From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Didi Kuaidi
(Feb 2015 – Sept 2015)
Didi Dache, Kuaidi Dache
(pre-Feb 2015)
Privately held company
FoundedJune 2012 (June 2012)
FoundersCheng Wei
Area served
Key people
Cheng Wei (Founder and CEO)
Liu Qing (President)[4]
ServicesVehicles for hire
Number of employees
Former name

Didi Chuxing Technology Co., (stylized DiDi, Chinese: 滴滴出行; pinyin: Dīdī Chūxíng, pronounced [tɨ́tɨ́ ʈʂʰúɕɪ̌ŋ]), formerly Didi Kuaidi (Chinese: 滴滴快的), is a global transportation company headquartered in Beijing.[6][7][4] The company provides app-based transportation services, including taxi hailing, private car hailing, social ride-sharing and bike sharing; on-demand delivery services; and automobile services, including sales, leasing, financing, maintenance, fleet operation, electric vehicle charging and co-development of vehicles with automakers.[8][9] In 2018, DiDi’s platform had 550 million users and tens of millions of drivers.[10]


2012–2015: Founding of Didi Dache[edit]

In June 2012, following eight years, working in Alibaba’s sales and Alipay divisions, Cheng Wei founded Didi Dache (嘀嘀打车; meaning "Beep Beep Call a Taxi"; or Chinese: 滴滴打车; literally: "Didi Taxi Calling"), a taxi-hailing app, [through BeiJing XiaoJu Keji Co. (小桔科技)].[11]

The application was the initial incarnation of Didi Chuxing's ride-hailing service, and consisted of an app for consumers to request taxis for immediate pick up.[12] BeiJing XiaoJu Keji Co. developed the app.[13][14][15] In November 2012, Tencent invested $15 million in the company.[16]

2015: Merger of Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache[edit]

A study in December 2013 by Analysis International, estimated that at the time Didi Dache (backed by Chinese Internet giant Tencent Holdings Limited) held approximately 55% of the smartphone-based taxi-hailing market in China (about 150 million Chinese were estimated to use their smartphones to hail taxis). According to the same study, Kuaidi Dache, backed by Alibaba Group, held most of the remaining market share. Aggressive fundraising by the two companies resulted in Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache raising US$700 million and US$600 million from private investors, respectively, to sustain their growth in the world's largest transport market. In February 2015 the companies merged to form Didi Kuaidi.[17]

In May 2015, Didi Kuaidi spent aggressively to compete with other startups including Yidao Yongche (Chinese: 易到用车) and Uber (of which Baidu was an investor).[18] The company also added other features to complement its basic taxi-calling function such as new premium vehicle services, functions for carpool and designated driver transportation modes and enhanced accessibility functions for passengers with disabilities. In July 2015, Didi Kuaidi completed a US$2 billion fundraising round, bringing the company's cash reserves to over US$3.5 billion; the same month, Didi Kuaidi was reported to get 80.2%market share in car hire services.[17] Didi Kuaidi’s existing stakeholders, including Alibaba, Tencent, Temasek Holdings (Private) Ltd and Coatue Management, participated in the round, alongside new investors including, Capital International Private Equity Fund and Ping An Ventures, part of Ping An Insurance Group Co of China Ltd.[19] The July 2015 fundraise is ranked as the world's largest single fundraising round by any private company, as well as the largest fundraising round for a Chinese mobile internet company at that time. By September 2015, Didi Kuaidi had obtained 80% market share in private car hailing services and 99% of the taxis.[20]

By September 2015, the company had obtained 80% market share in private car hailing services and 99% of the taxi market share. The same month, Didi Kuaidi announced the launch of a rebrand process, including a plan to rename itself “Didi Chuxing”.[21] Following the rebrand, in December 2015, taxi drivers concerned with the potential risk of ride-hailing applications cutting into their business protested against Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache, forcing both companies were forced to close their offices in the city of Luoyang.[22]

Since 2015, DiDi has invested in Grab, Lyft, Ola, Uber, 99,[23] Bolt[24] and Careem.[25] DiDi's acquisition of Uber's operation in China might cloud the partnership.[26]

In June 2016, DiDi closed a US$4.5 billion fundraising round, with investors including Apple Inc.,[27][28][29] China Life Insurance Co., and the financial affiliate of online shopping firm Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. This fundraising round is the world's largest equity share fundraising round by any private company, updating the previous record set by DiDi. In addition, DiDi has secured a $2.5 billion syndicated loan arranged by China Merchants Bank Co. DiDi also raised roughly $300 million in debt from China Life.[30]

