and maximize column-free space. This construction method was also used for the former World Trade Center towers in New York City.
When completed, it was the world's tallest marble-clad building, sheathed entirely with 43,000 slabs of Italian Carrara marble. The marble used was thinner than previously attempted in cladding a building, which soon proved to be a mistake. On December 25, 1973, during construction a 350-pound marble slab detached from the façade and penetrated the roof of the nearby Prudential Center. In 1985, inspection found numerous cracks and bowing in the marble cladding of the building. To alleviate the problem, stainless steel straps were added to hold the marble in place. Later, from 1990 to 1992, the entire building was refaced with Mount Airy white granite at an estimated cost of over $80 million. Amoco was reluctant to divulge the actual amount, but it was well over half the original price of the building, without adjustment for inflation. Two-thirds of the discarded marble was crushed and used as landscaping decoration at Amoco's refinery in Whiting, Indiana, one-sixth was donated to Governors State University, in University Park, and one-sixth donated to Regalo, a division of Lashcon Inc. Under a grant from the Illinois Department of Rehabilitative Services, Regalo's 25 handicapped workers carved the discarded marble into a variety of specialty items such as corporate gifts and mementos including desk clocks and pen holders. The building's facade somewhat resembles that of the North and South tower of the former World Trade Center Complex due to the upward flow of the columns.
The Standard Oil Building was renamed the Amoco Building when the company changed names in 1985. In 1998, Amoco sold the building to The Blackstone Group for an undisclosed amount, estimated to be between $430 and $440 million. It was renamed as the Aon Center on December 30, 1999, although the Aon Corporation would not become the building's primary tenant until September 2001. In May 2003, Wells Real Estate Investment Trust, Inc. acquired the building for between $465 and $475 million. On August 10, 2007, Wells Real Estate Investment Trust, Inc. changed its name to Piedmont Office Realty Trust, Inc.)
Real estate investors Mark Karasick and Victor Gerstein acquired the building from Piedmont in 2015 for $713 million.
Planned observation deck
On May 14, 2018 the owners unveiled $185 million proposal for an observatory featuring a thrill ride on the roof called the Sky Summit, the world's tallest exterior elevator, and new entrance pavilion. The observatory was supposed to be completed in 2022, but the COVID-19 pandemic has delayed construction plans by about a year.
In recent years, the top floors of the building have been lit at night with colors to reflect a particular season or holiday. Orange is used for Thanksgiving, green or red for Christmas, and pink during National Breast Cancer Awareness Month. The lighting commonly matches the nighttime lighting on the antenna of Willis Tower, the John Hancock Center and the upper floors of the Merchandise Mart.
In the plaza, there is a sounding sculpture by Harry Bertoia.
Position in Chicago's skyline
Looking from the North, with Aqua visible
- Aon Center (Los Angeles)
- First Canadian Place – a similar building from the same architect
- List of buildings
- List of skyscrapers
- List of tallest buildings and structures in the world
- List of tallest buildings in Chicago
- List of tallest buildings in the United States
- List of tallest freestanding structures in the world
- List of tallest freestanding steel structures
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- "The Skyscraper Center: Aon Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Archived from the original on 2014-08-08.
- Roeder, David (2003-02-21). "New owner expected for Aon Center". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2008-09-18 – via Newsbank.
- Saliga, Pauline, ed. (1990). The Sky's the Limit: A Century of Chicago Skyscrapers. New York: Rizzoli. p. 219. ISBN 978-0847811793.
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- Tadena, Nathalie; Dean, Jason; Scism, Leslie (January 14, 2012). "Aon Shifts Headquarters to London". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2017-08-31. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
- "Contacts". Amoco. February 12, 1998. Retrieved on March 31, 2010.
- Du, Lisa (February 23, 2017). "Kraft Heinz eliminated another 1,000 jobs in 2016". Chicago Tribune. Bloomberg News.
- "Kraft Heinz preps HQ move into Chicago". Chicago Business Journal. July 15, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
- "Aon Center". Glass Steel and Stone. Archived from the original on 26 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
- Chicago Tribune, December 26, 1973
- McMillan, Greg (2007-06-12). "Two buildings, two cities, one problem". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
- Cosper, Stephen D.; William H. Hallenbeck; Gary R. Brenniman (January 1993). "Construction and Demolition Waste: Generation, Regulation, Practices, Processing, and Policies" (PDF). University of Illinois at Chicago, Office of Solid Waste Management. p. 31. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
- McManus, David (July 12, 2018). "AON Center Chicago: Skyscraper Architecture". e-Architect. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
- "Trophy Building Sale Sets New Record". Miller Cicero, LLC. 2003-10-07. Archived from the original on 2007-05-18. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
- "Wells REIT Changes Name to Piedmont Office Realty Trust". Piedmont Office Realty Trust, Inc. Archived from the original on 2008-06-10. Retrieved 2007-08-10.
- Marotti, Ally; Kamin, Blair (May 15, 2018). "Aon Center's planned observation deck, Chicago's third, could create competition for tourist dollars". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
- "Construction halted for Aon Center observatory in Chicago due to coronavirus pandemic". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2020-11-28.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aon Center.|
- Aon Center on CTBUH Skyscraper Center
- List of tenants at the Aon Center - Companies located at 200 East Randolph Street, Chicago IL
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