Equipment of the Egyptian Army
The following list outlines the major equipment holdings of the Egyptian Army.
- 1 Infantry Weapons
- 2 Vehicles
- 3 Gallery
- 4 References
- 5 Bibliography
Anti-Tank and Missile
|M40||United States||UNKNOWN||105 mm|
|SPG-9||Soviet Union||3000+||73 mm|
|B-10||Soviet Union||1600||82 mm|
|B-11||Soviet Union||1800||107 mm|
Anti Tank Systems
|Anti Tank Systems|
|RPG-7||Egypt||179,000+ units||locally made|
|M72 LAW||United States||5,000+ units|
|Milan II||France||220+ units||wire-guided anti-armor missile system|
|Swingfire|| United Kingdom
|260+ units||wire-guided anti-armor missile system (locally made)|
|BGM-71D TOW II|| United States
|500+ 450 missiles||wire-guided anti-armor missile system (810 + 575 units)(locally made)|
|AGM-114 Hellfire||United States||UNKNOWN||107 mm|
|AT-1 Snapper||Soviet Union||UNKNOWN||wire-guided anti-tank missile system.|
|AT-2 Swatter||Soviet Union||UNKNOWN||radio command anti-tank missile.|
|AT-3 Sagger||Soviet Union||UNKNOWN||wire-guided anti-tank guided missile system.|
|AT-5 Spandrel||Soviet Union||UNKNOWN||wire-guided anti-tank missile, mounted on Fahd armoured personnel carriers purchased in the 1990s|
|AT-13 Saxhorn-2||Soviet Union||UNKNOWN||anti-tank missile, mounted on armoured personnel carriers purchased in 2014|
|UNKNOWN||Locally Produced Version Named AHRAM|
Man-Portable Air Defense
|Sakr Eye||Egypt||2,500+||Egyptian modified version of the SA-7 MANPAD short range SAM.|
|Stinger||United States||1,800+||MANPAD short range SAM|
|Igla||Soviet Union||600+||MANPAD short range SAM|
|2B11 Sani||Soviet Union||300||120mm|
|Helwan UK-2||Soviet Union||600||120 mm, Egyptian version of the M-43|
|M30||United States||390||107 mm|
|2B14 Podnos||Soviet Union||750||82 mm|
|Helwan M-69||Soviet Union||1,250||82 mm, Egyptian version of the 82-PM-37|
|M252||United Kingdom||1,750||81 mm mortar system|
|M224 Mortar||United States||1,800||60 mm mortar system|
|Helwan||China||2,500||60 mm, Egyptian modified variant of the Chinese Type 63-1 |
|2B14 Podnos||Soviet Union||100||82 mm|
|M1 Abrams|| United States
|Main Battle Tank||M1A1||1,130||1992-||All in active service.|
|M60 Patton|| United States
|Main Battle Tank||M60A3
|1979-||All in active service.|
|T-62|| Soviet Union
|Main Battle Tank||RO-162||500||2004-||200 in active service, 300 in storage|
|T-55|| Soviet Union
|Main Battle Tank||T-55B
|2004-||All in storage|
|Caiman||United States||MRAP||CAT II (6x6)||468||In May 2016, Egypt received its first shipment of a total of 762 MRAP vehicles from the United States, which arrived in the port of Alexandria for delivery to the Egyptian military.|
|This new capability will be used to combat terrorism and promote stability in the region, where the heavily armored vehicles are specifically designed to protect soldiers from blasts from IEDs, landmines, and from other types of attacks.|
|International MaxxPro||United States||MRAP Recovery Vehicle||MaxxPro MRV||12||The delivery is part of the US Department of Defense’s Excess Defense Articles grant program.|
|EIFV||Egypt||Infantry Fighting Vehicle||1,200+||Developed in 1997. It is an upgrade for the M113 consisting of additional armor, an improved engine, and the turret from an M2 Bradley.|
|YPR-765 PRI|| Netherlands
|Infantry Fighting Vehicle||1,030||European version of the American AIFV equipped with the 25mm KBA-B02 turret. 390 units were purchased from Netherlands in 1996 with further 640 from Belgium in x.|
|BMP-1||Soviet Union||Infantry Fighting Vehicle||220||Purchased in 1972. All in storage since the mid 90s.|
|M113|| United States