Competition with Uber[edit]

Uber entered the Chinese market in August 2013. However, Uber lost approximately US$2 billion trying to compete with Didi Dache and Kuai di Dache.[31][32] Backers of the taxi apps, Tencent and Alibaba are rivals with China's biggest search engine Baidu, who is funding Uber to fight Didi Dache. While Baidu is competing against Didi Dache with Uber, Baidu is also fighting against Alibaba and Tencent directly.[33]

On 1 August 2016, Didi announced that they would acquire Uber China.[34][35] This acquisition valued the company at US$35 billion.[36] With the deal, Uber acquired 5.89% of the combined company with preferred equity interest which is equal to a 17.7% economic interest in DiDi. DiDi will also obtain a minority equity interest in Uber. Under the terms of the deal, Cheng Wei has become a board member of Uber and Travis Kalanick has got a seat on DiDi's board.[37][38]

2017–present: Smart transportation, AI technology and global expansion[edit]

On 28 March 2017, the Wall Street Journal reported that SoftBank Group Corporation had approached Didi Chuxing Technology Co. about investing $6 billion to help the ride-hailing firm expand in self-driving car technologies," with the bulk of the money to come from SoftBank's planned $100 billion Vision Fund.[39] On 28 April 2017, DiDi announced it closed a new financing round of over US$5.5 billion to support its global strategy and continued investments in AI-based technologies, making the company worth $50 billion.[40]

In December, Reuters reported that Didi had raised $4 billion for a global push into foreign markets and investments into technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, in an apparent bid to challenge Uber.[41] On 24 July 2017, DiDi pumped $2 billion into Grab,[42] this would deepened the latter's pocket to trump Uber in Southeast Asia. Didi announced it would invest $1 billion in its auto services platform in August 2018.[43]

On 27 August 2018, Didi Chuxing officially suspended its Hitch services due to the mugging, rape and murder case of a woman by the driver.[44][45][46][47] It was the second case in a year which caused Didi to act on the issue and reform its platform with ensured safety standards. Until the business model was thoroughly reviewed the company decided to let the services remain suspended.[48][49][7] In September 2018, Didi announced an investment of $20 million in customer service,[50] and announced a net loss of RMB 4 billion for the first half of the year.[51]


DiDi serves 550 million users across over 400 cities with products including Taxi, Express, Premier, Luxe, Bus, Designated Driving, Enterprise Solutions, Bike Sharing, E-bike Sharing, Car Rental and sharing, and food delivery. A total of 7.43 billion rides were completed on DiDi's platform in 2017.[52] Some of DiDi’s services include:

DiDi Taxi: about 2 million drivers operating in over 400 cities in China and Brazil; DiDi partners with 500 taxi companies to upgrade services.[citation needed]

DiDi Express: operating in about 400 cities with an ExpressPool option. DiDi ExpressPool carries over 2.4 million daily rides.[53]

DiDi Premier: upgraded brand in 2018, accompanied by a new logo and a full suite of product and service upgrades. Highlights of the upgrades, including:

  1. A dedicated 24/7 customer service hotline in Chinese and English.
  2. New in-trip online services including in-app table booking services.
  3. Enhancements to existing specialist services, including premier vehicles equipped with child seats, adapted for riders with disabilities, and special arrangements for the visually-impaired traveling with a guide dog.
  4. Improved personalized services, such as raincoats, air purifiers and massage seats.[54]

Designated Driving: operating in about 200 cities.[55]

Enterprise Solution: about 170,000 corporate clients.[56]

DiDi Bus: Launched initially in Beijing and Shenzhen as a WeChat-based trial in 2015. In Beijing, DiDi took over Kaola Bus (考拉班车) fleet and operation in September 2015.[57] By the time of DiDi Bus's official launch in October 2015, DiDi Bus was providing 1,500 daily rides and transporting approximately 500,000 daily commuters.

