EADS CASA C-295
|A Polish Air Force C-295M|
|Manufacturer||Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA
Airbus Defence and Space
|First flight||November 28, 1997|
|Primary users||Mexican Air Force
Polish Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
|Developed from||CASA CN-235|
Design and development
The C-295 is manufactured and assembled in the Airbus Military facilities in the San Pablo Airport, in Seville, Spain. It is a development of the Spanish – Indonesian transport aircraft CASA/IPTN CN-235, but with a stretched fuselage, 50% more payload capability and new PW127G turboprop engines. The C-295 made its maiden flight in 1998. The first order came from the Spanish Air Force.
In 2012, EADS announced several enhancements to the base C-295 design, changes included the adoption of winglets and an ability to carry the Marte anti-ship missile; a dedicated airborne early warning and control variant was also planned. In November 2015, a C-295 successfully demonstrated a new self-protection suite, which incorporated elements such as directional infrared countermeasures from Elbit Systems and infrared passive airborne warning system. In January 2016, Airbus was in the process of developing a new hose-and-drogue in-flight refuelling rig to be optionally installed in the centerline of the C295, this capability is being promoted for the aerial refuelling of combat helicopters, initial 'dry' flight tests are scheduled later in the year; Airbus is also performing flap optimisations and other modifications upon the type for extreme takeoff and vertical landing capabilities.
The C-295 was a major bidder for the US Army–US Air Force Joint Cargo Aircraft (JCA) which was awarded to the L-3 Communications/Alenia team on June 13, 2007. The C-295 was considered a higher risk by the Army due to its use of a new operational mode to meet altitude and range requirements.
In July 2012 Poland ordered an additional five C-295s, this order made the Polish Air Force the second largest single operator of the C295, flying 16 aircraft. In January 2013, Airbus reported that a total of 28 C-295s had been sold during 2012 in what was described as a "bumper year".
In response to a request for information from the Indian Air Force for 56 transport planes at $2.4 billion to replace an ageing fleet of 55 Hawker Siddeley HS 748, Airbus announced on 28 October 2014 that it would bid for the contract with the C-295. On 13 May 2015, the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) approved purchase of C-295. The first 16 planes under the deal will be directly procured from the vendor and the remaining 40 planes will be produced locally in India by Tata Advanced Systems.
- Military transport version. Capacity for 71 troops, 48 paratroops, 27 stretchers, five 2.24 × 2.74 m (88 × 108 inches) pallets or three light vehicles.
- Indonesian Aerospace-made C-295. Indonesian Aerospace have a licence to build the C-295 in Indonesia. Since 2011 PTDI has an Industrial Collaboration with Airbus Defence & Space for CN295 program.
- Maritime patrol/anti-submarine warfare version. Provision for six hardpoints.
- Prototype airborne early warning and control version with EL/W-2090 360 degree radar dome. The AESA radar was developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and has an integrated IFF (Identification friend or foe) system.
- C-295 Firefighter
- Dedicated aerial firefighting aircraft.
- Dedicated search and rescue aircraft for the Canadian Armed Forces.
- Dedicated signals intelligence version.
- Enhanced performance version with winglets and uprated engines announced in 2013. Certification is expected in 2014.
- AC-295 Gunship
- Gunship version developed by Airbus Defence and Space, Orbital ATK, and the King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau, based on the AC-235 Light Gunship configuration.
- Dedicated Aerial refueling tanker aircraft
- The Algerian Air Force received six C-295 for transport and maritime patrol. One lost in accident.
- The Brazilian Air Force received 11 C-295, designated C-105A Amazonas, to replace the ageing DHC-5/C-115 Buffalo transports. Three C-295 ordered.
- The Royal Canadian Air Force has been authorized to purchase 16 C-295s to replace its aging fleet of CC-115 Buffalo and older model C-130H Hercules search and rescue aircraft. They will be operated from Greenwood, Nova Scotia; Trenton, Ontario; Winnipeg, Manitoba and Comox, British Columbia. The aircraft will be primarily operated at CFB Comox, where Airbus is a building an RCAF Search & Rescue Training Facility for the C295. 
- The Chilean Navy operates three C-295 MPA.
- The Colombian Air Force operates six C-295, the last of original four was delivered in April 2009. The fifth aircraft was ordered in September 2012 and delivered 14 March 2013. The sixth aircraft was ordered in January 2013, entering service before 31 August 2015.
- The Czech Air Force ordered four C-295 that replaced their Antonov An-26s, with all delivered in 2010. They are based at Kbely Air-Base.
- The Egyptian Air Force operates 20 C-295 out of 24 ordered as of August 2015. Three aircraft were initially ordered for tactical and logistical transport. The first delivery was on 24 September 2011. In January 2013 a follow-on order was signed for six more aircraft and ordered a further eight on 16 July 2014.
- Equatorial Guinea Air Force – Two (one transport and one surveillance) aircraft on order for delivery from September 2016.
- The Finnish Air Force operates three C-295. There is an option for four more additional aircraft.
- The Indian Air Force will be operating 56 C-295W. The order was finalised on 13 May 2015 by the Indian Ministry of Defense. The first 16 C-295s will be brought in fly away condition; the remaining 40 will be manufactured in India in partnership with Tata Advanced Systems.