|Armored Personnel Carrier
Tracked field command vehicle
Tracked support and cargo vehicle
Artillery fire support vehicle
|Purchased between 1980 and 2002, the APC version was upgraded by Egypt and equipment with a protective shield for its 12.7mm main weapon station.|
|BTR-50|| Soviet Union
|Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier||BTR-50PKM
|500 were ordered in 1964 from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1965 and 1966. 500 BTR-50's are currently in service and were upgraded by 2014 to BTR-50PKM standard by Minotor of Belurus with new engines, transmissions and night vision equipment. A similar upgrade is to be performed on 200 OT-62's. These are likely to remain in service for many years.|
|OT-62 TOPAS|| Czechoslovakia
|Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier||OT-62B
|Purchased in 1972. 200 units were upgraded by Ukraine to the OT-62B standard in 2010.|
|PTS||Soviet Union||Amphibious Personnel Carrier||PTS-M||?||Purchased in 1973.|
|Pegaso BMR||Spain||Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier||BMR-600||260||Purchased in 1986.|
|OT-64 SKOT|| Czechoslovakia
|Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier||OT-64C||250||250 were purchased from Czechoslovakia with all the units subsequently being upgraded to OT-64C standard by Poland.|
|BTR-60||Soviet Union||Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier||BTR-60PB||200||Originally as small number was bought in June 1967 for evaluation, with a subsequent order for 650 units placed in 1969 and delivered between 1970 and 1973. A number of machines were lost during the Yom Kippur War, and with time others were retired, so that only 200 units are still in operation today.|
|BTR-152||Soviet Union||Armored Personnel Carrier||BTR-152K||175||675 units were bought since 1952 from the Soviet Union, but this number shrank quickly due to the losses suffered in the 6 Day War and the Yom Kippur War. By the mid 1980s it was determined that the machines were obsolete for frontline duty and were withdrawn to the Border Patrol. Retirement of these units continued, so that there were only 175 left by 2013, with the remainder to be retired by 2020, probably in favor of RG-32 Scout.|
|RG-32 Scout||South Africa||Armored Personnel Carrier||RG-32M||180||Bought in 2003 for border patrol. Likely will replace all BTR-152.|
|HMMWV||United States||Armored Personnel Carrier
Artillery Observation Vehicle
|Purchases began in 1995.|
|Fahd||Egypt||Armored Personnel Carrier
Armored Command Post
Infantry Fighting Vehicle
|Developed in partnership with West German firm Thyssen-Henschel, with production starting 1986 and ending in 2010. 800 vehicles were produced, including a single infantry fighting vehicle which was rejected by the Egyptian Army due to its height (a drawback in a flat, open terrain like a desert). The tank destroyer variant is equipped with MILAN AT missiles.|
United Arab Emirates
|Armored Personnel Carrier||Panthera T6||2000-3000 ||Produced locally by Egyptian company Eagles Defence International Systems (EDIS).|
|Nimr||United Arab Emirates||Armored Personnel Carrier||unknown||Appeared for the first time during the 42nd anniversary of the 1973 Arab-Israeli war.|
|Timsah||Egypt||Armored Personal Carrier||unknown||Fully designed and produced in domestic military factories. Its maximum capacity is 2 crew and 6 passengers. The vehicle has a B6 armour protection level which offers all-round protection against 7.62mm rounds as well as grenades and certain types of explosives. It is armed with an externally mounted 7.62mm machine gun and a 40-mm grenade launcher. Other versions can be used for electronic and wireless jamming purposes.|