DiDi Minibus: DiDi started to offer minibus rides in December 2016, aiming to provide “last three-kilometer” connection to and between public transport hubs.[58]

DiDi Select: over 1 million rides a day.[59]

Bike-Sharing: DiDi has added bike-sharing service from ofo to its app since April 2017. DiDi's bus service will enter into an enhanced partnership with ofo. ofo's bike-routing analytics will help refine the AI-powered algorithms in DiDi's real-time bus tracker to better respond to users’ differentiated short-distance mobility needs and design more efficient bike-bus transfer options.[60] On 17 January 2018, DiDi launched its own bike-sharing platform, which integrates companies Ofo, Bluegogo and DiDi-branded bikes.[61][62]

Tencent and Alibaba's apps are all open to allied developers like Lyft.[63]

In January 2019 Didi announced a launch of lending and insurance services. The new services will be available for users as well as for drivers. Such measures were taken to prepare the company for tackling the challenges os 2019.[64]


Artificial Intelligence (AI): DiDi has established the DiDi Research Institute to focus on AI technologies including machine learning and computer vision. It hopes the technologies optimise its dispatch system and route planning. A few hundred scientists work on deep-learning technologies at the institute.[65] DiDi launched AI Labs in Beijing and DiDi Labs in Mountain View, California. DiDi Labs mainly focuses on AI-based security and intelligent driving technologies.[66]

Big data operation: Every day, DiDi's platform generates over 70TB worth of data, processes more than 20 billion routing requests, and produces over 15 billion location points.[67] Now DiDi is building a cloud platform with integrate anonymized data from sensors on vehicles, static information and real-time events from roads and streets with DiDi's pick-up and drop-off data, trips and carry capacity. With this platform, transportation supply and demand can be balanced efficiently, and congestion can be significantly mitigated.[68]

Smart transportation: DiDi has launched smart traffic lights, smart transportation screen, reversible lane, thermodynamic diagrams of designated drivers, smart bus, smart traffic report and other programs in China.[69] DiDi now helps manage over 1,300 traffic lights in 20 mainland Chinese cities including Beijing, Jinan, Wuhan and Guiyang.[70]


August 2016: DiDi acquired Uber China and obtained an equity interest in Uber.[71]

January 2017: DiDi made a strategic investment in 99, Brazil's largest local shared mobility provider. DiDi will provide strategic guidance and support to 99 in the areas of technology, product development, operations and business planning.

July 2017: DiDi co-led a new financing round of Grab.[72]

August 2017: DiDi formed a strategic partnership with Taxify,[73] a transportation network company operating in Europe and Africa. DiDi also formed a strategic partnership with Careem, a transportation network company operating in the Middle East and North Africa.[74]

December 2017: DiDi was reportedly planning to expand operations to Mexico, perhaps Uber's most profitable market to date.[75]

January 2018: DiDi agreed to acquire 99, a Brazilian ride hailing app, for $600 million.[76][77] DiDi had already bought a $100 million stake in 99 in January 2017, which also gave it the management rights in the app.[76] In the same month, DiDi authorized LEDI Technology Co. as its franchisee to operate taxi-hailing business in Taiwan.[78]

February 2018: DiDi launched its new app in Hong Kong, which is an upgraded version of Kuaidi Taxi. The Kuaidi Taxi app had been used since 2015.[79] It was also announced that DiDi will, along with SoftBank Group, begin a venture in Japan.[3]

April 2018: DiDi starts operation under its main name in Mexico, their first market outside Asia where operates with this name. The service is offered in the city of Toluca (near Mexico City), and is seen as the biggest Uber competitor, ahead of rivals like Cabify and Easy Taxi.[1]

May 2018: DiDi starts operation in Australia in May.[80]

July 2018: DiDi and Tokyo-based SoftBank Corp. have set up a joint venture for taxi-hailing in Japan. The service will roll out later this year, starting with a free trial run in Osaka, and expanding to Kyoto, Fukuoka, Okinawa and Tokyo.[81]


Cheng Wei (程维), one of the founders of Didi Dache, has become the CEO of Didi Chuxing since the 2015 merge between Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache. Cheng Wei worked in Alibaba Group for eight years before he set foot in entrepreneurship.[82] In Alibaba, he spent his first six years in the sales of B2B business line and two years in Alipay service.[83] After the acquisition of Uber China, he joined Uber's board of directors.[84] Cheng Wei holds a BA from Beijing University of Chemical Technology.[83]

Jean Liu(柳青) is the president of Didi Chuxing. Jean joined in DiDi in July 2014 from her previous position as managing director in Goldman Sachs Asia for 12 years.[85]Jean is a member of the Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Alumni Association Council, and a member of the Board of Directors of ONE Foundation. Jean earned her B.A. from Peking University and her M.S. from Harvard University, both in Computer Science. Jean received an honorary Doctor of Commercial Science from New York University.


