Glossary of scientific names

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A glossary of the meaning of scientific names of living things, viruses and prions .

Key[edit]

No preference is given to masculine (M.), feminine (F.) or neuter (N.) forms of a term.

Language of origin
  • D. German
  • G. Greek
  • Gae. Gaelic
  • L. Latin
  • Sv. Swedish

A[edit]

  • aculeatum L. M. furnished with needles or spines.
  • alba: F. of albus, Latin for white
  • alpinum: M. literally, of the Alps, typically used for mountain species
  • antarctica:F. of the southern hemisphere
  • aquilinum :L. M. of the eagle, eagle-like.
  • archeo-: G. ancient

B[edit]

  • baccata: L. F. bearing berries

C[edit]

  • capillus-veneris: L. hair of Venus
  • cordatum: L. having a spine
  • crypto-: G. hidden

D[edit]

  • dilatata: L. widened
  • domesticus: L. domesticated - includes agricultural animals

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

  • glutinosa: F. sticky
  • grandiflora: F. large flowered

H[edit]

  • histrix: L. F. literally, porcupine-like. Spiky
  • heterophylla: L. F. having different-shaped or -sized leaves

I[edit]

J[edit]

  • japonica from or associated with Japan

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

  • nigraL. F. black.
  • nordmanniana:Sv. F. of Nordmann

O[edit]

P[edit]

  • palustre: L. N. of the bog, or swamp. Palustris can be both F. or M.
  • pisifera: L. F. pea-bearing[1]
  • plicata:L. F. folded, pleated

Q[edit]

R[edit]

  • regalis: L. N. royal

S[edit]

  • scolopendra:L. centipede. Scolopendrium, of the centipede.
  • sensibilis:L. sensitive, delicate
  • septentrionale:L. of the north
  • setiferum:L. silk-making
  • speciosa:L. F. lovely. M. speciosum

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

  • variegata: L. F. many-coloured
  • viride: L. green

W[edit]

X[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]