|Casspir||South Africa||Armored Personnel Carrier||unknown|
|Walid||Egypt||Armored Personnel Carrier||Walid MKII||650||Production started in 1966 and of the units are assigned to border patrol.|
|Sherpa||France||Armored Personnel Carrier||173|
|Hotspur HUSSARD||United Kingdom||Armored Personnel Carrier||110||Purchased in 1986 for use by military police.|
|Tiger Kader-120|| Italy
|Armored Personnel Carrier
|License for production was bought from Italy in 1998.|
|BTR-40|| Soviet Union
|Armored Personnel Carrier
NBC protection and detection
|Egypt's first arms purchase. In 1955 350 were ordered from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1955 and 1959. Further 30 SPW-40Chs were ordered in 1991 from Germany and delivered later that year (aid during the First Persian Gulf War). 200 in service at present relegated to Border Patrol + 30 for NBC protection and detection.|
|Cadillac Gage Commando||United States||Armored Reconnaissance Scout
Armored Reconnaissance Scout
|The Scout variant was bought in 1986 while the V150 was bought in 2001 from the US Army which was retiring them in favor of the new M1117.|
|BRDM-2|| Soviet Union
|Armored Reconnaissance Scout||BRDM-2M96i
|Purchased in 1968 from USSR, 100 of them were modernized by Poland in 2001.|
Artillery and Missile Systems
The Egyptian ballistic missile development program started in the late 1950s after the construction of Jabal Hamzah ballistic missile test and launch facility to conduct test fires on Al Zafir and Al Kahir SRBMs. The RS-120 Tactical Ballistic Missile Program is still in the developmental stage and should be shortly replacing the Frog-7 and supplementing the Sakr 80; by having a range of 120 km, it would be considered as an intermediate system between the battlefield range ballistic missile system and the theater ballistic missile system. Should, however, there be a dramatic change in its political climate and financial resources, Egypt possesses the technological and personnel resources to produce a Scud B/C and Project-T missiles.
|Scud|| Soviet Union
|Short-range ballistic missile||Project-T
|The Project-T variant utilized the Scud launcher with a new missile which was developed by Egypt with North Korean assistance, increasing its range from original 300 km to 450 km. More than 90 Project-T missiles were also made while the amount of the Scud-B missiles today is unknown.|
|FROG-7|| Soviet Union
|Battlefield range ballistic missile||Sakr-80
|Sakr-80 is an indigenous design based on a FROG-7 system that was purchased from Soviet Union. The difference between the two is that the newer Sakr-80 is designed to carry 3 missiles with the range of 80 km while the original FROG-7 can carry only one missile with the range 70 km.|
|M270|| United States
|Range dependent on the type of ammunition used:
*Range with M26 rocket 32 km
*Range with M26A1/A2 rocket 45 km
*Range with M30 rocket 70 km
Egypt also developed a wheeled based MRL called Sakr-45 which also uses the M270 rockets; it is not unlike the American HIMARS.
|K-136 Kooryong||Republic of Korea||MRL 130mm||36||2004-||Purchased in 2004, range 36 km.|
|BM-21|| Soviet Union
|*Range 36 km
*Range 30 km
*Range 20 km
*Range 20 km
*Range 10 km
*Range 10 km
*Range 10 km
Egypt purchased the original 215 units from the Soviet Union and a domestic production license renaming all the future machines Sakr. Sark-4 are tripod-based units, while Sakr-10 and Sakr-8 are jeep-mounted units, and the rest are truck-mounted units.