Employment: From 2017 to 2018, DiDi provided over 30 million flexible and equitable job opportunities for people, including a considerable number of women, laid-off workers from traditional sectors and veteran soldiers.[43] Around 3.9 million drivers are military veterans.[86] In addition, nearly 2.3 million female drivers work with DiDi to provide reliable mobility services, making up 10% of drivers on the DiDi platform. Among them, 80% are mothers with young children who are able to find flexible work and income opportunities through DiDi's platform.[87] DiDi also supports more than 4,000 innovative SMEs, which provides more than 20,000 jobs additionally.[88]

Diversity: 40% of DiDi's employees are women. In 2017, DiDi launched a female career development plan and established the "DiDi Women's Network". It is reportedly the first female-oriented career development plan in a major Chinese Internet company.[89]


  • 2015: DiDi was announced as a Davos Global Growth Company[90]
  • 2016: DiDi was included in Fortune “Change the World” list[91]
  • 2016: DiDi was named one of the World's 50 Smartest Companies by MIT Technology Review[92]
  • 2017: DiDi was nominated as one of the best five startups for TechCrunch’s 10th Annual Crunchies Awards[93]
  • 2018: DiDi was included in Fast Company's "Top 10 Most innovative Companies in China" list[94]
  • 2018: DiDi was included in the Global Clean Tech 100 list by Cleantech Group[95]
  • 2018: DiDi was named on CNBC's Disruptor 50 list[96]


