Demographics of Uttar Pradesh

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The demographics of Uttar Pradesh is a complex topic, which is undergoing dynamic change. Uttar Pradesh is India`s most populous state. It has a population of about 199,581,477 as per the 2011 census. If it were a separate country, Uttar Pradesh would be the world's fifth most populous nation, next only to China, India, the United States of America and Indonesia. Uttar Pradesh has a population more than that of Pakistan.[1] There is an average population density of 828 persons per km² i.e. 2,146 per sq mi. The capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow. Hindus and Muslims consider the state as a holy place.

The peripheral regions of Uttar Pradesh, are home to a number of tribal communities such as Agaria, Baiga, Bhar, Bhoksa, Bind, Chero, Gond, Kol and Korwa. Five of these tribal communities have been recoginised by the Government of India as disadvantaged scheduled tribes, viz. Tharus, Boksas, Bhotias, Jaunswaris and Rajis.[2] The Literacy rate of the state according to the 2011 Census is 70.69%. With the literacy rate for Males at 79.20%, while it is 59.30% for the Females. While this is still below the national average of 74.04% (82.14% for men, 65.16% for women) the rate of growth has been much higher in Uttar Pradesh as compared to the rest of India.

Rank of districts[edit]

Following rankings are as per Population Census 2011.[4]

By area[edit]

  1. Lakhimpur Kheri -8,780
  2. Sonbhadra - 6,999
  3. Hardoi - 5,986
  4. Bahraich - 5,745
  5. Sitapur - 5,743

By population[edit]

  1. Allahabad - 5,954,391
  2. Moradabad - 4,772,006
  3. Ghaziabad - 4,681,645
  4. Azamgarh - 4,613,913
  5. Lucknow - 4,589,838
  6. Kanpur Nagar - 4,581,268
  7. Jaunpur - 4,494,204
  8. Sitapur - 4,483,992
  9. Bareilly - 5,148,359
  10. Gorakhpur - 4,440,895

By population density[edit]

  1. Ghaziabad - 1995
  2. Varanasi - 1954
  3. Lucknow - 1456
  4. Sant Ravidas Nagar (Bhadohi) - 1409
  5. Kanpur Nagar - 1366

By literacy[edit]

  1. Gautam Budha Nagar(Noida) - 80.12%
  2. Kanpur Nagar - 79.65 %
  3. Auraiya - 78.95%
  4. Etawah - 78.41 %
  5. Ghaziabad - 78.07 %

By sex ratio[edit]

  1. Jaunpur - 1024
  2. Azamgarh -1018
  3. Deoria - 1003
  4. Mau - 984
  5. Pratapgarh - 982


Religion in Uttar Pradesh (2011)
Religion Percent

In U.P. the religion-wise percentage of population is Hindus 79.73, Muslims 19.26, Sikhs 0.32, Christians 0.18, Jains 0.11, Buddhists 0.10 while 0.29% people didn't state their religion.[4][5]

Caste demographics[edit]

As per 2011 census, Dalits constitute 21.1% of Uttar Pradesh population.[6][7][8] Mallah community is divided in 27 sub-castes. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) constitute 40% of U.P population.[9][10][11][12] There are 200-odd non-Yadav OBCs in U.P. In Uttar Pradesh, Muslims are divided into 68 castes and sub-castes, 35 of them are OBCs. Forward castes constitute around 22% of Uttar Pradesh population,[13] in which Brahmins are 10% and Thakurs are 8%.[14][15] For accurate caste population data in India, Government of India has not publicly released Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 caste population data for every single non-SC/ST castes (General castes, OBC/EBCs) in India.[16][17][18][19][20]

Racial and ancestral makeup[edit]

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of over 199.5 million people on 1 March 2011. It is more populated than the world's 242 countries. If independent it would be the 6th largest country in the world as per Population. At the 2001 census of India, about 80% of Uttar Pradesh population is Hindu, while Muslims make up around 18% of the population. The remaining population consists of Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians and Jains.

The population of Uttar Pradesh is divided into numerous castes and sub-castes. Historically, Hindu society is divided into four sub-divisions or varnas, the Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. Muslims are also divided as the Shias and Sunnis. In actual practice, Hindu society in generally used to be divided into numerous lineage groups called jatis. Each jati is then sub-divided into clans, called gotras.

The peripheral regions of Uttar Pradesh, are home to a number of tribal communities such as Agaria, Baiga, Bhar, Bhoksa, Chero, Gond, Kol and Korwa. Five of these tribal communities have been recoginised by the Government of India as disadvantaged scheduled tribes, viz. Tharus, Boksas, Bhotias, Jaunswaris and Rajis.[2]


Green = Brij or Harit Pradesh, Yellow = Awadh, Blue = Bundelkhand, Purple = Purvanchal, White = Baghelkhand

In terms of languages, most people in Uttar Pradesh speak the various dialects of Hindustani, which in a literate form is referred to as Hindi and Urdu. In addition, Uttar Pradesh is home a number of languages, which are sometimes referred to as dialects. Each of the dialect zone has acquired its own distinctive identity, through myths, legends and folklore. Traditionally, five distinct regions tend to be identified, which correspond to a particular dialect grouping. In western Uttar Pradesh, the region of Rohilkhand and the upper Doab is home to the speakers of Khari Boli. The lower Doab is referred to as Braj Bhumi, or the land of Braj, and is home to the speakers of Braj Bhasha. Further south, the Bundelkhand region is home to Bundelkhandi speakers. In central Uttar Pradesh is the region of Awadh, which is also home to the speakers of Awadhi. And final eastern Uttar Pradesh is home to Bhojpuri speakers. Often these dialects merged into each other, for example in Shahjahanpur, Khari boli merges into Awadhi.[21]

However, older districts of Basti, Jaunpur,and western Mirzapur in Purvanchal and Shahjehanpur, Pilbhit, Eastern Badayun and Eastern Farrukhabad in central UP are Awadhi speaking.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "North India and south Pakistan". 
  2. ^ a b People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das, Manohar Publications
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-07. 
  4. ^ a b "List of districts of Uttar Pradesh". 
  5. ^ C1 - Population by religious community, Uttar Pradesh. Census India 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  6. ^ Shailvee Sharda. "Job better than aid, say UP dalits - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  7. ^ "UP polls: Why is BJP hesitating in announcing its CM candidate?". Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Half of India's dalit population lives in 4 states - Times of India". 
  9. ^ "UP has the highest OBC population in all Indian states". 
  10. ^ "Why smaller castes could hold the key to power in 2017 UP Assembly polls". 
  11. ^ "Survey puts OBC population at 40 pc". 
  12. ^ "OBC population in UP stands at 7 crore". 
  13. ^ "Uttar Pradesh polls: BSP, SP and BJP leaving no stone unturned to come up trumps". 
  14. ^ "The angry Thakurs of Uttar Pradesh". 
  15. ^ "BJP seeks new Thakur leader to replace Rajnath Singh in UP". 
  16. ^ "'Centre not releasing caste census data because it doesn't want to face Mandal II'". Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Centre releases census data on religion, hides caste figures". Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Before releasing caste numbers, the government needs to account for discrepancies in data". Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  19. ^ "Why Is Modi Govt. Hiding Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011 Data?". Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  20. ^ "Caste-based Census data should be made public, demand Bihar CM Nitish Kumar - The Hindu". Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  21. ^ People of India: Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 21 to 23 Manohar Publications