|BM-24||Soviet Union||MRL 240mm||48||Range 11 km. All in storage awaiting disposal.|
|RM-51||Czechoslovakia||MRL 130mm||36||1957-||50 delivered between 1957 and 1958. Range 8 km. All in storage awaiting disposal.|
|Type 63|| China
|MRL 107mm||RL-812 TLC
|Egypt modernized 96 units increasing their range to 9 km from the original 8 km.|
|VAP-80||Egypt||MRL 80mm||250||Tripod mounted indigenous Egyptian design, range 8 km.|
|M110||United States||Self-propelled howitzer 203mm||M110A2||144||1996-||Purchased from US in 1996.|
|M109|| United States
|Self-propelled howitzer 155mm
|SPH 122 are locally assembled howitzers based on M109A2 chassis, but instead of utilizing the 155 mm gun the 122 mm D-30 gun is fitted in instead.|
|M992||United States||Artillery Ammunition Support Vehicle||250||Designed to support the self-propelled howitzer, purchased from US along with the M109A5s.|
|M120|| Soviet Union
|Self-propelled mortar 120mm||120||Built on a T-55 chasse with the turret replaced by a mount fitted with an 120-PM-43 mortar.|
|M113 mortar carrier|| Netherlands
|Self-propelled mortar 107mm
Self-propelled mortar 82mm
|S-23||Soviet Union||Towed Artillery 180 mm||24||Most likely use in coastal defense.|
|GH 52|| Finland
|Towed Artillery 155 mm||400||Being manufactured locally under license, likely to replace aging 152 mm and 130 mm artillery.|
|D-20||Soviet Union||Towed Artillery 152 mm||144||150 purchased|
|D-1||Soviet Union||Towed Artillery 152 mm||72||1952-||150 purchased, kept in storage.|
|ML-20||Soviet Union||Towed Artillery 152 mm||36||1952-||100 purchased, kept in storage.|
|M-46|| Soviet Union
|Towed Artillery 130 mm||M-46
|1952-||Egypt bought the license to produce M-46 from USSR.|
|D-30|| Soviet Union
|Towed Artillery 122 mm||D-30M||156||Egypt bought production license and will likely use it to replace completely the older 122 mm models that are now stored due to age.|
|D-74|| Soviet Union
|Towed Artillery 122 mm||D-74
|M-30||Soviet Union||Towed Artillery 122 mm||359||Some used for training the rest are stored.|
|A-19||Soviet Union||Towed Artillery 122 mm||36||All are stored.|
|BS-3||Soviet Union||Towed AT-Gun 100 mm||200||1952-||All are stored.|
|T-122||Egypt||Self-propelled howitzer 122 mm||-||1968-1975||T-34/85 Tanks with new constructed Turret to fit the 122 mm M1938 howitzer.|
|T-100||Egypt||Self-propelled AT-Gun 100 mm||-||1968-1975||T-34/85 Tanks with new constructed Turret to fit the 100 mm M1944 AT-Gun.|
|ISU-152||Soviet Union||Self-propelled AT-Gun 152 mm||-||1955-1973|
|SU-100||Soviet Union||Self-propelled AT-Gun 152 mm||SU-100
|M88|| United States
|Armoured recovery vehicle||308||In 1992 Egypt bought 221 M88A1 recovery vehicles for its M1A1 tanks, then in 1997 Egypt bought further 24 M88A2 but also obtaining the right for domestic manufacture. 50 M88A2 units were produces in the first batch, with further 13 produced in the second batch in 2002.|
|YPR-765-PRBRG||||Netherlands||Armoured recovery vehicle||38||Bought along with the YPR-765 IFV|
|M579||||United States||Armoured recovery vehicle||72|
|BREM-2||Soviet Union||Armoured recovery vehicle||36|
|M578||United States||Armoured recovery vehicle||48|
|BTS-4A||Soviet Union||Armoured recovery vehicle||52|
|M984||United States||Recovery vehicle||210|
|M728 CEV||United States||Combat engineer vehicle||72||Bought from the old U.S. Army Europe stock in the 1990s.|
|BAT-2||Soviet Union||Combat engineer vehicle||72|
|M104 Wolverine||United States||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||6||Bought as an option along with the Abrams tank.|