  1. ^ a b "China's Didi Chuxing launches ride service in Mexico". Reuters. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  2. ^ Kaye, Byron. "Chinese ride-sharing giant Didi picks Australia for first Western..." Reuters. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b Jourdan, Adam. "China's Didi, SoftBank target Japan in taxi-hailing push". Reuters. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Didi Kuaidi (滴滴快的)". Tech In Asia. Archived from the original on 8 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  5. ^ "Didi Chuxing". Crunchbase. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  6. ^ 104483. "China's Didi gets $500 million funding from Booking.com parent".
  7. ^ a b "Didi Chuxing suspends carpool service after woman killed". BBC News. 26 August 2018. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  8. ^ "about us". www.crunchbase.com.
  9. ^ Bernard Marr (26 November 2018). "AI In China: How Uber Rival Didi Chuxing Uses Machine Learning To Revolutionize Transportation". Forbes.
  10. ^ "China's Didi to invest $1 billion in its auto services platform". Reuters. 6 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Didi Kuaidi". Tech in Asia. 8 September 2015.
  12. ^ "Didi's Cheng Wei: Chinese patriot who tamed Uber". Reuters. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  13. ^ "Bloomberg - Are you a robot?". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Tech in Asia - Connecting Asia's startup ecosystem". www.techinasia.com. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  15. ^ "Dididache 嘀嘀打车 - Hailing the Future, One Cab at a Time". Channels. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  16. ^ Rick Carew (1 April 2015). "Chinese Taxi-Hailing App's Valuation Soars to $8.75 Billion". The Wall Street Journal.
  17. ^ a b Gerry Shih (13 February 2015). "China taxi apps Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache announce $6 billion tie-up". Reuters.
  18. ^ Paul Mozur and Mike Isaac (8 June 2015). "Uber Spends Heavily to Establish Itself in China". The New York Times.
  19. ^ Paul Carsten (7 July 2015). "China car hailing app Didi Kuaidi raises $2 billion as Uber rivalry intensifies". Reuters.
  20. ^ C. Custer (17 September 2015). "Didi Kuaidi partners with Lyft and invests $100M to take on Uber". Tech In Asia. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  21. ^ He Huifeng (23 January 2018). "China's top car-hailing app Didi Kuaidi rebrands itself with new logo, name in bid to shake off 'illegal taxi service' stigma amid crackdown". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  22. ^ "Following protests, Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache offices shut down in Luoyang". Tech in Asia - Connecting Asia's startup ecosystem. Sina Tech. 13 May 2015. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  23. ^ staff, CNBC.com (4 January 2017). "Didi Chuxing invests in Brazil rival". CNBC. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  24. ^ Russell, Jon. "China's Didi invests in Taxify, an Uber rival operating in Europe and Africa". TechCrunch. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  25. ^ "China ride-hailing firm DiDi backs Uber rival Careem". Reuters. 8 August 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  26. ^ Hawkins, Andrew J. (1 August 2016). "Lyft's partnership with Didi is on the skids after Chinese app merges with Uber". The Verge. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  27. ^ "Apple invests $1 billion in Chinese ride-hailing service Didi Chuxing". Reuters. 13 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  28. ^ Isaac, Mike; Goel, Vindu (12 May 2016). "Apple Puts $1 Billion in Didi, a Rival to Uber in China". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  29. ^ "Apple Invests $1 Billion in Didi, Uber's Rival in China". The Wall Street Journal. 13 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  30. ^ Osawa, Juro; Carew, Rick (16 June 2016). "Didi Chuxing, China's Rival to Uber, Scores $7 Billion in New Funding". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  31. ^ "Uber Is Burning Through $1 Billion a Year in China". Fortune. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  32. ^ Ovide, Shira (1 August 2016). "Uber Wins by Losing". Bloomberg Gadfly. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  33. ^ "China taxi apps Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache announce $6 billion tie-up".
  34. ^ Kharpal, Arjun (1 August 2016). "Taxi app rival Didi Chuxing to buy Uber's China business in $35 billion deal". CNBC. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  35. ^ "Uber Sells China Operations to Didi Chuxing".
  36. ^ Millward, Steven (1 August 2016). "Uber's China unit acquired by Didi in $35b deal". Tech In Asia. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  37. ^ "Business this week". The Economist. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  38. ^ TAI, MARIKO (1 August 2016). "Didi Chuxing to acquire Uber's China operation". Nikkei.
  39. ^ Wu, Kane; Negishi, Mayumi (28 March 2017). "SoftBank Considers $6 Billion Investment in China Ride-Hailing Firm Didi". Wall Street Journal. New York City, New York, United States. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  40. ^ "China's Didi Raises Over $5.5 Billion in Record Tech Funding". Bloomberg.com. 28 April 2017. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  41. ^ "China ride-sharing firm Didi raises $4 billion for global push". Reuters. 21 December 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  42. ^ "Grab gets $2B from Didi and SoftBank to fuel bid to defeat Uber in Southeast Asia".
  43. ^ a b Reuters Staff (6 August 2016). Sherry Jacob-Phillips (ed.). "China's Didi to invest $1 billion in its auto services platform". Reuters. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  44. ^ "Killer Chinese Didi driver forced victim to transfer 9,000 yuan". The Standard. 27 August 2018. Archived from the original on 29 August 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  45. ^ Mary Ma (27 August 2018). "No free rides over rape-murders". The Standard. Archived from the original on 29 August 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  46. ^ "Ride-Sharing Giant Suspends Carpool After Passenger's Rape, Murder". NDTV. 26 August 2018. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  47. ^ "China's Didi Chuxing Suspends Carpool Service After Second Woman Killed". Time. Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  48. ^ Reuters Staff (26 August 2018). Christian Schmollinger; Jane Merriman (eds.). "Chinese authorities say Didi bears 'unshirkable responsibility' for passenger's death". Reuters. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  49. ^ He Huifeng (26 August 2018). "Didi stops hitching service in China after second murder – and admits it was warned about accused driver". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  50. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "China's Didi says will invest $20 million in customer service after..." U.S. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  51. ^ Liu, Jiefei (7 September 2018). "Briefing: Didi admits RMB 4 billion net loss in the first half of 2018 · TechNode". TechNode. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  52. ^ Zhou Xin (8 January 2018). "DiDi completes 7.43 bln rides in 2017". Xinhua News Agency.