- The Indonesian Air Force operates eight C-295 for tacical and logistical transport. One C-295 is on order as of August 2015. Three planes will be assembled in Indonesia by PT Dirgantara Indonesia, the same company which built the CN-235, the C-295's predecessor. The first two aircraft were delivered in September 2012
- The Royal Jordanian Air Force operates two C-295 and has another two on order as of August 2015.
- The Kazakh Air Force operates four C-295. A memorandum of understanding has been signed for four more for a total of eight. Kazakhstan took delivery of the first two aircraft on January 16, 2013.
- The Mexican Air Force operates ten C-295Ms & five C-295Ws. They operate in the 301st Squadron, based in Santa Lucia AFB.
- The Mexican Navy operates four C-295Ms & two C-295Ws. They are based at the Tapachula Air Naval Base.
- The Philippine Air Force ordered three units of C-295M as of April 2014 and the first unit arrived on March 22, 2015. All 3 are in service as of 22 January 2016.
- The Polish Air Force has received 17 C-295 that replaced their Antonov An-26s. One aircraft crashed on 24 January 2008, the other 16 are in service at Kraków-Balice Air Base. Poland was the first foreign customer, ordering eight planes in 2001, two optional in 2006 and two more in 2007, with delivery from 2003 to 2008. In June 2012, another five aircraft were ordered, two delivered in October 2012, third in December 2012 and final two units were delivered on 2 November 2013.
- The Portuguese Air Force received 12 C-295, including seven transport (PG01) and five Persuader Maritime Patrol Aircraft (C-295 MPA, three PG02 and two PG03), to replace the C-212 Aviocar. They are operated by 502 Squadron and are based at Montijo Air Base, near Lisbon.
- The Spanish Air Force operates 13 C-295 (designated internally as T.21 ).
- Mirosławiec air accident: on January 23, 2008 a Polish Air Force CASA C-295 flying from Warsaw via Powidz and Krzesiny to Mirosławiec crashed during its approach to the 12th Air Base near Mirosławiec. All 20 people on board were killed in the accident. All Polish C-295s were grounded after the incident. Polish defence minister Bogdan Klich dismissed five air force personnel after the accident investigation, which concluded that multiple failings contributed to the 23 January crash.
- The Czech Army grounded its fleet of four CASA C-295Ms on October 31, 2011 due to equipment failure. A navigation display and other equipment "stopped working during landing" in a plane flying in from Seville, Spain, on October 30. Czech Army spokesperson Mira Trebicka said in a statement: "One of the two engines then stopped working." The two pilots landed with one engine. Army General Vlastimil Picek ordered the grounding of all aircraft, until the inquiry has ended. The aircraft were already grounded in February, following a severe drop in altitude in mid-flight and again in May, after problems with an avionics system.
- On November 9, 2012 an Algerian Air Force EADS CASA C-295 aircraft crashed near the city of Avignon, France while flying from Paris to Algeria. Four of the six passengers were killed, and the other two are missing.
- Crew: Two
- Capacity: 71 troops
- Payload: 9,250 kg (20,400 lb)
- Length: 24.50 m (80 ft 3 in)
- Wingspan: 25.81 m (84 ft 8 in)
- Height: 8.60 m (28 ft 3 in)
- Wing area: 59 m² (634.8 ft²)
- Max. takeoff weight: 23,200 kg (51,146 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127G Hamilton Standard 586-F (six bladed), 1,972 kW (2,645 hp) each
- Maximum speed: 576 km/h (311 knots, 358 mph)
- Cruise speed: 480 km/h (260 knots, 300 mph)
- Range: with 3,000 kg (6,600 lb) payload, 4,600 km (2,500 nmi / 2,875 mi); (with 6,000 kg (13,200 lb) payload, 3,700 km (2,000 nmi / 2,300 mi))
- Range with max 9,250 kg (20,400 lb) payload: 1,300 km (700 nmi / 805 mi)
- Ferry range: 5,400 km (2,900 nmi / 3,335 mi)
- Service ceiling: 9,100 m (30,000 ft)
- Takeoff run: 670 m (2,200 ft)
- Landing run: 320 m (1,050 ft)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
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- Airbus Military launches C295W aircraft with enhanced performance – Airbus Military, 30 May 2013.
- "Airbus Defence and Space and ATK welcome Jordan's selection of C295 gunship". Airbus Defence and Space. 18 June 2014.
- "ATK and King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau Define Baseline for AC-295 Gunship". ATK. 17 July 2014.
- Munson 2008, p.36.
- "Algerian Air Force Plane Crashes in France"
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- "Egyptian Air Force becomes new Airbus Military C295 operator". Airbusmilitary.com. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
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- Stevenson, Beth (2 February 2016). "Equatorial Guinea orders two C295 transports". Flightglobal. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- "Finland Orders C-295 Light Transports". Defenseindustrydaily.com. 2010-05-24. Retrieved 2011-10-02.
- "Ghana to acquire additional Airbus Military C295". Air Recognition. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "India Approved Purchase of 56 Airbus C295 Transport Planes." The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved: 16 May 2015.
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