|M60A1 AVLB||United States||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||36||Bought along with other M60 tanks.|
|MT-55 K/L||Soviet Union||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||48|
|MTU-20||Soviet Union||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||56|
|TMM-3||||Soviet Union||Motorized Bridge||96||Based on the KrAZ-255 it was the standard motorized bridge of USSR in the 70s that Egypt bought in the same decade. It is believed that all units are still combat capable.|
|TMM-1||||Soviet Union||Motorized Bridge||70||Based on the ZiL-157 it was the standard motorized bridge of USSR in the 60s that Egypt bought in the same decade, but today its serviceability is highly doubtful due to its age.|
|TPP||||Soviet Union||Mobile Treadway Bridge||94||Based on the ZiL-151 it was the standard treadway system of USSR in the 50s that Egypt bought in the 60s, but today its serviceability is highly doubtful due to its age.|
|PMP||Soviet Union||Floating Bridge||42||Uses KrAZ-255 for transportation.|
|GSP-55||Soviet Union||Amphibious Tracked Ferry||86|
|PMM-2||||Ukraine||Pontoon Bridger||56||Bought from Ukraine after the collapse of the Soviet Union.|
|BMK-T||Soviet Union||Bridging Boats||48|
|BMK-150M||Soviet Union||Bridging Boats||48|
|BMK-130M||Soviet Union||Bridging Boats||48|
|Nather-1/2||||Soviet Union||Minelayer||260||A Soviet UMZ system that could be carried by any 6×4 truck, its successor in the Soviet Union became the GMZ.|
|Fateh 2/3/4|||| Soviet Union
|Mine clearer||340||Based on the Soviet T-55 chasse with two Mine-clearing line charges.|
|PZM-2||Ukraine||Trencher||48||Bought from Ukraine after the collapse of the Soviet Union.|
|M9 ACE||United States||120|
|Caterpillar D9||United States||250|
|Caterpillar D7||United States||240|
|Caterpillar 930G||United States||Front end loader||270|
- PZM-2 Ditcher (36)
- BMK-T Bridging Boats (48)
- BMK-130M Bridging Boats (48)
- BMK-150M Bridging Boats (48)
|M274||United States||All-terrain vehicle||1,500|
|HMMWV|| United States
Arab Organization for Industrialization
|Utility and cargo carrier
Utility and cargo carrier
Utility and cargo carrier; additional 575 M1043 are on order.
* Arab Organization for Industrialization has a project of fitting HMMWVs with anti armor weaponry, options include: TOW, Milan, or HOT missiles.
|Utility vehicle||3,910+||Production ongoing|
|Jeep CJ|| United States
|Utility vehicle||Jeep CJ7
|M151||United States||Utility vehicle||4,750|
|HETS||United States||Heavy Tractor||Total
|The first 170 vehicles were delivered by December 2004. By late 2009 around 249 systems had been ordered. In July 2016, Egypt made a new order for 46 M1070A1 HET A1 heavy tractors.|
|MAZ||Soviet Union||Very Heavy Truck
|HEMTT A4||United States||Fuel Servicing Truck
|Ural||Russia||Very Heavy Truck
|ZiL||Soviet Union||Very Heavy Truck
|M939||United States||Heavy Truck
|M54||United States||Heavy Truck
|950||US army surplus.|
|Model SBA111||590||Ordered during the late 1980s.|
|Ural|| Soviet Union
|Locally built, ongoing production|
|ZiL||Soviet Union||Heavy Truck
|Model 131||1,800||Ordered in the 1960s from the Soviet Union.|
|M35||United States||Medium Truck
|1,050||US army surplus|
|GAZ||Soviet Union||Medium Truck
|635NL trailer||United States||Flatbed||249||Produced under license.|
|M 970A1||United States||Refueler||175|
- ZU-23-2 upgraded twin 23 mm stationary or towed radar guided AA gun system (Manufactured locally) (650)
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