  53. ^ "Didi adds mass transit to ride-sharing mix for cheaper options". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  54. ^ "DiDi Upgrades Premier Service". Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  55. ^ 周锐 (9 November 2015). "滴滴代驾已覆盖200城市 日订单峰值突破50万". 中国新闻网 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  56. ^ "商务出行常态化选择,滴滴企业版覆盖1700万职场人群". wemedia.ifeng.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  57. ^ "考拉班车融资失败被滴滴巴士接管运营". Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  58. ^ "Didi offers rides on minibuses, expanding into another area of China's public transport service". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  59. ^ Lomas, Natasha. "Didi adds Apple Pay support across core mobility services". TechCrunch. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  60. ^ "Didi app embeds ofo to provide flexible solution for short trips – TechNode". TechNode. 27 April 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  61. ^ "Didi's bike rental platform launches in Beijing and Shenzhen with ofo and Bluegogo bikes · TechNode". TechNode. 17 January 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  62. ^ "Didi begins to replace Bluegogo bike's with their own in Chengdu · TechNode". TechNode. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  63. ^ Russell, Jon. "Didi Dache, One Of China's Two Dominant Taxi App Firms, Closes $700M Series D Round". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  64. ^ "Didi launches lending and insurance as new regulation threatens to lower driver numbers". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  65. ^ Yuan, Li (24 August 2016). "China Gears Up in Artificial-Intelligence Race". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  66. ^ "Didi has opened a self-driving lab in the U.S. with famed Jeep hacker Charlie Miller". Recode. 8 March 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  67. ^ "滴滴出行与香港科技大学就智慧交通系统研究与成果转化达成战略合作" (in Chinese). Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  68. ^ Erez, Nir. "The new world of mobility". TechCrunch. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  69. ^ tomarnstein (30 August 2017). "3 Ways Didi's Big Data Is Improving China's Traffic". www.thebeijinger.com. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  70. ^ Sarah Dai (10 July 2018). "China's biggest ride-hailing platform Didi now wants to help cities solve traffic jams". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  71. ^ "Taxi app rival Didi Chuxing to buy Uber's China business in $35 billion deal". CNBC. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  72. ^ Zen Soo (24 July 2017). "Didi Chuxing, SoftBank lead US$2.5b finance round in Southeast Asian ride hailing firm Grab". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  73. ^ Russell, Jon. "China's Didi invests in Taxify, an Uber rival operating in Europe and Africa". TechCrunch. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  74. ^ 王晓易_NE0011, ed. (11 August 2017). "滴滴海外版图再扩张,投资优步在中东的主要对手Careem". 网易 (in Chinese). 澎湃新闻(上海). Archived from the original on 27 July 2018. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  75. ^ "China's ride-hailing giant said to be planning expansion to Mexico". Axios. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  76. ^ a b "China's Didi Chuxing acquires control of Brazilian ride-hailing app 99 for US$1 billion". South China Morning Post. Reuters. 4 January 2018. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  77. ^ Isaac, Vinod Sreeharsha and Mike (3 January 2018). "Didi Chuxing, China's ride-hailing giant, reportedly just bought Uber's Brazilian rival". CNBC. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  78. ^ "China's Didi Targets Taiwan Expansion With Franchising Model". Bloomberg.com. 19 December 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  79. ^ "Didi Eyes Growth With Taiwan Deal, New Hong Kong App – Caixin Global". www.caixinglobal.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  80. ^ Farlow, Sean (24 May 2018). "Australia: Didi Chuxing Starts Testing Service In Geelong". Gazette Review. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  81. ^ "Didi, SoftBank set up taxi-hailing joint venture in Japan". AP News. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  82. ^ "滴滴一下,让出行更美好". www.xiaojukeji.com. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  83. ^ a b 三联生活周刊. "引爆点,创造性一代(3)_三联生活周刊". www.lifeweek.com.cn. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  84. ^ "After a $35 Billion Merger, Uber and Didi Are Set to Take Over the Ridesharing Universe". 8 August 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  85. ^ "管理团队-滴滴官网". www.didiglobal.com. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  86. ^ "In China, millions of retired soldiers become Didi drivers". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  87. ^ "IFC and Didi Chuxing Partner on Women's Empowerment, Climate and Financial Inclusion in Emerging Markets". Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  88. ^ 孙慕遥. "Didi recruits laid-off workers from overcapacity industries". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  89. ^ "Didi Chuxing Launches Female Career Development Plan In China". ChinaTechNews.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  90. ^ http://www3.weforum.org/docs/2015_GGC_Honourees.pdf
  91. ^ "How These 50 Companies Are Changing the World". Fortune. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  92. ^ "50 Smartest Companies 2016". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  93. ^ Crook, Jordan. "These are the companies fighting for Best Startup at the 10th Annual Crunchies". TechCrunch. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  94. ^ "The 2018 Top 10 Most Innovative Companies by Sector: China | Fast Company". Fast Company. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  95. ^ "Cleantech Group Unveils the 2018 Global Cleantech 100 List | Cleantech Group". www.cleantech.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  96. ^ staff, CNBC.com (22 May 2018). "2018 Disruptor 50: No. 4 Didi Chuxing". CNBC. Retrieved 6 August 2018.